The seventh day of the week and a day of rest. Also use this tag for questions that apply equally to Yom Tov and Shabbat.

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1answer
107 views

Candle Lighting Time: Why Then?

Why 18 minutes (or other minhagim). Where did these numbers come from?
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5answers
172 views

Shabbos Hagadol

Why is the Shabbos before Pesach called Shabbos HaGadol? Please contribute as many answers as possible.
7
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2answers
302 views

Can a Jew own a business that employs or pays atheist Jews on Shabbat?

I am an atheist who happens to be Jewish, and would like to work for a business owned by a religious Jew. Is he allowed to pay me for my work on Shabbat? What if the payment is global (e.g. 10% of a ...
7
votes
1answer
527 views

Fighting Wars on Shabbat

As I mentioned in another question, I was reading the Book of Maccabees over Shabbat (I and II). In the book of Maccabees, it mentions that early on in the struggle, there were a group of Jews hiding ...
7
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3answers
255 views

Why don't we say Tachanun at Mincha on Erev Shabbat or Erev Yom Tov?

It says in the Rambam that there is a custom not to say Tachanun at Mincha on Erev Shabbos and Yom Tov. What is the reason for this custom?
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2answers
254 views

Using a cell phone as a watch on Shabbos

I seem to recall learning that it is permissible to use a cell phone as a watch on Shabbos as long as the time is always displayed on the front and no buttons would need to be pressed in order to ...
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3answers
1k views

Why shouldn't Gentiles keep Shabbat?

I know little about Judaism and it's a first time question, so please forgive any mistakes. According to this question non-Jews are forbidden from keeping Shabbat. What is the reasoning behind this? ...
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2answers
3k views

Can a gentile go to Synagogue on Shabbat and what is forbidden on Shabbat for a gentile?

Is a gentile allowed to participate in Shabbat prayers in a Synagogue (of course he/she will not count for a minyan) if they do so in order to gain knowledge of Jewish customs for the purpose of ...
7
votes
1answer
124 views

Is it permissible to be mechalel shabbos to save a fetus?

Is it muttar to set aside the rules of shabbos to save a fetus? If so, how is it possible to reconcile that with the permissibility of killing a fetus (abortion)?
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2answers
119 views

Keychain with muktzeh items (e.g. usb)

This has been asked in the past with regard to a muktzeh key, and i was uncertain if it would be the same with something like a usb. If i have a keychain with a usb on it that i wear week round, come ...
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2answers
273 views

Drinking Water During “Shalosh Seudos”

Someone told me that one is not allowed to drink plain water during the third meal of Shabbos (Seudah Shelishit). (or at least that there is a minhag not to). Is this true? And if so, what is the ...
7
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1answer
78 views

Heating non-food items on Shabbath

Is it permissible to heat non-food items on Shabbath? Assume the method of heating is to use an existing heat source (a blech, or the top of a crockpot or hot water urn). Would it matter if it is ...
7
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2answers
287 views

Can you leave video chat on over Shabbos?

Basically: Can you leave your computer with video chat on (to another person) on over shabbos? And what if there's also audio? For example a relative in the hospital, relatives that in a far away ...
7
votes
1answer
230 views

How is it that one is allowed to have an alarm on shabbos?

Can one leave an alarm to go off on Shabbos morning? If one can, then can it play anything, music, radio, etc?
7
votes
3answers
128 views

Drowning ants in the sink on Shabbat

If there are ants (or other creepy-crawlies) in a sink on Shabbat, what is permitted to do with them when using the sink? Here are some things i can think of: Intentionally avoid pouring water on ...
7
votes
3answers
86 views

Melachah on Shabbath - after Shabbath

If Melachah was done on Shabbath, can the product of that Melachah be enjoyed after Shabbath, and if so, under what criteria (does it depend on how long after Shabbath, or on the need, or something ...
7
votes
1answer
101 views

Why is it ok to pay the kids for the afikoman?

Most Pesach sedarim feature the afikoman hide-and-seek game; either the children steal it and ransom it back or the parents hide it and (in my experience) pay a prize to the child who finds it. At ...
7
votes
1answer
131 views

Refrigerators and shabbat

I have a friend that became Habad a while ago, and lives with her non-orthodox parents. She leaves the house for shabbat, but insists that her parents turn the lights off in the fridge, because if ...
7
votes
2answers
289 views

How does Shabbos/Yom Tov mode on a stove work?

Star-K certifies the shabbos mode on some modern stoves. (Oh how I pine for the day of simple rheostats on electric stoves, and pilot lights on gas stoves! Those were the days...) Our GE gas stove ...
7
votes
2answers
581 views

Where does the concept of a Kli Shlishi come from?

When it comes to cooking on Shabbos, most people hold that things that are not allowed to be put in a Kli Sheni (a vessel once removed from the vessel that was on the fire) because it is considered ...
7
votes
4answers
334 views

How does salt “add heat” (mishna in Shabbos 4(1))

The mishna in Shabbos 4(1) tells us which materials may not be used to insulate foods for Shabbos because they "add heat". One of these materials is salt. Can anyone explain how salt can add heat ...
7
votes
2answers
345 views

Is it actually forbidden to push a wheelchair outside of an eruv on Shabbat?

I have heard opinions varying wildly on the subject and am trying to make sense of them halachically. Is it illegal on Shabbat to push someone in a wheelchair, let's say, from their home to synagogue ...
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2answers
209 views

Should one drink from the leader's cup after kiddush?

Inspired by the upcoming holiday of Pesach, where many minhagim seem to have each person drink from his own cup, I was wondering about the custom of drinking wine from the cup upon which kiddush is ...
7
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1answer
143 views

Why celebrate Lag Ba'Omer on the 33rd according to the MaHaRIL?

There are several different opinions about when the students of Rabbi Akiva died, and which days we mourn for them. Sefer HaToda'ah quotes the Maharil, who says that the students of Rabbi Akiva died ...
7
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1answer
222 views

Unplugging a Phone Charger on Shabbat?

If a phone charger (or any electric adapter that is not connected to a device, for that matter) is plugged into an outlet, does unplugging it constitute any forbidden form of work, or is simply a ...
7
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1answer
203 views

Should separating pull apart Challah rolls be considered a forbidden act of completion?

I have heard many people state that using Challah* rolls that are baked in one unit to be pulled apart might be a problem for making Leḥem** Mishneh on Shabbath. In fact, there are rolls that are sold ...
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2answers
437 views

Why do some women light additional shabbat candles for the past weeks they didn't light?

Some women have the custom to light an additional shabbat candle for every week which, for whatever reason, they did not have a chance to light shabbat candles in the past. For example, if a woman ...
7
votes
1answer
109 views

Sale of kibbudim on shabbat / chag

Many shuls have the practice of selling kibbudim (i.e. aliyot, hafotrah, opening the aron, etc.) on major holidays, usually via auction. I've been to some shuls where this is done every shabbat. A ...
7
votes
1answer
250 views

Can one play darts on shabbat?

Can one play darts on shabbat? And can one then do archery on shabbat, assuming there are no words or numbers on the target, and the bows remain strung throughout shabbat?
7
votes
1answer
89 views

Why Doesn't Rasag Mention Spices As Part Of Havdalah?

In his siddur, Rav Sa`adya haGaon (Rasa"g) goes through the entire service for havdalah and never mentions besamim. He also doesn't mention it when discussing havdalah for Mossa'ei Yom Tov and what is ...
7
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2answers
179 views

cleaning up throw-up

if you have throw-up on a couch and it stinks and the couch is absorbent, how do you clean this up on shabbas? what are the concerns?
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2answers
260 views

Solar Powered Wrist-Watch on Shabbos

Is one allowed to go out with a solar powered watch on Shabbos (where they know the watch is in a situation where they will surely benefit from the power produced through the sun?) What could be the ...
7
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2answers
147 views

Games (on Shabas) that involve writing: whose writing?

I don't have good sources handy, but apparently some forbid the Shabas playing of games in which one usually writes, even if playing without writing: Scrabble, in which one writes scores, is sometimes ...
6
votes
6answers
413 views

What is a good way to make one's website inaccessible on Shabbat?

Suppose I wish to make my website automatically become unavailable every week during Shabbat, or at least for a time period that roughly corresponds to Shabbat for a large group of people. Can you ...
6
votes
2answers
321 views

Should one light Shabbat candles if Friday is yom tov?

Today is the second day of Rosh Hashana, and it happens to be Friday. The holiday will end after Shabbat begins. Should we light candles today?
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votes
3answers
217 views

“Purchasing” Something Free on Shabbos

Suppose someone has a coupon for a free [let's say, iced coffee] from a store. What are the problems with getting such an item from the store, on Shabbos (or Yom Tov)? To boil it down to more general ...
6
votes
4answers
444 views

Reading a newspaper on Shabbat

Is there any issues with reading a newspaper on Shabbat? Assuming you are not carrying the paper into the house without an eruv, I seem to remember hearing that you can not read a Saturday newspaper ...
6
votes
4answers
777 views

Is it okay to drive a car on the Sabbath?

The Five Books of Moses mention not stoking a fire on the Sabbath, if I remember correctly. By starting a car, I'd think I am stoking a fire. Is this okay to do for a Jew? Why or why not?
6
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1answer
684 views

Can I stitch a label with my personal info in my shabbes clothes?

I live far from my shul and there is no eruv in my city. Since I cannot carry my ID, can I stitch a label with my personal data in my clothes or this is considered carrying ?
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2answers
96 views

How exactly was extinguishing used constructively to build the Mishkan/Tabernacle?

One of the 39 categories of forbidden labor on Shabbos is "extinguishing" (mechabeh); how exactly was it used in a constructive fashion when building the Mishkan?
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votes
3answers
112 views

Shabbos activities for kids

We have three children aged 11 (boy), 4 (girl) 2 (boy). We started keeping Shabbos a while ago and we realise that it gets hard for the kids at some point. I was wondering if you could suggest ...
6
votes
1answer
729 views

Husband lighting Shabbat candles

If my wife is out of the country for an extended trip, am I required to light Shabbat candles in the house if I am home alone? Does it matter how long she is going to be away? Or that the time ...
6
votes
2answers
144 views

Avinu Malkienu on Shabbos

Why do we not say Avinu Malkienu on Shabbos and why is the Teffilah of Neilah the exception to this very rule?
6
votes
1answer
130 views

Owning stock in companies that operate on shabbat

It is my understanding that one may only have ownership in a business that operates on shabbat if you co-own with a gentile and have an explicit arrangement that all profits derived on shabbat belong ...
6
votes
2answers
351 views

Alarm clock handling on Shabbos

Are you allowed to touch an alarm clock on Shabbos?
6
votes
2answers
65 views

Asara B'Teveis on a Friday

This year Asara B'Teveis came out on a Friday. Suppose you would Daven Mincha before Plag and Kaballas Shabbos right after Plag and come home when it is still light outside, would you be allowed to ...
6
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2answers
93 views

Kiddush BeRov 'Am

Does BeRov 'Am Hadrath Melech (the King's glory is in the multitudes, ie., the more people praise HaShem together, the more glorious it is for Him) apply to making Kiddush? I've heard it said so ...
6
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2answers
149 views

Shochen Ad, HaKail, HaMelech - why?

Why does the Shaliach Tzibbur start Shacharis on Shabbos from Shochein Ad, on Yom Tov from HaKeil, and on Rosh HaShana/Yom Kippur from HaMelech?
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2answers
187 views

Telescope on Shabbos

Can you use and move around a telescope on Shabbos?
6
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3answers
820 views

Do you have to close your blog / website on shabbos?

Do you have to close your blog on shabbos?