The seventh day of the week and a day of rest. Also use this tag for questions that apply equally to Yom Tov and Shabbat.

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6
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3answers
178 views

Age of Universe and Shabbat

If one believes that our world is billions of years old, i.e. accepting the idea of each day in Sheshis Imei Berieshit (the Six Days of Creation) as eras and not literal days, then how does one ...
6
votes
2answers
686 views

Can one follow Rabbeinu Tam time for beginning Shabbos?

Does anyone today follow Rabbineu Tam time for the beginning of Shabbos? Reading some tshuvas (e.g. Eretz haTzvi) it is clear this was widespread in Europe. If one has previously been accustomed to ...
5
votes
2answers
279 views

Am I allowed to wear a towel as a belt/scarf outside an Eiruv on Shabbos?

Many Mikvas do not provide towels for attendees, and require that people who go bring their own towels. If there is no Eiruv, one cannot carry it in a normal way, so many people "wear" it as a belt/...
5
votes
1answer
230 views

Blessing on Shabbat candle lighting for men

Should a man say the blessing then light the shabbos candles or light the candles first then say the blessing?
4
votes
1answer
174 views

Can an automated online service business operate on shabbat?

While this questions touches on mine, I'd like to know more specifically about operating an online service business, such as an online subscription based software on Shabbat. Can the service be ...
3
votes
1answer
207 views

Pain of animals on shabbat

So a friend of mine showed me the following verse from Matthew 12:11 (strange to bring a New Testament quote into a halacha question, I know) ... they asked him, “Is it lawful to heal on the ...
3
votes
1answer
153 views

What is the law with eating the third Shabbos meal when the first day of Pesach is Shabbos?

This year the first day of Pesach is Shabbos. There is an obligation to eat a third meal. It seem that there may be two issues: see here Eating a third meal may take away the appetite for matzoh at ...
3
votes
1answer
299 views

eating before kiddush

Is there any time in the early morning on Shabbat in which I can eat and drink something without any question of it being considered eating before davening and kiddush? For example, at 3, 4, or 5 o'...
16
votes
4answers
278 views

May a Katan (minor) perform Melachah (“work”) on Shabbath?

In my experience, I've noticed that many people take for granted that if one needs a Melachah to be performed on Shabbath, one may have a minor, especially one under the age of 3, perform what is ...
15
votes
4answers
536 views

What is the status of a pull-apart challah for “lechem mishneh”?

On Shabbat, we're supposed to begin the meals with two whole loaves - "Lechem Mishneh." According to Shmirat Shabbat KeHilchato as quoted in the article linked above, "If two loaves bake together in ...
15
votes
1answer
546 views

Starbucks VIA on shabbat

Someone recently mentioned in a conversation about making/ not making tea on shabbat with a tea bag, that the Starbucks VIA coffee is micro-ground vs how ever regular instant coffee is made and that ...
11
votes
2answers
383 views

Smart thermostat on Shabbos - what should one do?

I read an article recently regarding a person who went to a hotel and realized after Shabbos began that all the rooms were controlled by smart thermostats. A smart thermostat detects when one is in ...
10
votes
1answer
8k views

First trip to the synagogue! Tips and advice please!

I am preparing for my first trip to a synagogue after the High Holy Days. My first visit will be to a Modern Orthodox Synagogue. I have interacted with the Rabbi by email and we will be meeting ...
10
votes
2answers
263 views

Which types of light bulbs are 'only' an issur d'rabbanan to activate on Shabbat

I'd be very interested to know if anyone has definitive advice on which types of light bulbs are considered an issur d'rabbanan (Rabbinic prohibition) vs an issur d'oraita (Torah prohibition) to turn ...
10
votes
2answers
384 views

Latest shabbat not longest day…?

I was under the impression that the longest day was June 22nd, and yet, year after year- the latest time for candle lighting takes place about a week and a half after that. Intuitively, the latest ...
9
votes
1answer
376 views

Hotels, electronic keys, and shabbat

Is it permissible to ask a non-Jewish hotel employee to let you into your hotel room on shabbat if the only way to unlock the hotel room is through the use of an electronic key? It seems like many ...
8
votes
1answer
184 views

Why is it ok to pay the kids for the afikoman?

Most Pesach sedarim feature the afikoman hide-and-seek game; either the children steal it and ransom it back or the parents hide it and (in my experience) pay a prize to the child who finds it. At ...
8
votes
2answers
249 views

Matzah eruvin on erev Pesach

An eruv allows Jews to carry within a semi-public space on Shabbat. The space must be bounded by walls and must meet several detailed requirements. The eruv must consist of food for a meal for the ...
7
votes
1answer
550 views

Asking Questions on StackOverflow on Erev Shabbos

Is there a problem with asking a programming question on StackOverflow (or any other StackExchange site) on Erev Shabbos, so that they will eventually be answered by the time Motzei Shabbos arrives? ...
7
votes
2answers
180 views

Why celebrate Lag Ba'Omer on the 33rd according to the MaHaRIL?

There are several different opinions about when the students of Rabbi Akiva died, and which days we mourn for them. Sefer HaToda'ah quotes the Maharil, who says that the students of Rabbi Akiva died ...
7
votes
3answers
366 views

Difference between Pesik Reshe Delo Niha Le, Pesik Reshe Delo Ichpat Le, & Melacha She'en Sarich LeGufa

What is the practical difference between actions considered Pesik Reshe Delo Niha Le, Pesik Reshe Delo Ichpat Le, and Melecha She'en Sarich Legufa? What is an example that can demonstrate the ...
6
votes
2answers
68 views

Asara B'Teveis on a Friday

This year Asara B'Teveis came out on a Friday. Suppose you would Daven Mincha before Plag and Kaballas Shabbos right after Plag and come home when it is still light outside, would you be allowed to ...
6
votes
1answer
228 views

Is it prohibited to ride public transport that also operates on Shabbat

In Israel, most public transport shuts down on Shabbat. If it did operate on Sabbath, perhaps by non Jews, would it be permissable for Jews to use it on weekdays?
6
votes
4answers
323 views

Is cholent required?

Is making cholent on Shabbos a minhag that is so universal that it has in effect become required for Ashkenazim? Or, if I am correct that it is required (by at least some authorities) to have hot ...
6
votes
3answers
197 views

Shabbos activities for kids

We have three children aged 11 (boy), 4 (girl) 2 (boy). We started keeping Shabbos a while ago and we realise that it gets hard for the kids at some point. I was wondering if you could suggest ...
6
votes
1answer
180 views

Owning stock in companies that operate on shabbat

It is my understanding that one may only have ownership in a business that operates on shabbat if you co-own with a gentile and have an explicit arrangement that all profits derived on shabbat belong ...
5
votes
1answer
465 views

Can you derive benefit from another Jew's melacha if it happened a long time ago?

We aren't supposed to derive benefit from melachot performed by other Jews on Shabbos. But what if it didn't happen this Shabbos? What if our guest brought a bottle of liquor as a gift last Shabbos, ...
5
votes
2answers
488 views

Challah Loaves on Shabbat have a minimum size?

In this article regarding the Shabbat Challah loaves, The Shmirat Shabbat KeHilchata (vol. II 55:5) is quoted as saying: The loaves must each be at least the size of an olive Normally, the size ...
5
votes
1answer
313 views

Is one allowed to spray cologne on shabbos?

Is one allowed to spray cologne on shabbos? Any rules against doing this? As always, please cite your sources
5
votes
4answers
381 views

Why do korbanot require/allow exceptions from Shabbat restrictions?

Someone recently asked me why we keep Shabbat restrictions now if violation of those restrictions was clearly necessary to burn korbanot in the Beit Hamikdash. My knee-jerk response is: God said so. ...
5
votes
1answer
154 views

Drumming on tables on Shabbat

We know there is an Isur to play instruments on Shabbat (S"A 338 IIRC), to clap or dance. A few questions: 1) Is it is permissible to drum on tables with one's hands? 2) What about with forks or ...
5
votes
1answer
118 views

Understanding the difference between shevus and gezeirah

I know that, in general, there is a difference in strictness between the two categories of protective measures, but am having difficulty in explaining the difference between the two.
5
votes
3answers
148 views

Why are Milochos based on the construction of the Mishkan?

If we were to receive all the laws for shabbos at Sinai why then is it the Mishkan to where we direct our attention when it comes to classifying all the things we cannot do on Shabbos? Wasn't the ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

What forbids eating in a Jewish-owned restaurant open on shabbat?

Many restaurants in Israel, when asked about their kashrut status, reply that they are open on Shabbat. Thus, no hechsher. This also exists in establishments that would have a relatively easy time ...
4
votes
2answers
61 views

Lechem Mishneh - Do both challot have to be touching?

When holding the Lechem Mishneh together while making the bracha - Do both challot have to be touching ? What if one challah was wrapped in cellophane or in a bag (yet held next to the other challah ...
4
votes
1answer
298 views

Is one allowed to use electricity on Shabbos in Israel?

I have heard that some don't use electricity made by the Israeli Electric company on Shabbos and only use generators. However, I have seen people who do use public electricity on Shabbos. What are ...
4
votes
1answer
592 views

Liquid soap on Shabbos

Regarding using bar soap on Shabbos the following has been asked and answered. Using a bar of soap on Shabbat My questions are in regards to liquid soap. May one use liquid soap on Shabbos? Is there ...
4
votes
3answers
591 views

Newspaper Delivery on Shabbos

Is getting a paper delivered on Shabbos allowed? If not, what may be done with it upon delivery?
4
votes
1answer
309 views

Shabbos Shira - putting out bread for the birds

Is there a problem with putting out bread for birds on Shabbos (in a case where there is no carrying issues)?
4
votes
2answers
962 views

Is it permissible to use an umbrella on Shabbat?

Assuming one is inside an eruv which generally permits transferring between domains on Shabbat, may one use an umbrella on Shabbat? If not, why not? Follow-up question: What about other things that ...
4
votes
2answers
584 views

Can I use a Parabolic Mirror or Fresnel Lens to cook on Shabbat?

Shabbat 39a discusses cooking on Shabbat using the sun. It is permitted to roll an egg on a hot roof to cook it since this is not a typical way to cook, but you can't burry it in sun-heated-sand ...
4
votes
4answers
198 views

Difference between men and women regarding drinking water before the day kidush

In Chukas Hanoshim of the Ben Ish Hai chapter 43 (below) he writes that women cannot drink anything on Shabbos morning until kidush, but men can drink water before shachris. What might be his ...
3
votes
2answers
135 views

How to carry something with a shinuy

In certain instances, a person who must carry something with them on Shabbos is allowed to do so, but should try to do it by way of shinuy (שינוי), a way different from the norm, in order to minimize ...
3
votes
2answers
155 views

Can a Gentile shovel / plow snow from your driveway on Shabbat if he has been paid for general work?

I read in Kitzur Shulcah Aruch (סימן צ - דין עשית חפציו בלא מלאכה ומלאכה על ידי גוי) that even if a person prepays a Gentile before Shabbat, he cannot tell him to specifically do work for him ...
3
votes
2answers
239 views

Is Shir HaShirim recited on a Yom Tov that falls on Friday?

There are those (Sephardim and Chassidim, I guess) who have the custom to recite Shir HaShirim on Friday, Erev Shabbat. Do they also recite it on a Friday when Yom Tov leads directly into Shabbat? If ...
3
votes
1answer
241 views

Are milchigs forbidden on Yom Tov? What about Shavuos?

I recently stumbled upon a page that said this: Eating Dairy Products on Shavuot Many families have a custom to eat dairy products on Shavuot. As noted above, Darkei Teshuva questions this ...
3
votes
1answer
211 views

What does “שבת היא מלזעוק” refer to?

Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chayim 287: יכולים לנחם אבלים בשבת וכן יכולים לבקר את החולה ולא יאמר לו כדרך שאומר לו בחול אלא אומר לו שבת היא מלזעוק ורפואה קרובה לבא ורחמיו מרובים ושבתו בשלום הגה וי״א דאין ...
3
votes
1answer
106 views

A Less-Observant Jew Leading Prayers

Can a Jew who does not observe Shabbat act as a shaliach tzibur (to lead prayers on behalf the congregation)? I know that many are lenient and find reasons to count a mechalel shabbat for a minyan, ...
3
votes
3answers
374 views

What's wrong with making coffee on Shabbat?

If, on Shabbat, someone pours water from a kli shlishi (which according to all opinions I'm aware of) over coffee beans which are laying on a filter is there any problem with drinking the resulting ...
3
votes
1answer
858 views

Self-winding wristwatches on Shabbos

Can self-winding wristwatches be used on Shabbos?