The seventh day of the week and a day of rest. Also use this tag for questions that apply equally to Yom Tov and Shabbat.

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7
votes
2answers
275 views

Can a Jew own a business that employs or pays atheist Jews on Shabbat?

I am an atheist who happens to be Jewish, and would like to work for a business owned by a religious Jew. Is he allowed to pay me for my work on Shabbat? What if the payment is global (e.g. 10% of a ...
7
votes
2answers
257 views

How does Shabbos/Yom Tov mode on a stove work?

Star-K certifies the shabbos mode on some modern stoves. (Oh how I pine for the day of simple rheostats on electric stoves, and pilot lights on gas stoves! Those were the days...) Our GE gas stove ...
6
votes
0answers
96 views

Why does almost every community say Lecha Dodi?

The prayer Lecha Dodi was composed in the 16th century which is relatively recent as the general Nusach of prayer was founded between 516 BCE – 70 CE by the Anshei K'neset Hagdolah, and its rare that ...
5
votes
2answers
188 views

Am I allowed to wear a towel as a belt/scarf outside an Eiruv on Shabbos?

Many Mikvas do not provide towels for attendees, and require that people who go bring their own towels. If there is no Eiruv, one cannot carry it in a normal way, so many people "wear" it as a ...
5
votes
4answers
596 views

Mail Delivery on Shabbos

Can you take in the mail on Shabbos?
14
votes
3answers
232 views

May a Katan (minor) perform Melachah (“work”) on Shabbath?

In my experience, I've noticed that many people take for granted that if one needs a Melachah to be performed on Shabbath, one may have a minor, especially one under the age of 3, perform what is ...
13
votes
4answers
384 views

What is the status of a pull-apart challah for “lechem mishneh”?

On Shabbat, we're supposed to begin the meals with two whole loaves - "Lechem Mishneh." According to Shmirat Shabbat KeHilchato as quoted in the article linked above, "If two loaves bake together in ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

Making seltzer/soda water on Shabbat or Yom Tov

Can a person make seltzer on shobbos or yom tov with something like sodastream?
9
votes
2answers
260 views

Brewing fresh coffee for Shabbos with a time clock

May one prepare coffee ingredients in a brewer such as this one on Friday and set the timer to brew the coffee for 8:00 Shabbos morning?
9
votes
2answers
289 views

Latest shabbat not longest day…?

I was under the impression that the longest day was June 22nd, and yet, year after year- the latest time for candle lighting takes place about a week and a half after that. Intuitively, the latest ...
8
votes
2answers
177 views

Matzah eruvin on erev Pesach

An eruv allows Jews to carry within a semi-public space on Shabbat. The space must be bounded by walls and must meet several detailed requirements. The eruv must consist of food for a meal for the ...
8
votes
2answers
360 views

Non-Yemenites who heat up soup after the start of Shabbat?

The most widely held practice regarding heating up liquids on Shabbat is that it is prohibited, though there are differences of practice between Ashkenazim and Sephardim regarding sauces and such ...
7
votes
3answers
908 views

Why shouldn't Gentiles keep Shabbat?

I know little about Judaism and it's a first time question, so please forgive any mistakes. According to this question non-Jews are forbidden from keeping Shabbat. What is the reasoning behind this? ...
7
votes
2answers
143 views

Games (on Shabas) that involve writing: whose writing?

I don't have good sources handy, but apparently some forbid the Shabas playing of games in which one usually writes, even if playing without writing: Scrabble, in which one writes scores, is sometimes ...
7
votes
2answers
319 views

Voice-activated electronics on Shabbat

Does using a voice-activated device constitute a melacha? For example, Siri on an iphone or, a even a voice-activated light-switch. Does it make a difference if the computer doesn't take direct ...
6
votes
0answers
152 views

BT emailing non-observant family

A given person is Shabbat-observant; his/her immediate and extended family is not. May this individual write an email to his/her family (who lives in Israel) when it is before Shabbat (where s/he ...
6
votes
1answer
654 views

Husband lighting Shabbat candles

If my wife is out of the country for an extended trip, am I required to light Shabbat candles in the house if I am home alone? Does it matter how long she is going to be away? Or that the time ...
6
votes
1answer
157 views

Is it prohibited to ride public transport that also operates on Shabbat

In Israel, most public transport shuts down on Shabbat. If it did operate on Sabbath, perhaps by non Jews, would it be permissable for Jews to use it on weekdays?
6
votes
1answer
418 views

Asking Questions on StackOverflow on Erev Shabbos

Is there a problem with asking a programming question on StackOverflow (or any other StackExchange site) on Erev Shabbos, so that they will eventually be answered by the time Motzei Shabbos arrives? ...
5
votes
4answers
227 views

Why do korbanot require/allow exceptions from Shabbat restrictions?

Someone recently asked me why we keep Shabbat restrictions now if violation of those restrictions was clearly necessary to burn korbanot in the Beit Hamikdash. My knee-jerk response is: God said so. ...
5
votes
2answers
301 views

Challah Loaves on Shabbat have a minimum size?

In this article regarding the Shabbat Challah loaves, The Shmirat Shabbat KeHilchata (vol. II 55:5) is quoted as saying: The loaves must each be at least the size of an olive Normally, the size ...
5
votes
2answers
119 views

Opening bottles and creating a Keli on Shabbath

Does opening a new bottle create a new Keli, such that it would be prohibited on Shabbath? (I personally don't think so for a few reasons. However, someone posted this question a little while ago ...
4
votes
2answers
29 views

Lechem Mishneh - Do both challot have to be touching?

When holding the Lechem Mishneh together while making the bracha - Do both challot have to be touching ? What if one challah was wrapped in cellophane or in a bag (yet held next to the other challah ...
4
votes
1answer
117 views

Are there verifications for these miracles?

In Sanhedrin 65b (line 24 and further) Tornosrufus asked same question to R. Akiva. R. Akiva answered that there are three proofs that the day Jew think is Shabbos is a real Shabbos. River ...
4
votes
1answer
152 views

Is one allowed to use electricity on Shabbos in Israel?

I have heard that some don't use electricity made by the Israeli Electric company on Shabbos and only use generators. However, I have seen people who do use public electricity on Shabbos. What are ...
4
votes
2answers
704 views

What is the actual temperature of Yad Soledes?

What is the actual temperature of Yad Soledes?
4
votes
3answers
380 views

Newspaper Delivery on Shabbos

Is getting a paper delivered on Shabbos allowed? If not, what may be done with it upon delivery?
3
votes
1answer
375 views

Self-winding wristwatches on Shabbos

Can self-winding wristwatches be used on Shabbos?
2
votes
1answer
75 views

learning non-jewish topics as a creative process

Is 'learning' non-Jewish topics a prohibited creative process on Shabbat? If so, on what grounds is learning Tanakh exempted? I read that the study non-Jewish subjects is banned or frowned upon, and I ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

Pain of animals on shabbat

So a friend of mine showed me the following verse from Matthew 12:11 (strange to bring a New Testament quote into a halacha question, I know) ... they asked him, “Is it lawful to heal on the ...
2
votes
2answers
241 views

Saving a Jew's life on Shabbos if s/he does not observe Shabbos

(This question was inspired by my comment on this question - Are you allowed to save a non-Jew's life on shabbos? (The comment is quoted at the bottom of my question.)) R. Simeon b. Menassia is ...
2
votes
3answers
135 views

What sort of covering is required for Challa and cake while making Kiddush?

The Halacha is that we cover the Challa / Cake while we make Kiddush in order not to embarass it (Talmud Yerushalmi as quoted by the Tur, Orach Chaim 271) as we are not making Hamotzi / Mezonos first. ...
1
vote
1answer
227 views

Is it permissable to use an umbrella on Shabbat?

Is it permissable to use an umbrella on Shabbat, assuming you're inside an Eruv, so there's no issue of carrying? If it is not permissible, then why is it prohibited? Follow-up question: What about ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

Hotels and food-service during shabbat

Could someone point me to the right direction (halacha) regarding the validity of being served by a Jew working at the hotel where I reside during shabbat? Basically I'm making him "work" on shabbat ...
13
votes
2answers
188 views

Lechem Mishneh by the Third Shabbos Meal

Is one required to have Lechem Mishneh by the Third Shabbos Meal?
23
votes
4answers
1k views

bicycle on Shabbat?

Is riding a bicycle on Shabbat permitted within an eiruv, being ridden only on pavement (so no unintended plowing), for transportation and not exercise, and with the understanding that repairs aren't ...
4
votes
2answers
232 views

Asking a Gentile for Air Condition on Shabbos

There are lots of misconceptions, so I just want to clear it up. When is one permitted to ask a Gentile to turn on/turn off/adjust the air conditioning on Shabbos?
17
votes
2answers
429 views

Where did “shabat shalom” come from?

What is the source for the greeting "שבת שלום"? Where is it earliest attested in print? What does it mean?
14
votes
3answers
383 views

Escalator on Shabbos

Escalators: Are they allowed to be used on Shabbos or not? (and the reasons behind it)
12
votes
3answers
323 views

Does an Early Shabbos mean Early Meat before Tish'a B'Av?

If one makes an early Shabbos in the nine days, does that mean s/he can eat meat earlier?
11
votes
3answers
409 views

Returning after driving someone to the hospital on Shabbat

if a man needs to be brought to the hospital on Shabbat, and another man brings him, is the second man allowed to go back home by car?
10
votes
2answers
382 views

Halachic Considerations for Women in the IDF

For a religious girl going into the IDF very soon, there are a few questions that are often asked: Especially in active units, wearing a skirt while on base can be a problem: While crawling, ...
9
votes
1answer
219 views

When does one become considered shomer shaboss?

Clarification : Mr. X is a orthodox religious Jew. Mr. X has a rebellious phase and violates shaboss. Mr. X later starts keeping the rules again. I'm asking in both cases: Case 1: Ten people knew ...
8
votes
1answer
182 views

Riding the Boston train (T) on Shabbat - written evidence?

I've long heard 'urban legends' of halachically observent Jews in Boston many years ago riding the train ('the T') on Shabbat. Does anyone have any written evidence of such a practice? (I'm not ...
8
votes
1answer
175 views

Division of Mishnayos in Pirkei Avos / Meseches Avos

In the Siddur, Pirkei Avos has a different division (in each Perek the amount of Mishnayos) than in the Mishnayos Avos. Who determined the division of the Mishnayos in the Siddur?
8
votes
9answers
417 views

fish before meat - why?

To the best of my knowledge eating fish after meat has the same Halacha as eating meat after fish. You are supposed to eat a cracker and take a drink to seperate between them. Why is it most common ...
7
votes
1answer
432 views

Fighting Wars on Shabbat

As I mentioned in another question, I was reading the Book of Maccabees over Shabbat (I and II). In the book of Maccabees, it mentions that early on in the struggle, there were a group of Jews hiding ...
7
votes
3answers
394 views

Ripping on Shabbos

Why can I open a bag of potato Chips and not rip toilet paper?
7
votes
1answer
101 views

Candle Lighting Time: Why Then?

Why 18 minutes (or other minhagim). Where did these numbers come from?
6
votes
6answers
369 views

What is a good way to make one's website inaccessible on Shabbat?

Suppose I wish to make my website automatically become unavailable every week during Shabbat, or at least for a time period that roughly corresponds to Shabbat for a large group of people. Can you ...