The seventh day of the week and a day of rest. Also use this tag for questions that apply equally to Yom Tov and Shabbat.

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17
votes
4answers
701 views

Why do people frequently change tunes toward the end of Lecha Dodi?

Frequently, perhaps even most of the time, I've noticed that the chazan (prayer leader) for Kabalat Shabbat switches tunes for the last four verses of Lecha Dodi. Is there any reason for this, or are ...
7
votes
1answer
168 views

Lechem Mishneh : holding challos procedure

What's the exact procedure for holding the challos in lechem mishneh. I'm not asking about the number of challos used or which one to cut (top / bottom) but how do we hold them : do we hold them ...
15
votes
5answers
390 views

Overhead projector on Shabbos?

A discussion came up with some guests over shabbos. One asked if one could use an overhead projector on Shabbos if it was turned on from before, i.e. could one put a new plastic sheet on it or not? In ...
13
votes
2answers
254 views

Does everyone have to drink the Kiddush wine?

When making Kiddush, does everyone who is yotzei have to drink the wine or grape juice, or is merely hearing it enough? In my experience, it appears that Friday nights everyone is careful to drink, ...
12
votes
4answers
2k views

What do you do if you forgot to turn off the refrigerator light before Shabbat?

The first time you open a fridge on Shabbat, you notice the light is on. Your intention is to take out food, not turn on the light. Is closing the fridge a problem? Can I open it again? Is it better ...
11
votes
1answer
461 views

Kiddush between 6 and 7 o'clock - Which clock?

Many people hold that one should not make kiddush on Shabbos between the hours of 6 and 7. (Sources: Shulchan Aruch Harav and Taamei Haminhagim, (who, in turn, bring a Maharil, a Magen Avraham, and a ...
10
votes
1answer
291 views

Mandatory evacuation on Shabbat: what can and can't you do?

A major storm hit New England starting this past Friday. While people knew this was coming and precautions were already in place, apparently (according to a news article I read tonight) some areas ...
10
votes
2answers
422 views

Halachic Considerations for Women in the IDF

For a religious girl going into the IDF very soon, there are a few questions that are often asked: Especially in active units, wearing a skirt while on base can be a problem: While crawling, ...
8
votes
2answers
350 views

Voice-activated electronics on Shabbat

Does using a voice-activated device constitute a melacha? For example, Siri on an iphone or, a even a voice-activated light-switch. Does it make a difference if the computer doesn't take direct ...
8
votes
2answers
593 views

Where does the concept of a Kli Shlishi come from?

When it comes to cooking on Shabbos, most people hold that things that are not allowed to be put in a Kli Sheni (a vessel once removed from the vessel that was on the fire) because it is considered ...
7
votes
2answers
306 views

Can a Jew own a business that employs or pays atheist Jews on Shabbat?

I am an atheist who happens to be Jewish, and would like to work for a business owned by a religious Jew. Is he allowed to pay me for my work on Shabbat? What if the payment is global (e.g. 10% of a ...
7
votes
2answers
301 views

How does Shabbos/Yom Tov mode on a stove work?

Star-K certifies the shabbos mode on some modern stoves. (Oh how I pine for the day of simple rheostats on electric stoves, and pilot lights on gas stoves! Those were the days...) Our GE gas stove ...
6
votes
0answers
119 views

Why does almost every community say Lecha Dodi?

The prayer Lecha Dodi was composed in the 16th century which is relatively recent as the general Nusach of prayer was founded between 516 BCE – 70 CE by the Anshei K'neset Hagdolah, and its rare that ...
6
votes
4answers
661 views

Mail Delivery on Shabbos

Can you take in the mail on Shabbos?
5
votes
2answers
208 views

Am I allowed to wear a towel as a belt/scarf outside an Eiruv on Shabbos?

Many Mikvas do not provide towels for attendees, and require that people who go bring their own towels. If there is no Eiruv, one cannot carry it in a normal way, so many people "wear" it as a ...
15
votes
4answers
413 views

What is the status of a pull-apart challah for “lechem mishneh”?

On Shabbat, we're supposed to begin the meals with two whole loaves - "Lechem Mishneh." According to Shmirat Shabbat KeHilchato as quoted in the article linked above, "If two loaves bake together in ...
14
votes
3answers
237 views

May a Katan (minor) perform Melachah (“work”) on Shabbath?

In my experience, I've noticed that many people take for granted that if one needs a Melachah to be performed on Shabbath, one may have a minor, especially one under the age of 3, perform what is ...
11
votes
4answers
3k views

Making seltzer/soda water on Shabbat or Yom Tov

Can a person make seltzer on shobbos or yom tov with something like sodastream?
10
votes
1answer
224 views

BT emailing non-observant family on Friday afternoon

A given person is Shabbat-observant; his/her immediate and extended family is not. May this individual write an email to his/her family (who live in Israel) when it is before Shabbat (where s/he ...
10
votes
2answers
316 views

Latest shabbat not longest day…?

I was under the impression that the longest day was June 22nd, and yet, year after year- the latest time for candle lighting takes place about a week and a half after that. Intuitively, the latest ...
8
votes
2answers
184 views

Matzah eruvin on erev Pesach

An eruv allows Jews to carry within a semi-public space on Shabbat. The space must be bounded by walls and must meet several detailed requirements. The eruv must consist of food for a meal for the ...
8
votes
2answers
404 views

Non-Yemenites who heat up soup after the start of Shabbat?

The most widely held practice regarding heating up liquids on Shabbat is that it is prohibited, though there are differences of practice between Ashkenazim and Sephardim regarding sauces and such ...
8
votes
2answers
172 views

Ask a friend to carry on Shabbos

Suppose there are two friends: one holds of the eiruv and the other doesn't. Is the second allowed to ask the first to carry for him? And if the first anyways carried it, can the second benefit from ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Why shouldn't Gentiles keep Shabbat?

I know little about Judaism and it's a first time question, so please forgive any mistakes. According to this question non-Jews are forbidden from keeping Shabbat. What is the reasoning behind this? ...
7
votes
2answers
147 views

Games (on Shabas) that involve writing: whose writing?

I don't have good sources handy, but apparently some forbid the Shabas playing of games in which one usually writes, even if playing without writing: Scrabble, in which one writes scores, is sometimes ...
6
votes
1answer
764 views

Husband lighting Shabbat candles

If my wife is out of the country for an extended trip, am I required to light Shabbat candles in the house if I am home alone? Does it matter how long she is going to be away? Or that the time ...
6
votes
1answer
173 views

Is it prohibited to ride public transport that also operates on Shabbat

In Israel, most public transport shuts down on Shabbat. If it did operate on Sabbath, perhaps by non Jews, would it be permissable for Jews to use it on weekdays?
6
votes
1answer
455 views

Asking Questions on StackOverflow on Erev Shabbos

Is there a problem with asking a programming question on StackOverflow (or any other StackExchange site) on Erev Shabbos, so that they will eventually be answered by the time Motzei Shabbos arrives? ...
5
votes
4answers
247 views

Why do korbanot require/allow exceptions from Shabbat restrictions?

Someone recently asked me why we keep Shabbat restrictions now if violation of those restrictions was clearly necessary to burn korbanot in the Beit Hamikdash. My knee-jerk response is: God said so. ...
5
votes
2answers
340 views

Challah Loaves on Shabbat have a minimum size?

In this article regarding the Shabbat Challah loaves, The Shmirat Shabbat KeHilchata (vol. II 55:5) is quoted as saying: The loaves must each be at least the size of an olive Normally, the size ...
4
votes
2answers
38 views

Lechem Mishneh - Do both challot have to be touching?

When holding the Lechem Mishneh together while making the bracha - Do both challot have to be touching ? What if one challah was wrapped in cellophane or in a bag (yet held next to the other challah ...
4
votes
2answers
563 views

What forbids eating in a Jewish-owned restaurant open on shabbat?

Many restaurants in Israel, when asked about their kashrut status, reply that they are open on Shabbat. Thus, no hechsher. This also exists in establishments that would have a relatively easy time ...
4
votes
1answer
122 views

Are there verifications for these miracles?

In Sanhedrin 65b (line 24 and further) Tornosrufus asked same question to R. Akiva. R. Akiva answered that there are three proofs that the day Jew think is Shabbos is a real Shabbos. River ...
4
votes
1answer
174 views

Is one allowed to use electricity on Shabbos in Israel?

I have heard that some don't use electricity made by the Israeli Electric company on Shabbos and only use generators. However, I have seen people who do use public electricity on Shabbos. What are ...
4
votes
2answers
790 views

What is the actual temperature of Yad Soledes?

What is the actual temperature of Yad Soledes?
4
votes
3answers
241 views

Walking past motion detector/sensor activated lights on Shabbat

What can you do if you inadvertently set off a motion detector that turns on a light on Shabbos - Can you keep walking? If I have one do I have to shut it off before Shabbos?
4
votes
3answers
411 views

Newspaper Delivery on Shabbos

Is getting a paper delivered on Shabbos allowed? If not, what may be done with it upon delivery?
3
votes
1answer
427 views

Self-winding wristwatches on Shabbos

Can self-winding wristwatches be used on Shabbos?
3
votes
1answer
197 views

Selling on Amazon.com or Half.com on Shabbos or Yom Tov

There are some Rabanim that do not allow you to sell via your own website on Shabbos / Yom Tov. If you sell books on Amazon.com or Half.com where you do not collect the money nor fulfill the order on ...
2
votes
1answer
149 views

Tweeting close to Shabbos

Is there any problem with tweeting at a time when it is Shabbos somewhere in the world? Jewish followers may reply or re tweet etc.
2
votes
1answer
79 views

learning non-jewish topics as a creative process

Is 'learning' non-Jewish topics a prohibited creative process on Shabbat? If so, on what grounds is learning Tanakh exempted? I read that the study non-Jewish subjects is banned or frowned upon, and I ...
2
votes
1answer
306 views

Is it permissable to use an umbrella on Shabbat?

Is it permissable to use an umbrella on Shabbat, assuming you're inside an Eruv, so there's no issue of carrying? If it is not permissible, then why is it prohibited? Follow-up question: What about ...
2
votes
1answer
137 views

Pain of animals on shabbat

So a friend of mine showed me the following verse from Matthew 12:11 (strange to bring a New Testament quote into a halacha question, I know) ... they asked him, “Is it lawful to heal on the ...
2
votes
2answers
263 views

Saving a Jew's life on Shabbos if s/he does not observe Shabbos

(This question was inspired by my comment on this question - Are you allowed to save a non-Jew's life on shabbos? (The comment is quoted at the bottom of my question.)) R. Simeon b. Menassia is ...
2
votes
3answers
138 views

What sort of covering is required for Challa and cake while making Kiddush?

The Halacha is that we cover the Challa / Cake while we make Kiddush in order not to embarass it (Talmud Yerushalmi as quoted by the Tur, Orach Chaim 271) as we are not making Hamotzi / Mezonos first. ...
1
vote
1answer
139 views

Is it permitted to jay-walk on Shabbos if there is an automatic walk signal at the corner?

My shul has arranged that the cross-walk signals in front of the shul are automated on Shabbos so no one has to push a button to get a walk signal. This can be annoying for non-Jewish drivers who ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

Hotels and food-service during shabbat

Could someone point me to the right direction (halacha) regarding the validity of being served by a Jew working at the hotel where I reside during shabbat? Basically I'm making him "work" on shabbat ...
14
votes
2answers
197 views

Lechem Mishneh by the Third Shabbos Meal

Is one required to have Lechem Mishneh by the Third Shabbos Meal?
25
votes
4answers
2k views

bicycle on Shabbat?

Is riding a bicycle on Shabbat permitted within an eiruv, being ridden only on pavement (so no unintended plowing), for transportation and not exercise, and with the understanding that repairs aren't ...
4
votes
2answers
249 views

Asking a Gentile for Air Condition on Shabbos

There are lots of misconceptions, so I just want to clear it up. When is one permitted to ask a Gentile to turn on/turn off/adjust the air conditioning on Shabbos?