The seventh day of the week and a day of rest. Also use this tag for questions that apply equally to Yom Tov and Shabbat.

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Why do we need a neshama yesera?

On shabbos we get an additional soul (tannis 27b) - what is the utility of this soul? Is it the same one every week? Why would we need an extra soul?
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222 views

Are there different shitos for when fasts end? What are they?

Are there different shitos for when fasts end? (Similar Motzei Shabbos, when some people wait 72 minutes past shkiya to do melacha, where other people wait less.)
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570 views

Feeding my friend's animal on Shabbas

If my friend has a pet such as a dog or cat, can I feed it on Shabbas? Do we say it's prohibited because I am not responsible to feed it (Shulchan Aruch) or do we say since my friend has to feed him I ...
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2answers
210 views

Toiveling Keilim on Shabbos

Can you Toivel Keilim on Shabbos?
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2answers
139 views

Shabbat afternoon, when lounging on the couch, is it OK to wear sweatpants?

"Your Shabbat activities shall not be like your weekday activities". From this we learn that we should dress differently on Shabbat. Say you finished the meal and want to sit and read by the couch. ...
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2answers
331 views

Can one make ice on Shabbos?

Can one make ice on Shabbat? For example, putting water in an empty ice cube box and freezing it? I've heard it's a Machloket between the Rema and Shulchan Arukh. What are their opinions on making ...
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1answer
473 views

Sealing an envelope on shabbat

On Shabbat, is it permissible to seal an envelope that does not require moistening, ie an envelope that has a PEEL & SEAL flap?
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161 views

What is the punishment for Patur Aval Issur?

If one does something on Shabbos, say, that is patur aval issur (like an act of destruction) what is the punishment? I know that Beis Din (court) does nothing, but are there any sources for what the ...
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2answers
219 views

Is Shir HaShirim recited on a Yom Tov that falls on Friday?

There are those (Sephardim and Chassidim, I guess) who have the custom to recite Shir HaShirim on Friday, Erev Shabbat. Do they also recite it on a Friday when Yom Tov leads directly into Shabbat? If ...
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3answers
232 views

Why do we call it “candle-lighting” time?

Since it is still permissible to do melacha (work forbidden on shabbat) including lighting shabbat candles until shki'a (sunset), which is 18 minutes (or 40 minutes in Jerusalem) following ...
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120 views

Are Checks (Cheques) Muktzah?

Are Cheques Muktzah on Shabbos? If so, what type of Muktzah?
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202 views

Is sushi Muktzeh?

According to Bab. Shab. 128a, unsalted fish is Muktzeh (because it's inedible, presumably). So is sushi Muktzeh? Does it make a difference whether the sushi is totally prepared (rolled or plated or ...
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250 views

The number of Challot on Shabbat and salt

If my understanding is correct we use two Challot on Shabbat to represent the two portions of mana the Jews received in the desert of Friday to prevent them from having to collect on Shabbat. We use ...
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2answers
530 views

Why is it called Shalosh Seudos?

Why is the third Shabbos meal called Shalosh Seudos - literally three meals - would it not be more appropiate to call it Seuda Shlishis?
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379 views

Shabbat restrictions in the Army

Are there any Shabbat restrictions in the army during basic training? If this is only basic training and not war-time is this still considered pekuach-nefesh?
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170 views

Marijuana for B'Samim at Havdallah?

Is it halachically possible to use marijuana as B'Samim for Havdallah? I am under the impression that most anything can be used as B'Samim (though the tradition are cloves because they were readily ...
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1answer
62 views

Can a mourner/avel learn Torah on Shabbat?

If I'm not mistaken a mourner in the 1st 7 days, during the Shiva cannot study Torah (except for mourning-related Torah study) as it brings joy to a person. Firstly is this Halacha or a Minhag? ...
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2answers
63 views

Fasting on shabbas 10 Teves

One opinion brought in the Beis Yosef (whom we do not hold of) is if the fast of 10 Teves came out on shabbat we would have to fast, but it cannot happen due to the setup of our calendar. How can ...
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1answer
233 views

Drinking medicine with a straw on shabbas

I saw on Revach.net questions about drinking with a straw and it mentioned that the Mahrsham held that drinking medicine from a straw might be considered a shinui and permitted on shabbas. Does anyone ...
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252 views

Relations on Shabbat

It is my understanding that restrictions and prohibitions on the Sabbath more accurately concern "creating" or "destroying" rather than the stereotypical concept of "working". Why is it then ...
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107 views

Heating cold food on shabbos - Until what temperature?

On Shabbos if I take a cold food which was in the fridge before Shabbos started, and I put it on a blech or hot plate (using an inverted pot or on a pot containing food) can it only be heated until ...
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1answer
126 views

Preparing for the weekday on Shabbos after nightfall

We know there is an issur of hachanah on Shabbos (preparing from Shabbos for the weekday.) Is there a problem of hachanah (preparing something) "on Shabbos" when it's already after nightfall and no ...
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2answers
116 views

An Arched Tzuras Hapesach

A fundamental element of an eruv is the tzuras hapesach, which is defined here as, "[a] doorway opening. The construction of two doorposts and an overhead lintel." Can one make a tzuras hapesach ...
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528 views

Opening a fridge on Shabbat

There are many problems with using electricity on Shabbat, and many ways to understand those problems. The issue of using a fridge is especially problematic (as explained in depth by Rav Nissan Kaplan ...
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2answers
120 views

Why do some synagogues offer kidush and others not?

Some (orthodox) synagogues in the United States offer kidush after Shabas-morning services every week; others do not. Is this division roughly along 'type' of synagogue? For example, do most Young ...
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1answer
743 views

Women Making Kiddush

Let's say a husband and wife are alone on Friday night or on Shabbos day. Can the wife make kiddush for herself and her husband?
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120 views

Repayment of Shabas expenditures

Betza 15-16 says that one's allotment of money for the year doesn't include expenditures for Shabas and yom tov, for which one is repaid according to his outlay. (First off, am I reading that right? ...
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1answer
36 views

Can you derive benefit from other Jews' melachas during an extension of Shabbos?

My question refers to the practice of tosafos Shabbos, or extending the duration of Shabbos. In Yoma 81b this is called a mitzvah, and we learn one is required to do so at both the beginning and the ...
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2answers
83 views

Can a Gentile shovel / plow snow from your driveway on Shabbat if he has been paid for general work?

I read in Kitzur Shulcah Aruch (סימן צ - דין עשית חפציו בלא מלאכה ומלאכה על ידי גוי) that even if a person prepays a Gentile before Shabbat, he cannot tell him to specifically do work for him ...
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1answer
150 views

Why is asking a non-Jew to turn on electric lights considered amira l'nochri?

Given that practically all poskim accept R' Shlomo Zalmen's view that electricity is d'rabbanan over the Chazon ish, I would think that a Jew could simply ask a non-Jew to turn on/off lights on ...
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2answers
102 views

Using a Frozen Challah for Lechem Mishneh

If the only available Challah I have for Lechem Mishneh is frozen solid - may it be used ?
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1answer
108 views

Is there a prohibition to pack on shabbat?

Say one is bored on a Saturday afternoon. Is it permissible--if one finds it entertaining--to pack his suit case when leaving on a long trip the following day?
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94 views

Refilling a saltshaker on Shabbos

This past Shabbos I was at a house and the saltshaker was empty. I went to refill the saltshaker and a fellow told me I can not reseal the cover as it is considered a Toldah of Boneh. Is this accurate ...
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187 views

Pain of animals on shabbat

So a friend of mine showed me the following verse from Matthew 12:11 (strange to bring a New Testament quote into a halacha question, I know) ... they asked him, “Is it lawful to heal on the ...
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227 views

Why check pockets on Shabbos?

It says in Shabbos (12a) that one should always check his pockets on Friday so he won't accidentally carry on Shabbos. I don't understand the purpose of this checking. Even if one did carry ...
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1answer
105 views

Muktzeh found in drawer

If I am looking for something in a drawer on Shabbat and then find something muktzeh in that drawer, can I close the drawer?
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2answers
103 views

Biting your cheek

I have a habit of biting the side of my cheek, On shabbos, would this habit be considered breaking shabbos?
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1answer
601 views

C-Section Different for Bris

Why is it that a baby born on Shabbos via C-Section cannot have a bris 8 days later [on Shabbos]? Source: http://mi.yodeya.com/questions/5763/twin-bris-conundrum/5765#5765
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1answer
673 views

Self-winding wristwatches on Shabbos

Can self-winding wristwatches be used on Shabbos?
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2answers
235 views

Child and Lights on Shabbos

Can you put a Child who is not Yet old enough to understand (Lo Higyah Lichinuch) Shabbos in front of a Light switch in order that they turn it off or on and is there a difference between the two ...
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2answers
238 views

Are you allowed to make ice cream on shabbos?

Let's assume the steps are: Mix milk, cream, sugar, flavoring (all cold). Put in a container. Mix ice and salt in a bigger container, then put previous container into this one. Shake everything for ...
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1answer
41 views

Shabbos Breishis

Why is only Shabbos Breishis known as Shabbos Breishis. (As opposed to any other week - we do not call Shabbos Noach etc.)
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1answer
754 views

What to do if Shabbat candles go out

What should a lady do if, after kindling the candles, a gust of wind blows them out, or they tip over and are extinguished?
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1answer
41 views

Is Havdalah Mideoraita or Mideraban?

Is saying "אתה חננתנו"/הבדלה on מוצ''ש is it מן התורה or not? On one hand I remember hearing it is מן התורה as it part of "זכור" but on the other hand I've heard its only מדרבנן Please provide ...
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2answers
80 views

Play a woodwind instrument on Shabbat?

Is it forbidden to play a woodwind instrument, such as a recorder, on Shabbat? I want to say it's forbidden, because (I think) musical instruments were played in the beit haMikdash. However, even ...
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1answer
266 views

Prohibition against leaving a laundry machine running into shabbos?

I've been struggling to understand this issue for a while. It's come to my attention that it's forbidden (according to some opinions, at least) to start a laundry / dryer load on erev shabbos, and let ...
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1answer
420 views

Drinking from a water fountain on Shabbos

Often when drinking from a water fountain it causes the motor that makes the water cold to run. May one drink from it on Shabbos?
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1answer
64 views

Operating Cameras on Shabbat

Would it be permissible to take a picture with a film camera operated mechanically? If not what would be the melacha involved?
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1answer
188 views

Non-observant Jew making kiddush

Can a Jew who does not observe Shabbat say kiddush for others?
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116 views

Logistics of starting Shabbat early?

It is not uncommon to start Shabbat early in the summertime, I presume so that dinner will not start too late. What I have seen is that in congregations that do this, the men go to shul Friday night ...