Rosy Hashanah is a Biblical holiday celebrated on the first and second days of the month Tishrei. Also known as the Day of Judgement.

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The Medrash and Gemara about Hoshana Rabbah

I read on shirat devorah the following: 1) The Midrash tells us that G‑d told Abraham: “If atonement is not granted to your children on Rosh Hashanah, I will grant it on Yom Kippur; if they do not ...
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Is one allowed to break up the shofar blowing grouping to other than what the siddur indicates?

Most siddurim (Nusach Ashkenaz Sefard) group the shofar blowing as follows: 40 blasts before Musaph divided as: A 3 times Tekiah Shevarim-Tru'ah Tekiah B 3 times Tekiah Shevarim Tekiah C 3 times ...
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How can someone die between rosh hashana and yom kippur

God judges us on the first day of the year and it is only sealed on the 10th day of the year what will happen that upcoming year. so how can people die in between those two days?
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New fruit for second-night Shehecheyanu on holidays other than Rosh Hashanah

I know that we are supposed to eat a new fruit after saying the Shehechyanu on the second evening of Rosh Hashanah, because there is some doubt about whether that blessing needs to be made for the ...
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What's the difference between שמחה and חדוה?

The Gra was quoted to me (I think from the Aderes Eliyah, but I'm not sure) as saying that during the shofar blowing on Rosh HaShanna a person should be in a state of simcha and chedva. I would like ...
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Why don't we use plural “TOVOT” in New Years greeting for ketivah ve-hatimah TOVOT?

Why don't we use plural "TOVOT" in New Years greeting for ketivah ve-hatimah (writing and sealing) tovot?
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Looking for RH Kiddush audio file

Need answer fast! I'm looking for an audio file of the Rosh Hashanah Kiddush, in the RH melody. So far everything I've found uses the Hagim melody. My usual go-to site, virtualcantor.org, doesn't ...
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Must Rosh HaShannah Simanim be Eaten in a Certain Order?

Is there a specific minhag regarding when and in what order to eat the simanim? In other words, is it acceptable to serve simanim as a matter of course (leeks with the steak, date cookies for dessert, ...
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Why does the last citation in the Shofaros section of Rosh Hashahnnah Musaph not mention the shofar?

Talmud Rosh Hashannah 32b delves into a discussion on the Mishnah's instruction that each of the 3 sections in the middle part of Musaph Rosh Hashannah contain at least 3 verses from the Torah, 3 from ...
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Why, in Yom Kippour and RH davening, when we say Tefilas responsively, does sometimes the baal Tefila go first, sometimes the congregation?

Why, in Yom Kippour and RH davening, when we say Tefilas responsively, does sometimes the baal Tefila go first, sometimes the congregation? For example, Shema Koilanu, aveenu Malkainu, the Baal tefila ...
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How does Tehillim 33:15 imply all creatures pass before Him on Rosh HaShanah?

The Mishnah (Talmud Bavli, Masekhet Rosh HaShanah 16A; Original, English) states that "At New Year all creatures pass before Him like Bene'i Maron, as it says (Tehillim 33:15), ‘He that fashioneth the ...
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Tizku L'Shanim Rabot tovot v'umot?

I was wished this blessing today by a Spanish/Portuguese-descended friend. What is the last word and, by extension, what does the entire phrase mean? My friend did not know, but he said it was a ...
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Must all parts of Hatarat Nedarim be said in a language which we understand, or only some parts?

Introduction Before Rosh Hashanah, it's customary to do the "annulment of vows" ceremony. There are good reasons for this ceremony. Though the ArtScroll Siddur commentary warns: Annulment is ...
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Is the Book of Life ever really sealed?

In davening and in greetings, we always refer to the "sealing" of the Book of Life. כתיבה וחתימה טובה1 we say; בראש השנה יכתבון וביום צום כיפורים יחתמון2 we pray. Wikipedia says: The High ...
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Why was there a huge concern to assure that Hoshanna Rabbah is not on Shabbat?

This page lists 4 rules that may cause the first day of Rosh Hashannah to be postponed from being on the date of the molad Tishrei. One of the rules is: If molad Tishri occurs on Sunday, Wednesday,...
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Why are there 4 citations from Ketuvim (Writings) instead of 3 in Shofarot?

Talmud Rosh Hashanah 32a says: מתני' אין פוחתין מעשרה מלכיות מעשרה זכרונות מעשרה שופרות My translation: We do not lessen (saying) 10 verses in each of Malchuyot, Zichront and Shofarot (The ...
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Going to Jerusalem for Rosh Hashona and Yom Kippur

We know there's a concept for all Jewish men (in the times of the Beis Hamikdash) to go to Jerusalem for the 3 holidays of sukkos Pesach and Shavuos. Is there any source to go for Rosh Hashona or ...
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Is there a easy way to determine if a Shofar is Kosher? [duplicate]

From the following article at Hasofer.com it seems like the only way to be certain that one has a Kosher Shofar is by buying one with a Hechsher. The only way you can be sure that you are buying ...
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וכל מאמינים - essentially the same for both כ lines

The piyut Vechol Maaminim for Rosh Hashanah follows a pattern - two lines for each letter of the Hebrew alphabet, each one describing God in some way. However, the two lines for the letter Kaf seem to ...
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Is carrying permitted on Rosh Hashana without an eruv?

I think I read somewhere recently that Rosh Hashanah is different than other Yom Tovs in that one may carry for certain mitzvah needs. For example: A shofar or tallis or a siddur may be carried if I'...
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Rosh HaShanna glossary: What do hain, hesed, and rachamim mean?

There are many words in the siddur and in the machzor for Rosh HaShanna that seem central to the prayers for the season including hain, hesed, and rachamim, and also words translated as: help, save, ...
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What is the real first month of the Jewish year?

The Torah passage explaining Rosh Hashana says: "In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall have a rest-day, a day of remembrance, horn-blowing, and holy assembly. [...] The tenth ...
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Hataras Nederim Erev Rosh HaShanah

What is the earliest makor (source) for making hataras nederim erev rosh hashanah in front of 3 people with a long nusach? It appears to be a rather "late" minhag. What is the first source? Also is it ...
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Shofar from an extinct animal

After paying a trip to the Natural History Museum in London I found myself wondering... would it be allowed (to any extent) to use a shofar of an animal that has kosher simanim but is extinct? There ...
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Why is the mitzvah of Shofar on Rosh Hashannah for hearing the sound and not for blowing the shofar?

There is no direct mitzvah to blow the shofar on Rosh Hashanna. The mitzvah is to hear the shofar blown. It seems that this mitzvah is phrased "causativly". In order to hear the sound, someone has to ...
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Does one say “Tzidkatcha” and “El Maleh” next Shabbat (or any 28 Elul that falls on Shabbat)?

Art Scroll and Birnbaum (Nusach Ashkenaz) siddurim state that tzidkatcha should not be said on a day when Tachanun would have been skipped had it been a weekday. I believe that similar instructions ...
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Different Minhagim of Terua Sounds

I recently heard that a difference exists between the terua sounds of different communities, i.e. Ashkenazim, Sepharadim and Temanim. What are the differences?
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For puposes of Tashlich, what is considered a “body of water”?

On the 1st day of Rosh Hashanna (if not Shabbat), customarily people go to a body of water for Tashlich. Does the water have to be there currently and must be a "natural" body of water? If so, what's ...
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What is the point of praying if your fate is already decided on Rosh Hashana?

It says in Rosh Hashana " On the New Year, [first of Tishrei] all who have entered the earth pass before Him, one by one, like young sheep, as it says: “He that fashioned the heart of them all, Who ...
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Why isn't Rosh Hashana on Elul 30 and Tishrei 1

When Rosh Chodesh is two days, it's on the 30th of the old month and the first of the new month. Rosh Hashana falls on the beginning of the new month of Tishrei. Why then is Rosh Hashana on Tishrei ...
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Who added on the words לאלתר לחיים טובים ולשלום to the greeting לשנה טובה תכתב ותחתם?

Orach Chaim 582:9 - The Rama brings in the name of the Tur that on Rosh Hashana one should bless his friend & family לשנה טובה תכתב. Be'er Hataiv says that one should say לשנה טובה תכתב ותחתם. ...
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Why would a shofar be in a tree?

Shulchan Arukh, Orach Chayyim 586:21 (excerpt): הָיָה הַשּׁוֹפָר בְּרֹאשׁ הָאִילָן ...וְאֵין לוֹ שׁוֹפָר אֶלָּא הוּא, אֵינוֹ עוֹלֶה בָּאִילָן If a shofar was in a tree ... and he has no ...
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Why do we call the “judges” experts?

The hataras nedarim of Erev Rosh Hashanah starts with "Listen now my masters, expert judges" ("‎שמעו נא רבותי, דיינים מומחים‎").1 In practice, at least as far as I've seen, these judges are ...
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Can one attach a straw or some other “extension” to a shofar and blow into it

Shulchan Arukh, Orach Chayyim 586:19 says: הִרְחִיק אֶת הַשּׁוֹפָר וְנָפַח בּוֹ וְתָקַע בּוֹ, פָּסוּל. If he distanced the shofar from him and breathed into it and blew, it is invalid. I'...
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Why specifically an apple on Rosh HaShanah?

There is a custom of eating an apple dipped in honey on first night of Rosh HaShanah (among the other foods) as a sign that we should have a sweet year. Why is this done specifically with an apple and ...
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Why a formulaic greeting on ליל ראש השנה?

On Rosh Hashana night, it is customary to greet one another with "לשנה טובה תכתב (ותחתם)‏" (Rama 582:9, MB). People (in my experience) and machzorim (Rosh Hashana prayer books) treat this as ...
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What does ותמלך אתה הוא ה׳ א׳ מהרה על כל מעשיך coordinate with?

The amida on Rosh Hashana and Yom Kipur reads, in part: ובכן צדיקים יראו וישמחו… כי תעביר ממשלת זדון מן הארץ ותמלך אתה הוא ה׳ א׳ מהרה על כל מעשיך…‏ The most natural way to translate this, to ...
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Why don't we say Hallel on Rosh Hashanah?

For most months, on the first day (Rosh Hodesh) we say the Hallel service between Shacharit and Mussaf. For the first day of Tishrei (Rosh Hashanah), however, we do not say Hallel. Why is it not ...
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Why Jer. 31 on Rosh Hashana?

On the second day of Rosh Hashana, after reading about the akeda (and some other stuff), we read Yirmiya 31:1–19 as the haftara: why this haftara?
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ה׳ מלך for Rosh Hashanah Day Two

During the repetition of the Amidah for both days of Rosh Hashanah, most Ashkenazi communities recite piyutim entitled ה׳ מלך. On the first day, the format is relatively simple, being arranged in a ...
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If Yom Kippur seals our fate, why do we pray the rest of the year? [duplicate]

If on Yom Kippur on fate is sealed, why do we continue to be mispalleil for the rest of the year?
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Earliest source for dipping apple in honey on Rosh Hashana

What is the earliest source for the custom of dipping an apple in honey on Rosh Hashana? (It is found in the Tur (Siman 683), the Abudraham (quoted by the Rama there) - believed to be a student of ...
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Kohenim Taking shoes off during rosh hashana

Why did Kohenim take off their shoes on the bimah during a certain prayer on Rosh hashana? Why did they also hold their tallit up over their heads more like tents with their arms raised?
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Preparing for Rosh Hashana during Elul

I hear often about the need for preparing for Rosh Hashana during Elul. Can anyone offer some practical suggestions as to what primarily this preparation entails. Sourced answers, only, please.
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Why the custom at the end of Tashlich to shake off Tzitzis?

In the Siddur Nussach Ari it says by the end of Tashlich to shake the ends of your Tzitzis, I heard that this symbolizes the tossing of a persons sins in the depth of the water (as in the verse " ...
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Why is Rosh Hashana two days in Jerusalem?

Rosh Hashana is the only festival celebrated for two days even in Jerusalem, since there was a possibility that witnesses for the new moon would come in the middle of the day and the Beis Din would ...
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Blowing shofar for someone at their home

What does one need to know in order to properly perform a private shofar-blowing for someone who cannot make it to Shul on Rosh Hashana? There are many details of how the shofar blowing is conducted ...
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Why the difference in minhagim about wearing a kittel on Yom Kippur only, or also on Rosh Hashanah

My families minhag is to wear a kittel just on Yom Kippur (so I do). But in shul I see a number of folk with the minhag to wear it also on Rosh Hashanah. I know it is related to Yom Hadin, and ...
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Why do we get judged (Rosh Hashana) before Yom Kippur?

AT first glance it would make more sense to be given a chance to do teshuva before being judged, so why is it the other way around?