Rosy Hashanah is a Biblical holiday celebrated on the first and second days of the month Tishrei. Also known as the Day of Judgement.

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Who added on the words לאלתר לחיים טובים ולשלום to the greeting לשנה טובה תכתב ותחתם?

Orach Chaim 582:9 - The Rama brings in the name of the Tur that on Rosh Hashana one should bless his friend & family לשנה טובה תכתב. Be'er Hataiv says that one should say לשנה טובה תכתב ותחתם. ...
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Why would a shofar be in a tree?

Shulchan Arukh, Orach Chayyim 586:21 (excerpt): הָיָה הַשּׁוֹפָר בְּרֹאשׁ הָאִילָן ...וְאֵין לוֹ שׁוֹפָר אֶלָּא הוּא, אֵינוֹ עוֹלֶה בָּאִילָן If a shofar was in a tree ... and he has no ...
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Why do we call the “judges” experts?

The hataras nedarim of Erev Rosh Hashanah starts with "Listen now my masters, expert judges" ("‎שמעו נא רבותי, דיינים מומחים‎").1 In practice, at least as far as I've seen, these judges are ...
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Can one attach a straw or some other “extension” to a shofar and blow into it

Shulchan Arukh, Orach Chayyim 586:19 says: הִרְחִיק אֶת הַשּׁוֹפָר וְנָפַח בּוֹ וְתָקַע בּוֹ, פָּסוּל. If he distanced the shofar from him and breathed into it and blew, it is invalid. ...
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Why specifically an apple on Rosh HaShanah?

There is a custom of eating an apple dipped in honey on first night of Rosh HaShanah (among the other foods) as a sign that we should have a sweet year. Why is this done specifically with an apple and ...
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Why a formulaic greeting on ליל ראש השנה?

On Rosh Hashana night, it is customary to greet one another with "לשנה טובה תכתב (ותחתם)‏" (Rama 582:9, MB). People (in my experience) and machzorim (Rosh Hashana prayer books) treat this as ...
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What does ותמלך אתה הוא ה׳ א׳ מהרה על כל מעשיך coordinate with?

The amida on Rosh Hashana and Yom Kipur reads, in part: ובכן צדיקים יראו וישמחו… כי תעביר ממשלת זדון מן הארץ ותמלך אתה הוא ה׳ א׳ מהרה על כל מעשיך…‏ The most natural way to translate this, to ...
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Why don't we say Hallel on Rosh Hashanah?

For most months, on the first day (Rosh Hodesh) we say the Hallel service between Shacharit and Mussaf. For the first day of Tishrei (Rosh Hashanah), however, we do not say Hallel. Why is it not ...
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Why Jer. 31 on Rosh Hashana?

On the second day of Rosh Hashana, after reading about the akeda (and some other stuff), we read Yirmiya 31:1–19 as the haftara: why this haftara?
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ה׳ מלך for Rosh Hashanah Day Two

During the repetition of the Amidah for both days of Rosh Hashanah, most Ashkenazi communities recite piyutim entitled ה׳ מלך. On the first day, the format is relatively simple, being arranged in a ...
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If Yom Kippur seals our fate, why do we pray the rest of the year? [duplicate]

If on Yom Kippur on fate is sealed, why do we continue to be mispalleil for the rest of the year?
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Earliest source for dipping apple in honey on Rosh Hashana

What is the earliest source for the custom of dipping an apple in honey on Rosh Hashana? (It is found in the Tur (Siman 683), the Abudraham (quoted by the Rama there) - believed to be a student of ...
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Kohenim Taking shoes off during rosh hashana

Why did Kohenim take off their shoes on the bimah during a certain prayer on Rosh hashana? Why did they also hold their tallit up over their heads more like tents with their arms raised?
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Preparing for Rosh Hashana during Elul

I hear often about the need for preparing for Rosh Hashana during Elul. Can anyone offer some practical suggestions as to what primarily this preparation entails. Sourced answers, only, please.
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What is the point of praying if your fate is already decided on Rosh Hashana?

It says in Rosh Hashana " On the New Year, [first of Tishrei] all who have entered the earth pass before Him, one by one, like young sheep, as it says: “He that fashioned the heart of them all, Who ...
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Why the custom at the end of Tashlich to shake off Tzitzis?

In the Siddur Nussach Ari it says by the end of Tashlich to shake the ends of your Tzitzis, I heard that this symbolizes the tossing of a persons sins in the depth of the water (as in the verse " ...
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Why is Rosh Hashana two days in Jerusalem?

Rosh Hashana is the only festival celebrated for two days even in Jerusalem, since there was a possibility that witnesses for the new moon would come in the middle of the day and the Beis Din would ...
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Blowing shofar for someone at their home

What does one need to know in order to properly perform a private shofar-blowing for someone who cannot make it to Shul on Rosh Hashana? There are many details of how the shofar blowing is conducted ...
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Why the difference in minhagim about wearing a kittel on Yom Kippur only, or also on Rosh Hashanah

My families minhag is to wear a kittel just on Yom Kippur (so I do). But in shul I see a number of folk with the minhag to wear it also on Rosh Hashanah. I know it is related to Yom Hadin, and ...
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Why do we get judged (Rosh Hashana) before Yom Kippur?

AT first glance it would make more sense to be given a chance to do teshuva before being judged, so why is it the other way around?
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Taschlich Bread crumbs on Yom Tov

What is, and more over is there a source for throwing of bread during Tashlich (other then the Kids song that says to throw our Aveiros away)? The reason for the the question is because on Rosh ...
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Simanim are eaten when?

When are the Simanim on Rosh HAshanah(symbolic foods) eaten before washing on the Bread or after and at which meal and why?
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What is Hatarat Nidui

Today in schul (erev Rosh Hashana) there is a procedure done after hatarat nedarim that seems to release people from cherem. The beit din's saying in the hatarat nedarim process removes one from ...
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Koren Machzor and Shochen Ad

Last year I started using the Koren machzorim and I realized that the Ashkenaz editions use the wrong Shochen Ad. In most other machzorim, the section "B'fi Yisharim" forms acrostics of the names of ...
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What's the difference between שמחה and חדוה?

The Gra was quoted to me (I think from the Aderes Eliyah, but I'm not sure) as saying that during the shofar blowing on Rosh HaShanna a person should be in a state of simcha and chedva. I would like ...
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When was the last time the “Leap Year” postponement rule was used to delay the date of Rosh Hashannah?

This site explains that there are 4 rules that would cause Rosh Hashannah to be postponed 1 or 2 days after the date of Molad Tishrei. You can view all 4 rules on the web site, but rule 4 states: ...
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Is there a CD containing some of the melodies of Yom Kippur?

I'm looking for a specific piyut we say on Yom Kippur as an audio file, as I'd really like to write music for it. The prayer is in the repetition of the amidah of both Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur ...
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Blowing a Shofar at night

Is there anything wrong with blowing a Shofar at night: on Rosh HaShanah for the Mitzvah (or just because one missed it and wants to hear it, eg., the person was ill) on Rosh HaShanah for practice ...
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When does fasting Erev Rosh Hashanah officially begin and end?

May seem like a simple question considering erev means evening... But does fasting erev Rosh Hashanah which is similar to Erev Yom Kippur katan (aka Erev Rosh Chodesh) officially begin at nightfall ...
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Yemenite shofar not from sheep

I've heard that Yemenite Jews follow the Rambam for halacha generally, and Wikipedia concurs. The Rambam writes that one must use a sheep's horn as the shofar on Rosh Hashana. Shulchan Aruch is less ...
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Can you blow a shofar for fun on Rosh Hashanah?

Last week, someone quoted a halacha in shul about blowing shofar on Rosh Hashanah if it's not for the mitzvah. He said that it's recommended not to, but if someone really wants to, they should blow ...
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How do you prepare a ram's head for Rosh Hashana night

One of the Simanim brought to eat on Rosh Hashana is a Ram's head. It isn't very popular, I assume due to availability, but one year they had them (well, a lamb's head) in the local store, but I was ...
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What is the reason behind blowing the shofar from the side of one's mouth?

I've been told that the custom is to blow the shofar from the sides of one mouth, rather than like blowing a trumpet. What is the source for this custom and the reasoning behind it?
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How should non-Jews observe Rosh HaShanah?

The second mishnah in Rosh HaShanah says that "all the people of the world" are judged on Rosh HaShanah. How should non-Jews observe the Day of Judgment?
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Shofar from an extinct animal

After paying a trip to the Natural History Museum in London I found myself wondering... would it be allowed (to any extent) to use a shofar of an animal that has kosher simanim but is extinct? There ...
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Can a shrunken head be used for simanim?

Not that i expect anyone would ever do this... but could someone use a shrunken head for the l'rosh v'lo l'zanav siman on Rosh Hashanah?
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Alternative to Selichot?

For someone who, for whatever reason, will not participate in selichot, are there any alternatives (things to say, acts to do etc.) suggested to properly prepare for the high holidays?
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Why is the mitzvah of Shofar on Rosh Hashannah for hearing the sound and not for blowing the shofar?

There is no direct mitzvah to blow the shofar on Rosh Hashanna. The mitzvah is to hear the shofar blown. It seems that this mitzvah is phrased "causativly". In order to hear the sound, someone has to ...
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I am looking for an algorithm to calculate Molad Tishrei for any given year

I am using MS Excel together with VBA (Visual Basic for applications) to write macros to calculate Molad Tishrei. I have located information in various web sites that explain how to calculate Molad ...
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If a Shofar blower must blow twice for two concurrent minyanim, does he need to say the bracha twice?

A shul has two minyanim that are about 5 minutes apart from each other. They hire 1 Ba'al T'kiah (shofar blower). He says the bracha at the 1st minyan and blows the first set of 30 blasts. Then he ...
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Can the full set of 100 shofar blasts be performed by more than 1 person?

One person made the bracha and blew some blasts. Then, for some reason, he is physically unable to blow the rest. Can someone else complete the job? Does it matter if the switch happens in the middle ...
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what should a person think when hearing the shofar

what should a person think when hearing the shofar during the month of Elul. is there some kind of basic intent one should have in mind? What about during rosh hashana?
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Uman for Rosh Hashanah?

Why do people leave Eretz Yisroel to go to Uman for Rosh Hashanah? (It seems to me like leaving America for July Fourth.) In general what is the reason people go: is it Just a festival in the ...
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Rosh hashana: is it really two days?

Regarding the chagim (festivals), we know that a chag is really one day (not including the rabbinic chag a/k/a yom tov sheini). However, for Rosh hashana, Israelis observe a two day festival. So is ...
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How did the triennial torah reading fulfill the takanas Ezra?

Ezra declared that the curses in Vayikra be read before Shavuos and those in Devarim before Rosh HaShanna (megillah 31b), how was that accomplished by those in Eretz Yisrael who had a triennial system ...
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What is a typical amount that a chazzan for a large shul be paid for leading the high holiday services?

I have heard anecdotally that a world class chazzan can make nearly $100,000 for leading the services on Rosh Hashanna and Yom Kippur. I don't know exactly how to confirm this but I am trying to find ...
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Why does Yalkut Yosef recommend women not do “tashlich”?

I read in Yalkut Yossef that women don't need to go to Tashlikh and the Rav Y. Yossef shlit"a concludes with "Shev Veal Tasse Adif" (trans. it's better to do nothing). Does anyone know the reason ? I ...
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Is there any source for throwing bread during tashlich? [duplicate]

Is there a reliable Jewish source that encourages throwing bread when performing tashlich?