Rosy Hashanah is a Biblical holiday celebrated on the first and second days of the month Tishrei. Also known as the Day of Judgement.

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Why, in Yom Kippour and RH davening, when we say Tefilas responsively, does sometimes the baal Tefila go first, sometimes the congregation?

Why, in Yom Kippour and RH davening, when we say Tefilas responsively, does sometimes the baal Tefila go first, sometimes the congregation? For example, Shema Koilanu, aveenu Malkainu, the Baal tefila ...
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How does Tehillim 33:15 imply all creatures pass before Him on Rosh HaShanah?

The Mishnah (Talmud Bavli, Masekhet Rosh HaShanah 16A; Original, English) states that "At New Year all creatures pass before Him like Bene'i Maron, as it says (Tehillim 33:15), ‘He that fashioneth the ...
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Must all parts of Hatarat Nedarim be said in a language which we understand, or only some parts?

Introduction Before Rosh Hashanah, it's customary to do the "annulment of vows" ceremony. There are good reasons for this ceremony. Though the ArtScroll Siddur commentary warns: Annulment is ...
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Why was there a huge concern to assure that Hoshanna Rabbah is not on Shabbat?

This page lists 4 rules that may cause the first day of Rosh Hashannah to be postponed from being on the date of the molad Tishrei. One of the rules is: If molad Tishri occurs on Sunday, ...
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Why are there 4 citations from Ketuvim (Writings) instead of 3 in Shofarot?

Talmud Rosh Hashanah 32a says: מתני' אין פוחתין מעשרה מלכיות מעשרה זכרונות מעשרה שופרות My translation: We do not lessen (saying) 10 verses in each of Malchuyot, Zichront and Shofarot (The ...
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Going to Jerusalem for Rosh Hashona and Yom Kippur

We know there's a concept for all Jewish men (in the times of the Beis Hamikdash) to go to Jerusalem for the 3 holidays of sukkos Pesach and Shavuos. Is there any source to go for Rosh Hashona or ...
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Why does the last citation in the Shofaros section of Rosh Hashahnnah Musaph not mention the shofar?

Talmud Rosh Hashannah 32b delves into a discussion on the Mishnah's instruction that each of the 3 sections in the middle part of Musaph Rosh Hashannah contain at least 3 verses from the Torah, 3 from ...
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Is there a easy way to determine if a Shofar is Kosher? [duplicate]

From the following article at Hasofer.com it seems like the only way to be certain that one has a Kosher Shofar is by buying one with a Hechsher. The only way you can be sure that you are buying ...
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וכל מאמינים - essentially the same for both כ lines

The piyut Vechol Maaminim for Rosh Hashanah follows a pattern - two lines for each letter of the Hebrew alphabet, each one describing God in some way. However, the two lines for the letter Kaf seem to ...
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Is carrying permitted on Rosh Hashana without an eruv?

I think I read somewhere recently that Rosh Hashanah is different than other Yom Tovs in that one may carry for certain mitzvah needs. For example: A shofar or tallis or a siddur may be carried if ...
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Must Rosh HaShannah Simanim be Eaten in a Certain Order?

Is there a specific minhag regarding when and in what order to eat the simanim? In other words, is it acceptable to serve simanim as a matter of course (leeks with the steak, date cookies for dessert, ...
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What is the real first month of the Jewish year?

The Torah passage explaining Rosh Hashana says: "In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall have a rest-day, a day of remembrance, horn-blowing, and holy assembly. [...] The tenth ...
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Why don't we use plural “TOVOT” in New Years greeting for ketivah ve-hatimah TOVOT?

Why don't we use plural "TOVOT" in New Years greeting for ketivah ve-hatimah (writing and sealing) tovot?
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Hataras Nederim Erev Rosh HaShanah

What is the earliest makor (source) for making hataras nederim erev rosh hashanah in front of 3 people with a long nusach? It appears to be a rather "late" minhag. What is the first source? Also is it ...
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Is one allowed to break up the shofar blowing grouping to other than what the siddur inidcates?

Most siddurim (Nusach Ashkenaz Sefard) group the shofar blowing as follows: 40 blasts before Musaph divided as: A 3 times Tekiah Shevarim-Tru'ah Tekiah B 3 times Tekiah Shevarim Tekiah C 3 times ...
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Looking for RH Kiddush audio file

Need answer fast! I'm looking for an audio file of the Rosh Hashanah Kiddush, in the RH melody. So far everything I've found uses the Hagim melody. My usual go-to site, virtualcantor.org, doesn't ...
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Does one say “Tzidkatcha” and “El Maleh” next Shabbat (or any 28 Elul that falls on Shabbat)?

Art Scroll and Birnbaum (Nusach Ashkenaz) siddurim state that tzidkatcha should not be said on a day when Tachanun would have been skipped had it been a weekday. I believe that similar instructions ...
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Different Minhagim of Terua Sounds

I recently heard that a difference exists between the terua sounds of different communities, i.e. Ashkenazim, Sepharadim and Temanim. What are the differences?
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For puposes of Tashlich, what is considered a “body of water”?

On the 1st day of Rosh Hashanna (if not Shabbat), customarily people go to a body of water for Tashlich. Does the water have to be there currently and must be a "natural" body of water? If so, what's ...
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Rosh HaShanna glossary: What do hain, hesed, and rachamim mean?

There are many words in the siddur and in the machzor for Rosh HaShanna that seem central to the prayers for the season including hain, hesed, and rachamim, and also words translated as: help, save, ...
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Why isn't Rosh Hashana on Elul 30 and Tishrei 1

When Rosh Chodesh is two days, it's on the 30th of the old month and the first of the new month. Rosh Hashana falls on the beginning of the new month of Tishrei. Why then is Rosh Hashana on Tishrei ...
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Who added on the words לאלתר לחיים טובים ולשלום to the greeting לשנה טובה תכתב ותחתם?

Orach Chaim 582:9 - The Rama brings in the name of the Tur that on Rosh Hashana one should bless his friend & family לשנה טובה תכתב. Be'er Hataiv says that one should say לשנה טובה תכתב ותחתם. ...
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Why would a shofar be in a tree?

Shulchan Arukh, Orach Chayyim 586:21 (excerpt): הָיָה הַשּׁוֹפָר בְּרֹאשׁ הָאִילָן ...וְאֵין לוֹ שׁוֹפָר אֶלָּא הוּא, אֵינוֹ עוֹלֶה בָּאִילָן If a shofar was in a tree ... and he has no ...
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Can one attach a straw or some other “extension” to a shofar and blow into it

Shulchan Arukh, Orach Chayyim 586:19 says: הִרְחִיק אֶת הַשּׁוֹפָר וְנָפַח בּוֹ וְתָקַע בּוֹ, פָּסוּל. If he distanced the shofar from him and breathed into it and blew, it is invalid. ...
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ה׳ מלך for Rosh Hashanah Day Two

During the repetition of the Amidah for both days of Rosh Hashanah, most Ashkenazi communities recite piyutim entitled ה׳ מלך. On the first day, the format is relatively simple, being arranged in a ...
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If Yom Kippur seals our fate, why do we pray the rest of the year? [duplicate]

If on Yom Kippur on fate is sealed, why do we continue to be mispalleil for the rest of the year?
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Why do we call the “judges” experts?

The hataras nedarim of Erev Rosh Hashanah starts with "Listen now my masters, expert judges" ("‎שמעו נא רבותי, דיינים מומחים‎").1 In practice, at least as far as I've seen, these judges are ...
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Why the custom at the end of Tashlich to shake off Tzitzis?

In the Siddur Nussach Ari it says by the end of Tashlich to shake the ends of your Tzitzis, I heard that this symbolizes the tossing of a persons sins in the depth of the water (as in the verse " ...
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Why is Rosh Hashana two days in Jerusalem?

Rosh Hashana is the only festival celebrated for two days even in Jerusalem, since there was a possibility that witnesses for the new moon would come in the middle of the day and the Beis Din would ...
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Taschlich Bread crumbs on Yom Tov

What is, and more over is there a source for throwing of bread during Tashlich (other then the Kids song that says to throw our Aveiros away)? The reason for the the question is because on Rosh ...
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Why don't we say Hallel on Rosh Hashanah?

For most months, on the first day (Rosh Hodesh) we say the Hallel service between Shacharit and Mussaf. For the first day of Tishrei (Rosh Hashanah), however, we do not say Hallel. Why is it not ...
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Kohenim Taking shoes off during rosh hashana

Why did Kohenim take off their shoes on the bimah during a certain prayer on Rosh hashana? Why did they also hold their tallit up over their heads more like tents with their arms raised?
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What is Hatarat Nidui

Today in schul (erev Rosh Hashana) there is a procedure done after hatarat nedarim that seems to release people from cherem. The beit din's saying in the hatarat nedarim process removes one from ...
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Koren Machzor and Shochen Ad

Last year I started using the Koren machzorim and I realized that the Ashkenaz editions use the wrong Shochen Ad. In most other machzorim, the section "B'fi Yisharim" forms acrostics of the names of ...
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When does fasting Erev Rosh Hashanah officially begin and end?

May seem like a simple question considering erev means evening... But does fasting erev Rosh Hashanah which is similar to Erev Yom Kippur katan (aka Erev Rosh Chodesh) officially begin at nightfall ...
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What's the difference between שמחה and חדוה?

The Gra was quoted to me (I think from the Aderes Eliyah, but I'm not sure) as saying that during the shofar blowing on Rosh HaShanna a person should be in a state of simcha and chedva. I would like ...
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Can you blow a shofar for fun on Rosh Hashanah?

Last week, someone quoted a halacha in shul about blowing shofar on Rosh Hashanah if it's not for the mitzvah. He said that it's recommended not to, but if someone really wants to, they should blow ...
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When was the last time the “Leap Year” postponement rule was used to delay the date of Rosh Hashannah?

This site explains that there are 4 rules that would cause Rosh Hashannah to be postponed 1 or 2 days after the date of Molad Tishrei. You can view all 4 rules on the web site, but rule 4 states: ...
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How do you prepare a ram's head for Rosh Hashana night

One of the Simanim brought to eat on Rosh Hashana is a Ram's head. It isn't very popular, I assume due to availability, but one year they had them (well, a lamb's head) in the local store, but I was ...
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What is the reason behind blowing the shofar from the side of one's mouth?

I've been told that the custom is to blow the shofar from the sides of one mouth, rather than like blowing a trumpet. What is the source for this custom and the reasoning behind it?
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Can a shrunken head be used for simanim?

Not that i expect anyone would ever do this... but could someone use a shrunken head for the l'rosh v'lo l'zanav siman on Rosh Hashanah?
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Alternative to Selichot?

For someone who, for whatever reason, will not participate in selichot, are there any alternatives (things to say, acts to do etc.) suggested to properly prepare for the high holidays?
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I am looking for an algorithm to calculate Molad Tishrei for any given year

I am using MS Excel together with VBA (Visual Basic for applications) to write macros to calculate Molad Tishrei. I have located information in various web sites that explain how to calculate Molad ...
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Why is the mitzvah of Shofar on Rosh Hashannah for hearing the sound and not for blowing the shofar?

There is no direct mitzvah to blow the shofar on Rosh Hashanna. The mitzvah is to hear the shofar blown. It seems that this mitzvah is phrased "causativly". In order to hear the sound, someone has to ...
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Blowing shofar for someone at their home

What does one need to know in order to properly perform a private shofar-blowing for someone who cannot make it to Shul on Rosh Hashana? There are many details of how the shofar blowing is conducted ...
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Can the full set of 100 shofar blasts be performed by more than 1 person?

One person made the bracha and blew some blasts. Then, for some reason, he is physically unable to blow the rest. Can someone else complete the job? Does it matter if the switch happens in the middle ...
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If a Shofar blower must blow twice for two concurrent minyanim, does he need to say the bracha twice?

A shul has two minyanim that are about 5 minutes apart from each other. They hire 1 Ba'al T'kiah (shofar blower). He says the bracha at the 1st minyan and blows the first set of 30 blasts. Then he ...
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what should a person think when hearing the shofar

what should a person think when hearing the shofar during the month of Elul. is there some kind of basic intent one should have in mind? What about during rosh hashana?
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What is the point of praying if your fate is already decided on Rosh Hashana?

It says in Rosh Hashana " On the New Year, [first of Tishrei] all who have entered the earth pass before Him, one by one, like young sheep, as it says: “He that fashioned the heart of them all, Who ...
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Rosh hashana: is it really two days?

Regarding the chagim (festivals), we know that a chag is really one day (not including the rabbinic chag a/k/a yom tov sheini). However, for Rosh hashana, Israelis observe a two day festival. So is ...