Rosy Hashanah is a Biblical holiday celebrated on the first and second days of the month Tishrei. Also known as the Day of Judgement.

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Who added on the words לאלתר לחיים טובים ולשלום to the greeting לשנה טובה תכתב ותחתם?

Orach Chaim 582:9 - The Rama brings in the name of the Tur that on Rosh Hashana one should bless his friend & family לשנה טובה תכתב. Be'er Hataiv says that one should say לשנה טובה תכתב ותחתם. ...
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Why would a shofar be in a tree?

Shulchan Arukh, Orach Chayyim 586:21 (excerpt): הָיָה הַשּׁוֹפָר בְּרֹאשׁ הָאִילָן ...וְאֵין לוֹ שׁוֹפָר אֶלָּא הוּא, אֵינוֹ עוֹלֶה בָּאִילָן If a shofar was in a tree ... and he has no ...
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Can one attach a straw or some other “extension” to a shofar and blow into it

Shulchan Arukh, Orach Chayyim 586:19 says: הִרְחִיק אֶת הַשּׁוֹפָר וְנָפַח בּוֹ וְתָקַע בּוֹ, פָּסוּל. If he distanced the shofar from him and breathed into it and blew, it is invalid. ...
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Moshiach and Shemittah

The Gemara (Megillah 17b) says, "Israel is destined to be redeemed in the seventh year." What's in the seventh year? Shemittah. Continuing, "... And upon the conclusion of the seventh year (I.e. ...
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ה׳ מלך for Rosh Hashanah Day Two

During the repetition of the Amidah for both days of Rosh Hashanah, most Ashkenazi communities recite piyutim entitled ה׳ מלך. On the first day, the format is relatively simple, being arranged in a ...
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If Yom Kippur seals our fate, why do we pray the rest of the year? [duplicate]

If on Yom Kippur on fate is sealed, why do we continue to be mispalleil for the rest of the year?
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Why do we call the “judges” experts?

The hataras nedarim of Erev Rosh Hashanah starts with "Listen now my masters, expert judges" ("‎שמעו נא רבותי, דיינים מומחים‎").1 In practice, at least as far as I've seen, these judges are ...
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Why the custom at the end of Tashlich to shake off Tzitzis?

In the Siddur Nussach Ari it says by the end of Tashlich to shake the ends of your Tzitzis, I heard that this symbolizes the tossing of a persons sins in the depth of the water (as in the verse " ...
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Why is Rosh Hashana two days in Jerusalem?

Rosh Hashana is the only festival celebrated for two days even in Jerusalem, since there was a possibility that witnesses for the new moon would come in the middle of the day and the Beis Din would ...
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Taschlich Bread crumbs on Yom Tov

What is, and more over is there a source for throwing of bread during Tashlich (other then the Kids song that says to throw our Aveiros away)? The reason for the the question is because on Rosh ...
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Why don't we say Hallel on Rosh Hashanah?

For most months, on the first day (Rosh Hodesh) we say the Hallel service between Shacharit and Mussaf. For the first day of Tishrei (Rosh Hashanah), however, we do not say Hallel. Why is it not ...
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Kohenim Taking shoes off during rosh hashana

Why did Kohenim take off their shoes on the bimah during a certain prayer on Rosh hashana? Why did they also hold their tallit up over their heads more like tents with their arms raised?
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What is Hatarat Nidui

Today in schul (erev Rosh Hashana) there is a procedure done after hatarat nedarim that seems to release people from cherem. The beit din's saying in the hatarat nedarim process removes one from ...
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Koren Machzor and Shochen Ad

Last year I started using the Koren machzorim and I realized that the Ashkenaz editions use the wrong Shochen Ad. In most other machzorim, the section "B'fi Yisharim" forms acrostics of the names of ...
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When does fasting Erev Rosh Hashanah officially begin and end?

May seem like a simple question considering erev means evening... But does fasting erev Rosh Hashanah which is similar to Erev Yom Kippur katan (aka Erev Rosh Chodesh) officially begin at nightfall ...
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What's the difference between שמחה and חדוה?

The Gra was quoted to me (I think from the Aderes Eliyah, but I'm not sure) as saying that during the shofar blowing on Rosh HaShanna a person should be in a state of simcha and chedva. I would like ...
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Can you blow a shofar for fun on Rosh Hashanah?

Last week, someone quoted a halacha in shul about blowing shofar on Rosh Hashanah if it's not for the mitzvah. He said that it's recommended not to, but if someone really wants to, they should blow ...
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When was the last time the “Leap Year” postponement rule was used to delay the date of Rosh Hashannah?

This site explains that there are 4 rules that would cause Rosh Hashannah to be postponed 1 or 2 days after the date of Molad Tishrei. You can view all 4 rules on the web site, but rule 4 states: ...
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How do you prepare a ram's head for Rosh Hashana night

One of the Simanim brought to eat on Rosh Hashana is a Ram's head. It isn't very popular, I assume due to availability, but one year they had them (well, a lamb's head) in the local store, but I was ...
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What is the reason behind blowing the shofar from the side of one's mouth?

I've been told that the custom is to blow the shofar from the sides of one mouth, rather than like blowing a trumpet. What is the source for this custom and the reasoning behind it?
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Can a shrunken head be used for simanim?

Not that i expect anyone would ever do this... but could someone use a shrunken head for the l'rosh v'lo l'zanav siman on Rosh Hashanah?
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Alternative to Selichot?

For someone who, for whatever reason, will not participate in selichot, are there any alternatives (things to say, acts to do etc.) suggested to properly prepare for the high holidays?
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I am looking for an algorithm to calculate Molad Tishrei for any given year

I am using MS Excel together with VBA (Visual Basic for applications) to write macros to calculate Molad Tishrei. I have located information in various web sites that explain how to calculate Molad ...
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Why is the mitzvah of Shofar on Rosh Hashannah for hearing the sound and not for blowing the shofar?

There is no direct mitzvah to blow the shofar on Rosh Hashanna. The mitzvah is to hear the shofar blown. It seems that this mitzvah is phrased "causativly". In order to hear the sound, someone has to ...
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Blowing shofar for someone at their home

What does one need to know in order to properly perform a private shofar-blowing for someone who cannot make it to Shul on Rosh Hashana? There are many details of how the shofar blowing is conducted ...
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Can the full set of 100 shofar blasts be performed by more than 1 person?

One person made the bracha and blew some blasts. Then, for some reason, he is physically unable to blow the rest. Can someone else complete the job? Does it matter if the switch happens in the middle ...
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If a Shofar blower must blow twice for two concurrent minyanim, does he need to say the bracha twice?

A shul has two minyanim that are about 5 minutes apart from each other. They hire 1 Ba'al T'kiah (shofar blower). He says the bracha at the 1st minyan and blows the first set of 30 blasts. Then he ...
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what should a person think when hearing the shofar

what should a person think when hearing the shofar during the month of Elul. is there some kind of basic intent one should have in mind? What about during rosh hashana?
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What is the point of praying if your fate is already decided on Rosh Hashana?

It says in Rosh Hashana " On the New Year, [first of Tishrei] all who have entered the earth pass before Him, one by one, like young sheep, as it says: “He that fashioned the heart of them all, Who ...
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Rosh hashana: is it really two days?

Regarding the chagim (festivals), we know that a chag is really one day (not including the rabbinic chag a/k/a yom tov sheini). However, for Rosh hashana, Israelis observe a two day festival. So is ...
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How did the triennial torah reading fulfill the takanas Ezra?

Ezra declared that the curses in Vayikra be read before Shavuos and those in Devarim before Rosh HaShanna (megillah 31b), how was that accomplished by those in Eretz Yisrael who had a triennial system ...
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Aveilus and Davening from the Omud on Rosh Hashana / Yom Kippur?

Can a Ba'al tefillah in his year of aveilus daven from the Omud on Rosh Hashana / Yom Kippur?
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What is a typical amount that a chazzan for a large shul be paid for leading the high holiday services?

I have heard anecdotally that a world class chazzan can make nearly $100,000 for leading the services on Rosh Hashanna and Yom Kippur. I don't know exactly how to confirm this but I am trying to find ...
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Is there any source for throwing bread during tashlich? [duplicate]

Is there a reliable Jewish source that encourages throwing bread when performing tashlich?
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Taigalach for Rosh HaShana

Many people have the Minhag to eat Taigalach on Rosh Hashana. To the best of my knowledge Taigalach is made with walnuts. How does this jive with the Minhag not to eat nuts on Rosh Hashana since Egoz ...
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Why don't women go to the mikvah before rosh hashanna and yom kippur?

AFAIK it is common practice for Jewish men to go to the mikvah erev rosh hashanna and erev yom kippur, but not for women to do the same. Why don't women also go? I'm asking about both married and ...
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Shofar from an extinct animal

After paying a trip to the Natural History Museum in London I found myself wondering... would it be allowed (to any extent) to use a shofar of an animal that has kosher simanim but is extinct? There ...
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Why is the rosh chodesh goat not in Rosh Hashana's section of Pin'chas?

Numbers 28 lists the musaf offerings of rosh chodesh. They include a goat, which is a chatas offering, and several animals as an ola offering. Numbers 29 lists the musaf offerings of Rosh Hashana. ...
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What's the fore's heaven's heaven?

In the brief prayer we recite before the עקידה each morning, and in the זכרונות blessing on ראש השנה, we ask: ופקדנו בפקדת ישועה ורחמים משמי שמי קדם Roughly: and pay attention to us with an ...
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Rosh Hashanah and Zecher Liyitziyas Mitzrayim

Rosh Hashanah is to my knowledge the Jewish New Year and the coronation of Hashem as our king amongst some of the reason for the Holiday yet we say in the Kiddush it is a remembrance for leaving ...
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Mother of Sisera and Tekiyot Why the connection

The Mother of Sisera is the source of our custom of blow one Hundred blasts on Rosh Hashanah (The Complete Artscroll Machzor for Rosh Hashanah, page 584) Why is our custom based on such an evil ...
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Tizku L'Shanim Rabot tovot v'umot?

I was wished this blessing today by a Spanish/Portuguese-descended friend. What is the last word and, by extension, what does the entire phrase mean? My friend did not know, but he said it was a ...
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Why do we get judged (Rosh Hashana) before Yom Kippur?

AT first glance it would make more sense to be given a chance to do teshuva before being judged, so why is it the other way around?
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Prohibition of eating before hearing the shofar. Source and exceptions

The question is additional to the question of eating before praying in the morning. Where is the source for not eating before hearing the shofar? Is there a permission to eat something in order to ...
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Lack of Benching Rosh Chodesh Tishrei [duplicate]

I have heard that the reason we do not Bench Rosh Chodesh Tishrei is in order to confuse the Satan. Now the Satan is no fool. How is the Satan getting confused when we pull this trick year after year? ...
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Tehilim 47 - said 7 times before the blowing of the Shofar

What is the source and reason for saying Tehilim 47 - 7 times before the blowing of the Shofar?
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Why can we do Tashlich until Hoshana Rabba

One of the reasons to do Tashlich, according to Chabad.org is: "Another reason for saying Tashlich next to a river is because Rosh Hashanah is the day when we coronate G‑d as King of the Universe. ...
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How should non-Jews observe Rosh HaShanah?

The second mishnah in Rosh HaShanah says that "all the people of the world" are judged on Rosh HaShanah. How should non-Jews observe the Day of Judgment?
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Davening together with the shliach tzibbur on Rosh HaShanah

On Rosh HaShanah one was not able to daven the quiet Shemoneh Esrei with the tzibbur. Now he wants to daven together with the Shliach Tzibbur (in order that it should be considered "tefillah ...
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Preparing for Rosh Hashana during Elul

I hear often about the need for preparing for Rosh Hashana during Elul. Can anyone offer some practical suggestions as to what primarily this preparation entails. Sourced answers, only, please.