the first day of every Jewish month; a minor holiday

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14
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3answers
903 views

Why is Rosh Chodesh sometimes TWO days?

Why for certain months of the year do we celebrate the festival of Rosh Chodesh for two days while on other Roshei Chadashim we have one day of Rosh Chodesh?
12
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3answers
230 views

Why not two days of Rosh Hodesh, as we have two days of yontif?

The reason for two days of yontif (outside Israel) is based on uncertainty about the date due to distance from Jerusalem and time needed to travel to convey the news of when the month started. The ...
11
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2answers
74 views

Why Hallel on Rosh Chodesh?

Why do we say Hallel on Rosh Chodesh? On the festivals we are thanking G-D for a salvation that occurred in the past on that date, but Rosh Chodesh does not commemorate any specific event that took ...
10
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3answers
2k views

Meat on Rosh Chodesh of 9 days

Why is The reasoning that Sefardim do eat on Rosh Chodesh and Ashkinazim do not? Sefardim http://www.dailyhalacha.com/displayRead.asp?readID=950&txtSearch=meat 9 days Ashkenazim ...
9
votes
2answers
256 views

Purpose of announcing Molad

The custom is that the gabbai announces the time of the Molad during the course of "Bircas HaChodesh" on Shabbos Mevorchim. What is the purpose of this? The molad is anyhow not directly connected to ...
9
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4answers
439 views

Hours, minutes, and chalakim

On Shabbat preceding Rosh Chodesh, the time of the molad is generally announced in units of hours, minutes, and chalakim. However, minutes are not a traditional Jewish unit of time; rather hours are ...
8
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1answer
120 views

Forgiveness on Rosh Chodesh

If Rosh Chodesh is a "Zeman Kapara" (time of atonement) as we say in the Mussaf prayers, why does it contain no selichot and no tachanunim? Why doesn't it (the day of Rosh Chodesh itself) resemble Yom ...
8
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2answers
150 views

forgot birkas hachodesh

If a congregation forgot to say birkas hachodesh on the Shabas before rosh chodesh, should it say it another time? When? (Does it, perhaps, depend on what day(s) of the week rosh chodesh is?) Note: ...
8
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1answer
205 views

Why is there a special Haftarah for “Machar Chodesh”?

Usually, a special Haftarah (meaning one that pre-empts the regular haftarah designated for the weekly parsha) is said on a Shabbat that has a holiday such as Chanukah, and Shabbat Rosh Hodesh. ...
7
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3answers
1k views

Saying Ulichaporas Pasha in Musaf of Rosh Chodesh

During Musaf of Rosh Chodesh the words Ulichaporas Pasha is added on during a leap year. Why is this done? And what is the significance of it?
7
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1answer
93 views

Why don't we say Hallel on Rosh Hashanah?

For most months, on the first day (Rosh Hodesh) we say the Hallel service between Shacharit and Mussaf. For the first day of Tishrei (Rosh Hashanah), however, we do not say Hallel. Why is it not ...
7
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1answer
286 views

Removing Tefilin before Mussaf

I've seen some people remove their Tefillin before Mussaf on weekdays of Rosh Chodesh. Why do they do this?
7
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2answers
752 views

What are “Chukei Rosh Chodesh”?

In the Musaf of Rosh Chodesh, we mention that Hashem has given us "חוקי ראש חודש". What are these Chukim?
7
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2answers
290 views

When do we start reciting Psalm 27?

Yesterday being the 30th of Av (and Rosh Chodesh Elul), prompted a question at shul: exactly when do we start saying Psalm 27—on the first day of Elul or the first day of Rosh Chodesh Elul? Most ...
7
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2answers
114 views

Why isn't Rosh Hashana on Elul 30 and Tishrei 1

When Rosh Chodesh is two days, it's on the 30th of the old month and the first of the new month. Rosh Hashana falls on the beginning of the new month of Tishrei. Why then is Rosh Hashana on Tishrei ...
7
votes
1answer
185 views

Source for wearing special clothing on Rosh Chodesh

Is there a source for wearing somewhat festive clothes on Rosh Chodesh? I have seen some people who hold this custom.
6
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3answers
133 views

Why do we Daven for (יראת שמים) fear of heaven twice?

In the Birchas HaChodesh that we say monthly the Shabbos prior to Rosh Chodesh we say as follows: Chaim Sheyesh Bohem Yiras Shomayim V'Yiras Chet and then in the same paragraph we later say Chaim ...
6
votes
1answer
95 views

When did Yom Kippur Kattan originate?

The day before Rosh Hodesh is considered like a "mini" Yom Kippur. (I understand that there are some months, I think before Tishrei and Nissan that do not have YKK? Correct me if I'm mistaken.) Some ...
6
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1answer
73 views

Mentioning our sins on Shabbos Rosh Chodesh

During every Shemoneh Esrei of mussaf, we pray that the Beis Hamikdash be rebuilt. However, only on Yom Tov do we mention that it was destroyed due to our sins - ומפני חטאינו. On Shabbos, and on Rosh ...
6
votes
2answers
154 views

Why do Israelis keep one day of Yom Tov?

From what I understand, we outside of Eretz Yisrael we keep two days of Yom Tov as a continuation of the minhag that evolved from the time of the Bais Hamikdash when we would not necessarily know when ...
6
votes
1answer
113 views

Mistake in aliyah on Rosh Chodesh

On Rosh Chodesh we have four aliyos by Krias HaTorah. Rosh Chodesh fell out on Monday and by mistake it was read by the first aliyah of Kohen the Parsha of that week. After the aliyah was finished ...
5
votes
4answers
234 views

Why do we use Adar, specifically, for the Jewish leap year?

Why when we add an additional month to the year do we only add it in Adar? Why not have a second Cheshvon or a second Shevat, etc.?
5
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3answers
307 views

Why is the day of Rosh Chodesh announced before every month except Tishrei?

Why is Tishrei the only month not included in the custom of announcing the day(s) of Rosh Chodesh on the Shabbos before the month begins?
5
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2answers
175 views

Why do we “bentch” Rosh Chodesh the Shabbos before?

On the Shabbosim before Rosh Chodesh we "Bench" the new month between Shacharis and Mussaf (like here). Why do we do this? What's the source for it?
5
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4answers
116 views

How to care about the molad

I have read the great answers to Purpose of announcing Molad and understood that the halakhic reason to know the molad is to know what the Sanhedrin would know when they declared a new month. But ...
5
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2answers
92 views

“Chaparat Pesha” just through Adar II

We know that the phrase ולכפרת פשע is added to the Musaf Amidah of Rosh Chodesh during a leap year. However, in most minyanim I've davened in, the custom seems to be that one only adds it from ...
5
votes
1answer
116 views

Why do we Daven for יראת שמים / fear of Heaven?

The Gemara in Nidah 16: mentions the following in the name of Rabbi Chanina: דאמר רבי חנינא הכל בידי שמים חוץ מיראת שמים שנאמר (דברים י) ועתה ישראל מה ה' אלהיך שואל מעמך כי אם ליראה וגו'. - ...
5
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2answers
481 views

Tefillin removal on Rosh Chodesh

Removal before Musaf, some wait until after Kaddish, some don't. Why wait? Is there a source for this? Some do not 'wind up' the rezuas but wait until after amidah. Is this because it creates a ...
5
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1answer
102 views

Posuk (Breishis 24:1) said after the end of Hallel on Rosh Chodesh

Artscroll Hebrew Siddurim - and 1 2 among others have at the end of Hallel to say the following Posuk. וְאַבְרָהָם זָקֵן בָּא בַּיָּמִים וַה' בֵּרַךְ אֶת-אַבְרָהָם בַּכֹּל Artscroll says it is a ...
4
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4answers
258 views

Why are the commandments for Rosh Chodesh and Passover in the same paragraph?

The reading for Parashat Hachodesh consists of a single paragraph in the Torah, Exodus 12:1-20, whose main topic is God's commandments related to the Passover offering and holiday observance that ...
4
votes
2answers
71 views

What is the shir shel yom for Rosh Hodesh Tevet according to the tradition of the GR"A?

My understanding of the tradition of the Vilna Gaon (whose tradition is followed in Israel) with respect to shir shel yom is that every day has exactly one shir shel yom. For example, during Hanukkah, ...
4
votes
1answer
47 views

Why is Rosh Chodesh festive?

There are both mitzvos and customs that seem to elevate the status of Rosh Chodesh and give it a holiday-like status. Why? Shabbos and holidays have explicit reasons for being festive. But what is ...
4
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1answer
90 views

Ulchaparat pasha in Chazarat haShatz

When "ulchaparat pasha" is said in the Chazarat haShatz of Rosh Chodesh, how should the amein of the tzibbur be handled? Should the amein from "velislichat avon" be deferred until after "pasha," or ...
4
votes
1answer
417 views

When should one cut his nails for Shabbos when Friday is Rosh Chodesh

In the answer to Rules for Cutting Nails it quotes the Mishna Berura 260:6 that one should not cut their nails on Thursday. Mishna Berura explains that by cutting them on Thursday they will begin to ...
4
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1answer
58 views

Why don't we blow the shofar on Rosh Hodesh?

In the psalm for Thursday, Psalm 81 there is a command to blow the shofar at the New Moon. We no longer follow this practice, but presumably they did when the psalm was written, during the era of ...
4
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1answer
79 views

Should a person observe Rosh Hodesh & say “Kiddush Ha'Aretz” if he lives permanently on the moon?

This is not meant to be a "Purim Torah" question. The concept of Rosh Hodesh is based on the orbit of the moon around Earth. But, with the proposal of sending people to live permanently on Mars, I ...
4
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1answer
90 views

In the Rosh Chodesh leining, why is “Shabbas b'Shabato” pronounced with a pasach?

Recently, I paid attention to the Rosh Chodesh Torah reading (Bamidbar/Numbers Chapter 28) and noticed that in verse 10, "olas Shabbas b'Shabato…", the word "Shabbas" is vowelized with a pasach (short ...
4
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2answers
59 views

Who is the LaHem (“them”) in Mussaf Rosh Chodesh?

In Musaf of Rosh Chodesh we say אַהֲבַת עוֹלָם תָּבִיא לָהֶם - bring them eternal love. Who is this phrase referring to? Who is the them in this supplication? If it referes to the renewed temple ...
4
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1answer
52 views

How accurate is the Molad?

To the best of my knowledge the Molad is every 29.5 days + 793 Chalakim. Is there any information showing if the current Molad calculation is accurate scientifically? If it is off by how much is it ...
4
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2answers
542 views

Cutting hair when Rosh Hodesh Av is a Friday

Is it permissible to cut hair on Rosh Hodesh Av when it comes out on a Friday?
4
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1answer
65 views

Davening musaf alone on Rosh Chodesh

Normally on Rosh Chodesh, people in most shuls I've seen take off their tefillin after kaddish, but don't wrap them. This is also what Artscroll nusach Ashkenaz says. What about if you daven alone ...
4
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0answers
137 views

What do those people who wear tefillin all weekday do on Rosh Chodesh?

There are people who wear tefillin all day (see related question When did people stop wearing Tefilin all day? and the comments to it.) For one or two reasons many remove tefillin before Mussaf on ...
4
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1answer
100 views

Shir HaMa'aloth or 'Al Naharoth Bavel on Rosh Hodesh Av?

When Bentching on Rosh Hodesh Av, do you say Shir HaMa'aloth for Rosh Hodesh or 'Al Naharoth Bavel for the Nine Days?
3
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3answers
1k views

Why do we say the complete Hallel on Chanuka?

On Rosh Chodesh and after the first days of Pesach we say Chatzi Hallel. Why on Chanuka do we say Hallel Shaleim?
3
votes
1answer
54 views

Shabbos Chanuka - Rosh Chodesh - Torah reading mistake

Orach Chaim 684:3 says that on Shabbos Chanuka that is also Rosh Chodesh we take out three Sifrei Torah. In the first one we give six Aliyos in the Parsha of the week. In the second one we read about ...
3
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1answer
342 views

New Moon Based on Sighting Outside of the Land of Israel

I would appreciate someone directing me to a source that states/indicates/suggests whether the visibility of the new moon outside the Land of Israel may be used to begin the Jewish month in that ...
3
votes
1answer
143 views

When to get an aliya for a Bar Mitzvah?

According to the new "Annotated Edition" of the Siddur Tehillas Hashem, a Bar Mitzvah bachur should get his first aliya either on Shabbos Mincha time, Monday, Thursday, or Rosh Chodesh. I assume that ...
3
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1answer
41 views

Why do we mention the Rosh Chodesh korbanot in pesukei dezimra?

In the pesukei dezimra of each day we have a section of korbanot. On Shabbat, we add in a section which lists the extra korbanot of Shabbat. According to the Artscroll Yom Kippur machzor, we do that ...
3
votes
3answers
206 views

Who observes Yom Kippur Katan, and how?

Which groups of Jews observe the monthly holiday known as "Yom Kippur Katan," in which one dedicates the day before Rosh Chodesh to repentance, often including fasting and selichot? In what ways do ...
3
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1answer
141 views

Is it mandatory to eat before solar noon on Rosh Chodesh?

"A person should make sure to eat before the sixth hour on Shabbos, since it is forbidden to fast on Shabbos". --A column by Daniel Yaakov Travis, citing Talmud Yerushalmi, Taanis 3:11. During ...