the first day of every Jewish month; a minor holiday

learn more… | top users | synonyms

3
votes
3answers
221 views

Who observes Yom Kippur Katan, and how?

Which groups of Jews observe the monthly holiday known as "Yom Kippur Katan," in which one dedicates the day before Rosh Chodesh to repentance, often including fasting and selichot? In what ways do ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

How do you bench on a Friday rosh chodesh if you eat after kabbolas shabbos before nightfall

Do we say yaaleh v'yovo or r'tsai or both if one eats today which is Friday rosh chodesh after being mekabel shabbos but before nightfall. Does it make a difference if you finish before or after ...
3
votes
1answer
269 views

Forgot to say Yaaleh V'Yavo by Shacharis Rosh Chodesh - before the Molad

Orach Chaim 422:1 mentions that one who forgets Yaale V'Yavo at Maariv does not have to Daven again since we do not do Kiddush HaChodesh at night. However if one forgot at Shacharis or Mincha he does ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

Splitting up the rosh chodesh reading when another follows it

Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chayim 684:3 says (in my own translation): If rosh chodesh Teves comes out on Shabas, we remove three Torah scrolls, and six people read in the weekly section and one in that ...
3
votes
1answer
280 views

Shabbat Rosh Chodesh: Ata yatzarta

Why does the Shabbat Rosh Chodesh Musaf have its own special text (Ata Yatzarta Olamecha Mikedem ...) for the middle beracha?
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Music on Rosh Chodesh Iyar?

1) Are you allowed to listen to Music on Rosh Chodesh Iyar? 1a) Does your individual Sefirah status matter such as the first half, second half or both?
3
votes
0answers
33 views

Was there any limit to the number of consecutive “full” (30 day) or normal (29 day) months during the time of the Sanhedrin?

When Sanhedrin existed, each month had to be sanctified by Sanhedrin after testimony of 2 witnesses (or automatically by Sanhedrin if no one appeared by the end of the 30th day.) Refer to Maimonedes ...
2
votes
2answers
158 views

Why is my molad-time chart off by a day?

The HaMaor Mikraos Gedolos chumash has a chart of molad (forecasted first visibility of the new moon in Jerusalem, based on averages observable to the naked eye, assuming Jerusalem local time; am I ...
2
votes
2answers
73 views

When Rosh Chodesh lasts two days, which day is pre-eminent?

Tashlich is performed just once over the two days of Rosh Hashanah, usually on the first day (unless that's Shabbos) If one had a personal ritual / event one liked to perform / hold each month to ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Not saying shir shel yom on Rosh Chodesh?

This morning (Rosh Chodesh), i davened at the Ohel Yitzchak shul on Washington St., Jerusalem (no, not that Ohel Yitzchak). After aleinu but before shir shel yom the gabbai announced that because it ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

What if you forget Ya'aleh V'yavo on the second night of Rosh Chodesh?

If one forgets to say Ya'aleh V'yavo on the eve of rosh chodesh, one does not repeat: If one remembers immediately after completing the blessing of Retzeh, he should insert Ya’aleh VeYavo there, ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Rosh Chodesh at home

How could one celebrate Rosh Chodesh at home and are there any customs like on Shabat (candles, bread, kiddush) or festivals (blowing shofar)?
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Why did the people have to respond twice “It is sanctified” when Sanhedrin declared Rosh Hodesh?

Ramba"m (Maimonedes) Hilchot Kid. Hachodesh 2:8 says: Afterwards - i.e., after [the witnesses'] testimony is substantiated - the head of the court declares, "It has been sanctified." And all the ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Is the distance for observing 2 days of Yom Tov today, the same distance as when this halacha was first instituted?

My understanding is that the reason for observing the 2nd Day of Yom Tov was that messengers were sent from the Sanhedrin to proclaim the day that Rosh Hodesh began, and they could reach only a ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Mixing up the order of Retzei and Ya'aleh V'yavoh?

If someone is bentching on Shabbat-Rosh Chodesh, and accidentally skips Retzei, but says Ya'aleh V'yavoh, can they then say Retzei after Ya'aleh V'yavoh, but before Uvenei? Or must they continue and ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

When does the year start in terms of saying “Ulichaporas Pasha” for a leap year?

When we add the words "Ulichaporas Pasha" during Musaf of Rosh Chodesh when it's a leap year, when is the year determined - Nisan or Tishrei?
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Why is the rosh chodesh goat not in Rosh Hashana's section of Pin'chas?

Numbers 28 lists the musaf offerings of rosh chodesh. They include a goat, which is a chatas offering, and several animals as an ola offering. Numbers 29 lists the musaf offerings of Rosh Hashana. ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

Why is the Rosh Chodesh leining split up the way it is?

The Rosh Chodesh Torah reading comes from the first 14 psukim of Bamidbar 28. These verses are split into 3 sections in the Torah, but we have to split them into 4 aliyot for leining. The three ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

Why is the special kedusha for Shabbat and Yom Tov musaf not said on Chol Hamoed or Rosh Chodesh?

On Shabbat and Yom Tov Ashkenazim say an extended kedusha in musaf (on Yom Kippur, we even say it throughout the day). The Artscroll (machzor, Yom Kippur, pages 406-407) explains: During Mussaf of ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

If Yom Kippur Katan has to exist, why isn't it ON Rosh Chodesh?

The practice of Yom Kippur Katan is held on erev Rosh Chodesh (by some) so that we can maintain the element of kapparah essential to Rosh Chodesh but not compromise the celebration of the day by ...
2
votes
0answers
238 views

Is there a misnomer about using the greeting “Chodesh Tov” on erev Rosh Chodesh?

Is there something improper with saying "Chodesh Tov" on erev Rosh Chodesh or should one only use the greeting "Erev Tov" instead? The reason I ask is that I've noticed historically whenever I say "...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

Recompense for taanis chalom on day with double keduasha

A person is permitted to perform a taanis chalom (fast for having a bad dream) on shabbos, but is supposed to fast a second time to compensate for having fasted on shabbos (Shulchan Aruch, Orach ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Lack of Benching Rosh Chodesh Tishrei [duplicate]

I have heard that the reason we do not Bench Rosh Chodesh Tishrei is in order to confuse the Satan. Now the Satan is no fool. How is the Satan getting confused when we pull this trick year after year?
2
votes
1answer
75 views

How to repent for sins on “festive” days?

On certain days of the year, viduy may not be recited (month of nissan, hol hamoed, rosh hodesh, etc.). If one did make a sin on one of these days, how can he/she repent for the sin on that same day?
1
vote
1answer
127 views

What is significant about being eight days old from birth?

We make a bris on the eighth day. A korban has to be eight days old before being brought on the mizbeach. The new moon according to many has to be eight days old from when its 'born' again till me ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Taking off tefillin for Mussaf on Rosh Chodesh [duplicate]

On Rosh Chodesh we take off our tefillin before Mussaf. 1) What's the source this? 2) Why do we do it?
1
vote
3answers
232 views

Why is so much importance attached to Mevarchim haChodesh (the blessing of the coming month)?

For example, in many shuls, there is a "Shabbos Mevarchim" kiddush, and I know of many people who try extra hard to be in shul that week (like it's parshas zachor or something). Is there any reason ...
1
vote
2answers
87 views

He forgot Yaaleh VeYavo in early maariv on Rosh Chodesh. Does he repeat the Amidah?

Halachipedia says If one forgets Yaaleh VeYavo at Mariv/Arvit once one finished the Bracha of Retzeh (and all the more so if one finished Shmoneh Esrei) one doesn’t return to the Bracha or ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

When do sefardim begin reciting selihot?

Since rosh hodesh Elul is a mini-holiday do you need to wait till the day after rosh hodesh or do sefardim begin saying selihot on the first of Elul?
1
vote
1answer
121 views

Not davening the musaf of Rosh Chodesh on Shabbos Rosh Chodesh

If someone by mistake didn't say atah y'ztarteh (the special tefillah we say by musaf on Shabbos that is also rosh chodesh) and instead davened a regular musaf on shabbos rosh chdoesh, what's the din ...
1
vote
2answers
348 views

Rosh Chodesh Av versus the rest of the 9 days?

Is Rosh Chodesh Av any different than the rest of the nine days in terms of stringencies otherwise applicable during the nine days and the three weeks? For example, is there any heter to listen to ...
1
vote
2answers
88 views

More info on tzerufei shemos (permutations of G-d's name) vis-a-vis months of the year?

I've seen some siddurim -- I think the Artscroll all-Hebrew Nusach Sefard -- that list one permutation of the name YKVK for each of the twelve months, and that one should have appropriate kavana when ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

How was Rosh Chodesh “observed” in Temple times?

Before there was a standardized calendar, and after the date of Rosh Chodesh could no longer be communicated by fires, when the sanctification of the new moon had to be transmitted over distances, was ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Will 2 days of Rosh Hodesh & Yom Tov be necessary after Mashiach? [duplicate]

As I understand it, the origin for having a 2nd day of Rosh Hodesh & Yom Tov is that messengers were only able to travel a certain distance from where the Sanhedrin was to convey the declaration ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Time limit on repeating the shemona esra after forgetting to include an insertion

If a person forgets to say yaaleh vyavo for rosh chodesh during the shemonah esre, I understand they are supposed to go back and repeat the shemonah esre, this time saying yaaleh vyavo. Is there a ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

Why is the atonement for פשע limited to leap years in the Amida for Musaf Rosh Chodesh? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Saying Ulichaporas Pasha in Musaf of Rosh Chodesh This question is a slightly different take on this one. I have posted a comment there and await to see if it needs to be ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Why don't we remember the Churban in Shabbat and Rosh Chodesh musaf?

The requirement to remember the churban is incumbent upon Jews every day (top of page 2) and is especially important at times of joy. Aside from the practices of leaving a wall unfinished/unpainted, ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Are the calculations of the Molad mentioned by Ramba"m based on constant or variable (seasonal) figures?

Rambam KidushHachodesh 6:3 states: [the interval] between one conjunction of the moon and the sun and the subsequent conjunction according to their mean movement is twenty-nine full days, ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

How can we make requests for personal needs in Rosh Chodesh “Bentching”? [duplicate]

On Shabbos before Rosh Chodesh we "Bentch" the new month between Shacharis and Mussaf. Seeing that it is Shabbos, when Chazal forbade one to ask for his personal needs how can we make these requests, ...
0
votes
0answers
348 views

Shaving(hair cuts) on Rosh Chodesh

What is the reason that hair cuts are not allowed(or advisable) on Rosh Chodesh according to Rav Yehuda Hachassid? A lot of things mentioned in the tzavvah should be avoided because of danger is this ...
-1
votes
2answers
70 views

Why is Adar 1 30 days long?

The Talmud Ta'anit 6b says אין בין אדר הראשון לאדר השני אלא קריאת המגילה ומתנות לאביונים "There is no difference between the 1st Adar and 2nd Adar except for reading the Megillah and giving presents ...
-1
votes
1answer
33 views

Why were leap years decided only by judges and not with the cooperation of witnesses?

Ramba"m Hilchot Kiddush Hachodesh 4:9 says: The year can be made full only by [judges] who were invited [to participate in the deliberations]. What is implied? The head of the High Court tells ...
-1
votes
2answers
85 views

Why do we bring a sin offering on rosh chodesh, given the midrash about changing the size of the moon?

We bring a sin offering as a 'kapara' for hashem for decreasing the size of the moon. The story goes that the moon said we cant have two 'kings' the same size so I want to be bigger. Hashem says no ...