Torah scholars from 1000-1500, roughly.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
3answers
87 views

Definition of the term “Talmud” in the phrase “Talmud Torah”

What is the definition of the word "Talmud" used by Chazal in the expression talmud Torah? Does it mean learning Torah, or teaching Torah? I seem to remember this discussed in an article (perhaps on ...
7
votes
1answer
285 views

When will the period of Acharonim end?

What will mark the end of the period of Acharonim? What in general demarcates rabbinical eras? Are these halachic rules or conventions?
5
votes
1answer
149 views

Do any Geonim or Rishonim adopt/incorporate teachings from Philo?

Do any early commentators from the geonim or rishonim periods cite any teachings from Philo Judeas by name?
6
votes
0answers
72 views

Did Rambam have Rashi's works?

While the Rambam lived a century after Rashi, I cannot recall ever seeing or hearing the Rambam cite or mention Rashi or any of his works. Is there any evidence that Rambam had access to Rashi's ...
5
votes
0answers
65 views

“Secular” studies in the Rhineland academies of the 11th-13th centuries

This is perhaps a fairly specific question, and I don't know if it belongs here or on the History stack exchange, but I would like to know more about the Rhineland academies that were headed by people ...
4
votes
0answers
26 views

Are there any running commentaries on grace after meals?

I would like to know if there are any authors from the period of the rishonim or earlier who have compiled a running commentary on birkat hamazon.
4
votes
0answers
48 views

Which Rishonim viewed maaseh bereishit as an allegory?

I have often heard that many rishonim were comfortable with the idea that at least the first week of creation could be read allegorically, not literally. What are the specific sources that support ...
4
votes
0answers
39 views

Looking for material on how to 'use' Rashi in the gemara

Where can I find material like 'klalei Rashi'? I'm looking for things such as what Rashi means when he uses certain words and things like that.
4
votes
0answers
63 views

What does the Ritva hold about טלי קידושיך מעל גבי קרקע?

The case of "טלי גיטיך מעל גבי קרקע" (where the husband told his wife to pick up her גט [divorce document], rather than handing it to her directly) is an invalid divorce (רבא, Gittin 24a). The ...
4
votes
0answers
102 views

Why is there seemingly such a disconnect between the Geonim and the Rishonim?

It seems that there was a disconnect or upheaval of some kind between the times of the Geonim and the times of the Rishonim and the hakhamim that these two eras contained. Shittoth regarding tefila, ...
3
votes
0answers
84 views

Pursuing pluralist purpura

According to most rishonim (and the simplest read of the extant Talmudic texts) the tekhelet string is dyed in its entirety. However, the Rambam maintains that only half the string is dyed such that, ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

Tosfos vs Tosfos HaRosh

I have noticed that the Tosfos HaRosh very often parallels the Tosfos on the page. Sometimes he presents almost identical information in a slightly different way, but very often he seems to be saying ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

Any support for this Shita Mikubetzes?

The Shita Mikubetzes in Neddarim, top of 2b reads like this: מאי שנא גבי נדרים דתני כולהו. בכמה מקומות מקפיד התלמוד על כדומה לזה ושואל 'מאי שנא' כי הכא, ובכמה מקומות אינו שואל. לפי שדרך התלמוד להקשות ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

Text based Ritva / Rabeinu Kresscass?

My chavrusa is looking for a text-based copies of Ritva (חידושים מכתב יד) and Rabeinu Kresscass (ריטב"א) on Gittin, so that he could put them into his computer. Where can I find a copy of either of ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

Which Ra'avad is on the Rif?

I am aware that there is more than one author known as the Ra'avad (ראב"ד). Is the Ra'avad with glosses to the Rif and the Ma'or the same Ra'avad as the one with glosses to the Rambam? If they are ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

Rosh's view on a yard near a roof: do both pay for 10 tefach?

The Bavli, Bava Basra 6:2, discusses the case that someone's rooftop is adjacent to another person's courtyard floor, and then the case where the rooftop is actually lower (but not much lower) than ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Prayer in the Ran at the end of Neddarim

Printed at the end of Ran's pirush on maseches Neddarim, before the hadran, is a prayer for Torah and the Beis HaMikdosh. It reads: א-לקים משמים יאיר עינינו בתורתו כאור החמה שבעתים. ויזכנו לראות ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Repetition in Sefer Yere'im

The sefer Yere'im of R. Eliezer of Metz which lists the 613 mitzvos seems to count several identical mitzvos. E.g. mitzvos 25-30 (according to the newer editions). Although I could creatively ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Responses of Raavya to Rokeach

R. Elazar of Worms (author Sefer Rokeach) sent questions to R. Eliezer ben Yoel (known as Raavyah). These are recorded by Raavyah (ch. 151). responses to some of the questions are recorded there. I ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

(Talmid) Rabbenu Yonah to Rif on Berakhot

Who authored the commentary to the Rif on Berakhot variously referred to as 'R. Yonah', or 'talmid R. Yonah'? Was it perhaps edited by a student as I seem to remember hearing?
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Rambam's Talmud Commentary

Where can I find Rambam's commentary on Bavli (whatever remains of it) besides for his commentary on tractate Rosh HaShana?
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Writings of R. Samuel Bonastruc

Where could I find writings of R. Samuel Bonastruc (a.k.a. Astruc) of Daroca? I see him referenced here.
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Where can I find the Rif's Arabic explanation on the Talmud in English or French?

According to the Jewish Encyclopedia, the Rif's Arabic explanation on the Talmud was originally gave as an appendix to Massehet Ketubot. The Rif refers to this explanation in his Halakhot (Ketubot ...