Torah scholars from 1000-1500, roughly.

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38 views

Definition of the term “Talmud” in the phrase “Talmud Torah”

What is the definition of the word "Talmud" used by Chazal in the expression talmud Torah? Does it mean learning Torah, or teaching Torah? I seem to remember this discussed in an article (perhaps on ...
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25 views

Prayer in the Ran at the end of Neddarim

Printed at the end of Ran's pirush on maseches Neddarim, before the hadran, is a prayer for Torah and the Beis HaMikdosh. It reads: א-לקים משמים יאיר עינינו בתורתו כאור החמה שבעתים. ויזכנו לראות ...
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2answers
33 views

connection between “connection” and “torah”

I have seen qouted in the name of Rebbi Avrohom son of Rambam that קשורה has the same numerical value as תורה [an idea also quoted in Bal Haturim Vayigash 44 30]. I'd appreciate if anyone could direct ...
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1answer
16 views

Significance of 13 Attributes of Mercy in Prayer

According to the Gemara Rosh Hashana (17b) the recitation of the 13 attributes of God leads to forgiveness: א"ר יוחנן אלמלא מקרא כתוב אי אפשר לאומרו מלמד שנתעטף הקב"ה כשליח צבור והראה לו למשה ...
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Repetition in Sefer Yere'im

The sefer Yere'im of R. Eliezer of Metz which lists the 613 mitzvos seems to count several identical mitzvos. E.g. mitzvos 25-30 (according to the newer editions). Although I could creatively ...
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1answer
23 views

Authorship of Rabbenu Gershom's Commentary to Talmud

Who authored the commentary attributed to Rabbenu Gershom to tractate Temurah and other tractates such as Bava Batra? I recall reading some who doubted the traditional attribution, or suggesting ...
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2answers
75 views

Intrinsic Value of Mitzvot

The question is the following: do mitzvot have intrinsic value, or only extrinsic value. A ramification of this is the following scenario: A person has two ways of performing an act; one of them would ...
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1answer
34 views

Who is Ranbi in the Shitta Mekubetzet?

Who is the רנב"י quoted by the Shitta Mekubetzet to Nedaarim (8a s.v. אמר רב גידל)? Could it be R. Nissim ben Yaakov Gaon?
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13 views

Responses of Raavya to Rokeach

R. Elazar of Worms (author Sefer Rokeach) sent questions to R. Eliezer ben Yoel (known as Raavyah). These are recorded by Raavyah (ch. 151). responses to some of the questions are recorded there. I ...
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23 views

Any support for this Shita Mikubetzes?

The Shita Mikubetzes in Neddarim, top of 2b reads like this: מאי שנא גבי נדרים דתני כולהו. בכמה מקומות מקפיד התלמוד על כדומה לזה ושואל 'מאי שנא' כי הכא, ובכמה מקומות אינו שואל. לפי שדרך התלמוד להקשות ...
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1answer
27 views

Hilkhot R. Yehudah in Raavad

Who is the author of הלכות הר"ר יהודה זצ"ל quoted by the Raavad cited by the Shibbolei Haleket (Tfillah 5)?
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19 views

(Talmid) Rabbenu Yonah to Rif on Berakhot

Who authored the commentary to the Rif on Berakhot variously referred to as 'R. Yonah', or 'talmid R. Yonah'? Was it perhaps edited by a student as I seem to remember hearing?
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1answer
72 views

When did “Musaf Rashi” on Talmud Bavli begin being added to the on the page? Did Tosafos ever refer to any of the Musafim?

On some editions of Talmud Bavli, there is a section entitled, "Musaf Rashi." When were these additions to his commentary found, and are there any references to it in Tosafos?
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1answer
45 views

Who is the רא"ם

The Shitta Mekubetzes on Nedarim (8a) quotes the רא"ם. Who does this refer to? (My guesses for possible candidates are R. Eliezer of Metz, R. Eliyahu Mizrachi, and Ri Ibn Migash.) Extra points to ...
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2answers
84 views

Words of Torah Must Be Enunciated

Several Acharonim (e.g. Pnei Yeshoshua to Brachos 15b) write that words of Torah must be enunciated during study. Which Rishonim agree to this view. (I am asking specifically about those who hold ...
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1answer
72 views

Words of Torah Need Not Be Enunciated

Ritva (commentary to Brachos 15b) writes that Torah need not be enunciated out loud during study. Which other Rishonim espouse this view? I am not asking regarding side issues such as verbal ...
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4answers
110 views

Definition of the Written Law

What are the views of Rishonim and their predecessors regarding the scope of תורה שבכתב, Written Law. This has ramifications for halachos such דברים שבכתב אי אתה רשאי לאומרן ,בעל פה in addition to ...
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1answer
85 views

God Desires the Heart

The Gemara (Sanhedrin 106b) says that "God desires the heart". A responsum attributed to Maimonides interprets this to mean "knowledge of God, morals and wisdom" (letter to Hasdai Ha-Levi; Maimonides ...
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2answers
20 views

R. Moses al-Ashkar's Response to Sefer ha-Emunot

Where can I find the Maharam al-Ashkar's response to Shem Tov ibn Shem Tov's Sefer ha-Emunot (Hassagot Al Mah She-Katab R. Shem-Tov Neged ha-RaMbaM)?
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26 views

Writings of R. Samuel Bonastruc

Where could I find writings of R. Samuel Bonastruc (a.k.a. Astruc) of Daroca? I see him referenced here.
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1answer
31 views

Commentary to Sefer Yetzirah of R. Yehuda Ben Barlizai

Where can I find the commentary of R. Yehuda Ben Barzilai to the Sefer Yetzira? I am particularly looking for the 1858 Berlin ed.
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83 views

Pursuing pluralist purpura

According to most rishonim (and the simplest read of the extant Talmudic texts) the tekhelet string is dyed in its entirety. However, the Rambam maintains that only half the string is dyed such that, ...
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119 views

Which (if any) Rishonim ascribe to a haskafah of hashgacha pratis over everything?

In contemporary times, HaShem's hashgacha over everything is a common hashkafah, at least in the Litvish/Chassidic communities (see Baal Shem Tov, Aruch HaShulchan, Rav Dessler 'Strive for Truth', ...
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2answers
234 views

When was the Meiri discovered?

According to Wikipedia, the Meiri was rediscovered in modern times. I assume that means in the 20th century or so. However, Hebrewbooks has a copy of the Meiri from 1795. I don't know if that was the ...
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1answer
71 views

Rishonim who wrote on Kodshim

Seder Kodshim is composed of largely currently non-applicable laws, relating to sacrifices and the running of the Temple. The Rambam wrote on Kodshim. So did Rashi and the Ba'alei Tosefos. To the ...
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26 views

Rambam's Talmud Commentary

Where can I find Rambam's commentary on Bavli (whatever remains of it) besides for his commentary on tractate Rosh HaShana?
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2answers
62 views

Rambam's Hilchos HaYerushalmi

I am looking for Rambam's Hilchos HaYerushalmi (ed. Lieberman) (or a some other edition if it exists). Is it available for free online?
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35 views

Where can I find the Rif's Arabic explanation on the Talmud in English or French?

According to the Jewish Encyclopedia, the Rif's Arabic explanation on the Talmud was originally gave as an appendix to Massehet Ketubot. The Rif refers to this explanation in his Halakhot (Ketubot ...
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1answer
98 views

Looking For HaMaspik

I am looking for the halachic portion of Hamaspik L'ovdey Hashem by R. Avraham Ben HaRambam published by Bar Ilan Univ. I have found links to it on HebrewBooks, but it isnt there (I guess it was taken ...
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1answer
59 views

Which Rishonim held of shkia/tzeis according to the zman of Rabbeinu Tam?

Which Rishonim held of shkia/tzeis according to the zman of Rabbeinu Tam? Ive heard the Shulchan Aruch (rishon/acharon) held of it, did he pasken like for starting shabbos?
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117 views

Are there any jokes in the Geonim or Rishonim?

Inspired by this question are there any recorded jokes in the works of the Geonim or Rishonim? Please cite sources
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1answer
35 views

Ibn Ezra at the Yam Suf - Hashem saved them THAT day?

The Torah says in Sh'mos 14:30 . . .וַיּוֹשַׁע ה' בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל מִיַּד מִצְרָיִם That day God saved Yisra'el from the hand of Mitzrayim. . . I wondered why in this context ...
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1answer
191 views

Did any classic rabbinic sources discuss static electricity?

Not much more to add here, I've just always wondered if static electricity was discussed in any Chazzal or Rishonim. Someone from those times must've gotten a good zap and I'm wondering what they had ...
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355 views

What was the value of the Rishonim's philosophical inquiries about God and the world?

Many Rishonim used the philosophy of their time or previous times to 'prove' God's existence and/or learn about the nature of the world. 1- Why did they do this? (Is there a mitzvah to use ...
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2answers
81 views

The משלח is dead, long live the משלח!

Tosfos (Gittin 13a, s.v. לא יתנו) write that דאע"ג שמינה המגרש בחייו השליח לא חשיב להיות כמותו אחר מותו כאילו הוא עצמו קיים אלא חשיב גט לאחר מיתה Even though the husband appointed his ...
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61 views

What does the Ritva hold about טלי קידושיך מעל גבי קרקע?

The case of "טלי גיטיך מעל גבי קרקע" (where the husband told his wife to pick up her גט [divorce document], rather than handing it to her directly) is an invalid divorce (רבא, Gittin 24a). The ...
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1answer
70 views

Requirement to Divorce an Infertile Wife or Marry a Second Wife

In the Mishneh Torah הלכות אישות פרק טו, ב Rambam requires a man to who hasn't had a male and female child and whose wife has not given birth for ten years since their marriage to either take a second ...
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37 views

Who wrote the Ritva on Gittin?

I've heard many things about the author of "Ritva on Gittin." It might have been the Ritva, it might not have been. There's also the "חידושים מכתב יד," which some ascribe to the Ritva, while others ...
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98 views

What was the ריב"א thinking?

In ריקאנטי number 166 (brought down here, #4), he brings a story about the ריב"א: ושמעתי כי ריב"א חלה חוליו שמת בו וחל יוה"כ באותם הימים וא"ל הרופאים אם לא תאכלו ודאי תמות ואם תאכל שמא לא תחיה ...
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Text based Ritva / Rabeinu Kresscass?

My chavrusa is looking for a text-based copies of Ritva (חידושים מכתב יד) and Rabeinu Kresscass (ריטב"א) on Gittin, so that he could put them into his computer. Where can I find a copy of either of ...
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69 views

Where can I find an online copy of ספר החכמה?

In Gittin 10b, many Rishonim (Mordechai [who appears to have been a student of his] and a few more) reference one רבינו יקיר (aka אפרים, as in "הבן יקיר לי אפרים"), in a work called ספר החכמה. I can't ...
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2answers
81 views

Online דרשות הר"ן in Hebrew block print

Does any know where I can find online a pdf of דרשות הר"ן that's in hebrew text and not in Rashi script/ text?
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66 views

Who is this Gadol?

The Aruch Hashulchan Orach Chaim Siman 639 Saif 16 quotes a Rashba who brings a Halacha from בשם גדול הדור מצרפת. Do we know who this Gadol is?
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50 views

Text of Derashos HaRan online

I was looking online for the text of דרשות הר"ן but I have been unsuccessful. Does anyone where I might be able to find it online? (i.e like this)
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270 views

Sources in Rishonim on the Authenticity of the Zohar

Are there any early contemporary discussions from the time of the revelation of the Zohar among recognized Rishonim about it's authenticity? I mention "among recognized Rishonim" because I am aware ...
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38 views

Which Ra'avad is on the Rif?

I am aware that there is more than one author known as the Ra'avad (ראב"ד). Is the Ra'avad with glosses to the Rif and the Ma'or the same Ra'avad as the one with glosses to the Rambam? If they are ...
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1answer
149 views

Do any Geonim or Rishonim adopt/incorporate teachings from Philo?

Do any early commentators from the geonim or rishonim periods cite any teachings from Philo Judeas by name?
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1answer
128 views

History of the two versions of the Ritva

I recall from my time in Yeshiva that the version of the Chiddushei HaRitva in use in the 19th century was clearly not the original (as proved from quotations in the Shita Mikubetzes), and that the ...
6
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2answers
120 views

Brevity of the Rishonim

I have heard about Rashi that he measured his words very meticulously and that consequently every word he chose to write in his commentary is important for understanding his view. There are even ...
2
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2answers
193 views

Are there any early mentions of the concept of “l'iluy nishmas”?

On his Rationalist Judaism blog, R' Natan Slifkin posed this question: I am very interested to know if there are any early mentions of the phrase "l'iluy nishmas" or the concept thereof. (I am not ...