Torah scholars from 1000-1500, roughly.

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55 views

Benefit of learning the rishonim for non posek-wannabes?

For a person whose goal is NOT to become a posek what would be the benefit or purpose in learning the rishonim when one learns a gemarah? By rishonim I am referring to the Rash, Ran in the back of ...
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71 views

When the רא״ש refers to “הגאון”, who is he referring to?

A friend posted on Facebook the following question, and I couldn't solve it based on any context, so I thought I'd bring it here. When the רא״ש refers to "הגאון", who is he referring to? Is there ...
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44 views

Identity of “the Greek rabbi” in the Raavad's gloss (Tum'at Met 17:3)

In the Raavad's gloss on Hilkhot Tum'at Met 17:3, he mentions a scholar who (like the Rambam) also erred in his definition of בטח - as found in the Mishna, Ohalot 12:3. Where the Rambam thinks that a ...
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42 views

What is the hebrew Word for the rationalist approach [closed]

What is the hebrew term for the rationalist approach of the Rambam, the Ran, the Rivash, Ralbag etc.?
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47 views

Is there a relationship between the Sma“g and the Sma”k?

The works Sefer Mitzvos Gadol and Sefer Mitzvos Katan have very similar names, but I never assumed the connection went far beyond that. Then, I saw a Beis Yosef (Yoreh Deah 194) which, in explanation ...
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72 views

Did Rambam have Rashi's works?

While the Rambam lived a century after Rashi, I cannot recall ever seeing or hearing the Rambam cite or mention Rashi or any of his works. Is there any evidence that Rambam had access to Rashi's ...
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20 views

Does Bleeding on the 11th Day Join Bleeding on the 12th Day of the Zav Days?

According to Rambam in Hilchot Isurai Biyah: רָאָת דָּם בָּעֲשִׂירִי מִיְּמֵי זִיבָתָהּ, וּבָאַחַד עָשָׂר, וּבִשְׁנֵים עָשָׂר--אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁרָאָת בִּשְׁלוֹשָׁה יָמִים זֶה אַחַר זֶה--אֵינָהּ ...
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26 views

Are there any running commentaries on grace after meals?

I would like to know if there are any authors from the period of the rishonim or earlier who have compiled a running commentary on birkat hamazon.
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33 views

Tosfos vs Tosfos HaRosh

I have noticed that the Tosfos HaRosh very often parallels the Tosfos on the page. Sometimes he presents almost identical information in a slightly different way, but very often he seems to be saying ...
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48 views

Which Rishonim viewed maaseh bereishit as an allegory?

I have often heard that many rishonim were comfortable with the idea that at least the first week of creation could be read allegorically, not literally. What are the specific sources that support ...
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39 views

Looking for material on how to 'use' Rashi in the gemara

Where can I find material like 'klalei Rashi'? I'm looking for things such as what Rashi means when he uses certain words and things like that.
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3answers
87 views

Definition of the term “Talmud” in the phrase “Talmud Torah”

What is the definition of the word "Talmud" used by Chazal in the expression talmud Torah? Does it mean learning Torah, or teaching Torah? I seem to remember this discussed in an article (perhaps on ...
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27 views

Prayer in the Ran at the end of Neddarim

Printed at the end of Ran's pirush on maseches Neddarim, before the hadran, is a prayer for Torah and the Beis HaMikdosh. It reads: א-לקים משמים יאיר עינינו בתורתו כאור החמה שבעתים. ויזכנו לראות ...
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2answers
35 views

connection between “connection” and “torah”

I have seen qouted in the name of Rebbi Avrohom son of Rambam that קשורה has the same numerical value as תורה [an idea also quoted in Bal Haturim Vayigash 44 30]. I'd appreciate if anyone could direct ...
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21 views

Significance of 13 Attributes of Mercy in Prayer

According to the Gemara Rosh Hashana (17b) the recitation of the 13 attributes of God leads to forgiveness: א"ר יוחנן אלמלא מקרא כתוב אי אפשר לאומרו מלמד שנתעטף הקב"ה כשליח צבור והראה לו למשה ...
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26 views

Repetition in Sefer Yere'im

The sefer Yere'im of R. Eliezer of Metz which lists the 613 mitzvos seems to count several identical mitzvos. E.g. mitzvos 25-30 (according to the newer editions). Although I could creatively ...
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1answer
41 views

Authorship of Rabbenu Gershom's Commentary to Talmud

Who authored the commentary attributed to Rabbenu Gershom to tractate Temurah and other tractates such as Bava Batra? I recall reading some who doubted the traditional attribution, or suggesting ...
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92 views

Intrinsic Value of Mitzvot

The question is the following: do mitzvot have intrinsic value, or only extrinsic value. A ramification of this is the following scenario: A person has two ways of performing an act; one of them would ...
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1answer
38 views

Who is Ranbi in the Shitta Mekubetzet?

Who is the רנב"י quoted by the Shitta Mekubetzet to Nedaarim (8a s.v. אמר רב גידל)? Could it be R. Nissim ben Yaakov Gaon?
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15 views

Responses of Raavya to Rokeach

R. Elazar of Worms (author Sefer Rokeach) sent questions to R. Eliezer ben Yoel (known as Raavyah). These are recorded by Raavyah (ch. 151). responses to some of the questions are recorded there. I ...
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Any support for this Shita Mikubetzes?

The Shita Mikubetzes in Neddarim, top of 2b reads like this: מאי שנא גבי נדרים דתני כולהו. בכמה מקומות מקפיד התלמוד על כדומה לזה ושואל 'מאי שנא' כי הכא, ובכמה מקומות אינו שואל. לפי שדרך התלמוד להקשות ...
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33 views

Hilkhot R. Yehudah in Raavad

Who is the author of הלכות הר"ר יהודה זצ"ל quoted by the Raavad cited by the Shibbolei Haleket (Tfillah 5)?
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19 views

(Talmid) Rabbenu Yonah to Rif on Berakhot

Who authored the commentary to the Rif on Berakhot variously referred to as 'R. Yonah', or 'talmid R. Yonah'? Was it perhaps edited by a student as I seem to remember hearing?
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96 views

When did “Musaf Rashi” on Talmud Bavli begin being added to the on the page? Did Tosafos ever refer to any of the Musafim?

On some editions of Talmud Bavli, there is a section entitled, "Musaf Rashi." When were these additions to his commentary found, and are there any references to it in Tosafos?
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1answer
48 views

Who is the רא"ם

The Shitta Mekubetzes on Nedarim (8a) quotes the רא"ם. Who does this refer to? (My guesses for possible candidates are R. Eliezer of Metz, R. Eliyahu Mizrachi, and Ri Ibn Migash.) Extra points to ...
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93 views

Words of Torah Must Be Enunciated

Several Acharonim (e.g. Pnei Yeshoshua to Brachos 15b) write that words of Torah must be enunciated during study. Which Rishonim agree to this view. (I am asking specifically about those who hold ...
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1answer
75 views

Words of Torah Need Not Be Enunciated

Ritva (commentary to Brachos 15b) writes that Torah need not be enunciated out loud during study. Which other Rishonim espouse this view? I am not asking regarding side issues such as verbal ...
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4answers
118 views

Definition of the Written Law

What are the views of Rishonim and their predecessors regarding the scope of תורה שבכתב, Written Law. This has ramifications for halachos such דברים שבכתב אי אתה רשאי לאומרן ,בעל פה in addition to ...
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120 views

God Desires the Heart

The Gemara (Sanhedrin 106b) says that "God desires the heart". A responsum attributed to Maimonides interprets this to mean "knowledge of God, morals and wisdom" (letter to Hasdai Ha-Levi; Maimonides ...
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2answers
22 views

R. Moses al-Ashkar's Response to Sefer ha-Emunot

Where can I find the Maharam al-Ashkar's response to Shem Tov ibn Shem Tov's Sefer ha-Emunot (Hassagot Al Mah She-Katab R. Shem-Tov Neged ha-RaMbaM)?
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28 views

Writings of R. Samuel Bonastruc

Where could I find writings of R. Samuel Bonastruc (a.k.a. Astruc) of Daroca? I see him referenced here.
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37 views

Commentary to Sefer Yetzirah of R. Yehuda Ben Barlizai

Where can I find the commentary of R. Yehuda Ben Barzilai to the Sefer Yetzira? I am particularly looking for the 1858 Berlin ed.
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84 views

Pursuing pluralist purpura

According to most rishonim (and the simplest read of the extant Talmudic texts) the tekhelet string is dyed in its entirety. However, the Rambam maintains that only half the string is dyed such that, ...
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138 views

Which (if any) Rishonim ascribe to a haskafah of hashgacha pratis over everything?

In contemporary times, HaShem's hashgacha over everything is a common hashkafah, at least in the Litvish/Chassidic communities (see Baal Shem Tov, Aruch HaShulchan, Rav Dessler 'Strive for Truth', ...
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2answers
320 views

When was the Meiri discovered?

According to Wikipedia, the Meiri was rediscovered in modern times. I assume that means in the 20th century or so. However, Hebrewbooks has a copy of the Meiri from 1795. I don't know if that was the ...
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82 views

Rishonim who wrote on Kodshim

Seder Kodshim is composed of largely currently non-applicable laws, relating to sacrifices and the running of the Temple. The Rambam wrote on Kodshim. So did Rashi and the Ba'alei Tosefos. To the ...
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30 views

Rambam's Talmud Commentary

Where can I find Rambam's commentary on Bavli (whatever remains of it) besides for his commentary on tractate Rosh HaShana?
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2answers
69 views

Rambam's Hilchos HaYerushalmi

I am looking for Rambam's Hilchos HaYerushalmi (ed. Lieberman) (or a some other edition if it exists). Is it available for free online?
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39 views

Where can I find the Rif's Arabic explanation on the Talmud in English or French?

According to the Jewish Encyclopedia, the Rif's Arabic explanation on the Talmud was originally gave as an appendix to Massehet Ketubot. The Rif refers to this explanation in his Halakhot (Ketubot ...
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105 views

Looking For HaMaspik

I am looking for the halachic portion of Hamaspik L'ovdey Hashem by R. Avraham Ben HaRambam published by Bar Ilan Univ. I have found links to it on HebrewBooks, but it isnt there (I guess it was taken ...
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63 views

Which Rishonim held of shkia/tzeis according to the zman of Rabbeinu Tam?

Which Rishonim held of shkia/tzeis according to the zman of Rabbeinu Tam? Ive heard the Shulchan Aruch (rishon/acharon) held of it, did he pasken like for starting shabbos?
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126 views

Are there any jokes in the Geonim or Rishonim?

Inspired by this question are there any recorded jokes in the works of the Geonim or Rishonim? Please cite sources
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Ibn Ezra at the Yam Suf - Hashem saved them THAT day?

The Torah says in Sh'mos 14:30 . . .וַיּוֹשַׁע ה' בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל מִיַּד מִצְרָיִם That day God saved Yisra'el from the hand of Mitzrayim. . . I wondered why in this context ...
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203 views

Did any classic rabbinic sources discuss static electricity?

Not much more to add here, I've just always wondered if static electricity was discussed in any Chazzal or Rishonim. Someone from those times must've gotten a good zap and I'm wondering what they had ...
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366 views

What was the value of the Rishonim's philosophical inquiries about God and the world?

Many Rishonim used the philosophy of their time or previous times to 'prove' God's existence and/or learn about the nature of the world. 1- Why did they do this? (Is there a mitzvah to use ...
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2answers
86 views

The משלח is dead, long live the משלח!

Tosfos (Gittin 13a, s.v. לא יתנו) write that דאע"ג שמינה המגרש בחייו השליח לא חשיב להיות כמותו אחר מותו כאילו הוא עצמו קיים אלא חשיב גט לאחר מיתה Even though the husband appointed his ...
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63 views

What does the Ritva hold about טלי קידושיך מעל גבי קרקע?

The case of "טלי גיטיך מעל גבי קרקע" (where the husband told his wife to pick up her גט [divorce document], rather than handing it to her directly) is an invalid divorce (רבא, Gittin 24a). The ...
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1answer
74 views

Requirement to Divorce an Infertile Wife or Marry a Second Wife

In the Mishneh Torah הלכות אישות פרק טו, ב Rambam requires a man to who hasn't had a male and female child and whose wife has not given birth for ten years since their marriage to either take a second ...
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1answer
64 views

Who wrote the Ritva on Gittin?

I've heard many things about the author of "Ritva on Gittin." It might have been the Ritva, it might not have been. There's also the "חידושים מכתב יד," which some ascribe to the Ritva, while others ...
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103 views

What was the ריב"א thinking?

In ריקאנטי number 166 (brought down here, #4), he brings a story about the ריב"א: ושמעתי כי ריב"א חלה חוליו שמת בו וחל יוה"כ באותם הימים וא"ל הרופאים אם לא תאכלו ודאי תמות ואם תאכל שמא לא תחיה ...