Rabbi Shlomo of Troyes, 1040-1104, and his works

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Why does Rashi describe Mahalath as “Another unsuitable wife”?

At the end of Parshat Toldot, Eisav marries the daughter of Yishmael, as he "perceives" that the daughters of Heth have upset his parents. Whilst obviously Eisav had many flaws, this appears to be a ...
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How do we understand Moshe's rebuke

On Devarim 1:1, Rashi comments that the various places listed are in fact veiled references to episodes in which the Jewish people rebelled. Thus Moshe was offering a kind of concealed rebuke. My ...
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Why does the Torah use the non-Hebrew word 'Totafot'

Related to this question. Rashi, on Shemot (13:16): "...וְהָיָה לְאוֹת עַל יָדְכָה וּלְטוֹטָפֹת בֵּין עֵינֶיךָ " writes: and for ornaments between your eyes: Heb. וּלְטוֹטָפֹת, tefillin. Since ...
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Why say the rams are reddened?

Among the materials used for the mishkan were "reddened rams' hides" (T'ruma 25:5). There are two ways one can read that phrase: it can mean "reddened hides of rams", that the hides were reddened, or "...
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Question on Rashi in Gittin 76

The Gemara Gittin 76, in a discussion of conditional divorces, says (transation from Soncino): Our Rabbis taught: If a man said to his wife in the presence of two witnesses, 'Here is your Get, on ...
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In what sense is Hanukkah “a Yom Tov like other yamim tovim”?

The Machzor Vitry (§234) finds a scriptural source for Hanukkah in Leviticus 24:2. That the stipulation that Israelites should collect pure olive oil for the menorah should follow on from a ...
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תעשה vs עשה (Ta'aseh vs Assei)

The Gemara in Eiruvin 54b says: באהבתה תשגה תמיד כגון רבי (אליעזר) בן פדת אמרו עליו על רבי (אליעזר) שהיה יושב ועוסק בתורה בשוק התחתון של ציפורי וסדינו מוטל בשוק העליון של ציפורי (תניא) א''ר יצחק בן ...
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Understanding the Gemara and Ramban on the four one-siman animals

Vayikra 11:1-8 א וַיְדַבֵּר יְהוָה אֶל-מֹשֶׁה וְאֶל-אַהֲרֹן, לֵאמֹר אֲלֵהֶם. ב דַּבְּרוּ אֶל-בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל, לֵאמֹר: זֹאת הַחַיָּה אֲשֶׁר תֹּאכְלוּ, מִכָּל-הַבְּהֵמָה אֲשֶׁר עַל-הָאָרֶץ. ג ...
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Can dew really make an eggshell fly?

In פרשת בשלח 16:14, it says -- The layer of dew went up, and behold, on the surface of the desert, a fine, bare [substance] as fine as frost on the ground. On that verse, Rashi says (...
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Looking for material on how to 'use' Rashi in the gemara

Where can I find material like 'klalei Rashi'? I'm looking for things such as what Rashi means when he uses certain words and things like that.
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How does the talmud know that the mashiach's name was known before creation?

The talmud on Nedarim 39b (English) lists seven things that were created before the world: torah, repentance, Gan Eden, Gehenna, the Throne of Glory, the Temple, and "the name of the mashiach". The ...
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Will Korech move to the end of the Seder in the future?

When we start bringing and consuming the Korban Pesach again (speedily may it be, in our days), will the Korech step of the Seder be moved to adjacent to Tzafun or possibly replaced by it? Kadesh ...
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Kol Isha Yabia Omer 1:6

Chacham Ovadia writes in Yabia Omer 1:6(end of section 7) different opinions on listening to a woman's voice without knowing what she looks like. He brings the gemara in Berachos 57b that says: three ...
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Why does Rashi claim “מלקוש” is locust terminology like “לקש” if “לקש” isn't “locusts”? (תענית ו ע״א)

Someone in my synagogue posed the following question to me; stumped, I pose it to you: The Bavli, Taanis 6 amud 1, notes that מלקוש is good rain. It then proposes that, perhaps, that's mistaken; ...
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How to understand Gen. 12:5–6 with Rashi

B'reshis 12:5: ‏…וַיֵּצְאוּ לָלֶכֶת אַרְצָה כְּנַעַן / …and they left to go to the land of Canaan וַיָּבֹאוּ אַרְצָה כְּנָעַן.‏ / and they went in[1] to the land ...
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Understanding how the omer was sifted

M'nachos 76 amud 2, describes how flour was sifted to yield the good-quality soles flour for the omer offering that was brought on the second day of Pesach. It was sifted thirteen times, the mishna ...
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Did Rashi wear a yarmulke?

Tractate Sofrim (14:14) records two opinions that concern the wearing of a head covering during the Shema: there are those who say that it is not necessary, and there are those who say that it is ...
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King Zecharia; A Court of His Own?

The Talmud in Gittin 88a says that Israel was only destroyed once it had seven courts that worshipped idols: Jeroboam son of Nebat's, Baasa son of Ahija's, Ahab son of Omri's, Jehu son of Nimshi's, ...
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The rest of Ya'aqob's daughters

So Rashi says that each of Ya'aqob's sons was born together with his future wife, except for Dinah, who was born alone. If that is true, then what are the names provided for the rest of the sisters of ...
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How does one tell the difference between Rash"i and Rabbeinu Tam tefillin shel yad from their exteriors?

This question explains that the extra hair emanating from the tefillin shel rosh of Rabbeinu Tam tefillin is a way to identify the shel rosh of Rabbeinu Tam tefillin vs. Rash'i tefillin. If 2 ...
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On moist and dry plants (שבת פב ע״א)

The Bavli, Shabas 82 amud 1: If before him [after defecating] were a pebble and grasses — [the proper course of action was a matter of dispute between two amoraim,] R. Chisda and R. Hamnuna. ...
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“This is R. M'nachem.” So? (שבת עה ע״ב)

The Bavli, Shabas 75 amud 2, quotes from a tosefta as follows: If he wrote a single large letter, in whose space there's room to write two, he's exempt [from offering a korban chatas]. If he ...
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Assist with Rash“i's explanation of verb usage - ”N-CH-L" in describing the tribal heads who will inherit the land

Numbers 34:18: וְנָשִׂ֥יא אֶחָ֛ד נָשִׂ֥יא אֶחָ֖ד מִמַּטֶּ֑ה תִּקְח֖וּ לִנְחֹ֥ל אֶת־הָאָֽרֶץ׃ Numbers 34:29 אֵ֕לֶּה אֲשֶׁ֖ר צִוָּ֣ה יְהוָ֑ה לְנַחֵ֥ל אֶת־בְּנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל בְּאֶ֥רֶץ ...
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Why “ומייתי להו בשגגה” for a סולם and not for other equipment?

The fifth chapter of Shabas in the Bavli discusses various things an animal can wear in the street on Shabas. Some of them are forbidden because the item may fall off the animal and a person may come ...
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How is scraping a leaf erasure? (שבת נ ע״ב)

The Bavli, Shabas 50 amud 2 says (according to Rashi's understanding) that one can stick a knife between tightly foliated leaves on a branch on Shabas. Rashi explains: ואין חוששין שמא יגרור הקליפה ...
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Why does רש״י say (שבת דף לז ע״א) stoves were moveable and put on the ground?

The Bavli, Shabas 37 amud 1, wonders about the permissibility of placing a pot of food adjacent to a stove-oven (rather than atop or in it). איבעיא להו מהו לסמוך בה תוכה וגבה אסור אבל לסמוך בה ...
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What is the significance of the ten azharos of tshuva (in Yeshaya ch. 1)?

Rashi in Yeshayah chapter 1 vs. 16 tells us that the ten words in the next two psukim, רחצו, הזכו, הסירו, חדלו, למדו, דרשו, אשרו, שפטו, ריבו, are all אזהרות של לשון תשובה כנגד עשרת ימי תשובה, וכנגד ...
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Lighting on Chanuka for advertising the mitzva?

The Bavli, Shabbos 21b, discusses lighting the Chanuka lights out of doors; Rashi gives the reason for outdoor lighting as משום פרסומי ניסא / for advertising the miracle. Further down the amud, ...
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Rashi on Righteous Kings: Omissions

Inspired by Jake's comment Rashi to Yebamoth 63a, describing Naamah the Ammonitess' prolific progeny (which began in the Davidic line with her son, Rehoboam), mentions Hezekiah, Asa, and Jehoshaphat, ...
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What did Bnei Ammon do?

In Parshat Ki Teitzei there's the mitzvah that Bnei Ammon cannot marry into the Jewish people. Same is true for Bnei Moav. The verse says it's because they didn't greet the Jews with bread and water. ...
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Why does Rashi translate שלולית differently from everyone else?

The beginning of chapter 2 of Pea says: These things divide a field [into two] for purposes of pea [requiring a separate pea from each subdivision]: …, a שלולית, …. The Bavli, Bava ...
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Chumash with Rashi and Siftei Chachamim

Does anyone know of a Chumash (not Mikraot Gedolot) with Rashi and Siftei Chachamim Most Chumashim come with Ikar Siftei Chachamim, but that's not the same thing.
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Isaiah 53 How does Israel's suffering atone for the sins of the nations?

Isaiah 53:4 Indeed, he bore our illnesses, and our pains-he carried them, yet we accounted him as plagued, smitten by God and oppressed. דאָכֵן חֳלָיֵנוּ הוּא נָשָׂא וּמַכְאֹבֵינוּ סְבָלָם וַאֲנַחְנוּ ...
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רש״י's use of the קל וחומר after it's been discredited (שבת כו ע״ב)‎

The Bavli, Shabas 26 amud 2, derives from some wording in Vayikra that a three-finger-by-three-finger piece of wool or linen fabric can become tame. It then proposes that the verse teaches us only ...
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Rashi on Righteous Kings: Order

Inspired by Jake's comment Rashi to Yebamoth 63a, describing Naamah the Ammonitess' prolific progeny (which began in the Davidic line with her son, Rehoboam), mentions Hezekiah, Asa, and Jehoshaphat, ...
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Rashi in Shelach 8 days c'neged 8 strings of tzitzis

It says at the end of Parshas Sheleach: דַּבֵּר אֶל בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵהֶם וְעָשׂוּ לָהֶם צִיצִת עַל כַּנְפֵי בִגְדֵיהֶם לְדֹרֹתָם וְנָתְנוּ עַל צִיצִת הַכָּנָף פְּתִיל ...
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“Say for/of me 'he's my brother'”

In Vayera, 20:13, Avraham says that he had told Sara "אמרי לי אחי הוא". Rashi renders this as "say about me 'he's my brother'". Haamek Davar, though, says it's "say 'he's my brother' for my benefit (...
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Commentary on Pirkei Avot often credited to Rashi in English?

Does anybody know where I can find Pirkei Avot with (the commentaries often credit to) Rashi in English? I searched all over the Internet and I couldn't find it.
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Seeking an explanation of Rashi to Ⅱ Chronicles 6:19

In Ⅱ Divre Hayamim 6:19, Sh'lomo has finished building the bes hamikdash and is imploring God ‏…לִשְׁמֹעַ אֶל הָרִנָּה וְאֶל הַתְּפִלָּה אֲשֶׁר עַבְדְּךָ מִתְפַּלֵּל לְפָנֶיךָ.‏...