Rabbi Shlomo of Troyes, 1040-1104, and his works

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
1answer
108 views

In what sense is Hanukkah “a Yom Tov like other yamim tovim”?

The Machzor Vitry (§234) finds a scriptural source for Hanukkah in Leviticus 24:2. That the stipulation that Israelites should collect pure olive oil for the menorah should follow on from a ...
4
votes
1answer
109 views

How does the talmud know that the mashiach's name was known before creation?

The talmud on Nedarim 39b (English) lists seven things that were created before the world: torah, repentance, Gan Eden, Gehenna, the Throne of Glory, the Temple, and "the name of the mashiach". The ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Isaiah 53 How does Israel's suffering atone for the sins of the nations?

Isaiah 53:4 Indeed, he bore our illnesses, and our pains-he carried them, yet we accounted him as plagued, smitten by God and oppressed. דאָכֵן חֳלָיֵנוּ הוּא נָשָׂא וּמַכְאֹבֵינוּ סְבָלָם וַאֲנַחְנוּ ...
12
votes
3answers
267 views

Why give gentiles an evil prophet?

Rashi in Bamidbar 22:5 addresses Bilam's being a prophet: "Why did the Holy One rest his Divine Presence upon a wicked gentile? So that the nations of the world should not have an excuse [as to why ...
10
votes
1answer
176 views

How do we understand Moshe's rebuke

On Devarim 1:1, Rashi comments that the various places listed are in fact veiled references to episodes in which the Jewish people rebelled. Thus Moshe was offering a kind of concealed rebuke. My ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Question on Rashi in Gittin 76

The Gemara Gittin 76, in a discussion of conditional divorces, says (transation from Soncino): Our Rabbis taught: If a man said to his wife in the presence of two witnesses, 'Here is your Get, on ...
4
votes
1answer
97 views

Rashi on Tractate Avot

As mentioned here the commentary attributed to Rashi on Avot may not have been authored by him. This is stated by R. Yaakov Emden in the introduction to "Ets Avot". Which other sources state that ...
3
votes
2answers
118 views

Why does Rashi describe Mahalath as “Another unsuitable wife”?

At the end of Parshat Toldot, Eisav marries the daughter of Yishmael, as he "perceives" that the daughters of Heth have upset his parents. Whilst obviously Eisav had many flaws, this appears to be a ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Why say the rams are reddened?

Among the materials used for the mishkan were "reddened rams' hides" (T'ruma 25:5). There are two ways one can read that phrase: it can mean "reddened hides of rams", that the hides were reddened, or "...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

The rest of Ya'aqob's daughters

So Rashi says that each of Ya'aqob's sons was born together with his future wife, except for Dinah, who was born alone. If that is true, then what are the names provided for the rest of the sisters of ...
3
votes
1answer
157 views

Mikvah Math for the Sea of Shlomo

In calculating the number of Mikvas that the "Sea of Shlomo" could hold, the Gemara (Eruvin 14b) calculates that it would hold 150. The Gemara asks, that being that the Sea was round, and the area/...
6
votes
3answers
103 views

Does Rashi's commentary on a quoted mishna reflect the true explanation?

Often the Bavli will quote a mishna from another maseches (tractate) or another part of the same maseches. Does Rashi's commentary on the Bavli's quotation of the mishna reflect his interpretation of ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Is there a detailed explanation for Bereishis 18:8? [duplicate]

וַיִּקַּח חֶמְאָה וְחָלָב וּבֶן־הַבָּקָר אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה וַיִּתֵּן לִפְנֵיהֶם וְהֽוּא־עֹמֵד עֲלֵיהֶם תַּחַת הָעֵץ וַיֹּאכֵֽלוּ׃ I know the Torah was not given at this time, nor had the Sages explained ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Why Shavuos on Sunday

Rashi on Rosh Hashana 22 omud 2 says that the baytusim wanted the 1st day of sefirah and Shavuos to fall on Sunday because of the possuk which says ממחרת השבת which they interpret literally, that the ...
9
votes
2answers
182 views

What happened with Nadav and Avihu?

Regarding the death of Nadav and Avihu, the Torah says it happened when they brought a foreign / unauthorized fire into the Mishkan. Concerning their death, Rashi brings up Rabbi Eliezer's opinion ...
8
votes
1answer
118 views

Did Rambam have Rashi's works?

While the Rambam lived a century after Rashi, I cannot recall ever seeing or hearing the Rambam cite or mention Rashi or any of his works. Is there any evidence that Rambam had access to Rashi's ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Onkelos Commentary

Rashi on the talmud (kidushin 49a) says the aramaic translation/commentary on the torah was given at sinai, forgotten and brought back by Onkelos. Where did Onkelos obtain the correct text?
0
votes
0answers
24 views

“Say for/of me 'he's my brother'”

In Vayera, 20:13, Avraham says that he had told Sara "אמרי לי אחי הוא". Rashi renders this as "say about me 'he's my brother'". Haamek Davar, though, says it's "say 'he's my brother' for my benefit (...
4
votes
2answers
115 views

Idolatrous Courts of Judah's Kings

The Talmud in Gittin 88a says that Israel was only destroyed once it had seven courts that worshiped idols. It proceeds to list seven different Northern Kings. Rashi explains that the Kings of Judah ...
4
votes
1answer
34 views

Why is “we” mentioned twice in the English translation of Ps. 20:8?

In the English of Psalms 20 verse 8 "we" is translated twice both in the translation and in Rashi's notes. I read וַאֲנַחְנוּ as "and we". What am I missing? (http://www.chabad.org/library/...
2
votes
3answers
75 views

Why “לא ידענו מה היה לו” if they saw his bier?

My kid asked: Ki Sisa 32:1 says that, when Moshe didn't return from Mount Sinai when the people expected him to, they said "this man Moshe who brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we don't know ...
2
votes
3answers
55 views

Example of Solomon's 3000 parables or 1005 interpretations

As cited here, Rashi on I Kings 5:12 states: In the Medrash Aggada [we find Solomon’s great wisdom enabled him] to say three thousand allegories in each sentence of the Torah, and in each of the ...
5
votes
3answers
71 views

How did the Levites erect the mishkan at each stop if they couldn't the first time?

In Exodus 39:32–33, the Jews finished building the various parts of the Tabernacle and brought them to Moses. The commentary of Rashi: They brought the Tabernacle, etc., because they couldn'...
2
votes
1answer
128 views

How does this Rashi solve the problem (Shmot 40:35)

In Shmot 40:35, the text reads (via the Chabad site): Moses could not enter the Tent of Meeting because the cloud rested upon it and the glory of the Lord filled the Mishkan. לה.וְלֹא יָכֹל ...
4
votes
1answer
31 views

Why did Naphtali name his first son Yachtzeal (יַחֲצִיאֵל)?

Why did Naphtali name his first son Yachtzeal (יַחֲצִיאֵל)? The name is mentioned (as יַחְצְאֵל) in Bereishis 46:24 and Bamidbar 26:48, and (as יַחֲצִיאֵל) in Divrei Hayomim I 7:13, but is there any ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Why does the Torah use the non-Hebrew word 'Totafot'

Related to this question. Rashi, on Shemot (13:16): "...וְהָיָה לְאוֹת עַל יָדְכָה וּלְטוֹטָפֹת בֵּין עֵינֶיךָ " writes: and for ornaments between your eyes: Heb. וּלְטוֹטָפֹת, tefillin. Since ...
3
votes
2answers
142 views

Did Rashi have nevuah?

I've heard that nevuah ended about 2000 years ago when the last neviim died. But I've also heard that Rashi had some kind of nevuah. If he didn't, then how could Rashi know so much hidden knowledge ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

where if anywhere, does rashi refer to christianity as idolatry?

I remember hearing that rashi does not consider christianity idolatry. In researching it on google I have read here Isaac On Jewish and Christian Altars:Polemic and Exegesis in Rashi and the ... ...
9
votes
1answer
856 views

Can Rashi mean eagles actually fly with their young on their wings?

Everyone knows what Rashi brings down regarding the meaning of "I carried you on eagles' wings" (Exodus 19:4, see also Deut. 32:11) that an eagle carries its young on its back, but has anyone ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

Commentary on Pirkei Avot often credited to Rashi in English?

Does anybody know where I can find Pirkei Avot with (the commentaries often credit to) Rashi in English? I searched all over the Internet and I couldn't find it.
1
vote
3answers
51 views

Where can I buy a Chumash with Rashi in English?

Does anyone know where I could get a complete Chumash with Rashi's commentary in English?
4
votes
1answer
81 views

Help me find a source for glossing “sefer” (in Shabbat 14a) as “Torah, Nevi'im, and Ketuvim”

In Shabbat 14a we find a discussion about the Rabbinic enactment that a book (sefer) renders one's hands unclean (which is itself discussed in the Mishnah Yadayim 3:5). Long ago I found a source (...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

In what sense will Moshiach be “covered”?

Rashi on Daniel 12:11 seems to represent a timeline for the approach of the Moshiach (though I admit, I don't really understand it): [translation via chabad.org] And from the time the daily ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

How does one tell the difference between Rash"i and Rabbeinu Tam tefillin shel yad from their exteriors?

This question explains that the extra hair emanating from the tefillin shel rosh of Rabbeinu Tam tefillin is a way to identify the shel rosh of Rabbeinu Tam tefillin vs. Rash'i tefillin. If 2 ...
4
votes
1answer
72 views

Why use the fire pans to cover the copper altar and not the gold one?

In parshas korach, 17:3, Elazar is commanded to take the fire pans of Korach and his followers and hammer them into "pachim" for the mizbeach. According to Rashi, the command was to turn them into ...
6
votes
1answer
73 views

What is the argument between Rashi and the Ra'avid about the meaning of HaMelech HaKadosh

I was reading בחינת דת, a work of Hashkafa by Elias ben Moise del Medigo and in it he references* an argument between Rashi and the Ra'avid regarding the meaning of HaMelech HaKadosh. The context is ...
26
votes
10answers
1k views

Is Rashi really pshat?

If Rashi on Tanach is a purely pshat oriented commentary, as professed several times, why do many of his comments originate from midrashim that most other "pshat" meforshim dismiss as "derech drash"? [...
5
votes
1answer
116 views

Did Jacob actually send angels to Esau?

The Torah (Genesis 32:4) says that Jacob sends "malachim" to Esau. Rashi there interprets "malachim" (commonly referring to messengers, or angels) as "real malachim" ("מלאכים ממש"). I've also heard ...
8
votes
3answers
413 views

Why Avraham hated Yishmael if he was a tzadik

Rashi says that avraham sent yishmael out with only water but no money because he hated him for going out "tarbut raah". yet later on, the verse says G-d heard the cry of Yishmael dying of thirst "...
7
votes
1answer
83 views

Wasn't Yishmael already sent away from Avraham's house?

In Bereshit 22:3, Rashi tells us that when Avraham went to sacrifice Yitzchok, the two lads he took with him were Yishmael and Eliezer. Wasn't Yishmael already gone from Avraham's house? In Bereshit ...
3
votes
2answers
73 views

Rashi on Berachos 33b “al kan tzipor yagiu rachamecha”

In the gemara brachos 33b the mishna says "One who says (in his tefilla -Rashi) Your (Gods) reaches the birds nest... shut him up." Rahsi says on that:אנשים שהיו מראים עצמם כמתכונים להעמיק בלשון ...
5
votes
1answer
57 views

What sort of “food” did the midwives provide for the children (Rashi on Shemos 1 (17))?

Rashi on Shemos 1 (17) comments on the expression “... but they enabled the boys to live” and says “They provided water and food for them.” If these were new-borns what sort of food could they have ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

On moist and dry plants (שבת פב ע״א)

The Bavli, Shabas 82 amud 1: If before him [after defecating] were a pebble and grasses — [the proper course of action was a matter of dispute between two amoraim,] R. Chisda and R. Hamnuna. ...
2
votes
3answers
86 views

Which version of Rashi is learned on M'nachos chapters 7–10?

Four chapters of Bavli M'nachos (chapters 7–10 in the Bavli's order) have two versions of Rashi printed alongside in the standard edition. Toward the top of the page is Rashi printed in regular Rashi ...
2
votes
1answer
157 views

Rashi says word is redundant

In Genesis 43:11 Rashi's commentary on אֵפוֹא is then: Heb. אֵפוֹא. This is a redundant word, used for stylistic purposes in the Hebrew I was under the impression that the Torah is concise to ...
3
votes
0answers
48 views

Kol Isha Yabia Omer 1:6

Chacham Ovadia writes in Yabia Omer 1:6(end of section 7) different opinions on listening to a woman's voice without knowing what she looks like. He brings the gemara in Berachos 57b that says: three ...
3
votes
3answers
79 views

“What shall become of his dreams?” - Q on Rash"i on Breishit 37:20

I'm having trouble understanding Rashi on Genesis 37:20 When Joseph came towards his brothers, they plotted to kill him. They said, (Gen. 37:20): וְעַתָּה | לְכוּ וְנַהַרְגֵהוּ וְנַשְׁלִכֵהוּ ...
6
votes
5answers
225 views

Rashi and Corporealsim

Shemos 7:4- וְלֹא-יִשְׁמַע אֲלֵכֶם פַּרְעֹה, וְנָתַתִּי אֶת-יָדִי בְּמִצְרָיִם; וְהוֹצֵאתִי אֶת-צִבְאֹתַי אֶת-עַמִּי בְנֵי-יִשְׂרָאֵל, מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם, בִּשְׁפָטִים, גְּדֹלִים There, Rashi comments-...
2
votes
1answer
17 views

Seeking an explanation of Rashi to Ⅱ Chronicles 6:25

In Ⅱ Divre Hayamim 6:24–25, translated according to Rashi's reading of it, Sh'lomo asks Hashem: And if Your people, Israel, will be beaten before an enemy because [Israel] will have sinned to ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

Did Rachel really die from Jacob's curse?

According to my interpretation of Rashi's commentary was that Rachel died because of Jacob's curse. But the Torah text says whomever "You find" as in whomever Laban finds the idols that person will ...