How or why words are pronounced in certain ways.

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9
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1answer
184 views

May one mix-and-match to create their own Hebrew pronunciation?

In the introduction to his siddur (down the bottom of the linked page), Rabbi Yaakov Emden emphasises the strict importance of a proper Hebrew pronunciation when davening. In particular, he ...
8
votes
1answer
557 views

מֶה, מָה, מַה - mɛ, mʌ, ma - What's the difference?

What causes the difference in vowelization of the Hebrew word for "what" in the Bible and classical Jewish texts? In some contexts it is מֶה, in others - מָה, and in yet others - מַה. The hypothesis ...
4
votes
1answer
134 views

Making mistakes in shemone esri

I would assume at some point, too many uncorrected mistakes during the shemone esri (not talking about the things that would make it avodah zara here) would make it invalid/useless as it simply loses ...
2
votes
1answer
126 views

Wordplay concerning the Ayin and the Aleph in Gemara

I remember hearing about some interesting statements made about those that fail to distinguish pronunciation between the ayin and the aleph. An example was given in gemara about why such a distinction ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Correct pronunciation on Jerusalem in Tehillim?

When Jersualem is חסר (no additional 'yud' at the end), in a Tehillim I have (Shai l'Moreh), it has a footnote that it should be pronounced the full way (Ye-RU-Sha-LaY-YIM) on Chapter 79 (and I think ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

ב (bet) mi yodeya (the pronunciation)?

What are the correct ways to pronounce the ב (bet)? Are there variant traditions? Is there an academic/linguistic opinion on how it was most likely pronounced from the time of the giving of the Torah ...
5
votes
0answers
52 views

Rava and Rabbah? Differentiating between two (?) amoraim

Inspired by this question, I have often heard people pronounce the name רבא as Rava and the name רבה as Rabbah. Is there a basis for this differentiation? Does anybody know where it comes from?
5
votes
0answers
98 views

What is the proper hebrew pronunciation of Rav Hirsch's first name?

Among the Modern Orthodox I hear Rav Hirsch's name only said in its English form ("Samson"). Amongst the Yeshivish I hear the form "Shamshon." My question is, was his Hebrew name Shamshon or Shimshon? ...
5
votes
0answers
161 views

Good resource for learning vowel pronunciation

In trying to improve my leyning, I'm trying to get the finer points of vowel pronunciation down. What is a good resource to learn, e.g., the difference between a patach and chataf-patach or a ...
4
votes
0answers
59 views

Targum of Elokim

The Targum uses yod yod for both Hashem and Elokim unless both are mentioned together. Should the yod yod be understood generically and pronounced Elokim when the chumash says Elokim, or should it be ...
3
votes
0answers
204 views

Intentionally mispronouncing lashon hakodesh in religious services

With regard to written texts, a Torah is invalidated if the same character is written for what should be distinct letters (e.g. כ and ב). However, with regard to the spoken language and people who are ...
3
votes
0answers
87 views

How to pronounce “nechamasa” in kaddish?

In most siddurim I've seen, the word "ונחמתא" in kaddish is written "וְנֶחֱמָתָא," with a סגול ("eh" sound) under the ח. However, someone recently told me that a certain (very trustworthy) rabbi ...
3
votes
0answers
165 views

Pronunciation of מסכתא (tractate)

Sometimes I hear מסֶכתא (pronounce: masechta) pronounced as מסִכתא (pronounce: masichta) by some people, particularly in Ashkenazi circles. Why is this?
2
votes
0answers
78 views

Retraining my davening pronunciation

I received a p'sak from my rav earlier today permitting me to revert my pronunciation from a modern Israeli-American pronunciation that I learned as a child to the old Yekkish Ashkenazis (with the ...
2
votes
0answers
85 views

ג (gimel) mi yodeya (the pronunciation)?

From a halachik perspective, what are the correct ways to pronounce the ג (gimel)? Are there variant traditions? Is there an academic/linguistic opinion on how it was most likely pronounced from the ...
2
votes
0answers
98 views

Pronunciation of אַשְׁרֵי

אַשְׁרֵי in Psalms 1:1 is pronounced with 3 syllables in Mechon-Mamre's mp3 file t2601. It is pronounced with 2 syllables in the last verse of Psalms 2 in Mechon-Mamre's mp3 file t2602. My question ...
2
votes
0answers
102 views

Hebrew being Lashon HaKodesh, is the inclusion and exclusion of certain phonemes and sounds in the language significant?

For instance, the English sounds of "J", "W","Th", and "Ch" are for the most part unused in Hebrew. Although as an exception, I've seen a Yemenite Chazan use some of these sounds while reading the ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Are all hiriqs the same or is there a distinction if a yud or other silent letter follows?

For example, what would be the difference in pronunciation of the hiriq in these two words: נִקּוּד and תִּינוֹק? What about רִאשׁוֹן? Is it "Rishon" similar to "pit" or "Reeshon" similar to "pizza"?...
2
votes
0answers
89 views

Why are identical words pronounced differently at certain locations of the Shema?

Why are identical words pronounced differently at certain locations of the Shema? Or is this only for Sefardim? The two identical phrases in question are in the Veahávta and then again in the Vehayá: ...
2
votes
0answers
142 views

Pronunciation of גפ״ת

Does גפ״ת (which stands for גמרא, פרש״י, תוספות) have a conventional pronunciation, as do שליט״א ("shlita"), תנ״ך ("tanakh"), etc.?
2
votes
0answers
249 views

Variable pronunciation of patach chataf in Lithuanian Hebrew

In theory, a "patach chataf" - a patach with a shva next to it, like this: חֲ is pronounced in Lithuanian Hebrew like a patach followed by a yud. This results in the common pronunciations (which I ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

“He'amur” rather than “ha'amur” in K'dusha introduction?

A shali'ach tzibur I heard recently, in the introductory paragraph of K'dusha on shabas morning read the line "kadavar he'amur al yad n'vi'echa". A fellow audience member said that he does this ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Dageish in bin Nun

The Minchat Shai (by R Yedidya Norzi) at the beginning of Shlach says: נון: במקצת ספרי' הנו"ן בדגש, וכן כולם. וא"ת כתב הנו"ן רפה, וכן חביריו In some editions the nun has a dageish, and ...
1
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0answers
45 views

Are dageishim kalim absolute? part 2

This was actually what I originally intended to ask here, but I got sidetracked into a related question. They're similar points, but I think they're distinct enough to ask as separate questions. ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

How do sefardim pronounce the tzerei follow by a yod?

The tzerei makes an "eh" sound according to most sefardim. Does the same hold true when a yod follows the tzerei? An example is elokehnu or elokeynu in "shema yisrael". I am a interested to know ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

א mi yodeya (the pronunciation)?

What is the correct way to pronounce the א (aleph)? Are there variant traditions? Is there an academic/linguistic opinion on how it was most likely pronounced from the time of the giving of the Torah ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

How to pronounce the name שימי

There's an amora (or at least one) in the Bavli named שימי. I think I've always heard this pronounced with an initial letter sin. However, I saw recently that the Koren-Steinsaltz edition has a ...
1
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0answers
78 views

Sefardi rishonim who differentiate between Patach and Kamatz

Can anyone give me a list of sefardi rabbanim who said there is a pronunciation difference between the kamatz and patach?
1
vote
0answers
138 views

Masheches Yuma or Yoma?

I remember hearing Rabbeim call the mashechta "Yuma", but shouldn't it be called "Yoma", which I have also heard? I know mashechta Beitzah is sometimes called "Beiah" based off the Magen Avraham or ...
1
vote
0answers
125 views

Regional Ashkenazi Pronunciation

I don't know if this is the right forum to ask this, but I would like to find audio tracks of Jews from different Ashkenazi communities speaking Hebrew (be they leyning, davening, discoursing or ...
0
votes
0answers
81 views

Are dageishim kalim absolute?

When a word starts with one of בגדכפת and the previous word ends in a vowel, usually the בגדכפת letter does not get a dageish unless it falls into one of the exception categories. What happens if you ...