How or why words are pronounced in certain ways.

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13
votes
4answers
420 views

Yisgadal or Yisgadel?

I've noticed that some people, when reciting kaddish, pronounce the first words as "yisgadal v'yiskadash" with a patach under the dalet of both words, while others say "yisgadel v'yisgadesh" with a ...
3
votes
0answers
55 views

How to pronounce “nechamasa” in kaddish?

In most siddurim I've seen, the word "ונחמתא" in kaddish is written "וְנֶחֱמָתָא," with a סגול ("eh" sound) under the ח. However, someone recently told me that a certain (very trustworthy) rabbi ...
7
votes
2answers
409 views

Pronunciation of “Two”s in Hebrew

Thomas O. Lambdin calls out the words שְנַיִם and שְתַּיִם as exceptions to "shewa as the initial vowel in a word is always vocalized," i.e. it is "shtayim" and "shnayim". That's a secular expert's ...
13
votes
1answer
76 views

Why is there a dagesh in second camocha, but not in first?

In "Mi chamocha ba'elim H', Mi camocha nedar bakodesh" (from the Az Yashir song by the sea, but also between the shma and the amidah in the morning, and elsewhere): מִֽי-כָמֹ֤כָה בָּֽאֵלִם֙ ...
8
votes
2answers
89 views

A child's tendency to skip words corrected/prompted by an instructor

When I am helping my young child say Birkat Hamazon or other prayers, I sometimes correct her pronunciation of a word or prompt her when she forgets what the next word is. In these situations, she ...
11
votes
3answers
398 views

Meaning and pronunciation of יישר כחך

What is the exact meaning of the phrase "יישר כחך", and what is the gramatically-correct way to pronounce it?
2
votes
2answers
54 views

How to pronounce a mapiq (Sephardic)?

Looking for the Sephardic way of pronouncing a mapiq in a heh at the end of the word. Either: it's a "h" sound as if it was in the middle of the word ("virishta h") it takes the sound of the ...
2
votes
3answers
198 views

Kol Nidre vs. Kal Nidre

Is the prayer we recite on Yom Kippur night pronounced "Kal Nidre" (with a kamatz) or "Kol Nidre" (with a חולם)? I've heard in the name of one of the Posekei Hador, Harav Bension Musafi, that it ...
5
votes
1answer
83 views

The lack of “ch” sound in Hebrew

As far as I know, there is no tradition of Lashon HaKodesh pronunciation in which there is a sound that matches the "ch" (IPA: t​͡​ʃ) of English. Is there any significance to this ...
2
votes
2answers
128 views

Are there any letters that do not have a distinct pronunciation?

Are there any two letters which do not have a distinction between their pronunciation in any tradition of pronunciation? To ask the inverse, is there at least one tradition of pronunciation for each ...
5
votes
0answers
57 views

What is the proper hebrew pronunciation of Rav Hirsch's first name?

Among the Modern Orthodox I hear Rav Hirsch's name only said in its English form ("Samson"). Amongst the Yeshivish I hear the form "Shamshon." My question is, was his Hebrew name Shamshon or Shimshon? ...
3
votes
3answers
164 views

Are you yotzei through accented pronunciation?

The shatz in shul seems to have been taught a different pronunciation from what I learned. I learned that the word "קדוש" is pronounced ka-dosh and he said it as "kadoysh." In fact, he inserted a yod ...
2
votes
4answers
54 views

Do we read zeicher, zecher, or both during Ki Teitzei?

For parshat Zachor, many have a minhag of saying both timche et zeicher amalek and timche et zecher amalek (different vowels on זכר). What are the customs regarding this word during parshat Ki ...
4
votes
1answer
64 views

How does one read words with a “yud” in Targum?

While doing "Shenayim Mikrah" I encounter many words that have a "yud" as second to last letter. For example the word "cities" is "קִרְוָיךְ". Is the yud pronounced during reading? I.e. is this read ...
9
votes
3answers
916 views

What is the correct pronunciation of the Tetragrammaton?

I come from Christianity.SE, where I asked almost the same question. Isaac Moses assured me that the question would not be disrespectful and could be asked here. God's name is written as the ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

How to pronounce נעמי? [closed]

Is it Naomi or Naami? Wikipedia says "Standard Hebrew Noʻomi, Tiberian Hebrew nåʿå̆mī"
4
votes
0answers
44 views

Targum of Elokim

The Targum uses yod yod for both Hashem and Elokim unless both are mentioned together. Should the yod yod be understood generically and pronounced Elokim when the chumash says Elokim, or should it be ...
5
votes
1answer
56 views

Davening and Krias Shema with a sore on the lip or throat

If someone has a sore on their lip or in their throat, such that it is painful to pronounce certain letters (like the letters that require putting pressure from the upper teeth onto the lower lip or ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Shva na after meteg on short vowel

When a long vowel has a meteg, there is a difference of opinion if the shva after it is na or nach. What about a short vowel with a meteg? Is it vayihi chen or vayhi chen? Is it tihiyeh or tihyeh? Is ...
2
votes
2answers
310 views

How to read Gen. 32:29

The general rule [citation needed] is that "holy" mentions of God's name are pronounced "Elokim;" but, where the same word is used to mean "judges" or "other gods," the pronunciation follows the ...
10
votes
4answers
421 views

How to learn Amidah, Shma and others?

I live 3000km from shul and take conversion classes remotely. I am learning from Koren Siddur. Because I do not ever hear how the words should be spoken, I sometimes wonder if it is a waste of time. I ...
4
votes
2answers
59 views

Pronunciation of Ketuba text

Can anyone recommend a source for the text of the Ketuba including nekudot, a transliteration, or a recording that could be used as a guide for pronunciation?
9
votes
2answers
215 views

Pronunciation guide by a Gerer Rebbe?

I heard from a friend years ago that one of the Rebbes from Gur (the S'fas Emes) wrote a book describing the proper pronunciation of Hebrew letters and words. I am not able to find any trace of such a ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

קִדְשָנוּ versus קְדִשָנוּ

I've noticed a very common mistake that surfaces when people say Birchas HaMitzvos out loud. Instead of saying אשר קִדְשָנוּ במצותיו (kee-di-shu-noo) as written in all Siddurim, many people pronounce ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

Sefardi rishonim who differentiate between Patach and Kamatz

Can anyone give me a list of sefardi rabbanim who said there is a pronunciation difference between the kamatz and patach?
11
votes
2answers
178 views

Aleph with a Dagesh

In four places in Tanakh, our text has an aleph with a dagesh: Gen 43:26, Lev 23:17, Job 33:21, and Ezra 8:18. What is the significance of this, and for the first two examples, how would you indicate ...
2
votes
0answers
73 views

Why are identical words pronounced differently at certain locations of the Shema?

Why are identical words pronounced differently at certain locations of the Shema? Or is this only for Sefardim? The two identical phrases in question are in the Veahávta and then again in the Vehayá: ...
14
votes
2answers
335 views

Inhaling prayers?

Elsewhere I ask whether it's sufficient to pray in a whisper. See there, please, for a description of whispering and how it differs from speaking quietly. Answers to that question indicate that ...
5
votes
2answers
121 views

resource for learning proper sefardi pronunciations

I learned Hebrew at an Ashkenazi school, but my heritage is Sefardi. Over the years I have tried to learn the mainstream Sefardi pronunciations (probably the way Rav Ovadia Yosef would pronounce ...
3
votes
3answers
354 views

Question about Ashkenazi pronunciation

BS"D I was at an Ashkenazi beith kneseth this past shabboth and noticed that they didn't distinctly pronounce their Shuruq's and Hholam's and instead substituted them with Hhireq's. I'm not sure if ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Paroh vs. Faroh in Parshat Bo

I am used to פרעה being pronounced as "Paroh" as it has been for the last few parshot, but I noticed today that in Parshat Bo (Shemot 10:11) it is to be pronounced "Faroh". What causes this change? ...
2
votes
1answer
152 views

How do I pronounce “yod” when there is a dot inside of it?

I'm trying to brush up on my Hebrew. As an American Jew, it is still important to me to be able to recite my prayers from the siddur in their original Hebrew. How do I pronounce "yod" when there is a ...
2
votes
0answers
124 views

Pronunciation of גפ״ת

Does גפ״ת (which stands for גמרא, פרש״י, תוספות) have a conventional pronunciation, as do שליט״א ("shlita"), תנ״ך ("tanakh"), etc.?
11
votes
2answers
721 views

Different traditions in Hebrew pronunciation

The theme of Hebrew pronunciation is one that facinates me and, as such, I want to get some feedback on some issues I've been thinking about for years. I have already discussed some of these issues ...
1
vote
1answer
134 views

Proper pronunciation for sheva and komatz for sefardim

There's a new trend with sefardi siddurs printing the komats and sheva in bold whenever the vowel is to be pronounced differently. More specifically when the komatz is bold it gets the ashkenazi Oh ...
3
votes
1answer
166 views

How could different pronunciations arise when we are obligated to pronounce the Shema precisely?

If one does not pronounce the Shema correctly, one has not fulfilled their obligation (שולחן ערוך או"ח סימן סב). If so, then how could different pronunciations of the Hebrew words arise? Shouldn't at ...
4
votes
2answers
183 views

Correcting tav/sav

If someone who usually pronounces the letter "ת" without a dagesh as "sav" is leining Torah, and he accidentally says "tav" in a place where he would normally say "sav", should the gabbai correct him? ...
1
vote
1answer
189 views

Pronouncing the Cholam like a Tzeirei

The Litvish/Russian pronunciation of the Cholam sound is an /ay/ sound, similar (I think actually exactly the same) as a tzeirei. Are there any sources saying that it is a Halachic problem pronouncing ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

How do sefardim pronounce the tzerei?

How do sefardim pronounce the tzerei? Is it "eh" as in elephant or "ay" as in play?
2
votes
0answers
133 views

Variable pronunciation of patach chataf in Lithuanian Hebrew

In theory, a "patach chataf" - a patach with a shva next to it, like this: חֲ is pronounced in Lithuanian Hebrew like a patach followed by a yud. This results in the common pronunciations (which I ...
5
votes
4answers
642 views

Did Rav Moshe Feinstein pronounce his last name “Feinstain” or “Feinsteen”?

And, as a follow-up, does having the answer to this question dictate how we should say it?
1
vote
0answers
106 views

Masheches Yuma or Yoma?

I remember hearing Rabbeim call the mashechta "Yuma", but shouldn't it be called "Yoma", which I have also heard? I know mashechta Beitzah is sometimes called "Beiah" based off the Magen Avraham or ...
3
votes
0answers
154 views

Pronunciation of מסכתא (tractate)

Sometimes I hear מסֶכתא (pronounce: masechta) pronounced as מסִכתא (pronounce: masichta) by some people, particularly in Ashkenazi circles. Why is this?
5
votes
3answers
220 views

What's the difference between LaZman and LeZman?

In the Mishnah Brurah (676:1) it says: והגיענו לזמן הזה הלמ"ד בחיר"ק ולא בפת"ח That in the Bracha of Shehechiyanu, the Lamed in the word Lazman should be said with a Hiriq and not with a Patach. ...
3
votes
2answers
51 views

Hamracheim or Hammerachim?

In Modim in the Shmoneh Esre we say המרחם כי לא תמו חסדך the question is whether the מ in המרחם should have a daggesh or not, and thus what sort of Shva should be under said מ?
4
votes
1answer
295 views

Is there a tradition to pronounce kamatz katan as “a”?

There are many ways of pronouncing Hebrew in prayers and when reading the Tora. Most of these are tradition-based: one pronounces it the same way his parent or teacher did, or a close approximation. ...
3
votes
2answers
274 views

Is the angel named uriel or oriel

There is a significant difference, where one means: my fire is of god's and the other means: my light is of god's. Since the spelling is the same in Hebrew, it is not apparent from some sources what ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

“He'amur” rather than “ha'amur” in K'dusha introduction?

A shali'ach tzibur I heard recently, in the introductory paragraph of K'dusha on shabas morning read the line "kadavar he'amur al yad n'vi'echa". A fellow audience member said that he does this ...
1
vote
0answers
118 views

origin of chassidish havarah(pronunciation)

When did people start using the chassidish havarah? If making that change was deliberate, who instituted it? I remember seeing some where that it was started to oppose the maskilim who where medakdek ...
4
votes
1answer
232 views

Which Names of Hashem can/can't we say [in regular conversation]?

Kitzur Shulchan Aruch (6:3) writes that one shouldn't say Hashem's name except by way of praise or blessing whenever required, or when learning (Torah) [see this answer and this question ] Indeed, ...