Questions about the Chumash (the Five Books of Moses).

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1answer
79 views

Did Judaism get the verse in the Torah that says man and man and woman and women should not lay with one another from the Vendidad [duplicate]

It says in the Vendidad : The man that lies with mankind as man lies with womankind, or as woman lies with mankind, is a man that is a Daeva [demon]; this man is a worshipper of the Daevas, a male ...
9
votes
7answers
513 views

Are there unnecessary words in torah?

I've been taught, often enough that I thought it was universal, that there are no unnecessary words in torah (chumash) — every word is there to teach us something. I've seen plenty of discussions in ...
9
votes
2answers
182 views

What happened with Nadav and Avihu?

Regarding the death of Nadav and Avihu, the Torah says it happened when they brought a foreign / unauthorized fire into the Mishkan. Concerning their death, Rashi brings up Rabbi Eliezer's opinion ...
5
votes
1answer
78 views

Chumash with Shoresh highlighted

I remember seeing a Chumash that showed the shoresh highlighted for every word, does anyone know what this Chumash is called (and where it can be purchased)?
5
votes
1answer
138 views

Why is it common for the people in the chumash to name every place they pass?

It seems pretty arbitrary, but in many cases in the Chumash, we find our patriarchs, Moses, etc, name places they pass based on some action that took place there. Is there any additional meaning to ...
10
votes
9answers
944 views

Why is there no description of Olam Haba in the Torah?

According to the beginning of the Mesilas Yesharim, the entire purpose of creation is for man to merit Olam Haba (the bliss of the next world). If so, why is there no mention nor description of Olam ...
8
votes
2answers
190 views

(Ki) Ani Hashem Elokeihem

Twenty-seven times (by my count) in Torah and in Ezekiel, we find the phrase אני ה׳ אלקיכם or אני ה׳ אלקיהם at the end of a pasuk (for example, Lev 25:55). In eight of these cases, the phrase is ...
3
votes
2answers
91 views

What word is in the middle of the Torah?

The Torah has 304,805 letters and different counts of words (such as 79,976 words). The first word is Bereshit and the last is Israel. I was just wondering (no real reason, just for curiosity): What ...
15
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2answers
649 views

Translation to Greek

I just read in parashat ki tavo that the torah was translated into 70 languages and written on giant stones, yet the talmud says the translation of the torah to Greek many years later was considered a ...
2
votes
2answers
262 views

Are there any sources that try to rectify the difference in letters in the Torah and refs to 600k letters?

There are references (I don't have them handy - please reference if you know) that say there are 600k letters in the Torah corresponding to all the Jews (at least in the desert) and that each Jew has ...
0
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3answers
46 views

Where can I buy a Chumash with Rashi in English?

Does anyone know where I could get a complete Chumash with Rashi's commentary in English?
6
votes
4answers
158 views

Is there a substantive difference in meaning when the Torah uses the Hebrew verb root דבר rather than אמר?

Is there a substantive difference in meaning when the Torah uses the Hebrew verb root דבר rather than אמר, or do they both pretty much mean "to say" or "to speak"? Do any sages see the choice of one ...
0
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2answers
65 views

Why is תורה sometimes written תורת?

Why is Torah sometimes written in the Torah with a "ת" at the end instead of an "ה"?
4
votes
1answer
180 views

Is there a place for the documentary-hypothesis in observant Judaism?

The documentary-hypothesis implies that Moses wasn't the writer of the Torah verbatim, but he could have transmitted it before it was written down. Evidence in the text shows several sources and that ...
4
votes
1answer
126 views

Why do Jews believe the entire Torah, as opposed to parts or most, was given by God to Moses?

It is the Rambam's 8th Principle of Faith that the entire Torah (possibly except the last several verses) was dictated by God to Moses. Why do we believe that? Why, for example, can't we say that the ...
0
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1answer
50 views

Why are Talmudical hermeneutics necessary to understand Torah Law? [duplicate]

Most books are written in such a way that everything that the author wants to communicate is spelled out clearly. The Torah is not such a book. Talmudical hermeneutics (for instance, the 13 rules of ...
12
votes
3answers
962 views

What is the “book of the law” mentioned in Joshua 1?

Specifically, Joshua 1:8: Joshua 1:8 (JPS) 8  This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth, but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Chumash Translated into Old Persian?

Was the Chumash ever translated into Old Persian or Avestan? If not what about any other parts of the Tanach?
4
votes
2answers
584 views

Why did God need to command the Jews not to kill?

There is a principle 'svara lamah li krah i.e. if a certain idea is logical and self evident to the average healthy mind, the Torah does not need to teach that idea. Additionally, what seems to be ...
5
votes
2answers
179 views

Were Esav, Yishmael, and Nimrod Evildoers?

This question asserts that Ishmael was an evildoer (rasha). However, based on a simple (p'shat) reading of the relevant texts (in Genesis), neither he nor Esau nor Nimrod appear to do anything ...
1
vote
2answers
81 views

Torah out of order and the resurrection

I remember reading once that the Torah (Pentateuch) is not in the correct order and if someone knew the correct order he would have the ability to do techias hameisim (resurrection). The exact ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Are there any Yiddish Peruishim on the Parsha?

Are there any Yiddish Perushim on the Parsha? I am aware of the Tzena U'Reana,the Chumash Beis Yehuda which is a Yiddish Translation of Rashi and of the Lubavitcher Rebbe's Sichos written in Yiddish ...
1
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0answers
19 views

How do we know that word of the torah has been kept the same over generations? [duplicate]

Can we guarantee this text has not been significantly altered in any way? What is the evidence which supports its preservation?
2
votes
1answer
157 views

Rashi says word is redundant

In Genesis 43:11 Rashi's commentary on אֵפוֹא is then: Heb. אֵפוֹא. This is a redundant word, used for stylistic purposes in the Hebrew I was under the impression that the Torah is concise to ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

Do “blind” and “housebound” define death?

In Rashi on Bereishit 28:13, there is an explanation as to why the text speaks of "the God of Isaac" even though Isaac is still alive. {text and translation from Chabad] } ואלהי יצחק: אף על פי ...
1
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0answers
43 views

Implication of uncertain letters in the Torah

I learned that there are a number of uncertain letters in the written Torah This article lists 12 (counts vary). (1) Bereishit 4:13 "Mineso" (E&T w/o Vav) (2) Bereishit 7:11 "Ma'ayanos ...
1
vote
4answers
128 views

Is the Messiah mentioned in the Torah?

The coming of the Messiah is a fundamental part of Judaism. But is it even mentioned in the Pentateuch? I've never studied any Perashah that talks about this. And if it isn't, why is it so important?
3
votes
4answers
232 views

Why is Avraham's monotheism not mentioned in the torah?

One of the more famous achievements of Avraham was his discovery in a single God. However there is no mention of this accomplishment anywhere in the Torah. In fact there is no conclusive proof that he ...
6
votes
3answers
541 views

Why is the birth of twins a Chidush for Rivka?

Background: In Parshat Toldot, Rivka conceives and is troubled by the discomfort. She goes to ask Hashem and it is explained to her that 2 nations are struggling within her, so she already knows that ...
5
votes
1answer
44 views

Why does the text become impersonal?

When Avraham goes to Kiryat Arba from Be'er Sheva (as per Rashi, Bereishit 23:2) or just goes from no where else (Rashbam) to eulogize and mourn Sarah's passing, the text names Sarah (twice, once ...
3
votes
2answers
61 views

Can someone explain the idea that God “created the world with the Torah”?

Can anyone explain the idea that God "created the world with the Torah," an idea that apparently has a long heritage, such that it does not appear to be the crazy bizarre notion that it seems to me ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

מועדים וחגים what's the difference?

What is the difference and why does the Torah give two terms when its talks about the Jewish holidays? מועדים וחגים. I want to know a halachic difference not a kabbalistic meaning.
4
votes
2answers
187 views

Rabbinic understandings of non-Divine origin of Onqelos

Shavua' tov all, A question from a friend that I thought I would post here regarding the origin of Onqelos. It seems fair to say that the classical rabbinic understanding is that the Aramaic ...
3
votes
0answers
80 views

Are there traditional Orthodox websites that counter thetorah.com?

thetorah.com promotes arguments for the view that the Torah (and other books of Tanach) were written by multiple authors over a long period of time. They do this while still seeing themselves under ...
3
votes
2answers
53 views

Nature of revelation and inspiration received by Moses?

I'm an outsider to Judaism trying to understand the nature of revelation, in particular the revelation that is Torah. So far I've learned that God spoke to Moses (puh) - in the literal sense - and ...
3
votes
1answer
163 views

What is the total amount and count of pesukim in the Torah?

After much research, both on Israeli websites (here) and other locations, I have yet to figure out what the total amount of pesukim there are in the Torah. I've even physically counted the pesukim in ...
5
votes
1answer
101 views

Why is the Torah written in third person?

I firmly believe that G-d made the Torah, but I wonder why He refers to himself in third person, while the Ten Commandments are in first person.
4
votes
0answers
35 views

What do the different terms for “judges” indicate?

In a few places in the chumash, the word "elohim" is translated as "judges". Rashi does this on Bereishit 6:2 and many meforshim do this on the uses in Shemot (such as in 22:7 and 8) saying that the ...
2
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0answers
45 views

Authenticity of Rosh's commentary to Torah

What do different sources state regarding the authenticity of the commentary to the Torah attributed to Rosh? I remember seeing people claiming that it is missatributed. If I recall, the suggested ...
6
votes
1answer
121 views

Locating a copy of Sifra (Torat Kohanim)

Now that we are starting Sefer Vayikra, this seems like an opportune time to ask a question that has been bugging me for years! Where can I find a good copy of Sifra (aka "Torat Kohanim")? A ...
1
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0answers
37 views

Any more 'daughters of God'?

As far as I have been able to ascertain, there were only two individuals explicitly referred to as a "daughter of God" or had God refer to them as "My daughter": Batya/Bithiah the daughter of ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Looking for a good tikkun kor'im

I have an old Tikkun Kor'im by Mishor whose cover has literally come off (ah, the motivation for that question is revealed!). Now that i'm in the market for a new tikkun, i'd like to make sure i get ...
22
votes
6answers
788 views

After chumashim with notes and Rashi, what's the next torah commentary I should acquire and study?

When I read the torah text (parsha or otherwise) I currently use a couple of chumashim with notes, and Rashi. I know some Hebrew but am not fluent. I'm ready to stretch beyond what I'm reading now ...
2
votes
2answers
94 views

Does the Torah predict anti-semitism?

Are there verses in the torah (preferably 5 books of Moses) which predict the phenomena of anti-semitism, ie the irrational hatred of jews throughout history.
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Is there an English translation online of the Ramban on Chumash?

The title pretty much says it- I'm looking for an English translation of the Ramban on Chumash online (preferably for free).
1
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1answer
41 views

צידה vs צָיִד? kri ksiv

What is the reason for the kri ksiv in 'בראשית פרק כ''ז פסוק ג, in which the ksiv is צידה but the kri צָיִד? See http://www.mechon-mamre.org/i/t/t0127.htm I would like to know the reason for how the ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

ויישם vs וַיּוּשָׂם

What is the reason for the kri ksiv in בראשית פרק כ''ד פסוק ל''ג, in which the ksiv is ויישם but the kri וַיּוּשַׂם? I would like to know the reason for how the ksiv fits in to the pasuk and how the ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

הוצא vs הַיְצֵא

What is the reason for the kri ksiv in בראשית פרק ח' פסוק י''ז, in which the ksiv is הוצא but the kri הַיְצֵא? I would like to know the reason for how the kri fits in to the pasuk and how the ksiv ...
-2
votes
1answer
124 views

Why does Orthodoxy hold that the Torah has not changed?

King David c. 1040–970 BCE, indeed any of the ancient Jewish kings, if presented with a modern Sefer Torah would not have been able to read it. The masoretic text we now have, written between the 7th ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Were the “ending” Hebrew letters (kaf, mem, nun. peh and tzadi) used in the original version of the Torah given at Mt. Sinai?

I have heard that the original Torah that Moshe Rabbeinu wrote, being dictated by Hashem, had no spaces, and that they were added in later. In the original Torah, were the final letters (ךםןףץ) ...