The seder (ceremonial meal of the first night or two of Passover) and the haggadah (text used at that meal).

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Why do we sing “Echad Mi Yodeya”?

Why do we sing the song "Echad Mi Yodeya" at the seder?
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100 views

Is there an ideal way to recline on Pesach?

Given that we do not eat sitting on the floor, reclining on our left side on pillows (so our right hand is free to deal with the food), is there an ideal way to recline while sitting on a chair. The ...
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26 views

“Achshav bnei chorin”?

In the widely-accepted *Passover song version of "Avadim hayinu", what is the origin of the stanza "atta (or achshav) bnei chorin"? (There is no such refrain in the original passage in the Haggada.) ...
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47 views

Which “shita” did the 5 rabbis in the Haggadah follow regarding the earliest time for morning Shema?

This section from the Haggadah: Pesach Haggadah, Magid, Story of the Five Rabbis 1: מַעֲשֶׂה בְּרַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר וְרַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ וְרַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר בֶּן-עֲזַרְיָה וְרַבִּי עֲקִיבָא וְרַבִּי ...
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1answer
51 views

Non-Hebrew Seder Songs

In the haggadot which belonged to my grandfather ז”ל, there is a note on the translation for Adir Hu which mentions that they follow an old Yiddish version of the song, rather than the modern German ...
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1answer
21 views

“Echad mi yodeya” describing merits for Exodus — source?

The Artscroll Family Hagadah explains that Echad Mi Yodeya is asking "in what merit were the Jews redeemed from Egypt?" Well, they believed in one God, they would receive two tablets, they had great ...
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1answer
33 views

Why choose the words Urchatz and Rachtza for the Sedder simanim?

Although technically a word based on Rechitza would be the best choice you or I would offer, the fact of the matter is our Rabbis in general chose a much less common word for hand washing which was ...
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1answer
165 views

How much salt should I put in the water for salt water at the Seder?

We use salt water two times during the Seder. This is once for the hard boiled eggs, and once for the parsley. I have two questions that relate to the salt water. The first is how salty should it ...
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0answers
89 views

Four cups of wine, but no matzah!

At the seder, the third cup of wine is drunk after Birkat Hamazon. If a person has plenty of wine, but no matzah (and hence no Birkat Hamazon), should he still drink the third cup of wine? If so, ...
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4answers
169 views

The 4 sons - the evil son

Why on the seder are we excluding the evil son. In the Hagada it says "break his teeth,etc", "tell him if you were in Egypt you would not have been redeemed". Yet on Yom Kipur we say on kol nidrei we ...
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2answers
65 views

What was the Plague of the Sword?

In the Haggadah you will find the following exegesis of part of Deuteronomy 26:8: וּבִזְרֹעַ נְטוּיָה. זוֹ הַחֶרֶב, כְּמָה שֶּׁנֶּאֱמַר: וְחַרְבּוֹ שְׁלוּפָה בְּיָדוֹ, נְטוּיָה ...
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0answers
37 views

How to create a Seder to accommodate a large age/education range?

My family came across an interesting problem at tonight's Seder: My dad, the leader, attempted to write a Seder that attracted everyone at different times, but the actual result ended up as a ...
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4answers
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Hardboiled eggs and salt water at the Seder

I've participated in only 3 different families' Passover Seders, so my experience is limited in terms of different families' traditions. How widespread is the custom of eating a hardboiled egg in ...
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2answers
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Who uses/used the Rambams hagadah for the Seder?

Who uses/used the Rambam's Hagadah for the Seder (besides Teimanim)?
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1answer
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Is the Rambam Haggadah Significantly Different?

Are there significant differences between the Rambam Haggadah and the current mainstream Haggadot that are in use?
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1answer
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“Zaycher” or “Zehcher” Lemikdash K'Hillel for Korech?

The text of every Hagadah that I have seen has the beginning text for כורך as: זֵכֶר לְמִקְדָּשׁ כְּהִלֵּל. using a tzere under the ז. A Chassid told me last Shabbat that at a Seder he attended a ...
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3answers
95 views

What is the practical purpose of karpas?

I have had discussions with people who insist that karpas must be a small piece of diced vegetable (i.e. smaller than a ke-zayith le-Humrah), dipped in salt water, and nothing more. When I then ask ...
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1answer
69 views

Can the 3 items that Rabban Gamliel requires during the Seder be explained using sign language?

Pesach Haggadah, Magid, Rabban Gamliel's Three Things: רַבָּן גַּמְלִיאֵל הָיָה אוֹמֵר: כָּל שֶׁלֹּא אָמַר שְׁלשָׁה דְּבָרִים אֵלּוּ בַּפֶּסַח, לא יָצָא יְדֵי חוֹבָתוֹ, וְאֵלּוּ הֵן פֶּסַח, ...
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1answer
59 views

What is the origin of the custom to have kids find the afikoman?

The instructions for yachatz in every hagadah that I have seen say to break the middle matzah in two (though, the thin paper hagadah I used in elementary school said, "break in half") and put the ...
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Should we say birchas ha-torah before each Passover seder?

Why not precede or start the Passover seder with birchas ha-torah? Is the content of the Passover Seder material that should be preceded by birchas ha-torah? If so, why is birchas ha-torah not in the ...
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4answers
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Any practical tips for leaning when seated in an armless dining-room chair?

We are supposed to lean while drinking the 4 cups and eating the matza at the Seders, but I find it hard to do that while sitting in an armless dining room chair. Likewise, I have not been able to ...
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4answers
435 views

What's the best way to dip maror into charoset if you're using horseradish?

Every seder I've ever been to has used ground horseradish for maror, and "dipping" it in the charoset ends up being implemented as putting both maror and charoset on a piece of matzah and eating that. ...
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2answers
106 views

Why in the Haggadah do we split up the Hallel?

Why do we split up the Hallel in the Haggadah and say two paragraphs of Hallel by Magid and the rest of Hallel after the Birchat Hamzon? Why not complete all of Hallel initially?
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1answer
125 views

What are the minimum required sections of the Hagadah that must be said?

I am leading the Seder for my family, many whom are older people and young children who must be on a strict schedule. I.e., they have to eat by a certain time and must be asleep by a certain time, ...
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1answer
91 views

Significance of nine months of pregnancy and eleven stars

In the piyyut Echad Mi Yodeya, recited at the Passover seder, we discuss what relates to the first thirteen numbers. Most of these are central to Jewish belief: One is Hashem, two are the Tablets ...
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116 views

Kol Dichfin, Why So Hesitant?

כל דכפין ייתי ויכול, כל דצריך ייתי ויפסך "All who are hungry come and eat". Why don't we ask this in a more emphatic way? Instead of saying "I invite all who want to come..." we say something to the ...
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1answer
42 views

Can one use a gold cup at the Seder?

I had read somewhere, a few years ago, that one should not use a gold cup for the 4 cups of wine at the Seder. I don't recall the source but I recall that the reason mentioned is that it is considered ...
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0answers
59 views

The angle of heseiba and derech cheirus

Heseiba (reclining) is a Rabbinic ordinance of the Passover seder intended to invoke the style of derech cherut ("the way of freedom" - associated with luxury/aristocracy). Some Rishonim (medieval ...
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1answer
55 views

How should one respond after each plague is named during the seder?

In the Haggadah, the Ten Plagues are recited, and a drop of wine is spilled for each one. However, in the Tunisian tradition (and maybe others), after the reader chants each plague, the others ...
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1answer
67 views

Why must the child ask these four questions?

The Torah, as explained in the Hagaddah, gives examples of four children. Each asks a question in his own way, and receives an appropriate answer. However, the Mishnah in Pesachim 116a teaches: ...
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4answers
167 views

When was matzah eaten besides for Pesach? (Chametz u'matza)

The first of four questions specifically says, "On all other nights we eat chametz or matza, why on this night only matza?" While I understand that it's halakhically acceptable to eat matzah when it ...
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3answers
447 views

What is Nirtzah?

In every one of the 15 steps one is supposed (according to Halacha) to either do something, eat something or say something. For example, Kadesh - one must do Kiddush - Biblical/Rabbinic. Urchatz - ...
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1answer
54 views

“Roasted on fire” does not equal “oven roast”. Why no “oven roast” for Seder? [duplicate]

This is a follow up to this question. The answer there explains that ther was confusion / concern about roast. The verse regarding the Pesach lamb says: Exodus 12:9: כִּ֣י אִם־צְלִי־אֵ֔שׁ but ...
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1answer
46 views

Did Hillel include the Passover lamb in his sandwich or not?

In the korech section of the hagadah there is an introductory paragraph. In most hagadot that I have seen, the phrasing says: Sefaria.org used here הָיָה כּוֹרֵךְ מַצָּה וּמָרוֹר וְאוֹכֵל בְּיַחַד, ...
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1answer
439 views

Oops! Out of wine for the 3rd cup. What do we do?

Let's say a family invited guests who are big wine drinkers. They drink extra wine during the meal, and by the time they get to the 3rd cup, there's no wine (or grape juice) left. What should they do ...
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37 views

The Seder Plate according to the Rama

The most common Seder plate orders I have seen are the Rama, the Gra, and the Ari. But when looking at just the Rama's Seder Plate, different places show even that differently. According to the Star ...
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5answers
119 views

why don't we say “kol dichfin” before kidush

In the halachma anya of the Passover Hagada it says "Let all who are hungry come and eat". Why don't we say this before the kidush? Makes more sense that we should invite people before starting the ...
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Why do we say Pesach seder brachot both nights?

During the Pesach seder, but not during the rest of Pesach, we say b'rachot for the mitzvot of matzah and maror. (I mean the "asher kidshanu b'mitzvotav" b'rachot.) So it seems that we are only ...
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1answer
60 views

Why do all of them say that there were 5 times more plagues at the sea, instead of 1.5 times?

In the Haggadah it says: (text from WikiSource) רַבִּי יוֹסֵי הַגְּלִילִי אוֹמֵר: מִנַּיִן אַתָּה אוֹמֵר שֶׁלָּקוּ הַמִּצְרִים בְּמִצְרַיִם עֶשֶׂר מַכּוֹת וְעַל הַיָּם לָקוּ חֲמִשִּׁים מַכּוֹת? ...
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1answer
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Seder Plate According to the Vilna Gaon

The opinion of the Vilna Gaon in setting up the seder plate is that the shankbone and the egg are placed closest to the person leading the Seder, the two matzos (the Vilna Gaon did not use the third ...
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61 views

Will Korech move to the end of the Seder in the future?

When we start bringing and consuming the Korban Pesach again (speedily may it be, in our days), will the Korech step of the Seder be moved to adjacent to Tzafun or possibly replaced by it? Kadesh ...
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8answers
783 views

What can I feed a vegetarian at my Pesach seder?

Wait wait, it's not a question for Seasoned Advice. :-) I have a vegetarian (not vegan) coming to my seder this year. Most of the vegetarian staples (as far as I know) are chametz or kitniyot. For ...
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0answers
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Seeking teachings or stories involving the rabbis mentioned in the hagadda, to add a little more spice to the seders

To help me prepare for conducting seders again this year, can anyone point me to a compilation of teachings or stories involving any or all of the rabbis in the hagadda? Autobiographical tidbits? ...
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1answer
74 views

Why do we say an after-bracha only for the last of the four cups at the passover seders?

The hagadda has us say the Mein Shalosh after-bracha for wine for the 4th cup. Why do we say the after-bracha for that cup and not for each of the other 3 cups? Why are we not concerned about losing ...
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2answers
213 views

Why a Beitzah on the Seder Plate?

Why do we use a roasted (maybe?) egg on the Seder Plate to represent the Festival offering?
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32 views

Why does the Hagadda talk about our being slaves now and free next year in Israel?

Why does the paragraph that introduces the pesach hagada ("This is the bread of affliction") talk about our being slaves now and free next year, in Israel? If it is speaking literally, what location ...
3
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1answer
105 views

Can wasabi be used for maror at the seder?

Horseradish is commonly used at the seder. Wikipedia explains that wasabi is a different plant than horseradish, though from the same general family. Can one use wasabi? If so, must it be used only ...
2
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1answer
328 views

How is the liturgy affected by Passover falling on a Friday night?

This year (2015 / 5775), the first night of Passover falls on Shabbat (Friday night). Neither my haggadah nor my siddur give much detail explaining how to integrate the two ceremonies. The only ...
3
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1answer
66 views

The Seder & diabetes

Those that suffer from type 2 diabetes are told to limit their intake of carbohydrates. This is normally doable. However comes the Seder night, with 4 cups of wine and significant Matza intake one is ...