The seder (ceremonial meal of the first night or two of Passover) and the haggadah (text used at that meal).

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“Achshav bnei chorin”?

In the widely-accepted *Passover song version of "Avadim hayinu", what is the origin of the stanza "atta (or achshav) bnei chorin"? (There is no such refrain in the original passage in the Haggada.) ...
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396 views

How much salt should I put in the water for salt water at the Seder?

We use salt water two times during the Seder. This is once for the hard boiled eggs, and once for the parsley. I have two questions that relate to the salt water. The first is how salty should it be?...
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66 views

Difference Ga'al and Natzal

shemot 6:6-7 reads the famous quote for the Pesach cups. But what's the actual difference between deliver (natzal) and redeem (ga'al)? take away from a problem? and remove the problem? Please help ...
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85 views

May one be mafsik during hallel at the seder?

The Gemarah (Rosh Hashanah 34b) says that pausing during Hallel might invalidate one's recitation. Presumably (though maybe not) talking during Hallel is also problematic. May one speak during the ...
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94 views

Why is the seder “beseder” (in order)?

Is there any halachic reason why we do the seder in the order that we do? It seems that many of the components of the seder are halachically mandated, but is there any halachic mandate that we do them ...
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191 views

Is is prefered to have the Pasach meal on the first or second night?

I remember being told that the Seder can be on either the first or second night. Is this true, and if so, is it prefered for it to take place on one over the other, or are they both equal? Edit: The ...
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98 views

Why does the Haggadah interpret ביד חזקה as referring to דבר?

Why does the Haggadah interpret ביד חזקה (strong hand) as referring to the plague of דבר (pestilence)? Why don’t the other plagues demonstrate a strong hand?
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רַבִּי יְהוּדָה הָיָה נוֹתֵן בָּהֶם סִמָּנִים: דְּצַ“ךְ עַדַ”שׁ בְּאַחַ"ב

רַבִּי יְהוּדָה הָיָה נוֹתֵן בָּהֶם סִמָּנִים: דְּצַ"ךְ עַדַ"שׁ בְּאַחַ"ב. We call the last Makah "Makas Bechoros" - why didn't Rabbi Yehuda say בְּאַחַ"ם
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Why choose the words Urchatz and Rachtza for the Sedder simanim?

Although technically a word based on Rechitza would be the best choice you or I would offer, the fact of the matter is our Rabbis in general chose a much less common word for hand washing which was ...
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129 views

Kol Dichfin, Why So Hesitant?

כל דכפין ייתי ויכול, כל דצריך ייתי ויפסך "All who are hungry come and eat". Why don't we ask this in a more emphatic way? Instead of saying "I invite all who want to come..." we say something to the ...
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556 views

What's the best way to dip maror into charoset if you're using horseradish?

Every seder I've ever been to has used ground horseradish for maror, and "dipping" it in the charoset ends up being implemented as putting both maror and charoset on a piece of matzah and eating that. ...
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93 views

echad mi yodea: Aramaic?

A friend of mine told me that the minhag in his family for several generations was to sing "echad mi yodea" in Aramaic. Is there any early source for this?
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65 views

Daled cosos m'akev each other?

Are the four cups of wine that we drink at the Pesach Seder m'akev (bar) each other. That is to say, without all four cups, do the cups a person does drink count for anything? However one will ask, "...
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115 views

The Seder Plate according to the Rama

The most common Seder plate orders I have seen are the Rama, the Gra, and the Ari. But when looking at just the Rama's Seder Plate, different places show even that differently. According to the Star ...
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132 views

What is the practical purpose of karpas?

I have had discussions with people who insist that karpas must be a small piece of diced vegetable (i.e. smaller than a ke-zayith le-Humrah), dipped in salt water, and nothing more. When I then ask ...
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93 views

Hallel before chatzos at seder

I was reading Rav Schwab On Prayer (page 541) where he says the following about the timing of parts of the Seder: According to some poskim, even the recitation of Hallel should be completed before ...
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144 views

Non-Jewish maid at Seder table

I had heard that non-Jews are not allowed to join the Seder. If someone has a non-Jewish worker who would be offended by being excluded from the Seder, can she be invited out of "darchei Shalom"? Does ...
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2answers
167 views

Four cups of wine by the Pesach Seder — From the Torah?

I've heard there is an opinion that the daled cosos by the Pesach Seder are m'doraisa. What is the source for this (if there is one? I vaguely remember a source being in the Yerushalmi?) What Seforim ...
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826 views

Starting the Seder after Sheki'ah (sunset)?

In my experience, there is a lot of emphasis on waiting until after Tzeith HaKochavim (the stars come out), which is seen as definitely after nightfall, to start the Seder. The reason is that we want ...
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“Echad mi yodeya” describing merits for Exodus — source?

The Artscroll Family Hagadah explains that Echad Mi Yodeya is asking "in what merit were the Jews redeemed from Egypt?" Well, they believed in one God, they would receive two tablets, they had great ...
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98 views

Why must the child ask these four questions?

The Torah, as explained in the Hagaddah, gives examples of four children. Each asks a question in his own way, and receives an appropriate answer. However, the Mishnah in Pesachim 116a teaches: ...
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97 views

Why do we say an after-bracha only for the last of the four cups at the passover seders?

The hagadda has us say the Mein Shalosh after-bracha for wine for the 4th cup. Why do we say the after-bracha for that cup and not for each of the other 3 cups? Why are we not concerned about losing ...
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301 views

What are the minimum required sections of the Hagadah that must be said?

I am leading the Seder for my family, many whom are older people and young children who must be on a strict schedule. I.e., they have to eat by a certain time and must be asleep by a certain time, etc....
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78 views

Parents teaching children or children teaching parents?

Regarding והגדת לבנך, and you shall tell to your children (Shemos 13:8), on Pesach night: 1) What is the mitzvah of והגדת לבנך and how does one fulfill it according to halacha? 2a) Why do yeshivos ...
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264 views

Source of the “remove his teeth” gematria

In the Hagadah (page 8 of here), there is a line by the wicked son that says you should "remove his teeth" (hakeih et shinav). A common explanation is that the gematria of "rasha" (reish shin ein: 570)...
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45 views

Why does the Hagadda talk about our being slaves now and free next year in Israel?

Why does the paragraph that introduces the pesach hagada ("This is the bread of affliction") talk about our being slaves now and free next year, in Israel? If it is speaking literally, what location ...
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48 views

Kol Hamarbeh Haray Zeh Mishoebach

The Mishnah in Peah and in Davening in the morning for those who say Korbanot we list Mitzvot which have no shiur (limitations) it seems one important one is missing we say in the Haggadah "Kol ...
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Which parts of the seder must be performed individually?

I have always wondered something about the Passover seder. Is the host being motzi everyone with his seder plate, or does everyone/every head of household* need to make a plate and personally carry ...
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#8 and #9 in Mi Yodeya song

Item #8 in the Haggadah song Mi Yodeya sems different then the item assigned for any of the other numbers. All the other items can be individually counted. For example - 4 mothers, 3 fathers, 12 ...
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31 views

Use Cazeres/romaine lettuce leaves?

I have seen some people use only the stalk and others use the whole leaf of the romaine lettuce for cazeres that they use by the Seder, both for the "plate" and for eating. What is the reason for the ...
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46 views

What is the source and reason for the two dipping items at Pesach Seder?

I somewhat understand why many have the custom to dip things in the first place during the Pesach Seder. But, I'm curious about the source and reason for these two specific items, namely: Why ...
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81 views

How to say Mi Yodeya's version of Echad Mi Yodeya in hebrew

A selcetion of the Mi Yodeya series is being prepared for the hagadah mi yodeya 14 are the books of the Rambam. 15 were the cubits of the Flood. 16 are the maneh of the myrrh. 17 were the ...
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Solution to eat more karpas [closed]

Based on this answer, the reason not to eat a kezayit of karpas is because of a safek whether you would have to make a borei nefashot if you do. if maror is covered by hamotzi, then the haadama on ...
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33 views

Liven up the seders with photos?

Has anyone tried making the seders more attractive to kids by use of photos? If so, what did you try and how did it work? Update: I have found photos of: breaking a matza, locusts, a seder plate, ...
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How to create a Seder to accommodate a large age/education range?

My family came across an interesting problem at tonight's Seder: My dad, the leader, attempted to write a Seder that attracted everyone at different times, but the actual result ended up as a ...
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Which “shita” did the 5 rabbis in the Haggadah follow regarding the earliest time for morning Shema?

This section from the Haggadah: Pesach Haggadah, Magid, Story of the Five Rabbis 1: מַעֲשֶׂה בְּרַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר וְרַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ וְרַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר בֶּן-עֲזַרְיָה וְרַבִּי עֲקִיבָא וְרַבִּי ...
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Why is “בבהילו יצאנו ממצרים” a mix of two paraphrases?

Included in the Rambam's hagada text is the line בבהילו יצאנו ממצרים‎, replicated in some modern hagados. This line blends near-quotations of D'varim 16:3, כִּי בְחִפָּזוֹן יָצָאתָ ...
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Who is the author of הא לחמא עניא

I heard a few different opinions of who authored הא לחמא עניא. Does anyone have any REAL historic proof of the author? Hasidim say its the Ari Zal, while Sfardim says its not
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Is it a problem of al titosh Torah imecha if you use a different nusach hagadah than your family's minhag?

Is it a problem of "al titosh Torah imecha" if you use a different nusach hagadah than your family's minhag?
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How to recite hallel with fewer than 3 men at seder

Are you supposed to do the responsive parts of Hallel at the Seder? indicates that, when three men are at the seder, Hallel is recited responsively. At the seder, does one recite Hallel responsively ...
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Passing meats during maggid

It says in pesachim that in the time of the beis hamikdash during maggid they would pass around small pieces of meats so the people are not starving. Is it still מותר to pass around meat?
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66 views

Why is it necessary to make a HaAdamah on Karpas?

Why is it necessary to eat a vegetable that requires HaAdamah for Karpas? Why not an onion, parsley, or other herb that might require SheHaKol (for not being normally eaten that way), or a fruit that ...
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116 views

Who was worse Lavan, Pharoah or Haman?

In the hagadah we seem to indicate that Lavan was a worse enemy of the Jewish people because Pharoah only decreed against the males while Lavan sought to uproot all. Based on this logic it would seem ...
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46 views

Abraham and Matzah [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Avot keeping Mitzvot According to some traditions, Abraham was completely Torah observant. Would this include the mitzvah of eating matzah? Or participating in the seder? ...
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207 views

Washing hands before Karpas

What was the Brisker Rov's explanation for washing hands before Karpas by ורחץ?
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61 views

“Roasted on fire” does not equal “oven roast”. Why no “oven roast” for Seder? [duplicate]

This is a follow up to this question. The answer there explains that ther was confusion / concern about roast. The verse regarding the Pesach lamb says: Exodus 12:9: כִּ֣י אִם־צְלִי־אֵ֔שׁ but ...
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71 views

The story of the rabbis in the haggada-mizva of afikoman

In the hagadah, did the rabbanim who stayed up all night get the miztva of afikoman?
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On this night We ALL must lean not exactly?

While it is true the Mishnah Berurah says that woman in current times are all considered important and hence all are supposed to lean basic Halacha does not require women to lean so we do we say ...
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55 views

Why do we have Motzi Matza and Maror at the Seder?

The source for the practice of Koreich, the matza-maror-charoset sandwich, is Hillel's practice of doing the same (although his included the Korban Pesach instead of charoset), based on Bamidbar 9:11: ...
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30 views

Is there any halachic or recommended consistency needed for charoset?

I've seen charoset made in various consistencies. Some are chunky with loose pieces of apples and nuts in a bit of wine or grape juice - the wine is not incorporated into the mix, so the pieces are ...