The seder (ceremonial meal of the first night or two of Passover) and the haggadah (text used at that meal).

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Is the Rambam Haggadah Significantly Different?

Are there significant differences between the Rambam Haggadah and the current mainstream Haggadot that are in use?
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What does the word “Karpas” mean?

That which by the Seder on Pesach we eat "karpas", what does this word actually mean and where does it come from?
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367 views

Translation of haggadah section titles

What are the litteral translations of the different section titles of the haggadah? (i.e. What exactly do kadesh, urchatz, etc. mean)
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142 views

why only 2 matzos used for seder by the Vilna Gaon

Why did the Vilna Gaon only use 2 matzos for his seder? The Rif also did that-- why?
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257 views

What type of Maror?

For Maror there are those that use lettuce, those that use endives, those that use fresh grated horseradish, or maybe something else. Is there a difference in what you use for Maror and what you use ...
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89 views

Chad Gadya - Who composed it?

Who composed the Chad Gadya song at the end of the Hagada?
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91 views

How did the custom to recite Shir Hashirim after the Seder arise?

It seems from here for example, question 148 that it is a custom to recite Shir Hashirim after the Seder. It says, According to the Midrash, Shir Hashirim is an allegorical song describing ...
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166 views

Why do Ashkenazim say a b'racha for each of the four cups?

Normally if you have wine and refill your glass during the meal you don't make a new borei p'ri hagafen. Why do we (at least Ashkenazim) say a new b'racha for each cup at the seder? I think I've ...
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47 views

Why in הא לחמא עניא do we invite people to come to our seder table while the seder is going on?

Why in הא לחמא עניא do we invite people to come to our seder table while the seder is going on? Shouldn’t we invite people before Pesach? Isn’t this statement insincere? הָא לַחְמָא עַנְיָא דִּי ...
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109 views

Shouldn't the order of dayenu be reversed?

The order of the verses in Dayenu, one of the songs sung during the Pesach Seder has always troubled me. It seems to me that they should be in reverse order. For example, the first verse says ...
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508 views

When do you eat the charoset?

During the seder, are you really not supposed have any charoset left on your maror when you eat it? Why is this? When do people actually get to eat the charoset?
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Obligation of 'Seder Plate'

I have noticed that people have something called a 'seder plate' on which they place objects. Is there any obligation to do this? The reason I can think of is the custom of pointing during the ...
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Why are the Egyptians more concerned with the Exodus of the Jews than their own defeat?

In the Haggada we read the following verse (Shemos 1:10 from Chabad.org): הָבָה נִתְחַכְּמָה לוֹ פֶּן יִרְבֶּה וְהָיָה כִּי תִקְרֶאנָה מִלְחָמָה וְנוֹסַף גַּם הוּא עַל שׂנְאֵינוּ וְנִלְחַם בָּנוּ ...
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67 views

What are the ways our Balei Mesorah suggest to engage children in the Seder?

What do our Baalei Mesorah suggest we do to engage the children in the Seder night? Furthermore, how effective do you think those methods would be with children of today?
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208 views

Urchatz - does everyone wash?

I have heard different Minhagim regarding washing at Urchatz. It seems that in some families everyone washes and in others only the Baal HaBayis. Does anyone have sources as to the different Minhagim ...
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51 views

How the statements of R. El'azar Ben Azaria fits in the seder

What is the relevance of the Mishna amar rabbi El'azar ben Azaria to the haggada? Why mention this machlokes and why here why now? How do we practically gain from this mention?
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Tu B'Shvat Seder: At night or day?

The Pri Etz Hadar, as incorporated in the Chemdas Yamim, tells us of the idea of making a Tu B'Shvat Seder. It seems that most people (such as here, here and here) assume the Seder is meant to take ...
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Is “Nishmat” included in most copies of the haggadah?

From recently reading "Why We Pray What We Pray" by Rabbi Dr. Barry Freundel, I learned that the "Nishmat" prayer, usually associated with Shabbat and Festival morning services, was originally part of ...
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Where is the source that the cup we dip our finger in during the seder is known as the kos shel paraniut?

Where is the source that the cup we dip our finger into during the seder and extract several drops of wine is known as the kos shel paraniut (cup of punishment)? I recall this concept being referred ...
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100 views

Why doesn't the hagadah discuss miracles? [closed]

The hagadah (based on the discussion of Rav and Shmuel in pesachim) dedicates the bulk of maggid to expounded the verses of arami oved avi. But why is there very little discussion of the actual ...
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Minimum halachic requirements for Maggid section of seder? [closed]

I will be leading the seder this year, and I know I'm running down to the last minute, but I want to know what are the paragraphs that I can skip, and what I absolutely need to do. It will be just my ...
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What is the minimum shiur for Shulchan Orekh?

It has been mentioned that abbreviating shulchan orekh at the seder can be a practical way of keeping the seder from going too late. I have also heard rabbis--when asked for leniencies in the amount ...
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Passover Seder for the infirm. Leniencies?

These questions have already been asked of a Rav. The object of asking them here is to be better informed to understand the sources used by and the answers given by the Rav. [1] I hope to make ...
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Seeking teachings or stories involving the rabbis mentioned in the hagadda, to add a little more spice to the seders

To help me prepare for conducting seders again this year, can anyone point me to a compilation of teachings or stories involving any or all of the rabbis in the hagadda? Autobiographical tidbits? ...
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The, um, Seder of the Seder [closed]

Since I have only experienced a handful of families' traditions of how they conduct their Sedarim, I thought I'd ask what others do. What are some of the widely practiced customs for how to actually ...
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Rabban Gamliel says we must mention moror at the seder. Is it just a word association?

Mishna Pesochim Perek 10 mishnah 5. Rabban Gamliel requires us to mention three things at the seder and gives the reasons. פסח, על שום שפסח המקום על בתי אבותינו במצרים. מצה, על שום שנגאלו ...
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901 views

How is the liturgy affected by Passover falling on a Friday night?

This year (2015 / 5775), the first night of Passover falls on Shabbat (Friday night). Neither my haggadah nor my siddur give much detail explaining how to integrate the two ceremonies. The only ...
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318 views

Alternative (non-gematria) explanations of the “remove his teeth” line

Are there any alternative answers historically given as to why the Hagadah (page 8 of this) says to remove the wicked son's teeth, besides the usual gematria answer? Related: Source of the ...
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Can the 3 items that Rabban Gamliel requires during the Seder be explained using sign language?

Pesach Haggadah, Magid, Rabban Gamliel's Three Things: רַבָּן גַּמְלִיאֵל הָיָה אוֹמֵר: כָּל שֶׁלֹּא אָמַר שְׁלשָׁה דְּבָרִים אֵלּוּ בַּפֶּסַח, לא יָצָא יְדֵי חוֹבָתוֹ, וְאֵלּוּ הֵן פֶּסַח, ...
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226 views

Why is Chad Gadya a mix of Hebrew and Aramaic?

Chad Gadya (recited at the end of the Passover seder) is written in a mix of Hebrew and Aramaic. Specifically, most of the verbs are in Hebrew, except for זבין (bought) and אתא (came), and most of the ...
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Urchatz Pesach Meal

At the Pesach Seder the Urchatz is the washing of hands without a bracha. At the Pesach seder our table is like the altar, so since the Kohanim should wash their hands and feet in order to serve or ...
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Are you permitted to weigh Maror on Pesach night?

Are you permitted to use a mechanical scale to weigh the correct Shiur of Maror on Seder night?
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Where is the Pesach seder discussed in the Mishna?

I heard a podcast that discussed the differences between the Pesach Seder as described in the Mishna and what we do today. But I couldn't catch the name/number of the relevant mishnaot. What are they? ...
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Is there a mitzvah of Sippur Yetzias Mitzraim all night long?

Once the seder has ended, does the mitzvah to tell the story of the Exodus continue all night long? I am familiar with the various arguments in the Gemara (with R. Elazar, R. Akivah, R. Gamliel, and ...
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Why tell the wise son “like the Pesach rules”?

From the hagada: חָכָם מָה הוּא אוֹמֵר מָה הָעֵדֹת וְהַחֻקִּים וְהַמִּשְׁפָּטִים אֲשֶׁר צִוָּה ה׳ א׳ אֶתְכֶם.‏ וְאַף אַתָּה אֱמָר לוֹ כְּהִלְכוֹת הַפֶּסַח אֵין מַפְטִירִין אַחַר הַפֶּסַח ...
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Why are women obligated in maggid?

Why are women obligated to say over the story of pesach on pesach if its a time bound mitzva? By matza there is a special derasha used. and the other mitzvos are Rabbinical, so you can say since they ...
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155 views

The text of the fourth question at the seder

I just read through 40 or so Haggadot and, while I have a provisional (common sense) answer, no one seems to address this, so I appreciate any "real" sourced answers. The fourth question (current ...
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2answers
154 views

Why do we make blessings on mitzvot d'rabbanan at the second seder?

As far as I know mitzvot such as eating marror or saying hallel at the Pesach seder are only rabbinic (the marror was biblical previously but I am told that is no longer so). If this is the case and ...
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103 views

What is mandatory for the second seder?

I have tried looking up the answer to this question, I hope someone here can give me an answer! My mother-in-law had heard somewhere that because the second seder outside Israel is of rabbinic ...
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What was the Plague of the Sword?

In the Haggadah you will find the following exegesis of part of Deuteronomy 26:8: וּבִזְרֹעַ נְטוּיָה. זוֹ הַחֶרֶב, כְּמָה שֶּׁנֶּאֱמַר: וְחַרְבּוֹ שְׁלוּפָה בְּיָדוֹ, נְטוּיָה ...
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Can one use a gold cup at the Seder?

I had read somewhere, a few years ago, that one should not use a gold cup for the 4 cups of wine at the Seder. I don't recall the source but I recall that the reason mentioned is that it is considered ...
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Did Hillel include the Passover lamb in his sandwich or not?

In the korech section of the hagadah there is an introductory paragraph. In most hagadot that I have seen, the phrasing says: Sefaria.org used here הָיָה כּוֹרֵךְ מַצָּה וּמָרוֹר וְאוֹכֵל בְּיַחַד, ...
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Is there an ideal way to recline on Pesach?

Given that we do not eat sitting on the floor, reclining on our left side on pillows (so our right hand is free to deal with the food), is there an ideal way to recline while sitting on a chair. The ...
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160 views

Elijah at Passover Seder

Where is the source of the belief that Elijah will come specifically to the Passover Seder? I know Malachi states he will come, but not when.
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164 views

Spilling wine for Detzach, Adash, Be'Achav

I understand that we spill wine for the plagues. People died, they went through hardship, and it was not their fault. But.... immediately after spilling wine for the plagues, we say that R' ...
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102 views

What constitutes roasting with regard to Minhagim?

Roasting in Halachah generally refers to dry heat, such as broiling and barbequing. But with respect to Minhagim, such as not eating roasted meat (or poultry) at the Seder, do we follow the same ...
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85 views

Non-Hebrew Seder Songs

In the haggadot which belonged to my grandfather ז”ל, there is a note on the translation for Adir Hu which mentions that they follow an old Yiddish version of the song, rather than the modern German ...
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85 views

Why is the section of ארמי אובד אבי chosen as the main part of Maggid in the Seder?

Bab. Talmud Pesachim 116b says that during the Seder, one begins with shame / humility and ends with praise. Meaning, that during the Magid section of the Seder, we begin with the "mood" of our humble ...
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Why not cook a z'roa just for the seder plate, in light of mitoch?

It's customary to have a bone (with some meat on it) on the table for the Passover seder. Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 118:5 (as cited in the answers to another question on this site) writes: Once the ...
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“Achshav bnei chorin”?

In the widely-accepted *Passover song version of "Avadim hayinu", what is the origin of the stanza "atta (or achshav) bnei chorin"? (There is no such refrain in the original passage in the Haggada.) ...