The seder (ceremonial meal of the first night or two of Passover) and the haggadah (text used at that meal).

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Which parts of the seder must be performed individually?

I have always wondered something about the Passover seder. Is the host being motzi everyone with his seder plate, or does everyone/every head of household* need to make a plate and personally carry ...
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704 views

How many people are needed to eat a korban pesach in one night?

I am trying to figure out mathematically how many people were at a typical Pesach seder in the times of the Temple. I think the number can be approximated from the size, in terms of kosher portions ...
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121 views

No Hallel in the seder?

I used a reprint of an old haggada this year (I think it was this one) on the second night. Through the meal everything was as I expected, other than a few differences because the haggada is Egyptian ...
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46 views

ordered list of prayers

The topic of this question is the building process of Geula We see in Hagada (Parshat Bikurim, Deuteronomy 24) a succession of verbs witch describe the preliminaries of the Geula, from prayer to ...
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75 views

Shalom Aleichem and Eishet Chayil at the Pesach Seder?

When the (first) Seder falls out on Friday night (as it did this year), the custom at my family's Seder is not to say Shalom Aleichem and Eishet Chayil. I have looked in all of the Machzorim and ...
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#8 and #9 in Mi Yodeya song

Item #8 in the Haggadah song Mi Yodeya sems different then the item assigned for any of the other numbers. All the other items can be individually counted. For example - 4 mothers, 3 fathers, 12 ...
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31 views

Can one use mouthwash after eating the afikoman?

Mishnah Berurah 478, (1) [1] says that the reason that we should not eat any other food after the afikoman is so that its taste will remain in our mouths. What are the opinions on whether it is ...
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59 views

when are the 'extras' (simanim) eaten at the seider, eggs and pomegranate?

In my family, which follows the customs of Baghdad, it is a custom to eat eggs and pomegranate seeds during the seider. Problem is, nobody knows why, when and what to say. I can see why the eggs are ...
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31 views

Use Cazeres/romaine lettuce leaves?

I have seen some people use only the stalk and others use the whole leaf of the romaine lettuce for cazeres that they use by the Seder, both for the "plate" and for eating. What is the reason for the ...
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33 views

Is there a mitzvah of Sippur Yetzias Mitzraim all night long?

Once the seder has ended, does the mitzvah to tell the story of the Exodus continue all night long? I am familiar with the various arguments in the Gemara (with R. Elazar, R. Akivah, R. Gamliel, and ...
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30 views

Is there any halachic or recommended consistency needed for charoset?

I've seen charoset made in various consistencies. Some are chunky with loose pieces of apples and nuts in a bit of wine or grape juice - the wine is not incorporated into the mix, so the pieces are ...
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What unifies all the ideas of the הָא לַחְמָא עַנְיָא together?

הָא לַחְמָא עַנְיָא seems to link a few topics on one paragraph. 1) The nature of Matzah. 2) The invitation to the poor. 3) Hope for the future to be in Israel and Free. What does the invitation ...
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47 views

Why in הא לחמא עניא do we invite people to come to our seder table while the seder is going on?

Why in הא לחמא עניא do we invite people to come to our seder table while the seder is going on? Shouldn’t we invite people before Pesach? Isn’t this statement insincere? הָא לַחְמָא עַנְיָא דִּי ...
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Why is the section of ארמי אובד אבי chosen as the main part of Maggid in the Seder?

Bab. Talmud Pesachim 116b says that during the Seder, one begins with shame / humility and ends with praise. Meaning, that during the Magid section of the Seder, we begin with the "mood" of our humble ...
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What kind of seder did a non-oleh l'regel have during the time of the Bais Hamikdash (and for that matter, the entire 40 years in the desert)?

Our haggadah did not always exist - it appears to be primarily from the time of the Mishna. Before then, there was a Korban Pesach and specific procedures for organizing family and/or friends to eat ...
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46 views

What is the source and reason for the two dipping items at Pesach Seder?

I somewhat understand why many have the custom to dip things in the first place during the Pesach Seder. But, I'm curious about the source and reason for these two specific items, namely: Why ...
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1answer
55 views

Minimum halachic requirements for Maggid section of seder? [closed]

I will be leading the seder this year, and I know I'm running down to the last minute, but I want to know what are the paragraphs that I can skip, and what I absolutely need to do. It will be just my ...
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143 views

What cracks disqualify a Shmurah Matzah as whole?

What cracks disqualify a hand-baked (typically Shmurah) Matzah as whole for the purposes of lechem mishneh and the Seder? I've been told that: Cracks in the center of the matzah that do not reach ...
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1answer
52 views

How the statements of R. El'azar Ben Azaria fits in the seder

What is the relevance of the Mishna amar rabbi El'azar ben Azaria to the haggada? Why mention this machlokes and why here why now? How do we practically gain from this mention?
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79 views

How to say Mi Yodeya's version of Echad Mi Yodeya in hebrew

A selcetion of the Mi Yodeya series is being prepared for the hagadah mi yodeya 14 are the books of the Rambam. 15 were the cubits of the Flood. 16 are the maneh of the myrrh. 17 were the ...
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33 views

Why not cook a z'roa just for the seder plate, in light of mitoch?

It's customary to have a bone (with some meat on it) on the table for the Passover seder. Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 118:5 (as cited in the answers to another question on this site) writes: Once the ...
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Obligation of 'Seder Plate'

I have noticed that people have something called a 'seder plate' on which they place objects. Is there any obligation to do this? The reason I can think of is the custom of pointing during the ...
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96 views

Why is hallel at the seder different from hallel during the year?

I know there are many differences between hallel at the seder and regular hallel. At the seder, hallel: Has no starting bracha (Orech Chaim Hilchot Pesach Siman 473) Is said sitting down (Sefer ...
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142 views

why only 2 matzos used for seder by the Vilna Gaon

Why did the Vilna Gaon only use 2 matzos for his seder? The Rif also did that-- why?
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Solution to eat more karpas [closed]

Based on this answer, the reason not to eat a kezayit of karpas is because of a safek whether you would have to make a borei nefashot if you do. if maror is covered by hamotzi, then the haadama on ...
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1answer
89 views

Why dont chabad say chasal sidur pesach?

Why don't Chabad Chassidim say ''chasal sidur pesach'' at the end of the seder?
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30 views

Why “hamokom” in Haggada

Why do we say baruch hamokom baruch hu? Why that name of hashem here? There are many more names we could have used.
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130 views

Why do the seder on shabbos?

When Purim that falls out on shabbos we do not read the Meggila. When Rosh hashana falls out on shabbos we dont blow shofar. When Succos is on shabbos we dont shake lulav. Why? because of Takana ...
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53 views

Why is Korech said during the seder if it means to wrap and hard matzah can't be wrapped?

Korech according to Jastrow (see image below) means to wrap. The Rambam mentions wrapping the Matzah during Korech (Laws of Chametz Umatzah 8:6), and indeed most Talmuds describe the act of Korech as ...
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104 views

What is mandatory for the second seder?

I have tried looking up the answer to this question, I hope someone here can give me an answer! My mother-in-law had heard somewhere that because the second seder outside Israel is of rabbinic ...
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62 views

Washing hands during the Seder

I'm curious about the name assigned to the 1st hand washing in the Seder, the one just after Kiddush. It is called ורחץ . This seems to translate as which seems to translate as "and wash". The 2nd ...
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55 views

Why do we have Motzi Matza and Maror at the Seder?

The source for the practice of Koreich, the matza-maror-charoset sandwich, is Hillel's practice of doing the same (although his included the Korban Pesach instead of charoset), based on Bamidbar 9:11: ...
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46 views

What is the minimum shiur for Shulchan Orekh?

It has been mentioned that abbreviating shulchan orekh at the seder can be a practical way of keeping the seder from going too late. I have also heard rabbis--when asked for leniencies in the amount ...
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Passover Seder for the infirm. Leniencies?

These questions have already been asked of a Rav. The object of asking them here is to be better informed to understand the sources used by and the answers given by the Rav. [1] I hope to make ...
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Liven up the seders with photos?

Has anyone tried making the seders more attractive to kids by use of photos? If so, what did you try and how did it work? Update: I have found photos of: breaking a matza, locusts, a seder plate, ...
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1answer
96 views

Tu B'Shvat Seder: At night or day?

The Pri Etz Hadar, as incorporated in the Chemdas Yamim, tells us of the idea of making a Tu B'Shvat Seder. It seems that most people (such as here, here and here) assume the Seder is meant to take ...
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42 views

“Achshav bnei chorin”?

In the widely-accepted *Passover song version of "Avadim hayinu", what is the origin of the stanza "atta (or achshav) bnei chorin"? (There is no such refrain in the original passage in the Haggada.) ...
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1answer
85 views

Non-Hebrew Seder Songs

In the haggadot which belonged to my grandfather ז”ל, there is a note on the translation for Adir Hu which mentions that they follow an old Yiddish version of the song, rather than the modern German ...
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“Echad mi yodeya” describing merits for Exodus — source?

The Artscroll Family Hagadah explains that Echad Mi Yodeya is asking "in what merit were the Jews redeemed from Egypt?" Well, they believed in one God, they would receive two tablets, they had great ...
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How to create a Seder to accommodate a large age/education range?

My family came across an interesting problem at tonight's Seder: My dad, the leader, attempted to write a Seder that attracted everyone at different times, but the actual result ended up as a ...
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1answer
58 views

Why choose the words Urchatz and Rachtza for the Sedder simanim?

Although technically a word based on Rechitza would be the best choice you or I would offer, the fact of the matter is our Rabbis in general chose a much less common word for hand washing which was ...
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63 views

Which “shita” did the 5 rabbis in the Haggadah follow regarding the earliest time for morning Shema?

This section from the Haggadah: Pesach Haggadah, Magid, Story of the Five Rabbis 1: מַעֲשֶׂה בְּרַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר וְרַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ וְרַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר בֶּן-עֲזַרְיָה וְרַבִּי עֲקִיבָא וְרַבִּי ...
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1answer
393 views

How much salt should I put in the water for salt water at the Seder?

We use salt water two times during the Seder. This is once for the hard boiled eggs, and once for the parsley. I have two questions that relate to the salt water. The first is how salty should it be?...
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What was the Plague of the Sword?

In the Haggadah you will find the following exegesis of part of Deuteronomy 26:8: וּבִזְרֹעַ נְטוּיָה. זוֹ הַחֶרֶב, כְּמָה שֶּׁנֶּאֱמַר: וְחַרְבּוֹ שְׁלוּפָה בְּיָדוֹ, נְטוּיָה עַל-יְרוּשָלָיִם..&...
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1answer
122 views

Is the Rambam Haggadah Significantly Different?

Are there significant differences between the Rambam Haggadah and the current mainstream Haggadot that are in use?
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“Zaycher” or “Zehcher” Lemikdash K'Hillel for Korech?

The text of every Hagadah that I have seen has the beginning text for כורך as: זֵכֶר לְמִקְדָּשׁ כְּהִלֵּל. using a tzere under the ז. A Chassid told me last Shabbat that at a Seder he attended a ...
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1answer
87 views

Can the 3 items that Rabban Gamliel requires during the Seder be explained using sign language?

Pesach Haggadah, Magid, Rabban Gamliel's Three Things: רַבָּן גַּמְלִיאֵל הָיָה אוֹמֵר: כָּל שֶׁלֹּא אָמַר שְׁלשָׁה דְּבָרִים אֵלּוּ בַּפֶּסַח, לא יָצָא יְדֵי חוֹבָתוֹ, וְאֵלּוּ הֵן פֶּסַח, ...
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1answer
83 views

What is the origin of the custom to have kids find the afikoman?

The instructions for yachatz in every hagadah that I have seen say to break the middle matzah in two (though, the thin paper hagadah I used in elementary school said, "break in half") and put the ...
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2answers
170 views

Why in the Haggadah do we split up the Hallel?

Why do we split up the Hallel in the Haggadah and say two paragraphs of Hallel by Magid and the rest of Hallel after the Birchat Hamzon? Why not complete all of Hallel initially?
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108 views

Four cups of wine, but no matzah!

At the seder, the third cup of wine is drunk after Birkat Hamazon. If a person has plenty of wine, but no matzah (and hence no Birkat Hamazon), should he still drink the third cup of wine? If so, ...