The seder (ceremonial meal of the first night or two of Passover) and the haggadah (text used at that meal).

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Why do we say ha-motzi before al achilat matzah instead of after?

I was taught that it's important not to make an interruption between a b'racha and its fulfillment, such that we don't say anything between making motzi and eating the bread. To me the b'racha is ...
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Who is the author of הא לחמא עניא

I heard a few different opinions of who authored הא לחמא עניא. Does anyone have any REAL historic proof of the author? Hasidim say its the Ari Zal, while Sfardim says its not
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55 views

Why are women obligated in maggid?

Why are women obligated to say over the story of pesach on pesach if its a time bound mitzva? By matza there is a special derasha used. and the other mitzvos are Rabbinical, so you can say since they ...
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How did the custom to recite Shir Hashirim after the Seder arise?

It seems from here for example, question 148 that it is a custom to recite Shir Hashirim after the Seder. It says, According to the Midrash, Shir Hashirim is an allegorical song describing ...
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How can two contradictory ideas exist in Matzah?

מצה embodies two ideas: poor man’s bread (slavery) and free man’s bread (the bread that made in haste when they left Egypt). These ideas seem to contradict one another; how can they both exist in one ...
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Answers to the Mah Nishtanah

Almost every small Jewish child learns the Mah Nishtanah sometimes even in multiple languages the questions remains is that the question remains. Where in the Haggadah are the four questions answered ...
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Non-Jewish maid at Seder table

I had heard that non-Jews are not allowed to join the Seder. If someone has a non-Jewish worker who would be offended by being excluded from the Seder, can she be invited out of "darchei Shalom"? Does ...
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The text of the fourth question at the seder

I just read through 40 or so Haggadot and, while I have a provisional (common sense) answer, no one seems to address this, so I appreciate any "real" sourced answers. The fourth question (current ...
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Is it a problem of al titosh Torah imecha if you use a different nusach hagadah than your family's minhag?

Is it a problem of "al titosh Torah imecha" if you use a different nusach hagadah than your family's minhag?
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Who uses/used the Rambams hagadah for the Seder?

Who uses/used the Rambam's Hagadah for the Seder (besides Teimanim)?
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How to recite hallel with fewer than 3 men at seder

Are you supposed to do the responsive parts of Hallel at the Seder? indicates that, when three men are at the seder, Hallel is recited responsively. At the seder, does one recite Hallel responsively ...
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What עִיקָר is the wicked son denying?

In the haggadah (Mechon Mamre's edition of the Hagadah at the end of Hilkhot Chametz u-Matzah and in some editions of the Mekhilta on Shemot 13:14), regarding the wicked son it states וּלְפִי ...
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61 views

After the Seder, can you give the shank bone to the dog?

Serious question. In general, what are the laws or customs regarding the treatment of the items on the Seder plate? Are they to be considered commonplace or holy? Does it differ before and following ...
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60 views

May one be mafsik during hallel at the seder?

The Gemarah (Rosh Hashanah 34b) says that pausing during Hallel might invalidate one's recitation. Presumably (though maybe not) talking during Hallel is also problematic. May one speak during the ...
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What is the origin of the song Echad Mi Yodeya?

Who is the author or what is the origin of the song commonly found in the haggadah called Echad Mi Yodeya?
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99 views

Mnemonic of Rebbi Yehuda

The Haggadah tells us that Rebbi Yehuda came up with a mnemonic for remembering the Ten Plagues: Dtzach Adash B'Achav Why was the mnemonic necessary? It doesn't seem to me to be that difficult to ...
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277 views

Alternative (non-gematria) explanations of the “remove his teeth” line

Are there any alternative answers historically given as to why the Hagadah (page 8 of this) says to remove the wicked son's teeth, besides the usual gematria answer? Related: Source of the ...
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Source of the “remove his teeth” gematria

In the Hagadah (page 8 of here), there is a line by the wicked son that says you should "remove his teeth" (hakeih et shinav). A common explanation is that the gematria of "rasha" (reish shin ein: ...
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Ehad Mi Yodea on the mishnayos

I have an idea to compile a song for the Passover Seder. It is based on the famous "Ehad Mi Yodea", but the answers to the question should be mishnayos mentioning the number. The intention is to make ...
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58 views

Why does Rav Saadia Gaon say to make a bracha by Orchatz and Borei Nephashot after Karpas?

In the Siddur of Rav Saadia Gaon on page 136, where he discusses the Pesach Seder, he says that when we do Orchatz we are supposed to make a bracha, and after Karpas to say Borei Nephashot. However, ...
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Urchatz Pesach Meal

At the Pesach Seder the Urchatz is the washing of hands without a bracha. At the Pesach seder our table is like the altar, so since the Kohanim should wash their hands and feet in order to serve or ...
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Why does the Haggadah interpret ביד חזקה as referring to דבר?

Why does the Haggadah interpret ביד חזקה (strong hand) as referring to the plague of דבר (pestilence)? Why don’t the other plagues demonstrate a strong hand?
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Why do we make blessings on mitzvot d'rabbanan at the second seder?

As far as I know mitzvot such as eating marror or saying hallel at the Pesach seder are only rabbinic (the marror was biblical previously but I am told that is no longer so). If this is the case and ...
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Where is the source that the cup we dip our finger in during the seder is known as the kos shel paraniut?

Where is the source that the cup we dip our finger into during the seder and extract several drops of wine is known as the kos shel paraniut (cup of punishment)? I recall this concept being referred ...
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135 views

When did R' 'Akiva see his children?

R' 'Akiva famously spent 12 years away from his wife learning Torah, returning home just in time to to overhear her tell someone she'd be happy if he spent another 12 years away learning Torah; at ...
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Passing meats during maggid

It says in pesachim that in the time of the beis hamikdash during maggid they would pass around small pieces of meats so the people are not starving. Is it still מותר to pass around meat?
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78 views

Elijah at Passover Seder

Where is the source of the belief that Elijah will come specifically to the Passover Seder? I know Malachi states he will come, but not when.
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61 views

Shouldn't the order of dayenu be reversed?

The order of the verses in Dayenu, one of the songs sung during the Pesach Seder has always troubled me. It seems to me that they should be in reverse order. For example, the first verse says ...
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180 views

List of oppressors of the Jewish people

We say in the V'hi She'amda passage of the Pesach Hagaddah that in each and every generation there have been those who rose up against us to destroy us, but Hashem saves us from their designs. Is this ...
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77 views

Spilling wine for Detzach, Adash, Be'Achav

I understand that we spill wine for the plagues. People died, they went through hardship, and it was not their fault. But.... immediately after spilling wine for the plagues, we say that R' ...
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54 views

Why is the seder “beseder” (in order)?

Is there any halachic reason why we do the seder in the order that we do? It seems that many of the components of the seder are halachically mandated, but is there any halachic mandate that we do them ...
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116 views

Chametz u'matza?

The first of four questions specifically says, "On all other nights we eat chametz or matza, why on this night only matza?" While I understand that it's halakhically acceptable to eat matzah when it ...
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Must one be able to taste the matzah?

It says in the Gemorah Pesachim Daf 115a: אמר רבינא אמר לי רב משרשיא בריה דרב נתן הכי אמר הלל משמיה דגמרא לא ניכרוך איניש מצה ומרור בהדי הדדי וניכול משום דסבירא לן מצה בזמן הזה דאורייתא ומרור ...
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181 views

Why is the Haggadah written in Hebrew?

The Haggadah was written during the Talmudic period, so I would expect it to be written in Aramaic. Especially since the entire purpose of the Haggadah is the telling over of the story of ...
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How large is a typical contemporary hagada commentary?

In a contemporary published hagada with commentary, how many total words does the commentary typically comprise? (For comparison, "Hagada - Mi Yodeya?", in its current form, weighs in at about 14,000 ...
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688 views

How much is 2 Zuz worth in current USD?

As mentioned in the Passover Hagaddah, how much is "2 Zuz" worth in March 2013 US Dollars? Please note there may be different types of Zuz: "זוזי פשיטי" and "זוזי ממש" (Gemara Ketuvot 67a). This may ...
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Why is Moshe (mostly) absent from the haggadah?

Somebody asked at my seder this year why Moshe is largely absent from the magid. I have heard that the reason is because we're supposed to focus on God, and also that Moshe was very humble and there ...
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Shir Hama'alos in “Barech”?

Among the many hagada versions in use at the seder I attended this year, some of them included Shir Hama'alos before birkas hamazon in the "Barech" section and others did not. Is there any reason to ...
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Four cups of wine by the Pesach Seder — From the Torah?

I've heard there is an opinion that the daled cosos by the Pesach Seder are m'doraisa. What is the source for this (if there is one? I vaguely remember a source being in the Yerushalmi?) What Seforim ...
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Why are some sons' answers different from what's written in the Torah?

In the Hagada, the 4 sons ask questions (except, of course, for the son who doesn't know how to ask…), and they get answers. In most cases, both the questions and the answers are put in the form of ...
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114 views

Why are the Egyptians more concerned with the Exodus of the Jews than their own defeat?

In the Haggada we read the following verse (Shemos 1:10 from Chabad.org): הָבָה נִתְחַכְּמָה לוֹ פֶּן יִרְבֶּה וְהָיָה כִּי תִקְרֶאנָה מִלְחָמָה וְנוֹסַף גַּם הוּא עַל שׂנְאֵינוּ וְנִלְחַם בָּנוּ ...
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Why do we say we don't dip food on other days?

In the four questions, we ask "on all other nights, we don't dip, even once, but on this night, we dip twice" How can we ask this if we dip challah in salt on Shabbat (and other days)?
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116 views

What does the word “Karpas” mean?

That which by the Seder on Pesach we eat "karpas", what does this word actually mean and where does it come from?
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64 views

Are you permitted to weigh Maror on Pesach night?

Are you permitted to use a mechanical scale to weigh the correct Shiur of Maror on Seder night?
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74 views

Why does the Haggadah tell us that “Even if they are all Chachmim” they are obligated in Sippur?

Why does the Haggadah tell us that "Even if they are all Chachmim..." they are obligated in Sippur? Are ChaChamim excluded from any other Mitzvot? Do they not have to pick up a Lulav because they are ...
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If Hashem brought about Macos Bechoros by himself, with out any angel, then what is the משחית?

If Hashem brought about Macos Bechoros by himself, with out any angel, then what is the משחית that would not harm the Bnei Yisroel mentioned in Shemot Chapter 12, Verse 23? Premises based on the ...
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50 views

Daled cosos m'akev each other?

Are the four cups of wine that we drink at the Pesach Seder m'akev (bar) each other. That is to say, without all four cups, do the cups a person does drink count for anything? However one will ask, ...
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Who dropped Moses from the Hagaddah?

Moses is not mentioned in the Hagaddah (with one minor exception), presumably to show that the exodus happened entirely by G-d's power and to not deify Moses. Presumably, though, the maggid during ...
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127 views

The 4 sons - the evil son

Why on the seder are we excluding the evil son. In the Hagada it says "break his teeth,etc", "tell him if you were in Egypt you would not have been redeemed". Yet on Yom Kipur we say on kol nidrei we ...
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265 views

Starting the Seder after Sheki'ah (sunset)?

In my experience, there is a lot of emphasis on waiting until after Tzeith HaKochavim (the stars come out), which is seen as definitely after nightfall, to start the Seder. The reason is that we want ...