The seder (ceremonial meal of the first night or two of Passover) and the haggadah (text used at that meal).

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“Achshav bnei chorin”?

In the widely-accepted *Passover song version of "Avadim hayinu", what is the origin of the stanza "atta (or achshav) bnei chorin"? (There is no such refrain in the original passage in the Haggada.) ...
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47 views

Non-Hebrew Seder Songs

In the haggadot which belonged to my grandfather ז”ל, there is a note on the translation for Adir Hu which mentions that they follow an old Yiddish version of the song, rather than the modern German ...
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19 views

“Echad mi yodeya” describing merits for Exodus — source?

The Artscroll Family Hagadah explains that Echad Mi Yodeya is asking "in what merit were the Jews redeemed from Egypt?" Well, they believed in one God, they would receive two tablets, they had great ...
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23 views

Shabbos, Har Sinai and Torah

We say, “Had Hashem fed us the הַמָּן, but not given us the Shabbos, it would have sufficed for us.” The Ohr HaChayim (Shemos 31:17) says, “Shabbos gives the world the spiritual energy to exist for ...
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35 views

How to create a Seder to accommodate a large age/education range?

My family came across an interesting problem at tonight's Seder: My dad, the leader, attempted to write a Seder that attracted everyone at different times, but the actual result ended up as a ...
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31 views

Why choose the words Urchatz and Rachtza for the Sedder simanim?

Although technically a word based on Rechitza would be the best choice you or I would offer, the fact of the matter is our Rabbis in general chose a much less common word for hand washing which was ...
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43 views

Which “shita” did the 5 rabbis in the Haggadah follow regarding the earliest time for morning Shema?

This section from the Haggadah: Pesach Haggadah, Magid, Story of the Five Rabbis 1: מַעֲשֶׂה בְּרַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר וְרַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ וְרַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר בֶּן-עֲזַרְיָה וְרַבִּי עֲקִיבָא וְרַבִּי ...
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158 views

How much salt should I put in the water for salt water at the Seder?

We use salt water two times during the Seder. This is once for the hard boiled eggs, and once for the parsley. I have two questions that relate to the salt water. The first is how salty should it ...
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58 views

What was the Plague of the Sword?

In the Haggadah you will find the following exegesis of part of Deuteronomy 26:8: וּבִזְרֹעַ נְטוּיָה. זוֹ הַחֶרֶב, כְּמָה שֶּׁנֶּאֱמַר: וְחַרְבּוֹ שְׁלוּפָה בְּיָדוֹ, נְטוּיָה ...
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56 views

Is the Rambam Haggadah Significantly Different?

Are there significant differences between the Rambam Haggadah and the current mainstream Haggadot that are in use?
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52 views

“Zaycher” or “Zehcher” Lemikdash K'Hillel for Korech?

The text of every Hagadah that I have seen has the beginning text for כורך as: זֵכֶר לְמִקְדָּשׁ כְּהִלֵּל. using a tzere under the ז. A Chassid told me last Shabbat that at a Seder he attended a ...
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64 views

Can the 3 items that Rabban Gamliel requires during the Seder be explained using sign language?

Pesach Haggadah, Magid, Rabban Gamliel's Three Things: רַבָּן גַּמְלִיאֵל הָיָה אוֹמֵר: כָּל שֶׁלֹּא אָמַר שְׁלשָׁה דְּבָרִים אֵלּוּ בַּפֶּסַח, לא יָצָא יְדֵי חוֹבָתוֹ, וְאֵלּוּ הֵן פֶּסַח, ...
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57 views

What is the origin of the custom to have kids find the afikoman?

The instructions for yachatz in every hagadah that I have seen say to break the middle matzah in two (though, the thin paper hagadah I used in elementary school said, "break in half") and put the ...
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101 views

Why in the Haggadah do we split up the Hallel?

Why do we split up the Hallel in the Haggadah and say two paragraphs of Hallel by Magid and the rest of Hallel after the Birchat Hamzon? Why not complete all of Hallel initially?
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Four cups of wine, but no matzah!

At the seder, the third cup of wine is drunk after Birkat Hamazon. If a person has plenty of wine, but no matzah (and hence no Birkat Hamazon), should he still drink the third cup of wine? If so, ...
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41 views

Can one use a gold cup at the Seder?

I had read somewhere, a few years ago, that one should not use a gold cup for the 4 cups of wine at the Seder. I don't recall the source but I recall that the reason mentioned is that it is considered ...
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81 views

Significance of nine months of pregnancy and eleven stars

In the piyyut Echad Mi Yodeya, recited at the Passover seder, we discuss what relates to the first thirteen numbers. Most of these are central to Jewish belief: One is Hashem, two are the Tablets ...
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55 views

The angle of heseiba and derech cheirus

Heseiba (reclining) is a Rabbinic ordinance of the Passover seder intended to invoke the style of derech cherut ("the way of freedom" - associated with luxury/aristocracy). Some Rishonim (medieval ...
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Should we say birchas ha-torah before each Passover seder?

Why not precede or start the Passover seder with birchas ha-torah? Is the content of the Passover Seder material that should be preceded by birchas ha-torah? If so, why is birchas ha-torah not in the ...
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54 views

How should one respond after each plague is named during the seder?

In the Haggadah, the Ten Plagues are recited, and a drop of wine is spilled for each one. However, in the Tunisian tradition (and maybe others), after the reader chants each plague, the others ...
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63 views

Why must the child ask these four questions?

The Torah, as explained in the Hagaddah, gives examples of four children. Each asks a question in his own way, and receives an appropriate answer. However, the Mishnah in Pesachim 116a teaches: ...
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51 views

“Roasted on fire” does not equal “oven roast”. Why no “oven roast” for Seder? [duplicate]

This is a follow up to this question. The answer there explains that ther was confusion / concern about roast. The verse regarding the Pesach lamb says: Exodus 12:9: כִּ֣י אִם־צְלִי־אֵ֔שׁ but ...
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439 views

Oops! Out of wine for the 3rd cup. What do we do?

Let's say a family invited guests who are big wine drinkers. They drink extra wine during the meal, and by the time they get to the 3rd cup, there's no wine (or grape juice) left. What should they do ...
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45 views

Did Hillel include the Passover lamb in his sandwich or not?

In the korech section of the hagadah there is an introductory paragraph. In most hagadot that I have seen, the phrasing says: Sefaria.org used here הָיָה כּוֹרֵךְ מַצָּה וּמָרוֹר וְאוֹכֵל בְּיַחַד, ...
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The Seder Plate according to the Rama

The most common Seder plate orders I have seen are the Rama, the Gra, and the Ari. But when looking at just the Rama's Seder Plate, different places show even that differently. According to the Star ...
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90 views

What is the practical purpose of karpas?

I have had discussions with people who insist that karpas must be a small piece of diced vegetable (i.e. smaller than a ke-zayith le-Humrah), dipped in salt water, and nothing more. When I then ask ...
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113 views

Kol Dichfin, Why So Hesitant?

כל דכפין ייתי ויכול, כל דצריך ייתי ויפסך "All who are hungry come and eat". Why don't we ask this in a more emphatic way? Instead of saying "I invite all who want to come..." we say something to the ...
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60 views

Why do all of them say that there were 5 times more plagues at the sea, instead of 1.5 times?

In the Haggadah it says: (text from WikiSource) רַבִּי יוֹסֵי הַגְּלִילִי אוֹמֵר: מִנַּיִן אַתָּה אוֹמֵר שֶׁלָּקוּ הַמִּצְרִים בְּמִצְרַיִם עֶשֶׂר מַכּוֹת וְעַל הַיָּם לָקוּ חֲמִשִּׁים מַכּוֹת? ...
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Seder Plate According to the Vilna Gaon

The opinion of the Vilna Gaon in setting up the seder plate is that the shankbone and the egg are placed closest to the person leading the Seder, the two matzos (the Vilna Gaon did not use the third ...
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58 views

Will Korech move to the end of the Seder in the future?

When we start bringing and consuming the Korban Pesach again (speedily may it be, in our days), will the Korech step of the Seder be moved to adjacent to Tzafun or possibly replaced by it? Kadesh ...
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Seeking teachings or stories involving the rabbis mentioned in the hagadda, to add a little more spice to the seders

To help me prepare for conducting seders again this year, can anyone point me to a compilation of teachings or stories involving any or all of the rabbis in the hagadda? Autobiographical tidbits? ...
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91 views

Is there an ideal way to recline on Pesach?

Given that we do not eat sitting on the floor, reclining on our left side on pillows (so our right hand is free to deal with the food), is there an ideal way to recline while sitting on a chair. The ...
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Any practical tips for leaning when seated in an armless dining-room chair?

We are supposed to lean while drinking the 4 cups and eating the matza at the Seders, but I find it hard to do that while sitting in an armless dining room chair. Likewise, I have not been able to ...
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1answer
72 views

Why do we say an after-bracha only for the last of the four cups at the passover seders?

The hagadda has us say the Mein Shalosh after-bracha for wine for the 4th cup. Why do we say the after-bracha for that cup and not for each of the other 3 cups? Why are we not concerned about losing ...
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Why does the Hagadda talk about our being slaves now and free next year in Israel?

Why does the paragraph that introduces the pesach hagada ("This is the bread of affliction") talk about our being slaves now and free next year, in Israel? If it is speaking literally, what location ...
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102 views

Can wasabi be used for maror at the seder?

Horseradish is commonly used at the seder. Wikipedia explains that wasabi is a different plant than horseradish, though from the same general family. Can one use wasabi? If so, must it be used only ...
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120 views

What are the minimum required sections of the Hagadah that must be said?

I am leading the Seder for my family, many whom are older people and young children who must be on a strict schedule. I.e., they have to eat by a certain time and must be asleep by a certain time, ...
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312 views

How is the liturgy affected by Passover falling on a Friday night?

This year (2015 / 5775), the first night of Passover falls on Shabbat (Friday night). Neither my haggadah nor my siddur give much detail explaining how to integrate the two ceremonies. The only ...
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1answer
65 views

The Seder & diabetes

Those that suffer from type 2 diabetes are told to limit their intake of carbohydrates. This is normally doable. However comes the Seder night, with 4 cups of wine and significant Matza intake one is ...
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82 views

Hallel before chatzos at seder

I was reading Rav Schwab On Prayer (page 541) where he says the following about the timing of parts of the Seder: According to some poskim, even the recitation of Hallel should be completed before ...
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83 views

Rabban Gamliel says we must mention moror at the seder. Is it just a word association?

Mishna Pesochim Perek 10 mishnah 5. Rabban Gamliel requires us to mention three things at the seder and gives the reasons. פסח, על שום שפסח המקום על בתי אבותינו במצרים. מצה, על שום שנגאלו ...
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60 views

Children saying Divrei torah at the Pesach seider [duplicate]

Are there any Gedolim who oppose the concept of children saying Divrei torah to their parents at the Pesach Seider?
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63 views

Parents teaching children or children teaching parents?

Regarding והגדת לבנך, and you shall tell to your children (Shemos 13:8), on Pesach night: 1) What is the mitzvah of והגדת לבנך and how does one fulfill it according to halacha? 2a) Why do yeshivos ...
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69 views

echad mi yodea: Aramaic?

A friend of mine told me that the minhag in his family for several generations was to sing "echad mi yodea" in Aramaic. Is there any early source for this?
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Why is “בבהילו יצאנו ממצרים” a mix of two paraphrases?

Included in the Rambam's hagada text is the line בבהילו יצאנו ממצרים‎, replicated in some modern hagados. This line blends near-quotations of D'varim 16:3, כִּי בְחִפָּזוֹן יָצָאתָ ...
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1answer
177 views

Is is prefered to have the Pasach meal on the first or second night?

I remember being told that the Seder can be on either the first or second night. Is this true, and if so, is it prefered for it to take place on one over the other, or are they both equal? Edit: The ...
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26 views

Washing the hands of the ba'al habayis

I heard that at one's Pesach Seider someone else is supposed to wash the hands of the ba’al habayis. Where is the basis for this halachah? Furthermore, I heard that He should pour once over both ...
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59 views

Eating gefrishte matzoh at the seder [closed]

Does anyone know of a Leipzig or Polish tradition to eat "gefrishte" matzah, matzah with raw eggs, at the seder meal?
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1answer
142 views

Why is Chad Gadya a mix of Hebrew and Aramaic?

Chad Gadya (recited at the end of the Passover seder) is written in a mix of Hebrew and Aramaic. Specifically, most of the verbs are in Hebrew, except for זבין (bought) and אתא (came), and most of the ...
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Difference Ga'al and Natzal

shemot 6:6-7 reads the famous quote for the Pesach cups. But what's the actual difference between deliver (natzal) and redeem (ga'al)? take away from a problem? and remove the problem? Please help ...