Presumably, the reason we have the Avoda in Mussaf is because of Uneshalma Parim Sefateinu - by saying (or learning) about sacrifices, it's as if we brought them. So if we're bringing real sacrifices ...
In P'sachim (58a), Abaye frames a disagreement between Rabbi Yishma'el and Rabbi Akiva regarding the ordering of the korban musaf and the bazichin (bowls of frankincense burned when the old showbread ...
[Edit: According to Nusach Edot HamMizrach,] why does the Mussaf prayer on Shabbat and Rosh Chodesh include a description of the actual mussaf sacrifice, while the Mussaf prayer on Moed does not? Why ...
נֻסח 'ספרד' says "אין כאלקינו" every day. On weekdays, it includes several paragraphs describing the makeup of the קטרת, followed by several פסוקים. On שבת, the description of the קטרת is cut ...