Questions about the musaf, the additional prayer service on Jewish holidays and Rosh Hodesh

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871 views

Origin of Mareh Kohen tune

Where did the popular tune for the Yom Kippur piyyut, מראה כהן, come from? Who wrote it? When did it originate? Where is it from? Does the tune have a name other than "that marei kohen tune"? ...
10
votes
3answers
239 views

Who instituted the Musaf prayer?

According to the Gemara in Brachot, there are two views about Shacharit, Mincha, and Maariv: one is that the Avot instituted them, and one is that they correspond to the daily tmidin and the burning ...
9
votes
1answer
112 views

Why summarize m'nachos in musaf?

In every musaf prayer service, we read an excerpt from Bamidbar delineating the musaf animal sacrifices of the day. While each day's passage in Bamidbar includes also a description of the flour and ...
8
votes
1answer
126 views

Why is Ein Kelokeinu not said on Yom Kippur?

Ein Kelokeinu isn't in my Yom Kippur Machzor, and as far as I can recall, it is not said in Shul after Musaf [or any time, for that matter]. Why is this so?
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3answers
215 views

High Holy Days silent musaf: do we bow at וַאֲנַחְנוּ כֹּרעִים ומִשְׁתַּחֲוִים?

In the musaf amidah on Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, we say the Oleinu prayer. This is also said towards the end of most services when there is a custom to bow when saying וַאֲנַחְנוּ כֹּרעִים ...
7
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3answers
1k views

Saying Ulichaporas Pasha in Musaf of Rosh Chodesh

During Musaf of Rosh Chodesh the words Ulichaporas Pasha is added on during a leap year. Why is this done? And what is the significance of it?
7
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1answer
281 views

Removing Tefilin before Mussaf

I've seen some people remove their Tefillin before Mussaf on weekdays of Rosh Chodesh. Why do they do this?
7
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2answers
751 views

What are “Chukei Rosh Chodesh”?

In the Musaf of Rosh Chodesh, we mention that Hashem has given us "חוקי ראש חודש". What are these Chukim?
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2answers
74 views

Why is the Pitum HaKetores said after Musaf?

The Tur (O.C. 132) quotes from Siddur Rav Amram that one should say the Parsha of Ketores every day after davening, and the Rama there writes that his custom is to do so only on Shabbos and Yom Tov. ...
7
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1answer
116 views

Forgiveness on Rosh Chodesh

If Rosh Chodesh is a "Zeman Kapara" (time of atonement) as we say in the Mussaf prayers, why does it contain no selichot and no tachanunim? Why doesn't it (the day of Rosh Chodesh itself) resemble Yom ...
7
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1answer
47 views

Why don't we detail the wine-libations during Mussaf?

During mussaf, after the verses of the appropriate offering are recited, we add: ומנחתם ונסכיהם כמדובר, שלושה עשרונים לפר ושני עשרונים לאיל ועשרון לכבש ויין כנסכו And the flour offerings and ...
6
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4answers
322 views

Shabbos morning (Drasha) sermon before Kaddish of Musaf

Recently I saw in Halacha that it is inappropriate to have the sermon right before Kaddish of Musaf as it is considered a Hefsek. Yet many Shuls do just that and have the sermon right before Kaddish ...
6
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2answers
162 views

Us'shuva us'fila utz'daka maavirin… so what?

Why is so much emphasis given to the line "us'shuva us'fila utz'daka maavirin..." in the Rosh Hashana and Yom Kipur prayers? It seems to be the most emphasized line of all, with people shouting it and ...
6
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1answer
72 views

Mentioning our sins on Shabbos Rosh Chodesh

During every Shemoneh Esrei of mussaf, we pray that the Beis Hamikdash be rebuilt. However, only on Yom Tov do we mention that it was destroyed due to our sins - ומפני חטאינו. On Shabbos, and on Rosh ...
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2answers
91 views

“Chaparat Pesha” just through Adar II

We know that the phrase ולכפרת פשע is added to the Musaf Amidah of Rosh Chodesh during a leap year. However, in most minyanim I've davened in, the custom seems to be that one only adds it from ...
5
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1answer
115 views

Useshuva Usefillah Utzedakah maavirin es roah hagezeira, where is this from?

Does anyone know the history of how "Useshuvah Usefillah Utzedakah maavirin es roah hagezeirah" was put into our Tefillah and/or who wrote it? (It's in the chazaras hashatz for musaf on Rosh Hashana ...
5
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2answers
460 views

Tefillin removal on Rosh Chodesh

Removal before Musaf, some wait until after Kaddish, some don't. Why wait? Is there a source for this? Some do not 'wind up' the rezuas but wait until after amidah. Is this because it creates a ...
5
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2answers
103 views

What is the origin and meaning of the prayer “Koh Kaili” said before Musaf on Chagim?

The prayer “Koh Kaili” is said by some before the “Ashrei” before Musaf on Sholosh Regolim. 1) What is the origin and meaning of the prayer? 2) In the “chorus” what are the “miluim”? Are they the ...
5
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2answers
207 views

Birkat Kohanim at a late Musaf

Generally speaking, Birkat Kohanim can/is done at any daytime prayer. We do not do so at mincha because in the afternoon people have already eaten and the kohanim may have drunk some alcohol which ...
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0answers
72 views

Why don't we say “Misod” for Geshem and Tal?

On Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur, the Shat"z says a short paragraph at the beginning of his repetition that starts with the words "מסוד חכמים ונבונים," which is an explanation for the insertion of extra ...
4
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1answer
103 views

Kohenim Taking shoes off during rosh hashana

Why did Kohenim take off their shoes on the bimah during a certain prayer on Rosh hashana? Why did they also hold their tallit up over their heads more like tents with their arms raised?
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1answer
313 views

When is Musaf said?

When is the Musaf said? I know it is part of the Shacharit service. I mean when as in what holidays, fast days, etc... Would you say it on Tisha B'av for example. If not, why? At the end of ...
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1answer
51 views

Why is “An'im Zemirot” called “Shir Hakavod”?

In most Siddurim (Nusach Ashkenaz and Sefard) the hymn that starts with the words "An'im Zemirot" is denoted in the Siddur as "Shir Hakavod" - sometimes translated in English in the Siddur (such as ...
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2answers
59 views

Who is the LaHem (“them”) in Mussaf Rosh Chodesh?

In Musaf of Rosh Chodesh we say אַהֲבַת עוֹלָם תָּבִיא לָהֶם - bring them eternal love. Who is this phrase referring to? Who is the them in this supplication? If it referes to the renewed temple ...
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1answer
125 views

Davening mussaf late on Simchas Torah and Yom Kippur

Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 620 says that one should daven Musaf before the seventh hour of the day on Yom Kippur even if it means leaving out Piyutim and Selichos of Shachris. Mishna Berura says to ...
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2answers
29 views

On the 2nd day of Succot in Diaspora, why don't we read both the 1st & 2nd day Musaph readings?

In Diaspora, on the 1st day of Hol Hamo'ed Succot, which is the 3rd day of Succot, we read the Torah portion pertaining to the Musaph offering given on both the 2nd day as well as the 3rd day of ...
3
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2answers
134 views

Why do we say only “Morid Hatal” without words “Mashiv haru'ach” before it?

During winter months, we say "You make the wind blow and the rain fall". During the summer, we say only "You make the dew fall." Why don't we include the beginning part about blowing the wind? I ...
3
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1answer
92 views

musafos in Adar

Why are there musafos (things added to the chazaras hashatz of musaf) for Shabas parashas sh'kalim and hachodesh but not zachor or para? (Or, at least, sidurim, including Rav Yaakov Emden's, have the ...
3
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1answer
277 views

Shabbat Rosh Chodesh: Ata yatzarta

Why does the Shabbat Rosh Chodesh Musaf have its own special text (Ata Yatzarta Olamecha Mikedem ...) for the middle beracha?
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31 views

Why are there 4 citations from Ketuvim (Writings) instead of 3 in Shofarot?

Talmud Rosh Hashanah 32a says: מתני' אין פוחתין מעשרה מלכיות מעשרה זכרונות מעשרה שופרות My translation: We do not lessen (saying) 10 verses in each of Malchuyot, Zichront and Shofarot (The ...
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57 views

Inconsistent scheduling for the musaf offering

In P'sachim (58a), Abaye frames a disagreement between Rabbi Yishma'el and Rabbi Akiva regarding the ordering of the korban musaf and the bazichin (bowls of frankincense burned when the old showbread ...
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0answers
103 views

Why isn't Tefilat Mussaf consistent?

[Edit: According to Nusach Edot HamMizrach,] why does the Mussaf prayer on Shabbat and Rosh Chodesh include a description of the actual mussaf sacrifice, while the Mussaf prayer on Moed does not? Why ...
2
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1answer
93 views

When does the year start in terms of saying “Ulichaporas Pasha” for a leap year?

When we add the words "Ulichaporas Pasha" during Musaf of Rosh Chodesh when it's a leap year, when is the year determined - Nisan or Tishrei?
2
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1answer
49 views

Why is the rosh chodesh goat not in Rosh Hashana's section of Pin'chas?

Numbers 28 lists the musaf offerings of rosh chodesh. They include a goat, which is a chatas offering, and several animals as an ola offering. Numbers 29 lists the musaf offerings of Rosh Hashana. ...
2
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1answer
88 views

May one talk between kaddish and mussaf

May one talk between kaddish and mussaf? Our minhag is to take off the t'fillin then on rosh chodesh. Others, like Belz chasidim, put on their rabainu tam t'fillin, say some davenning like shma, and ...
2
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2answers
80 views

Why does the last citation in the Shofaros section of Rosh Hashahnnah Musaph not mention the shofar?

Talmud Rosh Hashannah 32b delves into a discussion on the Mishnah's instruction that each of the 3 sections in the middle part of Musaph Rosh Hashannah contain at least 3 verses from the Torah, 3 from ...
2
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1answer
40 views

What's the fore's heaven's heaven?

In the brief prayer we recite before the עקידה each morning, and in the זכרונות blessing on ראש השנה, we ask: ופקדנו בפקדת ישועה ורחמים משמי שמי קדם Roughly: and pay attention to us with an ...
2
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1answer
96 views

Why do modern siddurim not break up the Shabbos Mussaf Kedusho at “להיות לכם לאלקים” as we used to do?

In the Kedusho in Musaf for Shabbos, the custom in nusach ashkenaz used to be that the chazzan would stop at the words “להיות לכם לאלקים” and the community would answer “אני ה" אלקיכם”. The custom ...
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0answers
31 views

Why is the special kedusha for Shabbat and Yom Tov musaf not said on Chol Hamoed or Rosh Chodesh?

On Shabbat and Yom Tov Ashkenazim say an extended kedusha in musaf (on Yom Kippur, we even say it throughout the day). The Artscroll (machzor, Yom Kippur, pages 406-407) explains: During Mussaf of ...
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0answers
34 views

What is the reason for the ark opening & closing procedure during Aleinu in High Holiday Musaph?

The Art Scroll & Birnbaum siddurim Nusach Ashkenaz for both Rosh Hashannah & Yom Kippur state this ark / opening procedure during the cantor's recital of the Aleinu prayer during Musaph on ...
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0answers
28 views

Machzor with the Chayei Adam's version of the Seder HaAvodah

The Chayei Adam (in Nishmas Adam) lists several edits he made in his Machzor for Yom Kippur in the Seder HaAvodah (Amitz Ko'ach) to better correspond with the description of the Avodah brought down in ...
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0answers
52 views

Why does אין כאלקינו differ on שבת?

נֻסח 'ספרד'‏ says "אין כאלקינו" every day. On weekdays, it includes several paragraphs describing the makeup of the קטרת, followed by several פסוקים. On שבת, the description of the קטרת is cut ...
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1answer
53 views

Taking off tefillin for Mussaf on Rosh Chodesh [duplicate]

On Rosh Chodesh we take off our tefillin before Mussaf. 1) What's the source this? 2) Why do we do it?
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1answer
61 views

Why do we say באהבה twice in the sentence beginning ותתן לנו ה' אלקנו in Musaf for Yom Tov?

In Musaf for Yom Tov, we say ותתן לנו ה' אלקנו באהבה [שבתות למנוחה ו] מועדים לשמחה את יום החג הזה זמן .... [באהבה] מקרא קדש וכי (additions for Shabbos in square brackets and italics.) Why do we need ...
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1answer
67 views

Why Don't Ashkenasim say ברכו at the end of Shabbos Mussaf?

I noticed that while Sephardim do in fact say: ברכו את ה המבורך at the conclusion of Mussaf on Shabbos, it seems that Ashkenasim (at least the shuls that I go to) don't. Is there a reason for this? A ...
1
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1answer
61 views

When Mashiach will come, will we still have the Avoda in the Yom Kippur Mussaf?

Presumably, the reason we have the Avoda in Mussaf is because of Uneshalma Parim Sefateinu - by saying (or learning) about sacrifices, it's as if we brought them. So if we're bringing real sacrifices ...
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1answer
110 views

Mussaf before Mincha Katana

[This is not a request for a psak, as I did say Mussaf on time today, B"H.] If it is now after Mincha Gedola, but before Mincha Ketana, and there is no Minyan, what should an individual say first, ...
1
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1answer
119 views

Not davening the musaf of Rosh Chodesh on Shabbos Rosh Chodesh

If someone by mistake didn't say atah y'ztarteh (the special tefillah we say by musaf on Shabbos that is also rosh chodesh) and instead davened a regular musaf on shabbos rosh chdoesh, what's the din ...
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0answers
29 views

Can personal requests be made during the mussaf of rosh hodesh or chol hamoed?

On a holiday it is forbidden to make a personal request. Does this same prohibition apply to the mussaf of rosh hodesh and hol hamoed when all the regular shemonah esrei bakashot are left out?
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0answers
54 views

Why is the atonement for פשע limited to leap years in the Amida for Musaf Rosh Chodesh? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Saying Ulichaporas Pasha in Musaf of Rosh Chodesh This question is a slightly different take on this one. I have posted a comment there and await to see if it needs to ...