discharging someone else in their obligation to fulfill a certain mitzva

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6
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1answer
97 views

Can women be motsi Sephardic men in havdalah?

According to Sepharadim, women are chayavot in havdalah. Can they also be motsi men? Looking for a Sephardic answer.
2
votes
1answer
129 views

Non-observant Jew making kiddush

Can a Jew who does not observe Shabbat say kiddush for others?
4
votes
1answer
49 views

Can someone who possibly already did a mitzva cover another such person with the b'racha?

As codified in Mishna B'rura 592 and elsewhere, we allow someone who has already fulfilled a mitzva to exempt another in the b'racha recited for it — though we try to avoid it where feasible. ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Answering amen to Hallel on Yom Haatzma'ut

There is a debate as to whether one can recite Hallel with a beracha on Yom Haaztmaut (related). I have been to a synagogue where they had invited someone who is of the opinion that one should say a ...
2
votes
2answers
88 views

Is it a sin to read parsha commentaries during leining?

I understand that one is supposed to follow along with the communal Torah reading in Hebrew. But is this actually a requirement, as opposed to just a good thing to do? Another way of asking the same ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Why does a guest not have to contribute a perutah for other mitzvot?

The halacha (Orah Hayyim 677) is that a guest must contribute a perutah towards the fulfillment of the mitzvah of lighting Chanuka candles. I would like to know why we don't find a similar idea by ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Both husband and wife lighting the Chanuka candles separately

For Ashkenazi customs: I heard (not first hand) that Rabbi Soloveitchik's wife used to light her own candles (with a blessing). Does anyone know of a source that she may have had to support such a ...
0
votes
0answers
80 views

Conservative Jews saying “amen” instead of saying Harachamans

I've noticed that among Conservative Jews, it seems to be a common practice that one person recites the harachamans after Birkat Hamazon and others are silent and only respond "amen". Now, after one ...
3
votes
0answers
105 views

What is the shitah of the Rambam regarding mevarekh mossi havero [מברך מוציא חברו]?

Before asking the question, I need to give some background information: The Rambam in Hilkhoth Berakhoth 1:11 says, כָּל הַשּׁוֹמֵעַ בְּרָכָה מִן הַבְּרָכוֹת מִתְּחִלָּתָהּ וְעַד סוֹפָהּ, ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Being yotzee a bracha while only having intention from the middle?

Someone was making havdallah and another person was there who decided to not have kavana (intention) to fufill their obligation of the aish (fire) part of havdallah with that person. In the middle of ...
4
votes
1answer
104 views

Person in Eretz Yisrael making Eiruv Tavshilin for Bnei Chutz L'Aretz

This might seem like a "funny" question. I don't think this would be permitted and I really have no basis to think why it should be however I'm trying to work out why this wouldn't work (or perhaps ...
6
votes
1answer
70 views

Making a bracha for someone else, can then use for one's self?

Consider the following 2 situations: Reuvan is unable to make kiddush and has asked Shimon (who already made kiddush for himself) to make kiddush for him (Reuvan). Shimon, however, says he can't ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Can a woman make an eiruv for her minor children?

The g'mara on Eiruvin 82b explains that a man can make an eiruv for his minor children and Canaanite slaves without their consent, but for adult children, his wife, and Hebrew slaves they must ...
3
votes
0answers
69 views

Can “Three D'Rabbanans be 'motzei' ”Two D'Rabbanans"

We know that when there is a case of someone that is obligated to perform a mitzvah m'drabbanan (and in fact there are 2 d'rabbanans together) they can't be "motzei" someone in the mitzvah who only ...
4
votes
0answers
46 views

Explanation in Tosfos Pesachim Daf 99b

Tosfos writes the following in Pesachim Daf 99b: לא יפחתו לו מארבע כוסות. מתוך הלשון משמע קצת שאין נותנין לבניו ולבני ביתו כי אם לעצמו והוא מוציא את כולם בשלו וסברא הוא דמאי שנא ארבע כוסות מקידוש ...
3
votes
0answers
79 views

How can saying vidui for a dying person substitute for his own confession?

The Mishna at Sanhedrin 6:2 says that anyone who confesses his sins before dying has a share in the World to Come. The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch at 193:13 says that when visiting a sick person who is ...
10
votes
2answers
207 views

Are you Yotzei Mikrah Megillah if you're spacing out?

The Mishnah in Megillah (2:2) says that one who reads the megillah while semi-asleep ('מתנמנם') is yotzei. The gemara comments (18b): מתנמנם יצא וכו': היכי דמי מתנמנם אמר רב אשי נים ולא נים תיר ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Source in the Aruch HaShulchan to not motzi (exempt) others with after-bracha on mezonot foods

The Aruch HaShulchan has an opinion on whether one person can motzi (exempt) a crowd with a bracha acharona (after-bracha) on mezonot foods. It is along the lines of it is better not to have one ...
4
votes
1answer
107 views

Making food brachot for others

On Shabbat and Yom Tov, usually one person makes ha'motzi and everyone else at the table says amen and eats some bread. As far as I am aware, during the week, nobody ever eats food without making ...
4
votes
1answer
246 views

What is the effect on me of saying amen?

I understand that if I hear another person make a bracha (and perhaps even if I don't actually hear it), I may? must? respond "amen". I also understand that saying "amen" can allow me to be yotzei ...
5
votes
3answers
164 views

Can you fulfill the obligation to pray if you can't hear the leader?

The gemorah in Sukkah daf 51b explains that, in the enormous shul in Alexandria, in order for everyone to know when to answer Amen when the shliach tzibbur (prayer leader, aka sha"tz) was davening, ...
7
votes
3answers
213 views

Can one “take over” the Megillah reading?

Suppose the one who is leining (reading) the Megillah needs to stop in the middle of leining, and is unable to continue. Is someone who was there the entire time allowed to take over?
6
votes
2answers
96 views

Kiddush BeRov 'Am

Does BeRov 'Am Hadrath Melech (the King's glory is in the multitudes, ie., the more people praise HaShem together, the more glorious it is for Him) apply to making Kiddush? I've heard it said so ...
8
votes
1answer
166 views

Singing part of kidush with the leader

Some people, although listening to another's kidush (Friday night), sing part of it along with him: specifically (in my experience), the lines starting "ki vanu vacharta" when recited with this tune. ...
7
votes
2answers
225 views

Is Listening to a Torah Tape considered Talmud Torah?

It says in the Baal HaTanya's Hilchos Talmud Torah that one fulfills his obligation to learn Torah only if he says the words. Moreover, a Chavrusa fulfills his obligation only because Shomeya Keoneh. ...
6
votes
3answers
360 views

Saying Kadish for someone else

The Kadish is a declaration of praise and recognition that God is great. As I understand it, a mourner says Kadish to declare that despite his loss he still praises God and understands that this was ...
13
votes
2answers
273 views

Does everyone have to drink the Kiddush wine?

When making Kiddush, does everyone who is yotzei have to drink the wine or grape juice, or is merely hearing it enough? In my experience, it appears that Friday nights everyone is careful to drink, ...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

Do the chefs need to be present when Eiruv Tavshilin is done?

Do all those who will be cooking in the house need to be present when the Eruv Tavshilin is made, or can one person per household make it, and everyone else benefit from it?
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Erev Tavshilin for married children in their parents' home

Do married children in their parents' home need to make a separate Eruv Tavshilin if they are staying in their parents' home and their parents are making an Eruv Tavshilin already?
6
votes
2answers
134 views

Does being Yotzei a Bracha count for 100?

There are many brachos where by listening to the bracha one can be yotzei his obligation for that bracha. If someone does do so, does that bracha count towards the quota of 100 brochos a day?
4
votes
1answer
74 views

Parshat Zachor - Do you need to understand or just hear

The responsibility of reading Zachor is in order to remember to wipe out Amalek. Therefore we read it annually. Does someone who hears the words of Zachor, but does not understand them, still ...
5
votes
3answers
526 views

Making Kiddush/Havdalah Twice

Is it okay to say kiddush or havdalah twice in order to be Motzi someone else (e.g. wife)?
1
vote
3answers
209 views

Havdalah on Telephone

May one be yotzai listening to havdala over the telephone?
7
votes
2answers
104 views

Do you add in the “for all the Jews in this town” clause to Eruv Tavshilin?

In the Eruv Tavshilin we say when there's holiday followed by Sabbath, the proclamation is: This eruv ("merging") shall allow us to cook, bake, insulate, and kindle on the holiday in preparation ...
5
votes
1answer
196 views

Can a man fulfill his obligation by listening to a woman's Birchos HaShachar?

Can a man fulfill his obligation by listening to a woman's Birchos HaShachar (morning blessings)? What about vice-versa? I suppose my question breaks down into three parts: Do women have a lesser ...