Questions pertaining to different types of currencies and the mechanics of currency in general, pertaining to Jewish Law.

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Can tax ever be considered maaser?

Related to this question. Can tax itself (particularly in the land of Israel) ever be considered maaser? If your tax money is going towards nationally funded projects, building infrastructure, ...
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2answers
116 views

Source for Quote about the cost of bread in the times before Moshiach?

Does anyone know where it says that in the times before moshiach, it will cost a barrel of money to buy a loaf of bread? I remember hearing that, but can't find the source. The reason I ask that is ...
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1answer
87 views

Compromising a Doubtful Loan and Ribbis

First let's get the case: Reuven lends $100 to Shimon to be paid back in a year. There is no record of the amount of the loan. And then, one month later, one of the following happen: Shimon ...
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63 views

Is there any halachic problem with providing a service (e.g., matchmaking) to someone for free, when others pay for it?

I recently got an interesting email from a shadchan (matchmaker), which I've paraphrased here: I have a potential match in mind for you. However, it is a halachic problem if I set you up with this ...
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2answers
81 views

Can you redeem ma'aser sheni using a $5 bill — even though burning it will enrich your countrymen?

It's not so easy to mint coins. Canadian law says: If you want to destroy money, then burn banknotes. Don't destroy metal coins. In fact, in Canada, it is legal to burn banknotes. (Note: In the U.S., ...
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139 views

How should parents divide wedding expenses with their child's future in-laws

Today there are many different practices that have been "adopted" (not formally though) among the various Jewish communities on how the parents of an engaged couple divide up the expenses of the ...
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42 views

Davar Ha'avad on Chol HaMoed — Loss coming later

It says in SA OC Siman 537 that one is allowed to do a malacha on chol hamoed if it's a "davar ha'aved". That is to say if the person doesn't do the malacha now it will come to a loss ("hefsed".) ...
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1answer
472 views

Is playing board games on Shabbat prohibited?

I have heard different opinions on playing games on Shabbat. Are games using money (ie Monopoly) mukza? What about games without money. (obviously games with writing necessary are muksa and need not ...
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4answers
355 views

What is the problem with dogs?

Deuteronomy 23:19: לֹא תָבִיא אֶתְנַן זוֹנָה וּמְחִיר כֶּלֶב בֵּית יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ לְכָל נֶדֶר כִּי תוֹעֲבַת יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ גַּם שְׁנֵיהֶם Why does the Torah have a problem with using the ...
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1answer
431 views

What is this medallion?

This was given to me on my bat mitzvah several years ago, and I have no idea what it's about. Can you please explain/translate what this is? Does it have an official name? I'd like to read more about ...
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2answers
322 views

Is buying a lottery ticket a lack of faith?

Everybody would like to be rich, and winning the lottery is the easiest (albeit most unlikely) path to sudden wealth. In terms of Jewish hashkafa (philosophy), I agree that buying more than one ...
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3answers
112 views

Are Checks (Cheques) Muktzah?

Are Cheques Muktzah on Shabbos? If so, what type of Muktzah?
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146 views

Machatziz hashekel

How much money is a Machatziz hashekel.
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2answers
107 views

Can a judge take an equal bribe from both sides?

It says in CH"M Siman 9 that it is forbidden for a Dayan to take a shochad (bribe.) What about if a particular Dayan is dealing with a case between Reuvan and Shimon that they both want to give the ...
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1answer
148 views

Is a speeding driver who causes damage exempt from paying due to his status as a Roidef?

On this forum they ask a very interesting question. What happens when a person who is driving a car is speeding, at a pace where a fatal accident could easily occur. He then crashes into another ...
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2answers
116 views

Repayment of Shabas expenditures

Betza 15-16 says that one's allotment of money for the year doesn't include expenditures for Shabas and yom tov, for which one is repaid according to his outlay. (First off, am I reading that right? ...
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1answer
75 views

Is there a prohibition of paying interest misafek (doubt)?

Reuvain borrowed money from Shimon, and both are unsure if it was ever payed back. Now, of course Shimon can't claim any money from Reuvain, but if Reuvain wants to pay him back out of doubt, should ...
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2answers
94 views

Am I allowed to use borrowed money for something else?

Reuven goes to his good friend Shimon and tells him that he needs $10,000 for X. Shimon naturally agrees. Reuven then realizes that he needs the money for Y instead. Is Reuven allowed to use the ...
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1answer
108 views

Is requesting early payment on a loan considered a (prohibited) form of interest?

Can a Jewish-owned business that extends interest-free house account/credit, billable on a monthly basis (as per signed agreement), demand early payment? Would this be considered taking interest, as ...
3
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1answer
42 views

Do I need to use damage compensation for repairs?

If I get a scratch on a car door and I am compensated, do I have to repair or can I just keep the money and live with the dent or scratch? (This may be a similar question but I am unsure so I made ...
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1answer
87 views

Cancellation of debt, income?

Suppose someone has a $20,000 balance on a credit card or HELOC and settles for $10,000 - the IRS considers it cancellation of debt income and you are required to pay taxes on your $10,000 gain. Would ...
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1answer
32 views

Is a deceased obligated to pay financial debts

Say someone becomes niftar and owes a petty sum (under 100 currency units) is his next-of-kin chayav to pay his debts under halachah?
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1answer
56 views

Does someoene have to give ma'aser from scholarship grants or unemployment insurance?

I'm asking this question for my son. Scholarships are considered taxable income in some states, though this money usually gets sent directly to the school, so the recipient usually never accesses it. ...
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2answers
161 views

Card Counting Permissibility

For what it is (if you haven't heard of it), see Card Counting (wikipedia) Also assuming Gambling is not a problem in that scenario. It's perfectly legal in the U.S. So would it be a problem in ...
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1answer
49 views

How can one provide collateral to one's own debtors?

Picture the following scenario: Reuben needs to borrow money, and Shimon is happy to lend it to him. Unfortunately, Shimon won't lend Reuben the sum that he is after without something in the way of ...
3
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2answers
109 views

Stolen goods that rise in value at the time of theft - how does this effect compensation?

A thief steals the gold bar sells it off at price higher than the value of gold when he stole it. That is, the market value of the gold increased in his possession, either because the value of the ...
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1answer
95 views

Why are children given money on Purim?

There seems to be a minhag (or at least what appears to be a minhag) that children who deliver mishloach manos are given a small sum of money by the recepient. Is this an actual minhag? And if so, ...
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1answer
62 views

Maaser on Selling Previously Purchased Items

Many times people buy things and then later resell them. Assuming no profit was made in this sale, is there an obligation to give Maaser on the newly acquired money? Practical examples: eBay, college ...
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1answer
85 views

Settling debt with a credit card company

Is it Halachically sound to settle debt for less than owed with a credit card company?
3
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1answer
69 views

What is the role of government punishment in the teshuva (repentance) process?

If I understand it, according to Halacha, if Reuven steals $100 from Shimon, he has to first return the money (possibly plus another $100), apologize; then regret, confess, resolve, and abstain. If ...
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1answer
61 views

How do I give pidyon?

I am soon to visit a chasidic rebbe for a one-on-one meeting, for almost the first time in my life. I understand it is both appropriate and customary to (if feasible) leave "pidyon" — that is, ...
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1answer
105 views

Receiving money for a day's work, considering it to cover a debt?

I will pose this general question by presenting the following scenario: Reuvan works for Shimon. One time, at the end of the day, when Shimon came to pay Reuvan for that day's work (which was $100.), ...
3
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1answer
107 views

Is tzedakah money fungible if someone gives to me to give to another?

The discussion in this question seems to indicate that my own tzedakah money is fungible; I can collect coins in a tzedakah box and exchange them for other currency when it's time to make the ...
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2answers
165 views

Chametz owned by a public company

I work for a publicly-owned company, and I have reason to believe that the majority of the shares of this company are owned by Jews. In the office there are snacks that are available for employees to ...
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2answers
121 views

Chamets on pesach [closed]

If a Ba'al T'shuva had chamets that was either very important to him, or had a big monitary value and had it in his possesion over pesach before he came back, is there a possible Heter for him so that ...
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0answers
32 views

Can a Shul collect payment from one who does not follow specific rules?

In Sources to encourage returning s'farim to their places it has a picture of a sign saying that usage of seforim is on condition that one obligates himself to pay $18 to the synagogue fund if ...
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34 views

Monetizing ads on Shabbos?

Is there any issue with me running adverts on my app since I receive money when people click on the ads on Shabbos?
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170 views

Cost study comparing Kosher and non Kosher foods

Is there any published cost study analysis comparing production costs for Kosher and non Kosher foods? For example chicken. Non Kosher chicken costs x. Extra Production costs to produce Kosher ...
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65 views

What happened to the spoils from Egypt?

According to Pesachim 119a, Yosef collected all the wealth of the world during the famine and b'nei Yisrael took all of it out during the exodus. The g'mara then traces what happened to it from ...
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52 views

Time-limited promotional giveaways for some, fees for everyone later

If someone provides a discount for early payment, and raises the price for others, there is reason to consider this a form of forbidden usury. What if someone is giving away a gift to some as a ...
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0answers
70 views

Sources for supporting a married couple

The way I understand, it has become common in recent times for the parents of the girl, to offer a monthly stipend for a period of time after marriage. Is there a source for doing this?
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79 views

What if the Gabbai Tzedakah runs away?

Suppose a Gabbai Tzedakah passes our good friend Reuven while making his collection rounds. Reuven reaches into his pocket for his wallet and removes the money he wants to donate. By the time Reuven ...
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2answers
109 views

Minhag Kaparos with Money - What's the source?

In the Rama on SA OC Siman 605, we find the custom of "Kaparos" that many do Erev Yom Kippur. Of those who perform this custom a chicken is used. However many also use money (i.e. instead of waving a ...
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1answer
51 views

Eirichin & Nedarim

What are Arachin ערכין and how does one figure out their value? In a similar vein, what are Nedarim נדרים and how are they figured out? And finally, what is the difference between these two items?
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2answers
156 views

Machtzis Hashekel WHEN

When are we supposed to give machtzis Hashekel exactly and Why is the custom to give machtzis hashekel before Purim?
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1answer
35 views

Why does a guest not have to contribute a perutah for other mitzvot?

The halacha (Orah Hayyim 677) is that a guest must contribute a perutah towards the fulfillment of the mitzvah of lighting Chanuka candles. I would like to know why we don't find a similar idea by ...
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0answers
114 views

What is a typical amount that a chazzan for a large shul be paid for leading the high holiday services?

I have heard anecdotally that a world class chazzan can make nearly $100,000 for leading the services on Rosh Hashanna and Yom Kippur. I don't know exactly how to confirm this but I am trying to find ...
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0answers
65 views

Substituting security deposit for final month's rent

A friend of mine who practices law gave me the following advice: Do not pay your final month's rent. Instead, tell your landlord to keep the security deposit as your last month's rent. That way, if ...
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0answers
44 views

Can pledged cash be exchanged for other cash?

Authorities like the Or Zaru'a have been so stringent as to say that even mental pledges are binding when it comes to gifts to the poor. Many less extreme opinions hold that verbal pledges of the same ...
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1answer
167 views

Anti-libertarian-ism in Chazal

Most of the halachos of Choshen Mishpat have to do with one person's responsibilities viz-a-viz another person's rights. However, there is at least one halacha of which I am aware where Chazal told ...