Questions pertaining to different types of currencies and the mechanics of currency in general, pertaining to Jewish Law.

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Borrowing money without clear plan of how to pay it back

Are you allowed to borrow money from a Jew without having a reasonable idea how you will be able to repay the loan?
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Source for Quote about the cost of bread in the times before Moshiach?

Does anyone know where it says that in the times before moshiach, it will cost a barrel of money to buy a loaf of bread? I remember hearing that, but can't find the source. The reason I ask that is ...
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If you borrowed a tiny amount from someone but are no longer able to pay back, are you still obligated to pay back?

Say a person borrows 50 cents from a fellow Jew while out of town. The borrower cut his trip short and left without being able to pay back. Can one rely that the lender would give up hope of getting ...
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What is my relationship to an object once I have pledged it as hekdesh?

Once someone has pledged an object as hekdesh, what is his relationship with that object? He is able to redeem it, so does that mean that he still has some kind of connection to that object? If not, ...
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Renting building from a church

The question of renting a hall in a Church to use for a simcha (bar mitzvah) has been discussed. I have a similar question, however a little different. There is a Christian church that owns a large ...
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How can R' Yochanan derive from Moshe that wealth is needed in order for someone to have G-d's presence rest on him?

The Talmud (Nedarim 38A) says: אמר ר' יוחנן אין הקב"ה משרה שכינתו אלא על גבור ועשיר וחכם ועניו וכולן ממשה‏ R' Yochanan said, G-d only rests his presence on one who is strong, rich, wise, ...
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Would the rabbis who prohibit all gambling and lotteries prohibit a no-lose lottery?

In a no-lose lottery, lots of people put money in a bank; all of them will get their money back whenever they want. Additionally, the bank takes the proceeds from investing their money and ...
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Wealth-based sacrifices: how to determine wealth

Some sacrifices have varying requirements based on what you can afford. For example, Vayikra 5:6, 5:7 and 5:11 have three different levels of sacrifices to bring for a guilt-offering depending on ...
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211 views

Can tax ever be considered maaser?

Related to this question. Can tax itself (particularly in the land of Israel) ever be considered maaser? If your tax money is going towards nationally funded projects, building infrastructure, ...
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92 views

Compromising a Doubtful Loan and Ribbis

First let's get the case: Reuven lends $100 to Shimon to be paid back in a year. There is no record of the amount of the loan. And then, one month later, one of the following happen: Shimon ...
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Does a seller acquire each coin one at a time, or all at once?

Let's say i owe someone 5 coins. I hand them to him one at a time. Does he acquire each one as i hand it to him, or does he get all of them after all 5 are in his hand? When exactly does ownership get ...
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Maaser on post-tax contributions to retirement accounts

In this article, quoted a few times on this site, there is a discussion on maaser deductions. He says: Tax-free income that went into a retirement (or other) account designated specifically ...
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Is there any halachic problem with providing a service (e.g., matchmaking) to someone for free, when others pay for it?

I recently got an interesting email from a shadchan (matchmaker), which I've paraphrased here: I have a potential match in mind for you. However, it is a halachic problem if I set you up with this ...
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Can you redeem ma'aser sheni using a $5 bill — even though burning it will enrich your countrymen?

It's not so easy to mint coins. Canadian law says: If you want to destroy money, then burn banknotes. Don't destroy metal coins. In fact, in Canada, it is legal to burn banknotes. (Note: In the U.S., ...
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How should parents divide wedding expenses with their child's future in-laws

Today there are many different practices that have been "adopted" (not formally though) among the various Jewish communities on how the parents of an engaged couple divide up the expenses of the ...
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Davar Ha'avad on Chol HaMoed — Loss coming later

It says in SA OC Siman 537 that one is allowed to do a malacha on chol hamoed if it's a "davar ha'aved". That is to say if the person doesn't do the malacha now it will come to a loss ("hefsed".) ...
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What if the Gabbai Tzedakah runs away?

Suppose a Gabbai Tzedakah passes our good friend Reuven while making his collection rounds. Reuven reaches into his pocket for his wallet and removes the money he wants to donate. By the time Reuven ...
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603 views

Is playing board games on Shabbat prohibited?

I have heard different opinions on playing games on Shabbat. Are games using money (ie Monopoly) mukza? What about games without money. (obviously games with writing necessary are muksa and need not ...
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Kashrut with very costy salt?

Currently the cost of the salt (for human consumption) is practically negligible, mostly around $1/kg. But it wasn't always so. There were centuries as salt mining and selling was a governmental ...
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474 views

What is this medallion?

This was given to me on my bat mitzvah several years ago, and I have no idea what it's about. Can you please explain/translate what this is? Does it have an official name? I'd like to read more about ...
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169 views

driving non-hybrid cars

Is it assur (forbidden) to drive a non-hybrid vehicle if you can afford a hybrid vehicle?
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392 views

Is buying a lottery ticket a lack of faith?

Everybody would like to be rich, and winning the lottery is the easiest (albeit most unlikely) path to sudden wealth. In terms of Jewish hashkafa (philosophy), I agree that buying more than one ...
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Are Checks (Cheques) Muktzah?

Are Cheques Muktzah on Shabbos? If so, what type of Muktzah?
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170 views

Machatziz hashekel

How much money is a Machatziz hashekel.
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Is a speeding driver who causes damage exempt from paying due to his status as a Roidef?

On this forum they ask a very interesting question. What happens when a person who is driving a car is speeding, at a pace where a fatal accident could easily occur. He then crashes into another ...
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Repayment of Shabas expenditures

Betza 15-16 says that one's allotment of money for the year doesn't include expenditures for Shabas and yom tov, for which one is repaid according to his outlay. (First off, am I reading that right? ...
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Is there a prohibition of paying interest misafek (doubt)?

Reuvain borrowed money from Shimon, and both are unsure if it was ever payed back. Now, of course Shimon can't claim any money from Reuvain, but if Reuvain wants to pay him back out of doubt, should ...
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99 views

Am I allowed to use borrowed money for something else?

Reuven goes to his good friend Shimon and tells him that he needs $10,000 for X. Shimon naturally agrees. Reuven then realizes that he needs the money for Y instead. Is Reuven allowed to use the ...
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181 views

What is Chesron Mamon and why is it enough to allow melachos on Chol Hamoed?

I asked a question on here regarding being able to purchase a car on hol hamoed and one of the answers given mentioned that if you are afraid to lose the deal then it's permitted. It seems that most ...
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Halachic base of big loss (hefsed merube)

We see in the halacha many times that when we have a dispute if something is permitted or not and we pasken that it is not permitted, the halacha changes when there is a big loss. I understand it ...
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41 views

Is a deceased obligated to pay financial debts

Say someone becomes niftar and owes a petty sum (under 100 currency units) is his next-of-kin chayav to pay his debts under halachah?
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Does someoene have to give ma'aser from scholarship grants or unemployment insurance?

I'm asking this question for my son. Scholarships are considered taxable income in some states, though this money usually gets sent directly to the school, so the recipient usually never accesses it. ...
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115 views

Is requesting early payment on a loan considered a (prohibited) form of interest?

Can a Jewish-owned business that extends interest-free house account/credit, billable on a monthly basis (as per signed agreement), demand early payment? Would this be considered taking interest, as ...
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Do I need to use damage compensation for repairs?

If I get a scratch on a car door and I am compensated, do I have to repair or can I just keep the money and live with the dent or scratch? (This may be a similar question but I am unsure so I made ...
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91 views

Cancellation of debt, income?

Suppose someone has a $20,000 balance on a credit card or HELOC and settles for $10,000 - the IRS considers it cancellation of debt income and you are required to pay taxes on your $10,000 gain. Would ...
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Card Counting Permissibility

For what it is (if you haven't heard of it), see Card Counting (wikipedia) Also assuming Gambling is not a problem in that scenario. It's perfectly legal in the U.S. So would it be a problem in ...
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How can one provide collateral to one's own debtors?

Picture the following scenario: Reuben needs to borrow money, and Shimon is happy to lend it to him. Unfortunately, Shimon won't lend Reuben the sum that he is after without something in the way of ...
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117 views

Stolen goods that rise in value at the time of theft - how does this effect compensation?

A thief steals the gold bar sells it off at price higher than the value of gold when he stole it. That is, the market value of the gold increased in his possession, either because the value of the ...
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Is tzedakah money fungible if someone gives to me to give to another?

The discussion in this question seems to indicate that my own tzedakah money is fungible; I can collect coins in a tzedakah box and exchange them for other currency when it's time to make the ...
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104 views

Why are children given money on Purim?

There seems to be a minhag (or at least what appears to be a minhag) that children who deliver mishloach manos are given a small sum of money by the recepient. Is this an actual minhag? And if so, ...
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Maaser on Selling Previously Purchased Items

Many times people buy things and then later resell them. Assuming no profit was made in this sale, is there an obligation to give Maaser on the newly acquired money? Practical examples: eBay, college ...
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85 views

Settling debt with a credit card company

Is it Halachically sound to settle debt for less than owed with a credit card company?
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What is the role of government punishment in the teshuva (repentance) process?

If I understand it, according to Halacha, if Reuven steals $100 from Shimon, he has to first return the money (possibly plus another $100), apologize; then regret, confess, resolve, and abstain. If ...
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63 views

How do I give pidyon?

I am soon to visit a chasidic rebbe for a one-on-one meeting, for almost the first time in my life. I understand it is both appropriate and customary to (if feasible) leave "pidyon" — that is, ...
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108 views

Receiving money for a day's work, considering it to cover a debt?

I will pose this general question by presenting the following scenario: Reuvan works for Shimon. One time, at the end of the day, when Shimon came to pay Reuvan for that day's work (which was $100.), ...
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228 views

Chametz owned by a public company

I work for a publicly-owned company, and I have reason to believe that the majority of the shares of this company are owned by Jews. In the office there are snacks that are available for employees to ...
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Chamets on pesach [closed]

If a Ba'al T'shuva had chamets that was either very important to him, or had a big monitary value and had it in his possesion over pesach before he came back, is there a possible Heter for him so that ...
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Are there any responsa that encourage or require maintaining health insurance?

Are there any responsa in the literature that either encourage or require people to maintain health insurance, perhaps as a fulfillment of the obligation to guard one's health, or in line with any ...
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Is investing problematic?

Are there any issues involved in investing in stocks or other mediums owned by a Jewish company? I am referring to ribit (interest).
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Avodah Zarah 2b - about gold and silver

So I was recently studying Gemore Avoda Zara 2b with my friend. This part gave us some trouble: אמר להם הקב"ה במאי עסקתם אומרים לפניו רבש"ע הרבה שווקים תקנינו הרבה מרחצאות עשינו הרבה כסף וזהב ...