Questions pertaining to different types of currencies and the mechanics of currency in general, pertaining to Jewish Law.

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2
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0answers
114 views

What is a typical amount that a chazzan for a large shul be paid for leading the high holiday services?

I have heard anecdotally that a world class chazzan can make nearly $100,000 for leading the services on Rosh Hashanna and Yom Kippur. I don't know exactly how to confirm this but I am trying to find ...
4
votes
1answer
118 views

Borrowing money without clear plan of how to pay it back

Are you allowed to borrow money from a Jew without having a reasonable idea how you will be able to repay the loan?
4
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2answers
102 views

Can you redeem ma'aser sheni using a $5 bill — even though burning it will enrich your countrymen?

It's not so easy to mint coins. Canadian law says: If you want to destroy money, then burn banknotes. Don't destroy metal coins. In fact, in Canada, it is legal to burn banknotes. (Note: In the U.S., ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Where can I find modern business laws dealing specifically with online businesses?

I'm looking for something all-encompassing, specifically for an online business. Whether you're selling products, services or software online, I want to know how to deal with it in regards to Shabbat ...
6
votes
1answer
80 views

Is an ancient prutah muksah?

Are ancient prutahs (collectable) muksah? I would love to show them to my Shabbat guests. They are around 2000 years old. Are they legal tender?
3
votes
1answer
78 views

Is there a prohibition of paying interest misafek (doubt)?

Reuvain borrowed money from Shimon, and both are unsure if it was ever payed back. Now, of course Shimon can't claim any money from Reuvain, but if Reuvain wants to pay him back out of doubt, should ...
4
votes
2answers
169 views

Is a person obligated to purchase life insurance?

I have, unfortunately, heard about quite a few stories of fathers/husbands who were in kolel full time and then suddenly passed away leaving the family at best with very little savings and at worst ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Why does a guest not have to contribute a perutah for other mitzvot?

The halacha (Orah Hayyim 677) is that a guest must contribute a perutah towards the fulfillment of the mitzvah of lighting Chanuka candles. I would like to know why we don't find a similar idea by ...
9
votes
1answer
102 views

Who keeps the second set of sneakers?

If I appoint an agent to go purchase a pair of sneakers for me and, upon arriving at the store the agent notices they are having a two-for-one sale (which I was not aware of), when the agent buys the ...
7
votes
2answers
117 views

When and how did haman amass so much wealth?

In Masheches Megillah 15a at the bottom Rav Chisda brings a teaching on the passuk in the megilah 5:13 that Mordichai came with his wealth and Haman came with his poorness as Rashi explains the ...
4
votes
4answers
258 views

Using money on Shabbat

It is a thoroughly well-known feature of the halakha that one may not use money on Shabbat, and there are maybe a dozen questions on this website alone that seem to presuppose familiarity with that ...
2
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0answers
68 views

Substituting security deposit for final month's rent

A friend of mine who practices law gave me the following advice: Do not pay your final month's rent. Instead, tell your landlord to keep the security deposit as your last month's rent. That way, if ...
13
votes
3answers
231 views

Do our sources address “strategic loan defaults”?

In the most recent episode of NPR's Planet Money Podcast, they interviewed a real estate lawyer in Arizona who talked about the large numbers of her clients who have been asking for advice about doing ...
12
votes
1answer
465 views

Is flipping a coin following an omen?

If a person is deciding whether to do something and says "I'll flip a coin, heads I do it, tails I don't" does that fall under the prohibition of "don't divine with signs" in Vayikra 19?
3
votes
1answer
61 views

How do I give pidyon?

I am soon to visit a chasidic rebbe for a one-on-one meeting, for almost the first time in my life. I understand it is both appropriate and customary to (if feasible) leave "pidyon" — that is, ...
3
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0answers
194 views

Cost study comparing Kosher and non Kosher foods

Is there any published cost study analysis comparing production costs for Kosher and non Kosher foods? For example chicken. Non Kosher chicken costs x. Extra Production costs to produce Kosher ...
8
votes
1answer
113 views

Am I allowed to get miles or points for a loan?

Suppose me and my good friend Shimon are in a store shopping. Shimon wants to borrow $100 from me for his purchase. I graciously agree, but instead of giving Shimon cash, I swipe my credit card for ...
11
votes
2answers
373 views

Lottery on Shabbos

Is one allowed to buy a lottery ticket if the lottery will be held on shabbos? Is it a problem of possibly making money on shabbos even though his chances are slim?
1
vote
6answers
132 views

How do you get your money from your home tzedaka box to your favorite charity?

Okay now I have this tzedaka box sitting in my living room and it's full of coins and crumpled bills. How do I give that to my favorite charity? Or any charity?
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Borrowing in a foreign currency [duplicate]

If someone borrows money from a friend, and later reimburses him using a different country's money, how can he make sure there are no halahik complications, such as making interest? Based on what rate ...
3
votes
0answers
65 views

What happened to the spoils from Egypt?

According to Pesachim 119a, Yosef collected all the wealth of the world during the famine and b'nei Yisrael took all of it out during the exodus. The g'mara then traces what happened to it from ...
3
votes
1answer
111 views

Is requesting early payment on a loan considered a (prohibited) form of interest?

Can a Jewish-owned business that extends interest-free house account/credit, billable on a monthly basis (as per signed agreement), demand early payment? Would this be considered taking interest, as ...
-2
votes
1answer
53 views

Copyright issues in apps

Are there be any Halachik issues with regard to using someone else's logo, twitter avatar or the like as part of an app? If it would be okay, would that only be if I don't make any money from the ...
4
votes
1answer
100 views

If you borrowed a tiny amount from someone but are no longer able to pay back, are you still obligated to pay back?

Say a person borrows 50 cents from a fellow Jew while out of town. The borrower cut his trip short and left without being able to pay back. Can one rely that the lender would give up hope of getting ...
5
votes
1answer
113 views

Maaser on gift cards?

There is a tradition of giving 10% of one's income to charity. Suppose someone receives a gift card as compensation for his work. Should that person separate 10% of the value of the gift card to ...
11
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1answer
298 views

Kapparos on money - How much?

If one does the Minhag of Kapparos on money, how much money should be used for each person? (Sources.)
7
votes
1answer
349 views

What is the value of a (Kesuba) marriage contract?

In a regular Kesuba we give total 200 Zekukim Kesef. What is the value of that currently in US dollars? Also do you pay the value when you got married or the value at either death/divorce?
3
votes
1answer
54 views

How can one provide collateral to one's own debtors?

Picture the following scenario: Reuben needs to borrow money, and Shimon is happy to lend it to him. Unfortunately, Shimon won't lend Reuben the sum that he is after without something in the way of ...
3
votes
2answers
113 views

Stolen goods that rise in value at the time of theft - how does this effect compensation?

A thief steals the gold bar sells it off at price higher than the value of gold when he stole it. That is, the market value of the gold increased in his possession, either because the value of the ...
8
votes
2answers
132 views

Extent of financial consideration before having children

Are there financial considerations that a couple must take before having a child or children i.e. should one have children 'at any cost' or is this not a consideration. If yes, would these financial ...
4
votes
1answer
117 views

What is my relationship to an object once I have pledged it as hekdesh?

Once someone has pledged an object as hekdesh, what is his relationship with that object? He is able to redeem it, so does that mean that he still has some kind of connection to that object? If not, ...
3
votes
0answers
53 views

Time-limited promotional giveaways for some, fees for everyone later

If someone provides a discount for early payment, and raises the price for others, there is reason to consider this a form of forbidden usury. What if someone is giving away a gift to some as a ...
5
votes
3answers
128 views

Bracha on giving Machatzis HaShekel

In the times of the Beis HaMikdash when the Machatzis HaShekel was given was a bracha recited?
7
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0answers
135 views

How were coins that were destined for the Dead Sea managed?

A mishna on Meila 11a talks about money that a nazarite set aside for his offerings; if he died before completing the term and had set money aside specifically for the sin-offering, those coins are ...
6
votes
2answers
320 views

Is it permitted to learn in kollel without earning a living?

Based on this post which states in part: Ramoh in Yoreh Deah, 246:21 “A person should hire himself out for alien work rather than requiring assistance from others”; “The man who is ...
0
votes
1answer
143 views

How much is an ashkenazi kesuba today

A standard Ashkenazi kesuba is a document no different to a post dated cheque; there is nothing religious or holy about it. It says that the man will pay his wife upon divorce or death the sum of 200 ...
4
votes
0answers
165 views

How should parents divide wedding expenses with their child's future in-laws

Today there are many different practices that have been "adopted" (not formally though) among the various Jewish communities on how the parents of an engaged couple divide up the expenses of the ...
6
votes
3answers
217 views

Sources discussing paying for Torah education

I am looking for sources that discuss the idea of paying tuition money ("schar limud") towards obtaining a Torah education. Topics of interest include: The importance of paying tuition for Torah; ...
5
votes
2answers
149 views

Must one give maaser from virtual money?

If a person achieves a gain or a payment of a currency that that is purely virtual and does not have any physical counterpart (ie it is not associated with a financial institution) must one give ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Cash value of 'perutah'

How much is a 'perutah' worth in modern currency?
5
votes
3answers
1k views

How much is 2 Zuz worth in current USD?

As mentioned in the Passover Hagaddah, how much is "2 Zuz" worth in March 2013 US Dollars? Please note there may be different types of Zuz: "זוזי פשיטי" and "זוזי ממש" (Gemara Ketuvot 67a). This may ...
5
votes
1answer
170 views

At what cost must one perform a mitzvah?

To what lengths must one go to fulfill a positive commandment, or avoid transgressing a negative one? Obviously, with few exceptions, one must not go so far as to die in order to fulfill a ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Does caring for children in foster care count as work?

If someone looked after foster children on weekends (from Friday afternoon until Sunday afternoon) and received remuneration does this count as work and not permissible on the Sabbath?
8
votes
1answer
195 views

Do Jews have an obligation to support the effort to free Jonathan Pollard?

I am not entirely clear on all of the particulars of the mitzvah of pidyon shivuyim - redeeming Jewish captives. Nor am I positive that someone jailed by a democratic goverment for breaking secular ...
4
votes
1answer
103 views

How can R' Yochanan derive from Moshe that wealth is needed in order for someone to have G-d's presence rest on him?

The Talmud (Nedarim 38A) says: אמר ר' יוחנן אין הקב"ה משרה שכינתו אלא על גבור ועשיר וחכם ועניו וכולן ממשה‏ R' Yochanan said, G-d only rests his presence on one who is strong, rich, wise, ...
5
votes
1answer
58 views

Do reward tokens qualify halachically as money?

I give my children special slips of paper as a reward for good behavior (a "token economy"). They can collect these slips of paper and use them to "buy" rewards such as toys, treats, or fun ...
4
votes
0answers
43 views

Davar Ha'avad on Chol HaMoed — Loss coming later

It says in SA OC Siman 537 that one is allowed to do a malacha on chol hamoed if it's a "davar ha'aved". That is to say if the person doesn't do the malacha now it will come to a loss ("hefsed".) ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Mitzva of Tzedaka for Pikuach Nefesh

Let's say one has a relative/parent who needs a life saving operation but does not have the financial means to pay for it or even get a loan, is one required to sell his property to help them?
1
vote
1answer
177 views

Which US half-dollar coin should be used for Zecher Machatzis Hashekel?

It is customary on Taanis Esther to give a coin (or three coins each) valued at half the local currency's standard unit to tzedakah in commemoration of the mitzvah of Machatzis Hashekel (Rema 694:1). ...
1
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0answers
65 views

Is Sephardi Chief Rabbi Sholomo Amar's recent psak on fiduciary responsibility really “unprecedented”?

HaAretz, last week, reported that Sephardic Chief Rabbi Shlomo Amar issued a halachic decision that "[b]usiness owners whose actions, either intentionally or through negligence, cause the public ...