Questions pertaining to different types of currencies and the mechanics of currency in general, pertaining to Jewish Law.

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4
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1answer
40 views

Tzedakah and Maaser - one obligation or two?

I understand that the obligation to give Maaser from our income is a sub-category of the overall commandment to give Tzedakah but consider the following question: If I made a promise (Neder) to give ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

“The סיפא is about a coin.” But so is the רישא‎! (‎שבת דף ס״ה‎)

The mishna Shabas, daf 65 in the Bavli: Medeans [may go out on Shabas] with p'rifa. Anyone [may], but the rabbis spoke about what occurs. That is, Medeans do p'rifa, so the rabbis mentioned that ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

Eating specifically fruit of shmitta

Is there an inyun to specifically eat fruits that have kedushas shvi'is? How much must a person go out of their way to buy such fruits? Let's say they cost more, how much more must they spend? Is this ...
2
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4answers
150 views

Does one have a requirement to make a living? [duplicate]

Obviously there are discussions in Rishonim and Achronim in regards to taking money for learning. However that aside, does a person have a chiyuv (requirement) to make a living (money/parnassah) even ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

Can I sell a dollar from the rebbe that was given to someone else?

The Lubavicher rebbe had a practice of giving out dollar bills to people. If I were to have one originally given to someone else would it be permissible to sell such a memento?
0
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0answers
32 views

Are you responsible for your client's/customer's representations of your contract?

A business has a Government contract where the Government pays for all lease expenses. This business wants to enter into a contract with a software developer to develop software, but to structure the ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Is it wrong to ask for financial help after a personal loss?

Well now that I see this is a good site, with no rude people. I shall ask my question. I lost quite a lot of important things in an apartment fire (no insurance) so .. I set up a gofundme thing (now ...
2
votes
1answer
407 views

Is One Obligated to Honor Parents if it Involves a Loss of Income?

One is not obligated to pay for items in order to honor parents since the obligation is "mishel av" - from the parents assets. However, is a child obligated to service / nurse a parent if that ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Does the down payment for selling chomets have to be a percentage of its value

Today many large stores sell their chomets with a down payment of less than a .001 percent of its value. Is this kosher? The Kitsur has a shtar mechiras chomets with different values of the down ...
3
votes
0answers
37 views

Are there any responsa that encourage or require maintaining health insurance?

Are there any responsa in the literature that either encourage or require people to maintain health insurance, perhaps as a fulfillment of the obligation to guard one's health, or in line with any ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

Transacting with a Jewish owned company who profited from chometz on Pesach

In my neighborhood there is a supermarket which is owned by a non-religious Jew. He keeps it open over Pesach and sells (and presumably buys) chometz. The community does not purchase chometz items ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Books or Shiurim on practical divorce law/practice

What books (seforim) or lectures (Shiurim) (audio/video recordings) have practical "get" information? — not only how it is written and given but also how the estate (money (ketuba) and children) ...
3
votes
3answers
182 views

What is Chesron Mamon and why is it enough to allow melachos on Chol Hamoed?

I asked a question on here regarding being able to purchase a car on hol hamoed and one of the answers given mentioned that if you are afraid to lose the deal then it's permitted. It seems that most ...
3
votes
2answers
447 views

Kashrut with very costy salt?

Currently the cost of the salt (for human consumption) is practically negligible, mostly around $1/kg. But it wasn't always so. There were centuries as salt mining and selling was a governmental ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

What are the most auspicious times of the Jewish year for contributing money?

What dates/months/seasons (or holidays) are considered most auspicious and/or customary for giving monetary gifts, such as tzedakah? I am aware from my own experience that Purim and erev Yom Kippur ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

Process for a rebellious wife?

In the talmud the Rabbis discuss a "rebellious wife" who refuses to sleep with her husband. The husband is given recourse to deduct from her ketubah (marriage contract). This is discussed in tractate ...
2
votes
0answers
107 views

Winged sun symbol on Hezekiah coins

The winged sun is an ancient symbol that originated in Egypt and Assyria. Why is it then that coins from Hezekiah have this symbol from gentile nations? Also Malachi 3:20 shows the adoption of this ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

If one is too poor to redeem one's son for 5 Shekel, can he do it for less or for free?

Bamidbar 18:16 says: And their redemption-money--from a month old shalt thou redeem them--shall be, according to thy valuation, five shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary--the ...
4
votes
0answers
24 views

Does a seller acquire each coin one at a time, or all at once?

Let's say i owe someone 5 coins. I hand them to him one at a time. Does he acquire each one as i hand it to him, or does he get all of them after all 5 are in his hand? When exactly does ownership get ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

Halachic base of big loss (hefsed merube)

We see in the halacha many times that when we have a dispute if something is permitted or not and we pasken that it is not permitted, the halacha changes when there is a big loss. I understand it ...
6
votes
2answers
155 views

What's the maximum allowed profit that I can make?

Is there a Halacha on how much profit can a person make on something? For example, assuming that market forces won't lower the price on a product (I'm a natural monopoly), can I have a 1000% markup?
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Repaying debts with micropayments?

I vaguely recall hearing once that our sages do not view with favor, and have a special name for, the situation where a debtor -- presumably one who can afford to repay his debt within the originally ...
4
votes
1answer
90 views

Mah inyan Shmita eitzel the price of tea in China?

I saw some red peppers in an American grocery store labelled "Product of Israel". I have never seen that before, and my guess is that since it's a shmitta year, there is less of an Israeli domestic ...
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votes
2answers
60 views

Testing Hashem (for Monetary Gain)

If I remember right, The Legacy of Maran Rav Aharon Kotler describes how a son tests his father's ability to sense if a glass has been toveled in a mikveh. The father passed the test consistently. ...
4
votes
2answers
105 views

Shadchanus in a broken engagement [duplicate]

Reuvain & Dina get engaged and give the Shadchan, Shadchanus money. A few weeks later they break up. Does the Shadchan have to return this Shadchanus money? Suppose they never gave Shadchanus ...
8
votes
2answers
477 views

Why did the Lubavitcher Rebbe give out dollars?

Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, the late Rebbe of Lubavitch used to give out dollars to people who came to meet him. Why did he do this?
3
votes
2answers
67 views

Is investing problematic?

Are there any issues involved in investing in stocks or other mediums owned by a Jewish company? I am referring to ribit (interest).
4
votes
1answer
67 views

Maaser on post-tax contributions to retirement accounts

In this article, quoted a few times on this site, there is a discussion on maaser deductions. He says: Tax-free income that went into a retirement (or other) account designated specifically ...
9
votes
3answers
318 views

Just how overpriced was Efron's burial cave anyway?

In B'reishit 23 Avraham pays 400 shekels to Efron for the cave of Machpelah. This seems to be an enormous amount of money and Rashi suggests it's even worse than it appears (referring to larger ...
3
votes
2answers
74 views

Avodah Zarah 2b - about gold and silver

So I was recently studying Gemore Avoda Zara 2b with my friend. This part gave us some trouble: אמר להם הקב"ה במאי עסקתם אומרים לפניו רבש"ע הרבה שווקים תקנינו הרבה מרחצאות עשינו הרבה כסף וזהב ...
7
votes
1answer
787 views

Why did the rich Gentile buy a pearl?

In the story of Yosef Mokir Shabbat, Yosef is a Jew who honors Shabbat above all, and ends up becoming very rich because of it. There was a very rich Gentile who was told that all of his wealth would ...
7
votes
2answers
80 views

Why is Taus Akum Different?

So the Shulchan Aruch Choshen Mishpat (348:2) says: כל הגונב אפילו שוה פרוטה עובר על לאו דלא תגנובו וחייב לשלם אחד הגונב ממון ישראל או הגונב ממון של עכו"ם ואחד הגונב מגדול או מקטן:‏ הגה: ...
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votes
1answer
102 views

Jewish source for “blood and money don't mix”?

There is a teaching (example 1, example 2) which states that "blood and money don't mix" (i.e. that family or friends should not do business together). Is there a Jewish source for this teaching?
3
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0answers
40 views

Can a Shul collect payment from one who does not follow specific rules?

In Sources to encourage returning s'farim to their places it has a picture of a sign saying that usage of seforim is on condition that one obligates himself to pay $18 to the synagogue fund if ...
6
votes
1answer
165 views

Why is Shmita only Rabbinic nowadays?

I was reading up on Heter Iska and it said that Shmita and Shmitat Kesafim are only Rabbinic today. Why do the Biblical laws no longer apply?
8
votes
4answers
86 views

Why are Bikkurim and burial different from each other?

In this week's parsha we read about the mitzvah of Bikkurim. The Torah tells us to bring our first fruits of the season to the Beit Hamikdash, and offer it to the Kohanim. We are also told that the ...
4
votes
0answers
85 views

Is there any halachic problem with providing a service (e.g., matchmaking) to someone for free, when others pay for it?

I recently got an interesting email from a shadchan (matchmaker), which I've paraphrased here: I have a potential match in mind for you. However, it is a halachic problem if I set you up with this ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

Is a deceased obligated to pay financial debts

Say someone becomes niftar and owes a petty sum (under 100 currency units) is his next-of-kin chayav to pay his debts under halachah?
5
votes
0answers
78 views

Do the laws of Ribis apply to loans of virtual currency?

If a Jew lends a player in a multiplayer online game money, and he knows without a doubt that that player is Jewish, does the prohibition of ribis apply? (After all, the only thing that changed was a ...
3
votes
0answers
41 views

Monetizing ads on Shabbos?

Is there any issue with me running adverts on my app since I receive money when people click on the ads on Shabbos?
6
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0answers
68 views

Status of Paper Money as Currency

According to this question, Maasar Sheni cannot be redeemed using paper money. That certainly seems to be the common assumption, but is that discussed anywhere? Is paper money the same as banknotes, ...
9
votes
1answer
134 views

Is a check considered cash

If one paid someone with a check, and the recipient lost the check, does the giver have to write up a new check? One can say its like cash and if he lost then its not my problem, or one can say if I ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

Does someoene have to give ma'aser from scholarship grants or unemployment insurance?

I'm asking this question for my son. Scholarships are considered taxable income in some states, though this money usually gets sent directly to the school, so the recipient usually never accesses it. ...
6
votes
1answer
120 views

Lending Money and Inflation

When lending money, Jews are not allowed to charge other Jews interest. However, due to inflation, the value of money decreases with time, such that the money that is repaid is worth less than that ...
6
votes
1answer
105 views

Redeeming maaser sheini on paper money

I know that the mishna says that maaser sheini* can only be redeemed on coins and not something else. (See this answer.) However, this was written around 2000 years ago, and the way money works has ...
4
votes
1answer
46 views

Wealth-based sacrifices: how to determine wealth

Some sacrifices have varying requirements based on what you can afford. For example, Vayikra 5:6, 5:7 and 5:11 have three different levels of sacrifices to bring for a guilt-offering depending on ...
4
votes
2answers
233 views

Borrowing vs renting money

Is it wrong to "rent" a Jewish person some money? Since he needs to use it, and once he is done using it he will pay you back.
2
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0answers
116 views

What is a typical amount that a chazzan for a large shul be paid for leading the high holiday services?

I have heard anecdotally that a world class chazzan can make nearly $100,000 for leading the services on Rosh Hashanna and Yom Kippur. I don't know exactly how to confirm this but I am trying to find ...
4
votes
1answer
124 views

Borrowing money without clear plan of how to pay it back

Are you allowed to borrow money from a Jew without having a reasonable idea how you will be able to repay the loan?
6
votes
1answer
101 views

Is an ancient prutah muksah?

Are ancient prutahs (collectable) muksah? I would love to show them to my Shabbat guests. They are around 2000 years old. Are they legal tender?