Contending with mistakes that have been made [in a case].

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11
votes
1answer
390 views

Should I say “amen” to a malformed bracha?

If I hear somebody substantially mispronounce a bracha, should I say amen anyway (recognizing the intent) or remain silent? I'm not talking about nuances like pronouncing 'ayin or distinguishing ...
14
votes
2answers
778 views

Are you allowed to benefit from an electrical appliance turned on during shabbos?

If a jewish person were to accidentally turn on the light in their bedroom, or if the television were accidentally turned on (for these purposes, let's assume that the person in question woke up, ...
16
votes
4answers
837 views

Shape of the Luchot

According to the Talmud in Bava Batra 14a, the Luchot HabBerit were square. Where did the common "tablet" shape come from, with rectangles and a rounded top? Besides in pictures, I see it in ...
28
votes
3answers
2k views

So you ate dairy after meat. Now what?

Whatever your tradition for waiting between meat and milk, let's say you forgot you were fleishig, and now realize that you have just eaten milk within your traditional waiting period. What are you ...
25
votes
1answer
3k views

You accidentally broke your fast. Now what?

What are you supposed to do if you inadvertently broke your fast*? Do you: keep going; extend it (if so, how long); cancel it (if so, do you make it up a different day)? *This question is for day-...
10
votes
37answers
2k views

words often mispronounced [closed]

What are some words commonly mispronounced? (Not by elision/reduction (like ה׳‎→אדְני‎) or assimilation (like תזכרו‎→תשׂכרו‎), but rather words that are pronounced wrong ...
8
votes
2answers
410 views

Boruch Shem Kevod Malchuso L'Olam Voed after saying Hashem's name in error - ברוך שם כבוד מלכותו לעולם ועד

When someone says Hashem's name in error, why do we say Boruch Shem Kevod Malchuso L'Olam Voed - ברוך שם כבוד מלכותו לעולם ועד?
6
votes
2answers
139 views

Shliach Tzibbur and Tashlumim for missed tefillah

The M"B in Siman 108 Sif-Katan 4 brings that someone who missed a tefillah and is now the shliach tzibbur may use the chazaras ha'shatz for his tashlumim. (Makor in Radbaz Siman 361.) The Radbaz ...
6
votes
1answer
208 views

What to do after interrupting Shemoneh 'Esreh

What are you supposed to do after interrupting Shemoneh 'Esreh? Do you start over? Continue where you left off? Assume that the interruption was either permitted, or if it was forbidden it was ...
17
votes
3answers
679 views

Should one induce vomiting upon realizing s/he just ate non-kosher?

I've heard several stories of people who ate something, realized it was non-kosher, and therefore induced vomiting. Is this halachically required? Recommended? Does it accomplish anything? (If not, ...
5
votes
1answer
298 views

What if you forgot to wash?

What should you do if you suddenly realize that you forgot to wash, either upon waking or before eating bread? I assume you should wash at your first opportunity, but is that right? Do you make a ...
3
votes
3answers
362 views

Do you do a Tashlumin (make-up) on a Shemoneh 'Esreh if you later realize that you forgot a critical insert?

If you forgot to add a critical insert in the 'Amidah (one of the special additions to Shemoneh 'Esreh at certain times of the year, eg., HaMelech HaKadosh, Ya'aleh VeYavo, etc.), and you realize at ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Shaliach Tzibbur missed out one or more blessings in the repetition of the amidah. What to do later?

What should one do if the Shaliach Tzibbur missed out one or more blessings in the repetition of the amidah and it was only pointed out to him after he had finished? Does he have to repeat the amidah ...
12
votes
5answers
2k views

What do you do if you forgot to turn off the refrigerator light before Shabbat?

The first time you open a fridge on Shabbat, you notice the light is on. Your intention is to take out food, not turn on the light. Is closing the fridge a problem? Can I open it again? Is it better ...
11
votes
3answers
325 views

Receiving Too Much Change

Do I have an obligation to give back extra change I receive? Would it matter if the store owner or person giving it to me was a Jew?
11
votes
4answers
458 views

Source of saying migdol / magdil in Bentching

I was once told by someone that saying migdol instead of magdil in bentching on Shabbos and yom tov is an error. That a siddur had the source in pesukim in short form on the side and people mistook it ...
4
votes
1answer
171 views

Kadish / Tachanun errors - How should you proceed?

Suppose the Chazan starts saying Kaddish in error instead of saying Tachanun - should the Chazan just stop saying Kaddish? Is there a break off point that up to there you stop saying Kaddish and ...
7
votes
1answer
240 views

Incorrect bracha covering another food

Suppose someone is eating a fruit which requires a bracha rishona of ha'etz, but the person accidentally makes a ha'adama. Since ha'adama is the more general bracha, it covers his fruit and he does ...
7
votes
1answer
112 views

If repeating Shmoneh Esrei do you redo steps back/forward?

If someone has to restart Shmoneh Esrei (because of Yale Yeyavo, Mashiva Haruach, Melech Hakadosh, etc) and is still in the middle of it, do you take 3 steps back, then forward, then back and forward ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

What happens when a Jew eats non-Kosher food by mistake?

If non-kosher food is eaten accidentally, do you have to do anything afterward? Is some form of “purification” required? If so, what?
7
votes
1answer
125 views

How to proceed when there was no Minyan to begin with?

Recently I was in a Shul for Friday Mincha. As soon as there were 10 adults they began Ashrei. In the 2nd Bracha of the Chazan repeating Shemona Esrei they realized that one of those that they counted ...
5
votes
1answer
93 views

Said Chatzi Kadish in error - can it be corrected?

If the Chazan at some point in Davening says the wrong Kaddish and then at a later point realizes his error, can anything be done to rectify his error? For example: this morning - which was Rosh ...
4
votes
2answers
174 views

Missed Maariv Motzai Shabbos - when to say Ata Chonantanu

Suppose one wakes up Sunday morning and realizes they never prayed Maariv Motzai Shabbos. As per "Ata Chonantanu after havdala", there is still a requirement to say Ata Chonantanu even if one heard ...
4
votes
1answer
56 views

Shabbos Chanuka - Rosh Chodesh - Torah reading mistake

Orach Chaim 684:3 says that on Shabbos Chanuka that is also Rosh Chodesh we take out three Sifrei Torah. In the first one we give six Aliyos in the Parsha of the week. In the second one we read about ...
4
votes
1answer
84 views

Forgot atah chonantanu in maariv, but have to say tashlumin

If someone doesn't daven shemoneh esrei for certain reasons, he is able to make it up by davening two shemoneh esreis at the next davening ('tashlumin). The second one is the exact same as the first, ...
4
votes
1answer
123 views

What should be done if the shel rosh first is taken out first?

Let's assume that one puts on the shel yad (hand-tefillin) before the shel rosh, and based on that, should be careful to take out the shel yad first (because of "אין מעבירין על המצוות"). What should ...
3
votes
0answers
66 views

Chanuka Kaddish error after Hallel

Usually after Hallel the Chazan says Kadish Shaleim, however on Chanuka (not the Rosh Chodesh days, or Shabbos day) we say only Chatzi Kaddish, since there is no Musaf later. If a Chazzon said in ...
6
votes
1answer
233 views

Learning the shapes of the letters as a Baal Koreh

I would have thought that the shapes of the letters would be a good thing for Baal Koreh to know, but I was told that since Sefrie Torah are not invalidated until they are declared as such, this would ...
11
votes
2answers
289 views

El Al Airfare error and Halachah

What are the Halachic implications of yesterday's El Al airfare snafu? In brief, El Al's air tickets were being sold online very cheap for a while; the price was later corrected, and El Al claimed the ...
4
votes
0answers
104 views

Can one repeat the name of Hashem when reading from the Torah to get the singing note right (meaning unchanged)?

Someone reading from the Torah gets the singing note (trop) wrong for one of the names of Hashem, in a manner which does not change the meaning of the verse. He then does not need to go back and ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

What if Kiddush was forgotten on Leil Shabbat?

Suppose Kiddush were forgotten on Leil Shabbat. Would a person be allowed or even required to do Tashlumin and then recite Kiddush during the daytime since it was missed the previous night?
1
vote
2answers
164 views

“Wrong” Berachoth exempting foods

'Al HaMihyah exempts 'Al Ha'Gefen, at least if it was said after eating grain products and grape juice/wine. Is this unique to this case, or is there a broader principle? Can a less specific ...
16
votes
3answers
312 views

Is there tashlumin for n'ila?

Being that n'ila is a unique prayer, in that it only occurs once a year, can one make up (do tashlumin for) n'ila at the next prayer or the previous one at n'ila?
15
votes
6answers
598 views

Avoiding accidentally eating cheese

Whether one waits 6 hours, 3 hours, 1 hour, or somewhere in between, it is a common occurrence to find people mistakenly eating milk/cheese/yogurt too soon after meat. It seems like a problem that ...
12
votes
4answers
196 views

Why is there Pesach Sheini - The Second Passover?

What is the primary/basic reason why one has a second chance to bring the Korban Pesach (Passover Sacrifice) on Pesach Sheni (a month after Passover)? Other mitzvos, such as hearing the shofar or ...
9
votes
1answer
190 views

Said Kiddush Levana prior to three days after Molad - Does he say it again?

Be'er Hataiv 426:10 says that one can say Kiddush Levana as early as 3 days after the Molad. The Rambam - Hilchos Brachos 10:17 rules that one may say Kiddush Levana immediately after the Molad. ...
8
votes
1answer
189 views

Why should a choshed bichsherim bless the k'sherim?

Bavli, B'rachos 31:2 says (in my own translation): "Eli answered [Chana], saying 'go to peace'": Rabbi El'azar said, from here we derive, about someone who suspects his fellow of a matter that ...
7
votes
1answer
257 views

Correct way to deal with a damaged mini-torah?

My son is 4 years old. When he entered Hebrew School at the local (Reform) synagogue, they gave him a mini-torah as part of a Consecration ceremony. Specifically this one: http://www.israelbookshop....
7
votes
3answers
93 views

Melachah on Shabbath - after Shabbath

If Melachah was done on Shabbath, can the product of that Melachah be enjoyed after Shabbath, and if so, under what criteria (does it depend on how long after Shabbath, or on the need, or something ...
6
votes
3answers
137 views

Barchu or Kavana

If you are late to Maariv and miss barchu and you normally daven slowly should you... Daven faster, even if it means saying the words with little to no Kavana so that you can say Barchu at the end. ...
6
votes
1answer
218 views

How far can I back up in a bracha?

If I start making a bracha over my pasta accidentally intending to say Shehakol (let's say I made the mistake because I normally just have a milkshake for lunch, not pasta, and I didn't put any ...
6
votes
1answer
196 views

How much foreskin remaining by a bris is too much?

If someone as a baby had a bris done by a mohel but feels he still has foreskin going over his glans, then does he need another bris or has he fulfilled his obligation?
5
votes
2answers
74 views

ברוך שם כבוד מלכותו לעולם ועד after a bracha with a false statement

If we make a bracha levatala or say Hashem's name by accident, we say ברוך שם כבוד מלכותו לעולם ועד. Is this true only if the original bracha is a valid praise of Hashem, or even if it contains false ...
5
votes
2answers
134 views

What happens if a sefer torah might have a mistake?

If a sefer torah has a definite mistake, it cannot be used, and the reading must be done again from a kosher torah. (SA OC 143:4) But what if it only might have a mistake? For example, if it's ...
4
votes
1answer
147 views

What to do if you say the wrong version of the last bracha in Shmoneh Esrei?

There are generally two texts for the last bracha of Shmoneh Esrei - one beginning Sim Shalom, and one that starts Shalom Rav. There are different customs for when each is said. If someone says the ...
3
votes
1answer
156 views

Tribe of the son of a Kohen and a convert

Kohanim are not allowed to marry a convert. However, if such a case happens (where there is a fully valid conversion), what is the status of the child? On one hand, they would be chalal, but would ...
3
votes
1answer
146 views

Said mincha twice: now what?

Suppose I say mincha. Later the same day, forgetting I'd prayed already, I say mincha again. This second prayer said is after the earliest time one can possibly say maariv, possibly even after sunset. ...
3
votes
0answers
135 views

What does it mean to make up for prayers unavoidably missed - Tashlumin?

The laws of Tashlumin (making up for prayers unavoidably missed) are delineated in Halachipedia “If one forgot to say Shacharit one should say Mincha twice, the first for Mincha and the second ...
3
votes
2answers
921 views

Wrong price knowingly at checkout

If one purchases an item in a store and sees as the clerk is entering the price of the item in the computer and it is the wrong price (as in cheaper for this dilemma) is it halachically necessary to ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Returning a wrongly delivered letter

I normally think of lost property as being found in a public place (see Devorim 22 (2) “you shall bring it into your house”). If it is already in a person's house as with a wrongly delivered letter (...