Contending with mistakes that have been made [in a case].

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2
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1answer
72 views

erroneous decisions by beit din for which korbanot must be brought by beit din and the people

In masechet horayot we learn that korbanot must be brought if the beit din makes an erroneous decision that is followed by the people. Do we know of such a mistake that was made by a beit din? If so, ...
12
votes
5answers
2k views

What do you do if you forgot to turn off the refrigerator light before Shabbat?

The first time you open a fridge on Shabbat, you notice the light is on. Your intention is to take out food, not turn on the light. Is closing the fridge a problem? Can I open it again? Is it better ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Saying the pesukim of the musaf instead of the correct nusach

In the musaf shemoneh esrei on Rosh Chodesh, Yom Tov, or Chol Hamoed, if you accidentally continue with the pesukim from Pinchas instead of saying ומנחתם ונסכיהם כמדובר, should you go back: if you ...
3
votes
5answers
165 views

Forgetting to say ״ותן טל ומטר״

On a year in which the night we start to say ותן טל ומטר is a weekday night, if one forgets to say ותן ברכה by the מנחה before and doesn't realize that he forgot it until שקיעה, what is the Halacha ...
13
votes
4answers
215 views

Can you keep a vending machine freebie?

If someone buys something from a vending machine and two items accidentally pop out (due to some error in the machine), is he/she allowed to keep the extra item? And if not, what should he/she do? ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

If a man gave 'mishloach manot' on Purim to a woman, did he fulfull the mitzvah?

In the Shulchan Aruch 695, the Rema states that a man should not send manot to a woman to avoid the problem of safek kiddushin. If he did send the gift to a woman (and suppose that was the only gift ...
3
votes
2answers
314 views

Should I say shmei or shmeh?

Some Ashkenazim are medakdek to pronounce their Aramaic "correctly". And they know that there is a mapik heh in Amein Yehei ShemeiH Rabba. Thus, יְהֵא שְׁמֵ*הּ* רַבָּא מְבָרַךְ לְעָלַם וּלְעָלְמֵי ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Errors in Bais hamikdosh administration

am interested in locating as many clear places in Mishnayas and gemorro that refers to administrative problems in the bais hamikdash and how handled Eg yoma and error in determining time for the ...
10
votes
37answers
2k views

words often mispronounced [closed]

What are some words commonly mispronounced? (Not by elision/reduction (like ה׳‎→אדְני‎) or assimilation (like תזכרו‎→תשׂכרו‎), but rather words that are pronounced wrong ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

What should be done if the Torah reader goes past the designated ending for the weekday / Shabbat mincha Torah reading?

During Shabbat mincha last Shabbat, the Torah reader (it wasn't me :-) accidentally extended the Levi (2nd) aliya past its designated break, and read what was designated for yisra'el's aliyah, thus, ...
4
votes
1answer
48 views

Started to say wrong kaddish — how should you correct?

I saw this happen this morning: the minyan got to Kaddish d'Rabbanan and started, but the reader had accidentally turned a couple pages later to Kaddish Yatom, realizing the mistake only after going ...
7
votes
2answers
119 views

Why is Taus Akum Different?

So the Shulchan Aruch Choshen Mishpat (348:2) says: כל הגונב אפילו שוה פרוטה עובר על לאו דלא תגנובו וחייב לשלם אחד הגונב ממון ישראל או הגונב ממון של עכו"ם ואחד הגונב מגדול או מקטן:‏ הגה: ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

How long must you attempt to return a mistakenly shipped item?

Scenario: You place an online order for a product. A few days later, the wrong product gets shipped to you. You contact the shipper online saying that they shipped you the wrong product; please ship ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

Not taking three steps forward for the Chazzan's repetition

Last Shabbat we had a guy fill in for Minchah as Chazzan. He did a great job. I'm sure he was just nervous and didn't want to err. But I noticed he didn't take the 3 steps forward for the repetition. ...
8
votes
1answer
165 views

Said Kiddush Levana prior to three days after Molad - Does he say it again?

Be'er Hataiv 426:10 says that one can say Kiddush Levana as early as 3 days after the Molad. The Rambam - Hilchos Brachos 10:17 rules that one may say Kiddush Levana immediately after the Molad. ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

Shabbos Chanuka - Rosh Chodesh - Torah reading mistake

Orach Chaim 684:3 says that on Shabbos Chanuka that is also Rosh Chodesh we take out three Sifrei Torah. In the first one we give six Aliyos in the Parsha of the week. In the second one we read about ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

Putting meat spoon in dairy coffee

What are the primary sources that discuss the rule of taking a meat spoon and using it in my dairy coffee. Would it matter how long ago the spoon was used?
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Is changing which conjunctive/disjunctive trop is used correctable?

If a baal kriah accidentally raises or lowers the level of the disjunctive trop used, is that a correctable mistake? Let's say that it's supposed to be mercha tipcha etnachta (c 2 1) and he reads ...
11
votes
4answers
451 views

Source of saying migdol / magdil in Bentching

I was once told by someone that saying migdol instead of magdil in bentching on Shabbos and yom tov is an error. That a siddur had the source in pesukim in short form on the side and people mistook it ...
4
votes
1answer
43 views

When to repeat Shmoneh Esrei when there is chazarat hashatz?

Sometimes a person needs to repeat Shmoneh Esrei. Some example cases: tashlumin, if one forgot ya'aleh v'yavoh, or said the wrong birkat hashanim. This person is davening Shacharit, and immediately ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

How does a lady Daven Tashlumin for Mincha if she never Davens Maariv?

Suppose a lady who normally Davens (prays) Mincha missed Mincha one day. Now this lady never Davens Maariv. Must she Daven Maariv to do Tashlumin or can she just Daven one Shemona Esrei for the missed ...
3
votes
0answers
116 views

Can one repeat the name of Hashem when reading from the Torah to get the singing note right (meaning changed)?

Someone reading from the Torah gets the singing note (trop) wrong for one of the names of Hashem, in a manner which changes the meaning of the verse. He then needs to go back and repeat the name of ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

What if a Mezuzah is mistakenly removed?

Say a non-Jewish tradesman, like a painter, is working on a door and removes the Mezuzah without really knowing what he's doing. Is the Mezuzah still kosher? Could I say a Bracha and put it back as ...
6
votes
1answer
112 views

Should the same laining procedure be followed for errors outside the aliyah as the ones during the aliyah?

According to Shulchan Aruch O.C. 143:4 (Mechaber), if someone finds a mistake in the Torah during the aliyah he is reading, he should stop, take out another Torah, finish the aliyah, and have the oleh ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

Mistake in Havdala- didn't drink Havdala cup

Someone made Havdala and forgot to drink the cup of wine. Did he and the listeners fulfill their obligation?
5
votes
2answers
74 views

Bracha levatalah vs waiting between meat and milk

If I make a ברכה on a Hershey bar, and before I eat the food, I realize I am Fleishig, what do I do? (assuming I have no other food around?)
7
votes
1answer
118 views

How to proceed when there was no Minyan to begin with?

Recently I was in a Shul for Friday Mincha. As soon as there were 10 adults they began Ashrei. In the 2nd Bracha of the Chazan repeating Shemona Esrei they realized that one of those that they counted ...
16
votes
4answers
820 views

Shape of the Luchot

According to the Talmud in Bava Batra 14a, the Luchot HabBerit were square. Where did the common "tablet" shape come from, with rectangles and a rounded top? Besides in pictures, I see it in ...
4
votes
0answers
56 views

Mistakes in Shnayim Mikrah V'Echad Targum

A question that's always bothered me: when doing the mitzvah of Shnayim Mikrah V'Echad Targum, how accurate must one be in order to fulfill the mitzvah? In other words, let's say one mispronounces a ...
3
votes
0answers
198 views

What if a Goel HaDam (Blood Redeemer) accidentally kills his kinsman's accidental murderer - inside the latter's 'Ir Miklat (City of Refuge)?

Another question asks what happens if someone accidentally kills someone else inside an 'Ir Miklat (City of Refuge) in which the victim and/or his family live, and whether he needs to move to another ...
5
votes
3answers
234 views

Strike chest in “S'lach lanu” on Shabas?

Suppose someone is praying maariv, shacharis, or mincha on Shabas, starts the weekday amida's blessings, and then realizes, amid those weekday blessings, that he should be saying the amida of Shabas. ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Returning a wrongly delivered letter

I normally think of lost property as being found in a public place (see Devorim 22 (2) “you shall bring it into your house”). If it is already in a person's house as with a wrongly delivered letter ...
16
votes
3answers
308 views

Is there tashlumin for n'ila?

Being that n'ila is a unique prayer, in that it only occurs once a year, can one make up (do tashlumin for) n'ila at the next prayer or the previous one at n'ila?
6
votes
1answer
73 views

Wrong ברכת הנהנין during הבדלה: what now?

This evening (after Shabas in the nine days), I recited havdala over a cup of beer, as every year. I knew it was beer, but, by force of habit, recited "hagafen" (the wine benediction) over it during ...
8
votes
1answer
825 views

What if the Kohen Gadol accidentally kills someone?

An ordinary person who accidentally kills someone has to go to an Ir Miklat (city of refuge) until the Kohen Gadol dies. But what if it's the Kohen Gadol himself who accidentally kills? He would ...
28
votes
3answers
2k views

So you ate dairy after meat. Now what?

Whatever your tradition for waiting between meat and milk, let's say you forgot you were fleishig, and now realize that you have just eaten milk within your traditional waiting period. What are you ...
4
votes
2answers
172 views

Davening Twice by Mistake

What should one do if he mistakenly davens (e.g. Mincha) a second time, and remembers half way through Shemoneh Esrei?
3
votes
2answers
918 views

Wrong price knowingly at checkout

If one purchases an item in a store and sees as the clerk is entering the price of the item in the computer and it is the wrong price (as in cheaper for this dilemma) is it halachically necessary to ...
11
votes
3answers
322 views

Receiving Too Much Change

Do I have an obligation to give back extra change I receive? Would it matter if the store owner or person giving it to me was a Jew?
3
votes
1answer
142 views

Said mincha twice: now what?

Suppose I say mincha. Later the same day, forgetting I'd prayed already, I say mincha again. This second prayer said is after the earliest time one can possibly say maariv, possibly even after sunset. ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

Hoeitz-Hoadama…I made a mistake [duplicate]

While studying gemorrah Brachos - the following was unclear to me: When a person makes a hoadama brocha, when he was supposed to make an hoeitz (ex. he wants to eat an apple), he either simply ...
4
votes
2answers
173 views

Missed Maariv Motzai Shabbos - when to say Ata Chonantanu

Suppose one wakes up Sunday morning and realizes they never prayed Maariv Motzai Shabbos. As per "Ata Chonantanu after havdala", there is still a requirement to say Ata Chonantanu even if one heard ...
3
votes
2answers
376 views

If a Kohan married a giyeurit by orthodox rabbi, is it a legitimate marriage?

If a Kohan was married to a giyuerit by an observant ("orthodox") rabbi, and if the rabbi wasn't aware that he was marrying a Kohan and not an Israelite, is the marriage legitimate? Sources requested ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Do you have to admit that you lied retroactively?

If someone asks you a personal question and you provide an answer. Upon further inspection you realize that you gave the wrong answer. Do you now have a halachic obligation to find the person and tell ...
3
votes
0answers
133 views

What does it mean to make up for prayers unavoidably missed - Tashlumin?

The laws of Tashlumin (making up for prayers unavoidably missed) are delineated in Halachipedia “If one forgot to say Shacharit one should say Mincha twice, the first for Mincha and the second ...
3
votes
1answer
121 views

Does a woman do Tashlumin for an omission in Prayer?

Is a woman obligated in Tashlumin if she makes an omission that typically requires Tashlumin, such as missing Yaaleh Veyavoh (except that of Maariv on Rosh Chodesh)? What would the Halacha be ...
4
votes
0answers
48 views

Are there circumstances when one should repeat a prayer in which he had no kavana the first time?

Halichipedia writes One should have kavana (proper concentration) when praying Shemonah Esrei. If one is unable to have kavana for all of Shemonah Esrei one should make an extra effort to ...
6
votes
1answer
59 views

If a chazzan has to repeat Shmoneh Esrei, can he use the chazarat hashatz for that?

Let's say a chazzan makes a mistake in his personal Shmoneh Esrei that he would have to repeat it for (e.g. missed yaaleh vyavoh). Can he use the chazarat hashatz as his required repetition, or must ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

If Tefillat Tal was omitted, should Musaph be repeated?

One year, during hashkama minyan in my shul, the chazan forgot to say Tal as part of Musaph on the 1st day of Pesach. The shul davens nusach Ashkenaz, and the chazzan did not say Mashiv Haru'ach in ...
11
votes
3answers
663 views

Why was an imperfect world instructed in capital punishment?

So, according to wikipedia (I know... but still it was the best source I could find) Leading rabbis in Reform Judaism, Conservative Judaism, and Orthodox Judaism tend to hold that the death ...