Contending with mistakes that have been made [in a case].

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16
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4answers
641 views

Shape of the Luchot

According to the Talmud in Bava Batra 14a, the Luchot HabBerit were square. Where did the common "tablet" shape come from, with rectangles and a rounded top? Besides in pictures, I see it in ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Do you have to admit that you lied retroactively?

If someone asks you a personal question and you provide an answer. Upon further inspection you realize that you gave the wrong answer. Do you now have a halachic obligation to find the person and tell ...
7
votes
1answer
66 views

Should the same laining procedure be followed for errors outside the aliyah as the ones during the aliyah?

According to Shulchan Aruch O.C. 143:4 (Mechaber), if someone finds a mistake in the Torah durng the aliyah he is reading, he should stop, take out another Torah, finish the aliyah, and have the oleh ...
3
votes
0answers
110 views

What does it mean to make up for prayers unavoidably missed - Tashlumin?

The laws of Tashlumin (making up for prayers unavoidably missed) are delineated in Halachipedia “If one forgot to say Shacharit one should say Mincha twice, the first for Mincha and the second ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

How does a lady Daven Tashlumin for Mincha if she never Davens Maariv?

Suppose a lady who normally Davens (prays) Mincha missed Mincha one day. Now this lady never Davens Maariv. Must she Daven Maariv to do Tashlumin or can she just Daven one Shemona Esrei for the missed ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

Does a woman do Tashlumin for an omission in Prayer?

Is a woman obligated in Tashlumin if she makes an omission that typically requires Tashlumin, such as missing Yaaleh Veyavoh (except that of Maariv on Rosh Chodesh)? What would the Halacha be ...
4
votes
0answers
33 views

Are there circumstances when one should repeat a prayer in which he had no kavana the first time?

Halichipedia writes One should have kavana (proper concentration) when praying Shemonah Esrei. If one is unable to have kavana for all of Shemonah Esrei one should make an extra effort to ...
6
votes
1answer
48 views

If a chazzan has to repeat Shmoneh Esrei, can he use the chazarat hashatz for that?

Let's say a chazzan makes a mistake in his personal Shmoneh Esrei that he would have to repeat it for (e.g. missed yaaleh vyavoh). Can he use the chazarat hashatz as his required repetition, or must ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

If Tefillat Tal was omitted, should Musaph be repeated?

One year, during hashkama minyan in my shul, the chazan forgot to say Tal as part of Musaph on the 1st day of Pesach. The shul davens nusach Ashkenaz, and the chazzan did not say Mashiv Haru'ach in ...
11
votes
3answers
644 views

Why was an imperfect world instructed in capital punishment?

So, according to wikipedia (I know... but still it was the best source I could find) Leading rabbis in Reform Judaism, Conservative Judaism, and Orthodox Judaism tend to hold that the death ...
4
votes
1answer
439 views

Oops! Out of wine for the 3rd cup. What do we do?

Let's say a family invited guests who are big wine drinkers. They drink extra wine during the meal, and by the time they get to the 3rd cup, there's no wine (or grape juice) left. What should they do ...
7
votes
1answer
182 views

Incorrect bracha covering another food

Suppose someone is eating a fruit which requires a bracha rishona of ha'etz, but the person accidentally makes a ha'adama. Since ha'adama is the more general bracha, it covers his fruit and he does ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

If someone forgot to recite the Havdalah section in Yom Tov Kiddush, must he repeat any part of kiddush?

When Yom Tov falls on Saturday night, Havdalah is included in Kiddush. If someone forgot to say the two blessings M'oraui Ha'esh and Hamavdil does he need to repeat any part of Kiddush? If so, which ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Who has the authority to decide that a tevilah (immersion) in a mikvah was valid or invalid?

Can a woman who goes to the mikvah, and realized afterwards that she had barriers on her body, render her own tevilah invalid? Does she need to consult a rabbi? Or the mikvah attendant who oversaw ...
5
votes
1answer
45 views

Said Kiddush Levana prior to three days after Molad - Does he say it again?

Be'er Hataiv 426:10 says that one can say Kiddush Levana as early as 3 days after the Molad. The Rambam - Hilchos Brachos 10:17 rules that one may say Kiddush Levana immediately after the Molad. ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

What if you forget Ya'aleh V'yavo on the second night of Rosh Chodesh?

If one forgets to say Ya'aleh V'yavo on the eve of rosh chodesh, one does not repeat: If one remembers immediately after completing the blessing of Retzeh, he should insert Ya’aleh VeYavo there, ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Can you eat חמץ שעבר עליו פסח?

Suppose you have a Jew who does not keep Mitzvos. This person does not sell his Chametz when Pesach comes. He owns that Chametz throughout Pesach. Now, let's say I go to this person's house after ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

What to do if you made hamotze on something requiring mezonot?

If you accidentally made a hamotze on a food item only requiring mezonot, do you say al hamichya or birkat hamazon for the beracha acharona?
3
votes
1answer
86 views

Have to repeat shmoneh esrei on motze'i Shabbat. Say “ata chonantanu” again?

Suppose on a Saturday night, someone says shmoneh esrei with "ata chonantanu" but forgets another part that requires repeating shmoneh esrei (like ya'aleh v'yavo on chol hamoed). When he repeats ...
11
votes
2answers
280 views

El Al Airfare error and Halachah

What are the Halachic implications of yesterday's El Al airfare snafu? In brief, El Al's air tickets were being sold online very cheap for a while; the price was later corrected, and El Al claimed the ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

Teshuva where Rambam says he forgot a Gemara

I once heard that there was at least one case in which various Acharonim offered complex explanations to explain how the Rambam did not contradict certain Gemaras, and subsequently there were responsa ...
4
votes
0answers
52 views

If a convert converted without knowing that their conversion would be permanent

Hypothetically, if a convert converted without knowing that their conversion would be permanent (i.e., cannot convert out), does that make the conversion invalid?
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Skipping “Elokeinu” in zimmun

At seudah shlishis at shul, this week, the person leading the bentching (grace after meals) neglected to say the word "Elokeinu" (our God), in the invitation to bentch ("zimmun"), as is required when ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

What if there is no object for use in a mitzva?

There is a story I once heard about the Ben Ish Chai examining the only known etrog available in Iraq. Despite the great need for it, he declared the etrog passul for use and no one could fulfill the ...
6
votes
1answer
128 views

How much foreskin remaining by a bris is too much?

If someone as a baby had a bris done by a mohel but feels he still has foreskin going over his glans, then does he need another bris or has he fulfilled his obligation?
5
votes
2answers
91 views

What to do in a case of no siddur available and additions to the Shemoneh Esrei?

(Feel free to write a better title.) Today i ended up getting to shul too late for mincha, and having to daven outside (still within the proper time). Now, i know shemoneh esrei by heart, and even ...
5
votes
2answers
81 views

What happens if a sefer torah might have a mistake?

If a sefer torah has a definite mistake, it cannot be used, and the reading must be done again from a kosher torah. (SA OC 143:4) But what if it only might have a mistake? For example, if it's ...
3
votes
3answers
289 views

Do you do a Tashlumin (make-up) on a Shemoneh 'Esreh if you later realize that you forgot a critical insert?

If you forgot to add a critical insert in the 'Amidah (one of the special additions to Shemoneh 'Esreh at certain times of the year, eg., HaMelech HaKadosh, Ya'aleh VeYavo, etc.), and you realize at ...
6
votes
1answer
188 views

How far can I back up in a bracha?

If I start making a bracha over my pasta accidentally intending to say Shehakol (let's say I made the mistake because I normally just have a milkshake for lunch, not pasta, and I didn't put any ...
25
votes
1answer
2k views

You accidentally broke your fast. Now what?

What are you supposed to do if you inadvertently broke your fast*? Do you: keep going; extend it (if so, how long); cancel it (if so, do you make it up a different day)? *This question is for ...
4
votes
1answer
85 views

What should be done if the shel rosh first is taken out first?

Let's assume that one puts on the shel yad (hand-tefillin) before the shel rosh, and based on that, should be careful to take out the shel yad first (because of "אין מעבירין על המצוות"). What should ...
8
votes
2answers
829 views

What to do if you forget Nishmas?

On Shabbos or Yom Tov, if someone forgets to say Nishmas and has already started Yishtabach, should he go back and say it? Does it matter if he already said HaShem's name or started the conclusion? ...
2
votes
2answers
76 views

Can tea made without cli shlishi be drunk bdieved?

When making tea/instant coffee/hot chocolate etc. on Shabbat, it is supposed to be done in three vessels, so that the boiling water cools off and doesn't cook the powder. The urn is the first, then ...
7
votes
2answers
65 views

Why is Taus Akum Different?

So the Shulchan Aruch Choshen Mishpat (348:2) says: כל הגונב אפילו שוה פרוטה עובר על לאו דלא תגנובו וחייב לשלם אחד הגונב ממון ישראל או הגונב ממון של עכו"ם ואחד הגונב מגדול או מקטן:‏ הגה: ...
12
votes
3answers
170 views

Can you keep a vending machine freebie?

If someone buys something from a vending machine and two items accidentally pop out (due to some error in the machine), is he/she allowed to keep the extra item? And if not, what should he/she do? ...
4
votes
1answer
47 views

Forgot atah chonantanu in maariv, but have to say tashlumin

If someone doesn't daven shemoneh esrei for certain reasons, he is able to make it up by davening two shemoneh esreis at the next davening ('tashlumin). The second one is the exact same as the first, ...
6
votes
1answer
771 views

What if the Kohen Gadol accidentally kills someone?

An ordinary person who accidentally kills someone has to go to an Ir Miklat (city of refuge) until the Kohen Gadol dies. But what if it's the Kohen Gadol himself who accidentally kills? He would ...
7
votes
1answer
68 views

If someone accidentally steps backward before the end of Shmoneh Esrei, what should he do?

If one steps backward before the end of Shmoneh Esrei, (either because he mistakenly thought he was up to עשה שלום... for a second, or because someone bumped into him,) how should he precede with his ...
5
votes
1answer
64 views

Milah in Hospital

Scenario: a child is born and his parents are not religious. They circumcise him in the hospital as part of neonatal care. If he becomes religious later in life, or if his parents become religious ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

Forgot leisheiv basucah. Now what?

If someone is eating a mezonot food in the Succah, and forgets to say leisheiv basucah, (when) should they make it up? Say it right now? Just skip it? Make a bracha achronah and restart the meal?
0
votes
1answer
166 views

I accidentally broke my fast on Yom Kippur, now what?

What are you supposed to do if you inadvertently broke your fast on Yom Kippur? Do you: keep going; extend it (if so, how long); cancel it (if so, do you make it up a different day)? Does it make ...
2
votes
3answers
70 views

Hamelech Hakadosh on Motzei Yom Kippur

Motzei Yom Kippur by Maariv one was Davening and in error said Hamelech Hakadosh instead of Hakeil Hakadosh and realized his error a bit later does he have to Daven over?
3
votes
1answer
125 views

What to do if you say the wrong version of the last bracha in Shmoneh Esrei?

There are generally two texts for the last bracha of Shmoneh Esrei - one beginning Sim Shalom, and one that starts Shalom Rav. There are different customs for when each is said. If someone says the ...
3
votes
0answers
46 views

Return item at supermarket (consumer's fault?)

Say I buy a food item at a supermarket and later discover it was opened. I then am unsure whether I opened it or not. Is one allowed to return it if there is doubt (one is not completely sure) that ...
3
votes
2answers
119 views

Cashier error - is it my responsibility to go back?

If a non- Jewish cashier forgot to scan an item, do I have to go back and make sure they charge me for it?
2
votes
1answer
40 views

If you do a tashlumim shmoneh esrei do you say Hashem sefatai tiftach again?

If you do a tashlumim shmoneh esrei do you say Hashem sefatai tiftach again?
5
votes
0answers
64 views

Havdalah: mistake in the bracha

If a person saying havdalah began the last bracha (benediction) without mentioning sheim umalchus (God's name and dominion) i.e. he said ברוך אתה השם המבדיל בין קודש לחול וכו׳, skipping אלוקינו מלך ...
7
votes
0answers
110 views

Counting towards a Keriat HaTorah one who accidentally ate

We have Halacha that at least 6 people need to be fasting in order to read the Torah in a fast day. However, let's say there are 10 people and 5 are definitely fasting and one who accidentally ate ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

Tribe of the son of a Kohen and a convert

Kohanim are not allowed to marry a convert. However, if such a case happens (where there is a fully valid conversion), what is the status of the child? On one hand, they would be chalal, but would ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Mussaf before Mincha Katana

[This is not a request for a psak, as I did say Mussaf on time today, B"H.] If it is now after Mincha Gedola, but before Mincha Ketana, and there is no Minyan, what should an individual say first, ...