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+50

Why are the names of some Masechtot in Aramaic while others are in Hebrew?

I noticed that the names of some Masechtot have an Aramaic plural ending - nun - such as "Gittin", while others have a Hebrew ending - mem - such as "Bikurim". Was there some pattern or logic in ...
-1
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0answers
47 views

An example of the Gemara changing a Mishnah

I was hoping someone could help me find an example of a heichi ka'amar from the Gemara, in which the Gemara says that when the Mishnah said "X" it really meant "Y" (or at least should have said "Y"). ...
-1
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1answer
64 views

Meskheth Hullin 104b - Can the Mishnah Really Be [Mis]Understood That Way?

First, some background: In b.Hullin 104b - at the very beginning of the Gemara in pereq "Kol HaBasar" - there is a very strange and almost unintelligible section of argumentation which tries to prove ...
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0answers
16 views

How do we evaluate a b'raisa that quotes Rebbe against an anonymous Mishna?

At Rosh Hashanah 19b, the Gemara raises a b'raisa quoting Rabbi Yehuda HaNasi (aka "Rebbe") -- the editor of the Mishna -- to counter the opinion of the anonymous Tanna quoted in the previous Mishna ...
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0answers
53 views

Why are tractates arranged in descending order of size?

The tractates of the Mishna are in approximately descending order. That is, in each Order, the longest tractates come first and the shortest ones are last (although there are a few exceptions). In ...
1
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1answer
30 views

Kol Hamarbeh Haray Zeh Mishoebach

The Mishnah in Peah and in Davening in the morning for those who say Korbanot we list Mitzvot which have no shiur (limitations) it seems one important one is missing we say in the Haggadah "Kol ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

Why do I care what time Bnei Melachim (sons of kings) rise in the morning?

The Mishnah in Berachothch2? teaches that one may recite Shema' until the end of the third hour of the day, "for it is the way of the sons of kings to rise by three hours." Why is that the deciding ...
4
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6answers
179 views

Ehad Mi Yodea on the mishnayos

I have an idea to compile a song for the Passover Seder. It is based on the famous "Ehad Mi Yodea", but the answers to the question should be mishnayos mentioning the number. The intention is to make ...
0
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1answer
36 views

Finding the mishnah in tractate Pesachim that talks about beers

Can someone please tell me which mishnah in tractate Pesachim talks about the subject of the different beers regarding the laws of chametz?
3
votes
1answer
40 views

Contradiction in the Bartenura regarding value to food added by firewood

There appears to be an interesting contradiction in the Bartenura's peirush on the Mishna. In Maaser Sheni 2:1, the mishna notes that if we improve the flavour of maaser sheni wine by adding honey or ...
0
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0answers
26 views

The list in Machshirin 2

Machshirin 2 consists of a long list of places where the halacha follows statistical rov, tipping towards the stringent side when the factor in question is 50-50. In general, such lists only contain ...
2
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1answer
66 views

Why does the Mishna/Gemara so rarely mention the practical Halacha?

The Mishna frequently mentions different opinions. Some opinions are generally rejected Halachicly (Rabbi Elazar, Beis Shammai). Why doesn't the Mishna mention who the Halacha follows (in general). ...
5
votes
1answer
73 views

Why is the blessing of Mezonos not mentioned in the Mishnah?

The Mishnayos of the sixth perek of Berachos discuss all the different blessings which one makes on food, with the exception of the blessing 'borei minei mezonos'. Why is this not mentioned?
0
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1answer
49 views

carrying versus transferring on Shabbat

Transferring (lifting and setting down) an object corresponds to one of the 39 melachot. Which of the 39 does carrying correspond to? By carrying, I mean, for example, receiving an object from a ...
-5
votes
1answer
74 views

Was R. Gamliel really a great rabbi in Jewish estimation?

In Christianity it is often said that Gamliel was the greatest rabbi of all time. But it seems that he is just being hyped because according to Acts he trained Paul. Do Jews really view him as a ...
0
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2answers
186 views

How many Mishnayot are there?

How many Mishnaoyot are there? For counting purposes I am only interested in the counting of the author's. Meaning if the mishna puts two rules together under one halacha that counts as 1 and not 2. ...
4
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0answers
47 views

Why was the side door to the hechal unlocked so oddly?

The hechal (central room) of the bes hamikdash had its main entrance on its eastern end. To either side of that entrance were cubicles, and the main-floor cubicles on each side had a door to the east ...
8
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1answer
89 views

Is a mishna or a baraysa more authoritative?

Often, an opinion in a baraysa (by which I mean to include tosefta and any other non-mishna text of tanaim's halachic statements) and an opinion in a mishna differ on a matter of law. Is there any ...
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0answers
44 views

Why are there no Tanaaim or Amoraaim with the names Avraham or Moshe? [duplicate]

I heard this question posed a few days ago, and I've been wondering about it ever since. Why are there no Tanaaim or Amoraaim in the Mishnah or Gemara with the names Avraham or Moshe (or David, for ...
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0answers
28 views

Were the בגדי לבן‎ 30 ‎מנה in weight or value?

I'm studying משניות מסכת יומא and have come across this passage (in chapter 3 mishna 7, found in the Bavli on page 34:2): בשחר היה לובש פלוסין של שנים עשר מנה ובין הערבים הנדוין של שמונה מאות זוז ...
6
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1answer
140 views

Dancing on Yom Kippur

Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel, in the final mishna of Ta'anit (4:8), speaks of women going into the vineyards on Yom Kippur and dancing for the unmarried men who would then choose wives for themselves. ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

Questions on the Bartenura in Beitza 2:3

After listing some points of disagreement between the schools of Shammai and Hillel in Beitza 2:1-2, the third mishna commences by presenting the following case: ושוין שמשיקין את המים בכלי אבן ...
2
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2answers
42 views

Parsing the mishna in Beitza 1:10

My question concerns the correct way to punctuate a ruling found at the very end of the first perek of Beitza (in the Mishna). There, the mishna in question provides a list of items that may or may ...
3
votes
1answer
244 views

Saving a non-Jew's life on Shabbat

I understand that, as per the halakha, a Jew is absolutely obligated to save the life of a non-Jew, even if doing so requires of him that he desecrate Shabbat. (See, for example, this answer.) My ...
4
votes
1answer
162 views

Why does the Mishna misquote the Tanakh?

In a number of instances, the Mishna provides quotes from Tanakh that differ from the versions of Tanakh that we have today. So, for example, Sotah 6:4 (31b). There, the mishna quotes Deuteronomy ...
5
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2answers
197 views

Can a convert to Judaism have a Jewish mother?

The Mishna, Bikkurim 1:4, speaks of converts to Judaism who bring their first fruits to the temple, or who pray within a synagogue: אלו מביאין ולא קורין הגר מביא ואינו קורא שאינו יכול לומר אשר ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Can one use terumah to light a stove?

In Pesachim 23a, the gemara (in the name of Rav Papa) derives from Numbers 18:27 that the prohibition of terumah to non-priests only applies to eating and drinking, but not to other forms of ...
2
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1answer
48 views

How is סדר טהרות properly pronounced or pointed?

The last seder of the Mishnah is טהרות, but I can find no agreement on the vowels for this word. Some variations I have seen: טְהָרוֹת טַהֲרוֹת טָהֳרוֹת There may be others. Which answer makes the ...
6
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2answers
76 views

Does Rashi's commentary on a quoted mishna reflect the true explanation?

Often the Bavli will quote a mishna from another maseches (tractate) or another part of the same maseches. Does Rashi's commentary on the Bavli's quotation of the mishna reflect his interpretation of ...
5
votes
1answer
104 views

Understanding Yevamot 4:13's proof of who, exactly, is a mamzer

When it comes to the question of who is a mamzer, numerous conflicting theories abound in the early rabbinic literature. The opinion presented anonymously in Qiddushin 3:12, which appears to be ...
1
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1answer
62 views

Mishna Demai 5:11: why can't you take teruma from vadai on demai?

(Lomdus alert: this question is not for beginners.) In Maseches Demai (5:10-11) we learn that taking teruma from a vadai (=untithed produce) on demai (=possibly untithed produce) does not work, even ...
4
votes
1answer
157 views

Confessing to Adultery

In the Mishna, Sotah 1:3 and 3:3 both speak of instances in which a woman suspected of having committed adultery admits of her crime before drinking the water. Given that the penalty for adultery is ...
1
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1answer
50 views

Witness signing on a get “ben ish ploni”

It says in the Mishnah in Gitten (See here Daf 87b) That if an eid (witness) signs on the Get "ben ish ploni eid" then it's kosher. Meaning instead of writing for example his full name "Moshe ben ...
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0answers
73 views

Invalidating women from the priesthood and from terumah

In Yevamot 6:2, we are told that one who has sexual intercourse with various types of women will "invalidate" them. The language is as follows: וכן הבא על אחת מכל העריות שבתורה או פסולות כגון ...
5
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2answers
145 views

Reasons for divorcing a woman (sourcing a chiddush)

The Mishna in Gittin 9:10 provides a few different interpretations of ערות דבר (Deuteronomy 24:1). While the school of Shammai hold that for a man to divorce his wife he needs to find significant ...
14
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4answers
359 views

Zeraim Moed Nashim Nezikim Kodshim Taharos - why not Moadim?

The names of the Shisha Sidrei Mishna (Six Orders of Mishnah) are: Zeraim, Moed, Nashim, Nezikim, Kodshim, Taharos. All of them besides Moed are in plural form. However Moed is in singular form. Why ...
4
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1answer
67 views

Annulling nedarim on the basis of noladim

I am trying to understand the opinion of Rabbi Meir in the Mishna, Nedarim 9:3-4. If you are already familiar with Masekhet Nedarim, you can skip to the fourth paragraph of my question. If not, the ...
4
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1answer
51 views

Proof from Mishneh that Hilchos Chol HaMoed is M'd'rabbanan

If one looks into the Tur and Beis Yosef at the beginning of Hilchos Chol HaMoed in Simana 630 you will find a big maklokes rishonim if malacha on Chol HaMoed is an issur d'oraisa, d'rabbanan, or ...
2
votes
2answers
80 views

Niqqud for שְׁיָרֵי in Zevachim mishnah

I am really no expert in Hebrew grammar and I know there are many variants of same word. In particular I think there is no tradition for the puntuaction of the Mishnah. However in my siddur ...
4
votes
2answers
62 views

Why is the wording of these cases in the Mishna arbitrarily split?

In the משנה in בבא מציעא ב:ג there are three cases in the first part: Finding tied birds behind a fence (גפה) Finding tied birds behing a wall (גדר) Finding tied birds in the pathways in the field ...
2
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1answer
130 views

The order of the wording of the Ben Sorrer U'Moreh source Mishnah

In Mishna 1 of of the Eighth Perek of Masechet Sanhedrin it states that we know the ages in which the halachot of ben sorrer u'moreh apply from the fact that the Torah says "ben" (boy) and not "ish" ...
3
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0answers
49 views

Becoming Deaf and Mute

It was my understanding that the halakha differentiates between a person who cannot hear and one who can neither speak nor hear, despite the fact that the Hebrew word חרש is used for both (cf, for ...
4
votes
2answers
91 views

Is every mishna mentioned in the Bavli?

On a previous question that I asked, one correspondent pointed out the existence of a Mishnaic index, which lists every page of the early rabbinic literature on which there is a reference (or ...
3
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1answer
69 views

Mishnayot in the Bavli

In the Miqraot Gedolot, an index exists called Toldot uVeit Aharon. It lists "every" passage in the early rabbinic literature that references every individual passuk, and is extremely useful. Another, ...
4
votes
2answers
122 views

What's the Source for Jerusalem and Sepphoris Having Larger Measuring Units?

In Rabbi Pinchas Kehati's introduction to Masekhet Challah, and again in his commentary on Eduyyot 1:2, reference is made to the adjusting of measurements when the Jews "arrived at" Jerusalem, and ...
4
votes
1answer
153 views

If someone doesn't believe in the Gemara, is he a heretic?

If someone says "I believe that the Mishnayos/Braisos/Toseftas are accurate, but I think that the Gemara made mistakes and has no holiness. Is such philosophy heresy? What about someone who argues ...
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1answer
100 views

Mamzeirim and Slaves

If Reuben's sister, Hanna, is a slave and she and Reuben have sexual intercourse, are their children slaves or mamzeirim? Acc. to the Mishna in Yevamot 4:12-13, the offspring of a forbidden ...
3
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5answers
359 views

The Layman's Masechta (Mishnayoth) for a Siyum

What is a good Masechta of Mishnayoth for someone to learn if they just want to get a basic understanding and complete a Masechta in a relatively short time? Examples where this would be practical ...
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7answers
3k views

List of Number of Mishnayos by chapter / masechta

I'm looking for a list that enumerates the number of Mishnayos in each perek, as well as totals by masechta. Does anyone here know of such a list (or have the ability to quickly produce one)?
3
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1answer
96 views

Who says the Tefillah of ר' נחוניה בן הקנה?

The Mishnah at the top of Ber. 28b says that ר' נחוניה בן הקנה used to say a short prayer before learning that he not cause harm in his learning, and afterwards to give thanks for the opportunity to ...