tithes, percentages of new crops, animal births, and income, given to paupers or to levites or consumed in Jerusalem. Includes the current practice to "tithe" ones income and donate it to charity.

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12
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3answers
172 views

Is the Mitzvah of Tzedakah fulfilled in a fraud?

If someone gives Tzedakah to a person or fund, without knowing that that person or fund is deceiving them, is the Mitzvah still fulfilled? And a very practical application: If maaser money was used, ...
11
votes
2answers
305 views

Jewish definition of a charity

I know that Jews are supossed to give 10% of their income to charity, but what constitutes a charity? I know that Shuls, jewish schools and poor people in your community count, but what about secular ...
10
votes
1answer
90 views

Giving money to a poor tinok she-nishba

Bob is an observant Jew. Jim is completely secular Jew, who has never been observant. Jim is poor, and has trouble making ends meet most of the time. Is Bob allowed to give Jim tzedakah, knowing ...
8
votes
3answers
396 views

Maaser Deductibles

Are there any expenses that one is allowed to "deduct" from his income before calculating the amount of Maaser one must give? For example, if one makes a hundred thousand dollars a year, but his ...
7
votes
3answers
456 views

Does a poor person have to give Maaser?

If someone can't finish the month financially, and has to borrow or take gifts in order to feed his family, does he still have to give Maaser from his salary?
7
votes
1answer
207 views

Meggilas Rus - Leket, Shikcha, and Peah

When Rus went out into the field to pick up the Shikcha (dropped or forgotten crops which must be left for the poor), Boaz sees her great piety and tells his servants to drop more on purpose so that ...
7
votes
2answers
163 views

Does kashrut depend on peah, leket, etc?

I understand that if a crop in the Land of Israel does not have the trumot and maaserot properly separated, then the produce is tevel and cannot be eaten (until it is done). But that made me think of ...
7
votes
2answers
122 views

Does Ma'aser need to be given on gifts?

If I receive a monetary gift, do I need to give ma'aser on it? What about if I receive a gift that is an object (as opposed to money)?
7
votes
2answers
76 views

Who did the Avos give maaser to?

Rashi in parshas Toldos (25:27) tells us about Esav: יודע ציד: לצוד ולרמות את אביו בפיו, ושואלו אבא היאך מעשרין את המלח ואת התבן, כסבור אביו שהוא מדקדק במצות׃ who understood hunting: [He knew ...
7
votes
1answer
126 views

What's the halacha with regards to Maaser for a Baal Teshuvah?

Say a person never gave charity, due to ignorance or whatever other reason. He has now become a Baal Teshuvah and started observing the Torah. What is the halacha with charity? Does he have to give ...
6
votes
2answers
105 views

Give ma'aser on money that you didn't make yet?

Can I give ma'aser on money that I didn't earn yet but I know I will be earning in the future?
6
votes
1answer
89 views

Redeeming maaser sheini on paper money

I know that the mishna says that maaser sheini* can only be redeemed on coins and not something else. (See this answer.) However, this was written around 2000 years ago, and the way money works has ...
6
votes
2answers
98 views

Does a discount to a poor person count as tzedakah?

If someone performs a service for a poor person and gives a discount in order to help him out, does the difference count as tzedakah? If so, can the full amount be counted towards maaser, or do we say ...
6
votes
1answer
128 views

When is one allowed to eat a fruit from Eretz Yisroel without giving trumah?

When is one allowed to eat a fruit from Eretz Yisroel without giving trumah? When I was in Israel we picked pomegranates directly off the trees and eat them. I was told this was okay because it had ...
6
votes
2answers
129 views

Within what time frame does one have to give maaser on a large sum?

If someone suddenly has a large sum of money from a lottery or inheritance or gift, how much time does one have to disperse maaser money from that?
6
votes
1answer
114 views

Can Yizkor obligations be paid from Maaser money?

When a person goes to Shul to say Yizkor they obligate themselves to give Tzedaka in memory of the deceased. Can this obligation be paid from Maaser or does it have to be paid from the persons ...
6
votes
3answers
817 views

Is maaser calculated pre-tax or after-tax?

I have heard different opinions concerning whether taxes can be deducted before calculating maaser. It is logical to me that if you cannot deduct your expense to live in your house, you shouldn't be ...
6
votes
1answer
121 views

Modern Maaser and Terumah

Why is it that in modern times, we tithe maaser on non-agricultural income, but not terumah? Does it have anything to do with living outside of the Land of Israel?
6
votes
1answer
244 views

Best way to destroy (maaser sheni) coins

This year (5772) is the fourth year of the Shemitta cycle, and as such, this Pesach is the time of Biur Maaserot. Does anyone have suggestions (from experience or sources) regarding how to best ...
5
votes
1answer
140 views

What portion of his income would a Jew following the sacrificial laws give?

Christians are often told that tithing is a practice established in the law of Moses, and may be expected to respect this as a baseline for giving. But as I read through the Pentateuch, I see quite a ...
5
votes
1answer
34 views

Is there a prohibition to eat produce before bikkurim (first fruits) have been separated?

Rambam Sefer Hamitzvos negative command 153 says We are forbidden from eating tevel, i.e. produce from which the terumos1 and ma'asros have not yet been separated. Is there a comparable ...
5
votes
1answer
358 views

Are there still those who obey the mitzvah of Ma'aser Behemah?

If I am a farmer or keep animals, is it possible to obey the mitzvah of Ma'aser Behemah in today's times? Is is right to obey this mitzvah?
5
votes
1answer
103 views

Maaser on gift cards?

There is a tradition of giving 10% of one's income to charity. Suppose someone receives a gift card as compensation for his work. Should that person separate 10% of the value of the gift card to ...
5
votes
2answers
142 views

Must one give maaser from virtual money?

If a person achieves a gain or a payment of a currency that that is purely virtual and does not have any physical counterpart (ie it is not associated with a financial institution) must one give ...
5
votes
1answer
81 views

Maasar that was set aside, and then stolen

If a person sets aside his Maasar in a seperate account, which was then stolen, or the bank folded and now it is worthless, does he have an obligation to replenish this account, or once set aside he ...
4
votes
6answers
168 views

Tzedakah Websites

If one is looking to give tzedakah without leaving her chair, which reliable Jewish organizations accept donations on their websites?
4
votes
2answers
82 views

Tithing Precision

What degree of precision is necessary when calculating t'rumos and ma'asros? The mishnayos deal almost exclusively with collections of discrete objects like loaves of bread and crops, but could that ...
4
votes
1answer
193 views

Parents who don't want children to take ma'aser from gift

Suppose a non-observant parent gives a (monetary) gift to his/her adult child, but asks that the child not remove 10% to give for tzedaka ("Your mother and I saved this money for you, not for other ...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

The Abolition of Vidui Ma'aser

Deuteronomy 26:12-15 details a confession that must be recited on the final yontef of Pesach, both on the fourth and on the seventh years of the agricultural cycle, at such a time as there is a temple ...
4
votes
1answer
169 views

Can tax ever be considered maaser?

Related to this question. Can tax itself (particularly in the land of Israel) ever be considered maaser? If your tax money is going towards nationally funded projects, building infrastructure, ...
4
votes
1answer
111 views

Receiving financial benefit to give maaser money

Is there any problem with receiving money in exchange for giving maaser or tzedeka to a particular person. For example Reuvan has $1000 maaser and Shimon comes to him and says "give the money to levy ...
4
votes
1answer
95 views

Formulation of blessing on individual tithes

When separating all the relevant tithes from one's produce, one can include all the various obligations in one collective blessing before the entire process (Tosefta Brachot 6:19 (note variant ...
4
votes
0answers
44 views

maaser to your own employer

I know there are many Jews who work for schools, synagogues, soup kitchens, and other such non-profit organizations that do a community service. Many people also give maaser money to these ...
4
votes
2answers
94 views

Can you redeem ma'aser sheni using a $5 bill — even though burning it will enrich your countrymen?

It's not so easy to mint coins. Canadian law says: If you want to destroy money, then burn banknotes. Don't destroy metal coins. In fact, in Canada, it is legal to burn banknotes. (Note: In the U.S., ...
4
votes
2answers
198 views

Why don't we distribute Ma'aser Rishon or Ma'aser 'Ani nowadays?

Produce grown in the Land of Israel has to have Teruma, two of three different kinds of Ma'aser, and Terumat Ma'aser removed, as described in this OU Kosher article. Of these five separations, three - ...
3
votes
2answers
80 views

Masser for Machtzis Hashekel

Can you use Masser for Machtzis Hashekel?
3
votes
1answer
75 views

Masser for Matanos Levyonim

Can you use Masser for matanos l’evyonim?
3
votes
1answer
101 views

Does the Torah command three different ma'aser?

Devarim 14:28 כח. מִקְצֵה | שָׁלשׁ שָׁנִים תּוֹצִיא אֶת כָּל מַעְשַׂר תְּבוּאָתְךָ בַּשָּׁנָה הַהִוא וְהִנַּחְתָּ בִּשְׁעָרֶיךָ׃ "At the end of three years, you shall take out all the tithe of your ...
3
votes
2answers
66 views

Mishna, Brakhot 2a: When the kohanim enter…where?

Mishna, Brakhot 2a מאימתי קורין את שמע בערבין משעה שהכהנים נכנסים לאכול בתרומתן What is the author implying as the direct object of the verb נכנסים? In other words, from the hour that the kohanim ...
3
votes
1answer
43 views

Giving ma'aser to a kohen

When one separates the "first tithe", which needs to be given to a ben Levi, may he give it to a kohen instead on the grounds that he is of Levi lineage? Would this at least work b'di'avad to relieve ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

What is the minimum income/savings for someone to give or receive ma'aser money?

I recall learning (probably somewhere in Ma'asros or Ma'aser sheni) that the maximum net worth a person could have and still receive ma'aser ani was 2000 zuz. In our own time when ma'aser kesafim has ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

Cancellation of debt, income?

Suppose someone has a $20,000 balance on a credit card or HELOC and settles for $10,000 - the IRS considers it cancellation of debt income and you are required to pay taxes on your $10,000 gain. Would ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

Does someoene have to give ma'aser from scholarship grants or unemployment insurance?

I'm asking this question for my son. Scholarships are considered taxable income in some states, though this money usually gets sent directly to the school, so the recipient usually never accesses it. ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

Maaser on Selling Previously Purchased Items

Many times people buy things and then later resell them. Assuming no profit was made in this sale, is there an obligation to give Maaser on the newly acquired money? Practical examples: eBay, college ...
3
votes
2answers
166 views

Is maaser required on gambling money?

Do you have to give maaser on money that was won through gambling?
3
votes
0answers
58 views

Why is 1 Elul / 1 Tishrei the New Year for livestock?

The first Mishna in Rosh Hashanah says that 1 Elul is the new year for livestock, i.e. I can only tithe one year's "crop" of livestock at a time, so 1 Elul delineates the herds. (Update: we follow the ...
2
votes
2answers
254 views

Must I take maaser from my income nowadays?

I heard that we don't have to give maaser from our income nowadays because we are outside of Israel and without the Beit Hamikdash. Is this true?
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Maaser for money received as a gift from Parents [closed]

As a child I received birthday money every year (I don't remember if I gave maaser at the time), my Parents put it in an interest bearing bond and when I turned 18 it matured and I was given $13,000. ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Terumot and Maasrot in Israeli Shuks

Ordinary Israeli fruit and vegetable stands do not carry teudah. Does the Israeli government ensure terumot and maasrot are taken at some point? For example, can one taste produce in Machane Yehuda or ...
2
votes
2answers
99 views

Jewish king outside Eretz Yisra'el

What would the status of a country dictated by a Jewish monarch be if that country were not [in] Eretz Yisra'el? Would people need to separate t'rumos and ma'asros there? (Sorry for the brevity, but ...