Lit. "Shabbat Eve". Shabbat Eve occurs every Friday night after sundown. There are many laws and customs during this time.

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16
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1answer
478 views

Blessing the Children on Friday Night

I have noticed that many families (including my own) have the custom for the father to bless all the children on Friday night before kiddush. When and where did this custom originate, and by whom, ...
8
votes
3answers
235 views

Why do we say Eishes Chayil on Friday nights?

Eishes Chayil is indeed a beautiful song. But why do we say it specifically Friday nights (before Kiddush)?
8
votes
5answers
339 views

Challah Friday Night

When you make Hamotzi on Shabbos you use the top Challah. However, on Friday night you use the bottom. Therefore, so as not to pass over the Mitzvah you hold the bottom one closer. My question is why ...
8
votes
3answers
351 views

Saying VaYhi Erev VaYehi Voker before Kiddush Friday night

The Minhag that many people have is to start Kiddush Friday night with VaYehi Erev VaYehi Voker before saying Yom HaShishi. I heard that HaRav Moshe Feinstein Zatzal did not say VaYehi Erev VaYehi ...
8
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1answer
367 views

Kiddush Levanah on Friday night

Why do we avoid making the Bracha of Kiddush Levanah on Friday night and the nights of Yomim Tovim?
8
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3answers
245 views

Can one say Vayechulu Friday Night alone?

If one Davened an extra-long Shemoneh Esrei, and missed saying ויכולו... with the congregation, can he say it by himself? Or must he say it with someone else?
7
votes
4answers
297 views

Kol Mekadesh - sung Friday Night - המאחרים לצאת מן השבת וממהרים לבא

In Kol Mekadesh that is sung Friday night it says המאחרים לצאת מן השבת וממהרים לבא which seems out of order. Do we not first rush into Shabbos and then delay its departure? Then why do we sing it in ...
6
votes
1answer
212 views

Where is the text of Friday night Kiddush from?

There is a fairly uniform text for Kiddush Friday night. There are some differences between the Ashkenazi and Sfardi versions, but they are mostly very similar. What is the source for the text? As ...
5
votes
1answer
44 views

What is the reason for the specific items listed in Pirkei Avot 5:6 being created just before Shabbat?

Pirkei Avot chapter 5, mishnah 6 says: Ten things were created at twilight of Shabbat eve. These are: the mouth of the earth [that swallowed Korach]; the mouth of [Miriam's] well; the mouth of ...
5
votes
1answer
68 views

Order of blessing children on Erev Shabbos

When blessing children on erev Shabbos, is there a correct or preferred order (oldest to youngest, boys first or girls), or may parents decide however they like? If there is not a correct order, can ...
5
votes
1answer
89 views

Shalosh Seudos on Friday Night

Is there anything wrong with having the third meal on Friday night instead of the following day (i.e. two on friday night and one the next day)? Is one still yotzei 3 Seudos? This would be especially ...
4
votes
2answers
895 views

Friday Night Prayer before Maariv - Kegavnah or Bameh Madlikin

Ashkenaz say Bameh Madlikin, and those who daven Nusach Sefard say Kegavnah... Why this distinction? And if one is praying in a shul that does not say his Nusach, what should he do?
4
votes
1answer
154 views

Eating after Kiddush Friday Night without Motzi?

In many synagogues, it is common to have an informal food gathering after services on Shabbat morning. This is very rarely, if ever, done Friday night. On Shabbat morning the way it's done is usually ...
4
votes
4answers
292 views

Shalom Aleichem to angels?

The zemer "Shalom Aleichem" is obviously addressed to angels. The Tur (OC Siman 3) gives a short text to says before entering the bathroom: התכבדו מכובדים משרתי עליון, etc. (also obviously addressed ...
4
votes
2answers
148 views

When to Stand Friday Night by Hashkiveinu?

It seems on Friday night that various people rise at various times towards the end of השכיבנו (and before beginning ושמרו). When is the actual proper moment to rise? (Sources, please.)
4
votes
2answers
93 views

Making early shabbos and tefillin

If someone accepted shabbos early (tosafot shabbat), and remembered he didn't put on tefillin that day, may he put on Tefilin in order not to miss a day of performing that mitzva, or is he already ...
3
votes
1answer
795 views

Are marital relations on Friday nights a “double mitzvah”?

An uncle of mine once told me that a rabbi told him that having marital relations on Friday nights is a "double mitzvah," presumably because one would be fulfilling both the obligation to have ...
3
votes
2answers
230 views

Leaving work in time for Shabbat

Candle-lighting time in my city starts 5 mins after I technically finish work, but it takes me about 15 minutes to drive home from work - sometimes longer if the traffic is bad. Is this a violation of ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

ORDER OF krias shma, benshing and the omer

In summer when one davens early on Friday night and one finishes the meal at night, what is the correct order of saying these three things. Krias shma, Benshing and Omer.
3
votes
1answer
131 views

Having Oneg Shabbos with a non-Jew?

I've heard some frum families not allowing non-Jews at the shabbos table for the Friday night meal, because oneg shabbos is specifically for Jews. Is there a source for this in any writings?
3
votes
1answer
291 views

Minhag of throwing Challah at the Friday night Seuda

Aruch HaShulchan 167:31 and Be'er Hataiv 167:22 both say that it is forbidden to throw the (Challah) bread. I have heard that there are some people (I heard that there are some Rabannim who do so) ...
2
votes
2answers
37 views

Why no אמן after “קונה שמים וארץ”?

In the Friday night davening, I have noticed that after the chazan says the bracha "קונה שמים וארץ", the congregation always goes immediately on to saying "מגן אבות" without responding אמן to the ...
2
votes
2answers
107 views

When Chanuka begins on Shabbos and one lit the Menora prior to Davening Mincha

When Chanuka begins on Shabbos and one lit the Menora prior to Davening Mincha should he say Al HaNisim at Mincha for Erev Shabbos? (Sources)
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Why “מלאכי השרת” in only the first stanza of “Shalom Alechem”?

The first stanza of the popular Friday-night song "שלום עליכם" calls angels "מלאכי השלום מלאכי השרת מלאכי עליון" (or, in other versions, just "מלאכי השרת מלאכי עליון"). The other stanzas call them ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

When should we light shabbat candles?

On page 188 of my סדור רינת ישראל (or p. 196 in this edition) the instructions for lighting shabbat candles begins as follows: כשהחמה בראש האילנות, מדליקים נר של שבת. My limited Hebrew has me ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

How do you bench on a Friday rosh chodesh if you eat after kabbolas shabbos before nightfall

Do we say yaaleh v'yovo or r'tsai or both if one eats today which is Friday rosh chodesh after being mekabel shabbos but before nightfall. Does it make a difference if you finish before or after ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Who wears a talis on leil Shabbos?

Rabbi Chanina would don his talis gadol on erev Shabbos (Mas. Shabbos 25b, Rambam Hilchos Shabbos 30:2). While this has been practiced by individuals, is it today the practice of any particular ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

סימן יתק״ק and Shir Hashirim

In the copy of Echa I used this past 9 Av, the final p'sukim were followed by the notation "סימן יתק״ק". These stand for "ישעיה",‎ "תרי עשר",‎ "קהלת", and "קנות" (i.e. Echa). These are ...
2
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0answers
83 views

Origin of using priestly blessing on Friday night

I know why we use Ephraim and Menashe when blessing the children on Friday nights, (see: Why Does Hashem Bless Us Like Efraim And Menashe?) but why do we use Birkat Kohanim? Is there any specific ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

When would you have a Seudas Bris by the Friday night Seuda? [closed]

How is it possible that you would you have a Seudas Bris by the Friday night Seuda?
0
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2answers
94 views

Torah personalities chosen for blessings on Friday nights

Why do we bless our children on Friday nights with non-correlated blessings between the boys and the girls? I can understand that we want our daughters to emulate the Matriarchs. Yet we don't bless ...
0
votes
2answers
370 views

Mincha after plag hamincha without minyan [closed]

It is Friday Night. The shul is due to daven Mincha at 7.30pm, but Plag Hamincha is 7.37pm. The Shul is two short of a minyan and the decision is taken to daven Mincha privately. It is now 7.45pm (and ...