prayer said over a cup of wine at the start of Shabbat or Holidays

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14
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4answers
467 views

using two plastic cups for Kiddush

I know making kiddush with a plastic cup is problematic because of requirements. I have seen people using two plastic cups: what is the source for this and is it legitimate?
13
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2answers
273 views

Does everyone have to drink the Kiddush wine?

When making Kiddush, does everyone who is yotzei have to drink the wine or grape juice, or is merely hearing it enough? In my experience, it appears that Friday nights everyone is careful to drink, ...
11
votes
4answers
313 views

Why fill the glass all the way to the top?

Why is it that when people make kiddush/havdallah they insist on filling up the cup all the way to the top, sometimes till it overflows just a little? Is this a documented minhag/custom etc...?
11
votes
1answer
497 views

Kiddush between 6 and 7 o'clock - Which clock?

Many people hold that one should not make kiddush on Shabbos between the hours of 6 and 7. (Sources: Shulchan Aruch Harav and Taamei Haminhagim, (who, in turn, bring a Maharil, a Magen Avraham, and a ...
10
votes
3answers
226 views

Flexibility in choice of verses for morning Kiddush

The morning Kiddush on Shabbat and holidays consists of one or more Torah verses followed by the blessing on the wine (or perhaps other beverage). I have seen in print and in practice various ...
10
votes
2answers
359 views

Are disposable cups allowed for Kiddush or Havdalah?

If one doesn't have a non-disposable cup or becher available, can s/he use a disposable cup? Are there any specific types (plastic, styrofoam, paper...) of disposable cups allowed, or is any cup okay ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

What makes a wine valid for Kiddush?

Where do we draw the line to define what drinks are valid to do Kidush (Shabbat)? Does it matter if it says so on the bottle? I saw that some bottle say "valid for kiddush" or something like this. I ...
9
votes
3answers
258 views

Kiddush cup: stemmed or not?

Is there any reason behind whether people use a stemmed kiddush cup or not? Does it have to do with minhag? Kabbalah? I would have thought that some people who have a minhag to put their palm under ...
9
votes
4answers
195 views

Washing for bread before Kiddush. Convenient for sukkos?

There is a custom followed by Jews of German extraction to wash for Hamotzi before making Kiddush. See OC 271 (12) MB{61}. This is very convenient for those who have an outside sukka and don’t want ...
8
votes
3answers
399 views

Saying VaYhi Erev VaYehi Voker before Kiddush Friday night

The Minhag that many people have is to start Kiddush Friday night with VaYehi Erev VaYehi Voker before saying Yom HaShishi. I heard that HaRav Moshe Feinstein Zatzal did not say VaYehi Erev VaYehi ...
8
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3answers
481 views

Kiddush on Yom Kippur

If I must eat on Yom Kippur is there a Chiyuv To make Kiddush? If there is not Is there a situation where you do?
8
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2answers
224 views

Should one drink from the leader's cup after kiddush?

Inspired by the upcoming holiday of Pesach, where many minhagim seem to have each person drink from his own cup, I was wondering about the custom of drinking wine from the cup upon which kiddush is ...
8
votes
1answer
166 views

Singing part of kidush with the leader

Some people, although listening to another's kidush (Friday night), sing part of it along with him: specifically (in my experience), the lines starting "ki vanu vacharta" when recited with this tune. ...
7
votes
2answers
559 views

Minimum Shi'ur for Kiddush on liquor

What is the minimum Shi'ur (volume) of a cup required for making Kiddush on liquor? Is there a smaller amount required than there is for wine? What is the minimum Shi'ur of the liquor that one is ...
7
votes
4answers
187 views

Is it permitted to make kiddush before Torah reading on Shabbat?

I know it's acceptable to have kiddush before Mussaf. Is it acceptable to have kiddush after the kaddish shalem of Shacharit but before the sefer Torah is taken out to be read? (I believe I've heard ...
7
votes
1answer
368 views

Why do we cover the challot on Shabbos?

The answer I learned growing up was that "we don't want to embarrass the bread because we are first making kiddush" or some variation thereof. I later learned that is a zecher for the ma'n which fell ...
7
votes
2answers
343 views

Should a man say Shehecheyanu when lighting Yom Tov candles?

In a situation when a man will both be lighting the Yom Tov candles and making Kiddush, when should he make Shehecheyanu? Do we say only when lighting candles, since that is when the women say it ...
6
votes
4answers
549 views

Kiddush cup handoff

Why do some Jews (Sephardic, Hasidic, et al.) place the kiddush cup into the hands of another?
6
votes
6answers
748 views

Why do we link Shabbat with the Exodus from Egypt?

My four-year-old son asked me this right after Kiddush on Friday night (more or less verbatim): Why do you say "Mitzrayim" in Kiddush every week? "Mitzrayim" is a Pesach word! In other words, ...
6
votes
2answers
96 views

Kiddush BeRov 'Am

Does BeRov 'Am Hadrath Melech (the King's glory is in the multitudes, ie., the more people praise HaShem together, the more glorious it is for Him) apply to making Kiddush? I've heard it said so ...
6
votes
1answer
221 views

Eating a Yom Tov meal on Yom Kippur

If someone must eat on Yom Kippur, do they make kiddush on wine and have two challah rolls, plus meat and fish like he would on any other Yom Tov?
6
votes
1answer
110 views

Why is mevushal wine good enough for kiddush, but not good enough for avoda zara?

So the reason why we use mevushal (cooked) wine is that it's seen as a wine inferior and incapable of being offered to an idol (Shulchan Aruch, YD 123). I understand why one can drink mevushal wine in ...
6
votes
1answer
178 views

Eating after Kiddush Friday Night without Motzi?

In many synagogues, it is common to have an informal food gathering after services on Shabbat morning. This is very rarely, if ever, done Friday night. On Shabbat morning the way it's done is usually ...
6
votes
1answer
226 views

Where is the text of Friday night Kiddush from?

There is a fairly uniform text for Kiddush Friday night. There are some differences between the Ashkenazi and Sfardi versions, but they are mostly very similar. What is the source for the text? As ...
6
votes
1answer
70 views

Making a bracha for someone else, can then use for one's self?

Consider the following 2 situations: Reuvan is unable to make kiddush and has asked Shimon (who already made kiddush for himself) to make kiddush for him (Reuvan). Shimon, however, says he can't ...
6
votes
1answer
272 views

Kiddush on Bread: When to Wash?

Many (most?) rishonim, with the notable exception of the Rabbeinu Tam, hold that if there is no wine (or if you prefer bread) then you can make kiddush, on Shabbos/Yom Tov evening, with bread. At ...
6
votes
1answer
239 views

Askinu Seudasa and Azamer Bishvachin before Kiddush

There is a variety of placement in siddurim which include Askinu Seudasa and Azamer Bishvachin. Some (Tefila Yeshara, Artscroll if memory serves correctly) put both before Kiddush. Some (Tehilas ...
6
votes
1answer
87 views

Opinions concerning using other beverages for kiddush and “cups of blessing”

What are the major rabbinic opinions today concerning the suitability of substituting another beverage for wine (or grape juice) for kiddush and other "cups of blessing," e.g., havdalah or Passover ...
5
votes
2answers
247 views

Source of shabbat evening kiddush text?

The beginning of the shabbat evening kiddush (vayehi erev, vayehi boker, yom hashishi...) is from Bereshit, 1:31 ff. Where does the second part (khi hu yom tehilah lemikraei kodesh...) come from? Is ...
5
votes
3answers
528 views

Making Kiddush/Havdalah Twice

Is it okay to say kiddush or havdalah twice in order to be Motzi someone else (e.g. wife)?
5
votes
2answers
260 views

Making Kiddush/Havdala if I did not keep Shabbos

Lately I have stopped being fully Shomer Shabbos, spending Shabbos afternoons in the bedroom surfing the internet on my phone and texting non-Jewish friends. My wife and children think I'm sleeping ...
5
votes
2answers
160 views

Covering the Cake During Kiddush

Many times there is cake, cookies or various other foods out on the table during Kiddush. Is it necessary to cover them (as I sometimes see people do)? Would it make a difference if the cake is going ...
5
votes
1answer
288 views

Drinking the wine that spills over the cup during Kiddush

There is a widespread custom among the Jewish people to fill up their kiddush cup to the point that it overflows. This overflowing of wine symbolizes Hashems blessing overflowing in our lives. I was ...
4
votes
1answer
61 views

Why do people say a half-verse as part of shabbos morning kiddush?

I have seen people make kiddush shabbos morning by only stating the following עַל-כֵּן, בֵּרַךְ יְהוָה אֶת-יוֹם הַשַּׁבָּת--וַיְקַדְּשֵׁהוּ Which is half of the verse in Shemos 20:10. I realize ...
4
votes
2answers
149 views

Why does Chabad not do Kiddush before Davening?

The custom in Chabad is to eat Mezonos before Davening (to enable one to daven later and meditate on Hashem). The only reason we don't do kiddush before davening is because "the time didn't come yet" ...
4
votes
1answer
93 views

Who doesn't make Kiddush from 6-7pm?

From this question I learned that "many" people don't make Kiddush between 6-7pm. Who does this? Is this primarily a Lubavitch Minhag? If so, among Lubavitchers, how prevalent is it?
4
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2answers
78 views

Kiddush, Learning and Mitzvos for dead/niftar neshamos

I seek an early source that giving Kiddush (so others will make a bracha for the zchus of the neshama) or other such actions that can positively affect the neshamos of those who have departed.
4
votes
1answer
43 views

What is the qualification for chamar m'dina ? [duplicate]

The Shulchan Aruch mentions in a few places that if wine is not available then one may use chamar m'dina (a national drink), for bentching, kiddush, and havdala. chamar m'dina is also permitted if one ...
3
votes
2answers
113 views

Why do some synagogues offer kidush and others not?

Some (orthodox) synagogues in the United States offer kidush after Shabas-morning services every week; others do not. Is this division roughly along 'type' of synagogue? For example, do most Young ...
3
votes
3answers
128 views

Leishev Basukkah before Shehechiyanu or after?

According to my minhag: on the first night of Sukkos by Kiddush, Leishev Basukkah [לישב בסכה] is said before the bracha of Shehechiyanu [שהחינו]. On the second night, however, Shehechiyanu is said ...
3
votes
1answer
636 views

Women Making Kiddush

Let's say a husband and wife are alone on Friday night or on Shabbos day. Can the wife make kiddush for herself and her husband?
3
votes
1answer
118 views

Bringing in Yom Tov Sheni early

The Ben Ish Hai Parshat Bamidbar Din 2 holds it is permissible (and even recommended in Bagdhad), to bring in the second day of Shavuot early -- to daven and to make kiddush while it is still daytime ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

Why wine for kiddush

Why do we use wine (or grape juice - fruit of the vine) when sanctifying Shabbat? How was it first determined that wine was holy and that it is used to satisfy and make holy the coming holiday or ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

Does kidush bimkom s'uda need to be before the s'uda?

Anyone fulfilling his obligation of hearing kidush must eat a meal (or a nominal meal) at the same time and in the same place. There are details ‐ see Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chayim 273 — but ...
3
votes
0answers
100 views

Early Shabbos during 9 days

Is it permitted to bring in Shabbos early during the 9 days and make Kiddush? I know that the prevailing custom for Havdallah is to do it over something other than wine, but obviously this cannot be ...
2
votes
2answers
260 views

How can we use grape juice instead of wine?

There are many rituals for which we use wine. I would think that wine means a fermented grape product, or at least a fermented fruit product. On what basis do so many people use grape juice instead of ...
2
votes
3answers
151 views

What sort of covering is required for Challa and cake while making Kiddush?

The Halacha is that we cover the Challa / Cake while we make Kiddush in order not to embarass it (Talmud Yerushalmi as quoted by the Tur, Orach Chaim 271) as we are not making Hamotzi / Mezonos first. ...
2
votes
2answers
52 views

Kiddush in Schul on Yom-Tov

In those communities where kiddush is still said before Aleinu on Shabbat (Friday night), is it also said on leyl (the night of) yom-tov? As this question relates to my effort with the creation of a ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

What if Kiddush was forgotten on Leil Shabbat?

Suppose Kiddush were forgotten on Leil Shabbat. Would a person be allowed or even required to do Tashlumin and then recite Kiddush during the daytime since it was missed the previous night?
2
votes
1answer
129 views

Non-observant Jew making kiddush

Can a Jew who does not observe Shabbat say kiddush for others?