Questions related to how something was in the past, and how it's developed since then.

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2answers
246 views

Animal sacrifice in Judaism — was it copied from other religions?

Why is there animal sacrifice in Judaism? Animal sacrifice was found in other religions before Judaism, so could it be that the Jews copied the practice of animal sacrifice from other religions?
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3answers
1k views

What exactly happened on the 25th of Kislev?

What historical event (if any) actually took place on the 25th of Kislev to cause that date to be the commencement of Chanukah?
2
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2answers
605 views

Did Moshe have a son with Ethiopian Queen prior to Exodus

According to Josephus, Moshe was a great military leader who lead in battle for Egypt when Egypt and Ethiopia was at war and Moshe married the Ethiopian Queen and had a child with her who became the ...
2
votes
3answers
269 views

Is it true that there was a time when Jews believed in the existence of several Gods instead of just One?

Is it true that there was a time when Jews believed in the existence of several Gods instead of just One? Somebody told me that there was a time when they even worshiped different Gods - even after ...
2
votes
3answers
234 views

the dress of the followers of Harav Kook

Harav Kook was basically a litai, and dressed like one and even had a shtreimel. Today his followers and talmidim from his yeshiva don't even use any kind of suit (long or short) or hat and even make ...
2
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3answers
372 views

What is the orthodox view towards the existence of a progressive denomination? [closed]

How did the progressive and orthodox denominations come about? What is the orthodox view towards the existence of a progressive denomination? MODERATOR NOTE: The chatting in the comments on this ...
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4answers
171 views

When and What was the first Hebrew Sefer published?

When and What was the first Hebrew Sefer that was mass published?
2
votes
1answer
154 views

Did 1 million Ethiopians really attack Israel?

2 Chronicles 14:8: And Zerah the Cushite came out against them with an army of a thousand thousand, and three hundred chariots, and he came as far as Mareshah. How could the Ethiopians have an ...
2
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2answers
596 views

What conditions require accepting the Messiah [duplicate]

I have bumped into some christian websites claiming that the Jews are blameworthy for not accepting jesus as the Messiah. According to our tradition what conditions are there (if any) that require ...
2
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1answer
279 views

Who were the Magharians?

Title says it all. Who were the Magharians? It seems like they were some group of Pre-Christianity Jews or something like that that lived in caves?
2
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2answers
373 views

Who was the wife of Levi (according to Sefer HaYashar)?

What was the name of Levi's wife? I am specifically looking for the answer which is given in Sefer HaYashar, but I can't seem to find it. Does anyone know who Sefer HaYashar says the wife of Levi is? ...
2
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3answers
283 views

Commercial kosher slaughter

Kosher slaughter today is mainly carried out in large factory settings, with each shochet slaughtering hundreds or even thousands of animals every day. The required inspections of organs is also ...
2
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2answers
119 views

Are There Any Good Sources for How “Ancient” (Pre-Talmudic) Prayer Was Done?

While reading this answer to another question about the development of the Siddur (here, look specifically at the question about "Modern Laws Vs. Shulcan Aruch"), I came upon this question. Here is ...
2
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5answers
781 views

Yeshua Sar Ha-Panim

"Yeshua Sar Ha-Panim" is mentioned in some machzorim in the following prayer between the shofar blasts on Rosh Hashanah: יהי רצון מלפניך שתקיעת תשר"ת שאנחנו תוקעין תהא מרוקמת ביריעה על ידי הממונה ...
2
votes
1answer
223 views

Were the prophets and holy people who lived before Judah (Yehudah) also Jews?

The word "Jew" originates from the name of the eldest son of Jacob. The term "Jew" was introduced many generations and decades after him. I wonder whether Adam, Noah, Lot, Abraham and Moses were all ...
2
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1answer
111 views

Instances where women wore tefillin [duplicate]

Up to (and including) the period of the Rishonim, are there multiple documented instances of Jewish women wearing tefillin? Edit: As discovered by another user on this website, there is another ...
2
votes
4answers
74 views

Was biblical Shmita observed during the time of the second temple?

Was biblical shmita observed during the second beit hamikdash? Is there a source for this?
2
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2answers
171 views

What year was the first Shemita?

When was the first Shemita year? I want to compare with our years from 1800 til now.
2
votes
1answer
153 views

What is the meaning of this painting?

I am in possession of this mysterious painting with Hebrew characters, but I do not know what words mean. I suspect that they may provide a clue to what is being represented in each of the painted ...
2
votes
2answers
287 views

Was Shlomo Molcho a great kabbalist or a false messiah?

History records that a Portuguese Marano, Diego Peres (born 1500), after being spurned by Jewish adventurist David Reuveni, circumcised himself, changed his name to Shlomo Molcho, and went on a ...
2
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2answers
179 views

Why is “Merkos L'inyonei Chinuch” spelled that way?

In the title Merkos L'inyonei Chinuch, why is the word מרכז transliterated with an 's' in place of a 'ז' rather than a 'z'?
2
votes
1answer
220 views

Ben Petura - The Nazarene?

The Gemara in Bava Metzia 62a talks about two people in the desert and who gets the water first. I heard that the character Ben Petura is the Nazarene; can anyone confirm or deny this with a source? ...
2
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2answers
134 views

What are Israel's oldest known cultivated plants?

I was thinking about this question, this news, and the general fact that plants can live for a very, very long time. What are the oldest known cultivated plants in Israel? Are there, say, olive or ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

What is the modern Jewish attitude towards the Zealots and Sicarii?

One of the leading factions in the Jewish Revolt of 66-70 was the Zealot movement, and its splinter group, the Sicarii. I would imagine that the attitude towards them is somewhat complicated, or at ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Seeking scholarly siddur with sources

Is there a well-sourced, scholarly siddur/work on the siddur/website that discusses the origins of the various prayers? Where can I find it?
2
votes
1answer
230 views

What does the talmud/rabbinic writing have to say about Yeishu hanotzri (Jesus)?

I Understand that the name Jesus was not uncommon 2000 years ago, and Jewish writings about person of historical interest to the christian church call him "Yeishu hanotzri" = "Jesus the Nazarene". I ...
2
votes
1answer
320 views

When did walking from Ner Israel yeshiva to Baltimore no longer require Eruv Techumin?

From what I'm told, several decades ago one who wanted to walk from Ner Israel yeshiva on Mt. Wilson Lane in Pikesville, MD to the greater Baltimore community (e.g. Rabbi Heinemann's shul, the Agudah, ...
2
votes
1answer
193 views

How did the different groups within Judaism develop?

How have the various groups and movements (like chassidism, Modern Orthodox, Conservative, etc) within Judaism evolved? For example I'm looking for the following except starting with Judaism and with ...
2
votes
2answers
118 views

What is the religious significance of the existence of many denominations and sects?

For much of the past 2000 years, when most of contemporary Halacha was being formulated, there was only a single denomination\sect of Judaism. (Leaving aside Ashkenzi vs Sephardi, which is mostly a ...
2
votes
1answer
337 views

Where is the Covenant Box

I wanted to Know where is the Convenant Box? In Most Holy Place There was Convenant Box but is it still there?
2
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1answer
95 views

When was the first Mikva built in the USA?

When was the first Mikva built in the USA?
2
votes
3answers
622 views

Agudath Israel Convention

Where can I find information on the annual Agudath Israel (of America?) convention that happens around Thanksgiving time? I have been hearing references to this convention since I was young, but ...
2
votes
5answers
272 views

What's the oldest continuously-existing, still-open kosher restaurant?

What's the oldest continuously-existing, still-open kosher restaurant?
2
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2answers
61 views

What was Rabbi Yehuda Hanassi's role in compiling the Mishnah?

I have always heard that Rabbi Yehuda Hanassi "compiled" the mishna. What were his roles in compiling it in the form that we currently have it? Specifically, did he perform any of these roles: ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Tracing the Tradition of HaRaM"A (Moshe Isserles)

In tracing the tradition of HaRav Shimshon Rafa'el Hirsch, I arrived at the famed RaM"A (Rav Moshe Isserles) with help from the beloved MY community. As Rabbi Lawrence Kelemen mentions having done in ...
2
votes
1answer
137 views

Authenticity of Maggid Mesharim

The title says it all: what do various sources say regarding the authenticity of the Meggid Mesharim; a book supposedly containing angelic revelations to R. Joseph Karo. Did R. Karo really write it? ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Historical documentation that the Rambam was supported by his brother

I have heard quoted many times that the Rambam wrote his Mishneh Torah while he was being supported entirely by his brother. It was only after his brother died at sea that the Rambam, needing to ...
2
votes
2answers
97 views

Who was for and against Jews fighting back against the Germans in WW2?

There was a famous controversy regarding the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising that was the largest uprising the Jews performed against the Nazis. I have heard tell that a lot of Rabbonim banned fighting back ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Who wrote the Ritva on Gittin?

I've heard many things about the author of "Ritva on Gittin." It might have been the Ritva, it might not have been. There's also the "חידושים מכתב יד," which some ascribe to the Ritva, while others ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Who were the 'mixed multitude' that went up with the children of Israel in Ex 12:38?

Who were the 'mixed multitude also went up with' the children of Israel in Exodus 12:38? Were they part of Israel? What does Judaism, Jewish tradition say about this mixed multitude?
2
votes
1answer
92 views

What do we know about Bar Kochba?

Among the failed potential Messiah's was Bar Kochba who was backed by Rabbi Akiva. What do we know about him? Was he a disciple of Beit Hillel or Beit Shamai or someone else for example?
2
votes
1answer
152 views

Is it true that proselytes immersed in their birthday suits in ancient times?

I was told that Jewish proselytes immersed in their birthday suits in ancient times. Is this true? If so, could you please provide sources stating this fact?
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Reconciling the Torah and history regarding the Jews' response to reward and punishment

How do we reconcile the Torah's viewpoint that punishments make Jews better with what we see that punishments push Jews away (and rewards make Jews better)? The Gemara says that Mashiach will come ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Significance of 4 Teveis in Judaism

Is the 4th day of the Month of Teveis significant in Judaism? Looking for answers as to what characteristics (historical, numerological or otherwise) that is commemorated by or significant to Judaism ...
2
votes
2answers
224 views

What is the Morph-Phonological Split in Hebrew that makes it so Unique? [closed]

Can some one explain this to me? In a mixed language par excellence, large and monolithic blocks of material are imported wholesale from each of the ancestral languages. Thus, while the verbal ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

Ibrahim slaugthering his son as per Jewish believes?

Does Jews has a custom or teaching of Qurban/ slaughtering animals as Muslims do to commemorate Prophet Ibrahim's test of slaughtering his son? If so is it on a particular time or month and what this ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

How did they ask both Rabbi Akiva and Rabbi Yehuda Ben Beseira?

The Gemara (Yevamos 108b) says: אמר רב יהודה אמר רב מאי דכתיב מימינו בכסף שתינו עצינו במחיר יבאו בשעת הסכנה נתבקשה הלכה זו הרי שיצאה מראשון בגט ומשני במיאון מהו שתחזור לראשון שכרו אדם אחד בארבע ...
2
votes
1answer
166 views

Why do some Rabbis wear a black frock coat?

How did the black frock coat come to be garb of some roshei yeshivos and other senior rabbis? Related Did "Litvish" frock coats button left-on-right? and Haredi clothing
2
votes
2answers
119 views

How was the Torah written by Moshe (were there spaces)?

Someone told me that before Ezra Hasofer the Torahs did not have spaces (he said that according to some opinions not even between words). It was just given over when learned where the parshas ...
2
votes
1answer
141 views

Do the sages ever use the word “Jews” to describe the B'nai Israel before the Assyrian captivity?

This may be more a semantic question than anything else, but I'm wondering what the position is on using the word "Jew" to refer to Israelites before the Assyrian captivity. My impression is that the ...