Conversion to Judaism. This entails acceptance of the mitzvos, tevila (immersion), and for men, bris milah (circumcision).

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Were the converts mentioned in the Megillah actually Jews?

Esther 8:17 says that many people of the various lands מתיהדים which means, literally "Made themselves Jewish". Does this mean that they were "valid" Jews, i.e. obligated in all the mitzvoth as ...
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38 views

What should a conversion candidate expect at an Orthodox beit din?

This question about conversion before a Reform beit din made me wonder about other cases: what does the examination of a prospective ger by an Orthodox beit din look like today? Does the beit din ...
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1answer
73 views

What should a conversion candidate expect in a Reform three-judge rabbinic court (Bet Din)?

What should a conversion candidate expect in a Reform three-judge rabbinic court (Bet Din)? I was told it was to determine the Jewish knowledge of the conversion candidate, but do you have any ...
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1answer
81 views

Adoption Mixups & Matrilineal Descent [duplicate]

A most perplexing question was posed to me today, curious to see others thoughts -- A baby girl is adopted after the first day of birth. The adoptive parents are a frum couple who are told the ...
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35 views

Where in the Talmud is it said that the Berber tribes' conversions were not done according to the Halakha?

H. Zafrani, a French specialist on the Berber Jewish tribes, says that the Talmud explains that these tribes' conversions were not made according to the Halakha. I wonder where in the Talmud such a ...
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2answers
107 views

How many Judges need be present at a Mikva for conversion?

The halacha states that 3 judges have to witness the person who goes into the mikva for conversion. According to Biblical law, are 3 necessary (assuming mikvah is needed) and is the conversion ...
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45 views

If a convert converted without knowing that their conversion would be permanent

Hypothetically, if a convert converted without knowing that their conversion would be permanent (i.e., cannot convert out), does that make the conversion invalid?
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39 views

Ger Tzedek: Avraham Ben Avraham

The famous story of the ger tzedek Avraham Ben Avraham has been claimed to be a legend. Are there any defenses of its authenticity such as references to it before the 19th century?
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1answer
78 views

Can one adopt a non-Jewish child and not convert him/her?

Take this hypothetical situation: A Jewish couple which has fulfilled the requirements of peru urevu wants to adopt an additional child but (perhaps due to the immense cost of Jewish day school) does ...
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1answer
212 views

“Am I Jewish​​​?”

How can one tell if one needs to convert or if one is already Jewish? Would one's or one's ancestors' conversion to another religion or their lack of knowledge about Judaism change anything?
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1answer
104 views

Is the matrilineal descendant of a convert Jewish? [duplicate]

A woman converted to Judaism to marry a man who was a practicing Jew and Jewish by birth. Their great-grandchild recently learned this. Is that great-grandchild considered a Jew according to ...
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1answer
89 views

Can a Beis Din deny conversion if a person cannot physically perform a mitzvah?

As far as I know if a male is unable to have children due to body damage, he cannot become a ger. I have also heard of Beitei Din not allowing deaf people to convert since they cannot do certain ...
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Sons of a female convert and yibum?

A mishna on Yevamot 97b says (Soncino translation): The sons of a female proselyte who become proselytes together with her neither participate in chalitzah nor contract levirate marriage. Even if ...
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1answer
101 views

Precedent for Forbidding Conversion

The Syrian community has a Takkanah in place which bars conversion. In addition to forbidding conversion under their own auspices, they also "Never accept a convert or a child born of a convert", as ...
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1answer
158 views

Contact lenses during conversion immersion

If a convert wore contact lenses during the mikvah immersion, is the conversion still valid? Does it depend on whether the contact lenses are disposable (not the one you wear for more than 30 days)?
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102 views

What happens if a non-Jew uses a mikvah?

If a gentile does a kosher immersion (does tevilah with the preparation, three kosher immersions, and the immersion prayer), which is required for conversion, but did so without the help of a rabbi, ...
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68 views

Is a Reform convert considered not-Jewish or safek Jewish?

I am basing this question on something I read somewhere: that a non-Jew is able to accept the Torah and obligate himself in mitzvot independent of the bet din (court) conversion procedure. A non-Jew ...
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1answer
69 views

Homebrewer then converts; are there leniencies that allow him to drink the beer he made?

Suppose a gentile is a homebrewer who later converts to Judaism. Fermentation and aging can be long-running processes, so even if he knew to anticipate the problem and ceased homebrewing activities ...
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4answers
466 views

Can conversion be revoked?

In a recent case the Israeli Rabbinical Court has revoked someone's conversion to Judaism on the grounds that they were deceptive. This decision was "...Based on the fact that she completely ...
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2answers
56 views

Did the inhabitants of Shechem convert to Judaism?

Did the inhabitants of Shechem, mentioned in parshah Vayishlach, convert to Judaism?
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3answers
90 views

Why mention the ger in Lev 19:10, 23:22?

Vayikra 23:22: וּבְקֻצְרְכֶם אֶת קְצִיר אַרְצְכֶם לֹא תְכַלֶּה פְּאַת שָׂדְךָ בְּקֻצְרֶךָ וְלֶקֶט קְצִירְךָ לֹא תְלַקֵּט לֶעָנִי וְלַגֵּר תַּעֲזֹב אֹתָם When you reap the harvest of your ...
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2answers
279 views

How to celebrate conversion?

Are there any customs from modern or historic communities involving the celebration of a person's conversion to Judaism? In contrast to other transformative occasions in one's life (i.e., bar mitzvah, ...
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2answers
484 views

May Conversative man “up-convert” to marry Orthodox girl?

I'm writing a story where a young man raised in a devout Conservative family risks suicidal odds to rescue an Orthodox girl who fell onto the subway tracks hurting her ankle, who is about to be ...
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2answers
172 views

If a convert goes off the derekh, must he go to the mikvah again after he repents?

A female convert I know, who had stopped observing mitzvos for a few years, but then sought to return to the fold, was led to believe by someone that she would have to go again to the mikvah to ...
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53 views

Jewish Blood and conversion? [duplicate]

I've been studying all this "Jewish blood" stuff and was wondering: If one NOT RAISED JEWISH has Jewish blood (Jewish bloodline down mothers side) and this person never knew and all of a sudden found ...
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1answer
108 views

I need to become kohen eligible for marriage [closed]

I am wondering what the process is to be eligible to marry a kohen. I converted a few years ago and I believe my heritage is Jewish but i have not completed my family history.
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1answer
148 views

Ensuring that a community is mainstream

A newcomer to Orthodox Judaism may not have a feel for what is mainstream and what generally considered beyond the pale of normative Judaism. How does one find and join a Jewish community without ...
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2answers
106 views

How does a giyur m'safek differ from a giyur l'chumra?

Is there any difference betweeen a giyur m'safek and a giyur l'chumra? In either scenario is a female who undergoes either of these conversions prohibited from marrying a kohein?
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2answers
244 views

Where could an extreme ultra-orthodox baal t'shuva etc. realistically find a shidduch?

When it comes to shidduchim, the extreme ultra-orthodox (both chassidim and non-chassidim) often seem to discriminate against equally (or even more) religious (children of) baalei t'shuva, gerim, ...
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1answer
98 views

Must a future convert keep mitzvos?

MichaelS wrote: The case: Ben Noah in the process of giyur. Stood before the Beis Din and was asked question 'Will you follow the mitzvot as fully as a goy can up until the end of the process of ...
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4answers
119 views

Is there a negative connotation around converting to Judaism?

Is there any text in the Torah or Mishnah that sees a convert as some kind of "imitation" Jew or someone who isn't as good as a real-deal matrilineal Jew?
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3answers
314 views

What should a Jew do if encountered by ISIS?

Theoretically, if (Gd forbid) ISIS took over Israel, and the Jew in question was not immediately killed because he was Jewish and was not in the financial situation to pay the required taxes, should ...
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2answers
126 views

Ben Noah and his obligations regarding vows

A hypothetical case (based on a somewhat similar real one): Ben Noah in the process of giyur. Stood before the Beis Din and was asked question 'Will you follow the mitzvot as fully as a goy can up ...
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3answers
122 views

Does adhering to Torah make one a Jew?

I have heard Rabbi Asher Meza say that if one "adheres to Torah," this makes one a Jew; is this true at all?
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1answer
83 views

Tribe of the son of a Kohen and a convert

Kohanim are not allowed to marry a convert. However, if such a case happens (where there is a fully valid conversion), what is the status of the child? On one hand, they would be chalal, but would ...
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1answer
93 views

The situation of a lost Jew

Someone who is adopted to a Christian family, but has some indication of a Jewish ancestry - such as a mezuzah, and who is interested in studying and practicing Judaism, what would it take to ...
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2answers
99 views

Does Hillel International perform conversion?

I am a college student who is a Noahide and is strongly considering conversion to Judaism; I know I definitely want to convert into Reform. Given that the synagogue is a bit further away from campus, ...
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1answer
216 views

Questions about Conversion to Reform Judaism

I have seen some articles on here about conversion but it seems to me like most of it has to do with the Orthodox movement, whereas I am concerned more with Reform as it seems to hold the same ...
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1answer
271 views

Beis Din observing a female convert's immersion in the Mikvah

The practice today is that the Beis Din overseeing the conversion of a woman will observe her head going below water for the required Tevilah. Given the potential modesty issue - I know that they put ...
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3answers
2k views

Is it possible for a man to convert to Judaism without circumcision?

Is it possible for a man to convert to Judaism without circumcision? I'm not talking about where medical reasons would prevent circumcision; I'm curious to know if an uncircumcised gentile can ...
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2answers
98 views

Must a Reform convert raise prior children Jewish?

I am contemplating joining a Reform synagogue up the street from where I live. I have been once before and would like to start attending though I'm not sure yet about conversion. I am agnostic but ...
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1answer
50 views

Good idea to fast on the day of conversion?

Is there any reason someone would refrain from eating on the day of conversion up until it is complete?
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2answers
79 views

If a ger is like a newborn, are they tahor? Can they prepare the para aduma?

If a ger (convert) is considered like a newborn are they tahor? If this is the case then if we were able to find a red cow then shouldn't the ger be able to to prepare the para aduma? Normally the ...
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1answer
59 views

Geirim and accepting Mitzvos

The Gemara in Shabbos says that a Geir Shenisgayer Bein Hagoyim is considered Jewish and has to bring a Chatas for his chillul Shabbos. If he grew up among goyim, how can he actually accept the ...
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0answers
89 views

Abraham's converts…to what?

Assuming the view that Avraham was not a Jew (see here and here1), "ha-nefesh asher asu beCharan" (Gen. 12:5) that Rashi explains were converts, what did they convert to? To give credit where credit ...
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43 views

Avraham's Converts [duplicate]

In Bereishis 12:5 we see that Avraham took with him את הנפש אשר עשו בחרן "the soul they had made in Charan." Rashi there comments that "Abraham would convert the men, and Sarah would convert the ...
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1answer
136 views

How should a modern non-Jew interpret commandments in the Torah that they perceive to command individual violence?

If a non-Jew is interested in Judaism, how should they approach commands in the Torah like Exodus 21:17, Exodus 31:14, Leviticus 20:13? Should these passages be seen not just as command not to do the ...
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45 views

Where can I find a consolidated list of converts who are mentioned in the Bible, Mishnah and Talmud?

The only "obvious" convert mentioned in the Bible that I can think of is Ruth. I am looking for a list of converts mentioned in the Bible as well as those named in the Mishna and Gemarrah. Is there ...
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1answer
162 views

Marooned Jew and island girls

A lone Jew is stranded on a small pacific island. Under what circumstances may he take one of the island women as a wife? The elements: Must the Jew remain celibate? Can he perform a conversion of ...
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3answers
227 views

Is it permitted and possible to convert a Christian to Judaism without approaching rabbinical authorities?

Are private conversion without involving a Rabbi possible? Like converting a Christian without making it public, not even to rabbis thus doing the conversion rituals on our own?