Days where Jews refrain from eating and drinking.

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Is there a requirement to fast if Ebola is reported in the city?

I remember learning in mesechet Taanis that if there is a plague in the city with a certain number of people and there are people dying daily that the city should declare a fast. Is there any ...
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Why is there no clear Chabad custom regarding Tzom G'dalya s'lichos: early morning or during shacharis?

In the 2005/5765 Kehot edition of סליחות על־פי מנהג חב״ד/Slichos appears part of a letter by the last Lubavitcher rebbe with no date on it. It reads, in part: לא שמעתי הוראה בסדר סליחות ליום זה ...
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May I intentionally generate saliva on Yom Kippur

By swishing my tongue around my mouth, I can trick my glands into exuding saliva. I can then swallow this and trick my body into thinking it has drank. Is this saliva Nolad for the purpose of Shabbos ...
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147 views

I accidentally broke my fast on Yom Kippur, now what?

What are you supposed to do if you inadvertently broke your fast on Yom Kippur? Do you: keep going; extend it (if so, how long); cancel it (if so, do you make it up a different day)? Does it make ...
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You accidentally broke your fast*. Now what?

What are you supposed to do if you inadvertently broke your fast*? Do you: keep going; extend it (if so, how long); cancel it (if so, do you make it up a different day)? *This question is for ...
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162 views

Are minor fasts obligatory?

Are "minor" fasts such as Taanit Esther ("Fast of Esther"; i.e. the day before Purim) or Tzom Gedaliyah ("Fast of Gedaliyah"; i.e. the day after Rosh Hashanah) optional or obligatory? Under what ...
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Nebulizer on Yom Kippur

Is someone who suffers from asthma and needs to use a nebulizer to make it easier for them to breath (not pekuach nefesh) allowed to use it on Yom Kippur? (In a way of course that it'll be turned on ...
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108 views

When does fasting Erev Rosh Hashanah officially begin and end?

May seem like a simple question considering erev means evening... But does fasting erev Rosh Hashanah which is similar to Erev Yom Kippur katan (aka Erev Rosh Chodesh) officially begin at nightfall ...
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97 views

Fasting on Modern Days of Mourning

I was wondering if some people fast on Yom HaShoah or Yom HaZikaron. After all, these are somber days and hit close to home for many people. Do some people fast on these days? Why or why not?
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Are there any nuschaos which drop one of the closing phrases when עננו is said in שמע קולנו?

We add in the special prayer עננו on fast days. It is added in two different locations. (1) as a separate brocho between גואל and רופא and (2) as an addition into the brocho of שמע קולנו. In (1) the ...
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When did Yom Kippur Kattan originate?

The day before Rosh Hodesh is considered like a "mini" Yom Kippur. (I understand that there are some months, I think before Tishrei and Nissan that do not have YKK? Correct me if I'm mistaken.) Some ...
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217 views

Eating a Yom Tov meal on Yom Kippur

If someone must eat on Yom Kippur, do they make kiddush on wine and have two challah rolls, plus meat and fish like he would on any other Yom Tov?
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108 views

Counting towards a Keriat HaTorah one who accidentally ate

We have Halacha that at least 6 people need to be fasting in order to read the Torah in a fast day. However, let's say there are 10 people and 5 are definitely fasting and one who accidentally ate ...
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480 views

Kiddush on Yom Kippur

If I must eat on Yom Kippur is there a Chiyuv To make Kiddush? If there is not Is there a situation where you do?
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101 views

Breaking your fast on Tisha b'av

Ok so we know that in order to break your fast on Yom Kippur your life needs to be in danger. And we also know that regarding taanis Esther and tzom Gedalia the mechaber says if you get even a slight ...
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123 views

Is one allowed to smoke on minor fast days?

There are various opinions on whether it is ever permissible to smoke, with rabbinic opinion shifting more toward "no" in recent years, but among those who permit smoking generally, is it permissible ...
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442 views

Headache remedy on a fast day?

Even with proper pre-fast hydration and caffeine reduction, I almost always get a headache starting around hour 20-22 of a fast and growing from there. Taking a nap is sometimes possible and ...
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What are you supposed to do on Tisha baAv?

On Tisha baAv you can't eat wash oneself anoint oneself marital relation wearing leather shoes sit on a chair Torah study greeting people with a blessing conducting business going on a ...
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263 views

Why don't Rabbinic fasts end by Ben Hashmashot?

There's a doubt in the Gemara when the new day starts, at sunset or at three stars (Ok, and there's Rabbi Yossi's opinion). When it comes to Shabbos (or any other biblical time), we have to be strict ...
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Taanis Chalom on shabbos when a fast day is pushed off

If a fast day which normally falls out on shabbos is pushed off, such as the 17th of Tammuz, and a person fasts on that shabbos for another permissible reason, such as a taanis chalom (fast for having ...
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Do the laws of not learning on tisha b'av also apply to Ches Av?

I heard that on Tisha bi'Av the rules of not learning Torah also apply on Ches Av (the eighth of Av). So I have a few questions on Chess Bi'Av. Is there a source for this This question What can ...
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Preparing for a fast by eating/drinking on Shabbos

If the fast of Tisha B'av comes out on Sunday, is it a problem of preparing for after Shabbos on Shabbos to eat or drink more than one normally would on Shabbos? If a fast were on Tuesday, and one ...
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Extended fasting on 10 Av

The Bavli (Taanit 29a) teaches that the Temple was set aflame on the ninth of Av in the afternoon and it burnt until sundown on the tenth of Av. The Yerushalmi (Taanit 4:6) records that because of ...
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Has anyone declared a time of oppression regarding the four Temple fasts?

The Sha'ar haTziyun (OC 550 sk 9) speculates if in his day (~1900 CE) there was enough oppression of the Jews to warrant declaring the fasts of 10 Tevet, 17 Tammuz and 3 Tishrei into full fledged ...
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Can a non-fasting person be a shaliach tzibur, ba'al kri'ah, or receive an aliyah on a fast day if he is the only qualified person to do the job?

I think I read in Shulach Aruch (don't recall exact place) that someone who does not fast with the rest of the tzibbur is considered an "outsider" and cannot participate in any of the fast-specific ...
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62 views

Does someone not fasting still try their best?

If someone is exempt from fasting on a minor fast day, with the example that I have in mind being a nursing woman, is there any concept that they should still fast as much as possible, or do we say ...
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What to do in the case of dropping tefillin?

I heard that in the case of tefillin falling on the floor, this is a serious thing and one must give $25 in tzedaka. I did a little research and found that halacha offers an alternative option of ...
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Do the restrictions start at night or day? [duplicate]

Do the restrictions for the three weeks (music, haircuts, shaving, etc.) begin by sundown before the fast (17 Tammuz), or at the start of the fast (morning of 17 Tammuz)?
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44 views

Good idea to fast on the day of conversion?

Is there any reason someone would refrain from eating on the day of conversion up until it is complete?
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Personal Taanis on next day — why not ealier then Mincha and not later then Shkia?

As I understand, except for Taanis Cholom, a person can not take on himself a Taanis earlier than Mincha Gdola and not later than Shkia on the day before. What is the reason for that? Why can’t a ...
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45 views

Source for praying and repentance on Fast days?

What is the source for the idea that fast days are not only for fasting and remorse on the past, but also for prayer and repentance for the future?
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Source for Rabbi Jonathan Eybeschutz's explanation of Ta'anis Esther

The three day fast that Esther and Mordecai and the Jew's of Shushan observed during Nissan fell out on (at least) the first day of Passover. I remember hearing an explanation from Rabbi Jonathan ...
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Recompense for taanis chalom on day with double keduasha

A person is permitted to perform a taanis chalom (fast for having a bad dream) on shabbos, but is supposed to fast a second time to compensate for having fasted on shabbos (Shulchan Aruch, Orach ...
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Why does a siyum exempt one from taanit bechorot?

The custom in many communities I have been to is for there to be a siyum on a mesechta on the day of taanit bechorot. All first borns who would otherwise have to fast attend the siyum and are thus ...
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Did Esther eat at the first feast she made for the king and Haman?

Esther 5:1,5:4 says that Esther made the first feast on the third day of the fast. Earlier (4:16), Esther tells Mordechai that she will also fast for three days. Did she eat at the feast, or was ...
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Why is the torah reading for minor fast days different by just one verse from when that reading occurs in the regular cycle?

On minor fast days we read Sh'mot 32:11-14 and 34:1-10. The latter is almost the fifth aliyah of Ki Tisa, which is Sh'mot 34:1-9. I've been taught that aliyah boundaries are thoughtful (not ...
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178 views

What is the source for taanit dibur?

I recall meeting someone on Yom Kippur once who would not respond when I spoke to him. Instead he handed me a piece of paper which said that he was engaged in a taanit dibur, a 'fast' where that which ...
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Tanis Esther start on the ELAL flight [closed]

What time does Tannis Esther start on the ELAL flight Wednesday through Thursday this week?
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Tzom Gedalya vs. Taanis Esther

Why is Tzom Gedalya known as Tzom Gedalya and Taanis Esther as Taanis Esther. Why not Taanis Gedalya or Tzom Esther?
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Source that drinking on Purim is like fasting for two weeks

I have seen references (1, 2) to a saying from the holy Rebbe of Zitoshev that "If a person drinks wine on Purim the way he is commanded it is the same as if he fasted twice from Shabbos to ...
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Siyum Mishnayos on Erev Pesach

Today I learned of the minhag to make a siyum bechorim only on gemara. I understand the logic, but is there a source for it? This came up because I'm scheduled to make a siyum on the Mishna (first ...
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May Hallel be said on Yom Nicanor?

I know that usually, Yom Nicanor is displaced by the Fast of Esther. But in years (such as 2013 / 5773) when the Fast of Esther is displaced due to Shabbat, may Hallel be said on the 13th of Adar, ...
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75 views

Source for Taanis Esther as a tikkun for the Eitz Hadaas?

In this article the author asserts in the name of Rav Chaim Vital that The three-day fast that Mordechai and Esther ordered for the Jewish people, says Rav Chaim Vital, was a tikkun for the ...
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Waking up early to eat before a fast

I was just wondering about the halachos of waking up to eat before a fast day. If one had intention, is it best to wake up, wash negal vasser, get dressed, go to bathroom say Al Netilas Yadaim, Asher ...
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Fasting when seeing an Aron Kodesh fall with a Sefer Torah inside

Discussed already were the "customs" surrounding fasting when a Sefer Torah falls the floor: The earliest source is the Shu"t Mishpetei Shmuel 12 quoted by the Magen Avraham 44:5. He bases it on ...
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187 views

If you have problems fasting, what should you do on Tishá BeAv? [closed]

Say that, in every 24h fast, you feel extremely nauseated, and then vomit at some point in the final 3 hours. What should you do during a fast like Tishá BeAv? (Once I asked a Rabbi, and he said that ...
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177 views

Yom Kippur, fasting, and snot

It's Yom Kippur. Mr. Ploni is at home, praying the Amidah prayer with great emotion. He's crying, and his nose is dripping. Although it's a fast day, he wants to lick the snot off his upper lip. If ...
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153 views

Why did the animals of Ninveh have to fast and wear sackcloth?

In Yona 3:7-8 we find that the people of Ninveh included the animals in their teshuva process. Why make the animals fast and don sackcloth? How was this part of the teshuva process?
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Why do we honor Gedalia, who was condemned for murder, with a fast day?

Gedaliah was informed that Yishmael ben Nesania was going to try to kill him. He ignored this, thinking it a lie (Yirmiyahu 40:16). Because of this mistake, the Torah (Yirmiyahu 41:9) attributes ...
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Seudas Bris on a pushed-off fast

When Tisha B'Av is pushed off from Shabbos to Sunday the "bal habris" may eat a seudah (meal). A few questions. (I have no other background information to give and I'm asking because simply a lack of ...