Days where Jews refrain from eating and drinking.

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Order of Shema Koleinu in selichot

In different Artscroll siddurim, I count no less than 3 different orderings of Shema Koleinu. The first version is the one I'm most familiar with, so I'll mark changes in the other two with reference ...
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27 views

Medicines on fast days which need to be taken with food

I had seen on this Halachipedia page in the name of R' Shlomo Zalman Auerbach that one may drink a minimal amount of water, as needed, in order to swallow pills. However, R' Belsky, as quoted in this ...
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160 views

How far can you go in Shabbos leniency in order to prepare food?

I am referring to situations in which it is very likely that there will not be any food unless Shabbos leniencies are exploited. For example, if literally all my food is all in the fridge, but I know ...
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59 views

Can the order of service on a fast day mincha be altered where circumstances demand?

A minyan for mincha on a fast-day cannot get access to the sefer torah. If they wait, they may end up saying the mincha amida after shkia. Q1: What halachic considerations are involved in saying the ...
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3answers
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What does “responsive recitation” mean for Selichos?

There are a bunch of Selichos that are supposed to be "recited responsively." I think for many of them, I've seen the format: Chazan: line 1 Kehila: line 1 Kehila: line 2 Chazan: line 2 Kehila: ...
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1answer
29 views

Is there a problem with Ta'anit Baha"b coinciding with Pesach Sheni?

If the 1st day of Pesach were to occur on Sunday, I noticed that the fast of Baha"b (Some have a custom to fast on the 1st Monday, 1st Thursday and 2nd Monday following Rosh Hodesh Iyyar) would occur ...
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Course of action for accidently breaking a self imposed voluntary fast [duplicate]

If one took upon themselves a voluntary fast but then forgot in the morning and had something to drink would whatvwould they do? Some possibilities that occured to me are... Continue fasting but ...
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Oops, I just missed the siyum for Fast of the Firstborn

I am a firstborn. Suppose I wake up late on Erev Pesach and walk into shul right after they finish the siyum. Can I still partake in the post-siyum meal, or am I too late? More precisely, what are ...
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63 views

How does a seudat mitzvah exempt you from fasting?

Apparently, you can become exempt from certain fasts (such as the fast of the firstborn) by making a seudat mitzvah, particularly a siyum. Why/how is this possible? If it is because you are eating ...
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440 views

What are the fasts of the 4th, 5th, 7th, and 10th months?

The prophet Zecharia spoke about a fast in the 4th and 5th months which I could not find from my understanding of both the civil and the religious Jewish calendars. Thus saith the LORD of hosts; ...
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302 views

How to deal with the parts of the Torah reading that are pre-empted by the congregation

Sometimes, our traditional approach to the reading includes having the congregation recite a short section of the reading aloud before the Torah reader does it, and then he follows. The most ...
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Are there any nuschaos which drop one of the closing phrases when עננו is said in שמע קולנו?

We add in the special prayer עננו on fast days. It is added in two different locations. (1) as a separate brocho between גואל and רופא and (2) as an addition into the brocho of שמע קולנו. In (1) the ...
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56 views

Do women need to do the first-born fast?

Rema in Shulchan Aruch, 470:2 says that a father should fast for his first born (or attend a siyum) on Erev Pesach, if the son is too young to fast, himself. He also states, that if the father, ...
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53 views

On a “minor fast day” must one daven Maariv before eating once the fast is over?

Can a person eat once a fast is over and daven Maariv at a later time after eating? or is it a requirement to say Maariv prior to breaking one's fast?
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1answer
49 views

Placement of Aneinu on the day of a fast

On days when the community fasts the prayer of "aneinu" is added to the repetition of the leader in the morning and is said after the blessing of "Re'eh Nah". In Mincha the community adds this prayer ...
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Hearing Megilla late tonight and break one's fast? [duplicate]

If you are going to hear Megilla much later than the fast ends (an hour for example), do you still need to wait till you hear leining?
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1answer
80 views

Are women required to keep the Fast of Esther?

I had learned that women are only required to fast on Yom Kippur and Tisha B'Av. But sometimes, women are obligated in mitzvos that they wouldn't ordinarily be expected (such as the time-bound mitzvos ...
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Why don't we break the Fast of Esther until after Megillah? [duplicate]

Aish, NJOP, and Chabad all state that it is preferable to fast until after the Megillah reading. I'm looking for sources and some background on that. Is it universally practised or an "Ashkenazi ...
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Baruch Hu Uvaruch Shemo for Aneinu on a fast day

The shaliach tzibbur on a fast day adds a bracha in to his repetition of the amida, the Aneinu. Unlike other brachot, this is not a repetition because the individual davening has not said this. ...
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304 views

Can women pray when on their period?

I've recently learned that Muslim women aren't supposed to pray when they're on their period and do not fast when on their period. I've never heard of anything similar in Judaism. Can women pray when ...
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49 views

Is a ceremony needed before fasting, like with Shabbat?

Is a ceremony needed before fasting, like with Shabbat? I have never heard of it, but if we do it for Shabbat, both to end and to start, it wouldn't be strange to have some kind of ceremony before ...
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Is Selichos recited in the house of a mourner during shiva on Asara B'Tevet?

Is Selichot said in the house of an avel during shiva on the 10th of Tevet? Does the mourner lead the Selichos?
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Fast days and time zones

If I fly westward on a fast day, and travel through one/several time zone/s, thereby going back in (clock) time, must I then fast until it ends in my current time zone? What if I fly eastward, thereby ...
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Water Fasts and Halacha

Some spiritual disciplines have a concept of a "water fast" (see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_fasting), during which one consumes only water, tea w/o sugar, etc. Clearly, consuming even water ...
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What exactly is the purpose of Tisha B'av?

So recently I was answering a question about why we don't say selichos on Tisha B'av,and I answered basicaly saying that the purpose on Tisha B'av isn't to ask for forgiveness, rather it is for ...
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Chewing gum on a fast?

In a fast, as you probably know, it is forbidden to eat. So anything that would be halachicaly considered eating wouldn't be allowed. While reading some answers on this site, I found that chewing gum ...
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134 views

Why is a Haftorah recited on fast days?

I think the title is essentially my question. Fast days are the only time when a haftorah is said during mincha. What makes fast days unique to have a haftorah recited then?
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Were the 8th and 9th of Teves once fasts?

In slichos this morning I noticed a mention of the 8th and 9th of Teves also being fasts. Were these three days ever fasts all at once or were these fasts independently observed and replaced each time ...
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How to understand the first selicho for Asoro B'Teves

I do not understand the first selicho (in the Rosenfeld edition, p 343) for Asoro B'Teves. The first line reads, “I remember the distress that befell me; three blows he inflicted on me this month.” ...
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Why do all non-Torah-based fast days except Tish'a B'Av begin only at sunrise? [duplicate]

Yom Kippur is the only fast day explicitly mentioned in the Torah (i.e. - first 5 books). The others are rabbinical. Except for Tish'a B'av which begins at sunset of the 8th of Av, the others begin ...
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Who observes Yom Kippur Katan, and how?

Which groups of Jews observe the monthly holiday known as "Yom Kippur Katan," in which one dedicates the day before Rosh Chodesh to repentance, often including fasting and selichot? In what ways do ...
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100 views

How does prolonged (multiday) fasting work?

In Esther 4:16, Esther tells Mordecai to have the entire Jewish community fast for three straight days: ‘Go, gather together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and fast ye for me, and ...
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Taking Tylenol on a Taanith: Defining “ill”

With regard to hilkhoth shabbath, a choleh she'ein bo sakana (one with a non-life-threatening illness) is allowed to engage in therapeutic activites, such as taking medication. This is not the case ...
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Ban on Shabas fasts derived from lechem hapanim?

The Shabas table song "Ki eshm'ra Shabas" includes the following stanza: רָשׁוּם/רָשַׁם בְּדַת הָאֵ׳ חוֹק אֶל סְגָנָיו בּוֹ לַעֲרוֹךְ לֶחֶם פָּנִים בְּפָנָיו עַל כֵּן לְהִתְעַנּוֹת בּוֹ עַל פִּי ...
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Why don't Israeli women fast?

More than one Israeli has told me that women in Israel don't fast. More specifically, that a large percentage of otherwise observant (healthy, non-pregnant, non-nursing) Jewish women in Israel do not ...
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50 views

Are women halachically obligated to fast on the minor fasts? [duplicate]

A friend of mine has told me they are not halachically obligated and yet I can not see any mention of this in the Shulchan Aruch. Please show מקורות.
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Should animals not be fed on Yom Kippur?

There is a line in The Book of Jonah that says: And he caused it to be proclaimed and published through Nineveh by the decree of the king and his nobles, saying: 'Let neither man nor beast, herd ...
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1answer
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Drinking water on Yom Kippur [closed]

An elderly person has a history of dehydration on Yom Kippur. Are they allowed to drink during the fast?
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Caffeine pills vs. suppositories on Yom Kippur

It seems to be commonplace today for people to use caffeine suppositories on Yom Kippur, in order to deal with caffeine withdrawal from not being able to drink coffee. I have to assume that this is ...
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1answer
100 views

Can one schedule an operation on Motza'ei Shabbat?

Some operations require fasting an entire day. I understand that one is not allowed to fast on Shabbat (except on Yom Kippur.) The scenario: Let's say a patient needs has had knee osteoarthritis. It ...
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104 views

Don't Israeli women fast?

More than one Israeli has told me that women in Israel don't fast. More specifically, that a large percentage of otherwise observant (healthy, non-pregnant, non-nursing) Jewish women in Israel do not ...
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Anenu if planning to break the fast

I have two related questions about the fast day addition to the Amida "Anenu b'yom tzom taaniteinu": If an individual is fasting when he says mincha, but he plans to break the fast after mincha, ...
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How do I avoid thirst when fasting?

I started fasting on Yom Kippur as an adult, about 10 years ago. A couple times I had to drink a glass of water either after Kol Nidre or before Shacharit, because I felt completely dehydrated (I did ...
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Taking Tylenol on a Taanis

A choleh she'eyn bo sakana (one with a non-life-threatening illness) is not obligated to fast on any fast other than Yom Kippur (see Mishna Brurah 550:4 and Aruch Hashulchan 550:6). A choleh she'eyn ...
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Why do we not say selichot on Tisha B'Av?

Every fast day on the Jewish calendar has its set of selichot that are said. The one exception to this is Tisha B'Av. This seems counter-intuitive to me because Tisha B'Av is the day when we mourn the ...
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3answers
314 views

Fasting during Sheva Brachos when the fast is pushed off

Let's say someone gets married and during that person's Sheva Brachos week there is a Fast day that was supposed to be on Shabbos but was pushed off to Sunday. They are within Sheva Brachos on that ...
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1answer
137 views

Tefillin at mincha on fast days

At my shul (a sephardi one), I occasionally see people wearing tefillin at mincha on fast days (other than Tisha b'Av). Is this a minhag with a source, or is there some other reason why people do this?...
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720 views

Brush teeth on a Ta'anis

I find it difficult to go a day without brushing my teeth. Is it okay to brush my teeth on a Ta'anis (fast day)? I imagine it's forbidden on Yom Kippur, but what about the other fasts?
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Why does the Fast Day leyning skip verses?

Why does the Torah reading for public fast days skip pesukim? My sense is that this is the only Torah reading in which this procedure is followed. Are there any others?
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Hallel on Yom Nicanor

Yom Nicanor celebrated the victory of Yehuda Maccabi (a few years after the events commemorated on Chanuka) over Nicanor, the Syrian-Greek governor who threatened to destroy the Temple if he wasn't ...