Days where Jews refrain from eating and drinking.

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When did the custom start to fast Tannis Esther on 13th Addar?

This question is not a duplicate of Tannis Esther reason because it is not a question of the reason just about the time. In Megilat Taanit it is mentioned that people should not fast on the day ...
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347 views

Why isn't Ta'anit Bechorot pushed back to Thursday when Pesach falls out on Shabbas?

When the first Seder falls on Motzei Shabbas, Ta'anit Bechorot is pushed back to Thursday. Why does it stay on Friday when Pesach falls out on Shabbas?
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452 views

Taanis Bechorim on Erev Pesach

The Rama in Orach Chaim 470:2 says that a father fasts for his son who is a Bechor until he grows up. The common Minhag is that the Bechorim go to a Siyum on Erev Pesach and do not fast. If the child ...
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Antibiotics, Strep and Taanit Esther

Can someone with a bacterial infection, such as strep throat, but can not swallow the antibiotics dry or with minimal water, take the medicine using a full glass of water and/or dissolving the ...
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153 views

Six fast days? What's the sixth?

On Mekor Judaica's website, I see a Sephardic siddur for sale, for the שש תעניות, the six fast days. I was only aware of 5 fast days: Ta'anit Esther Tzom Gedaliah 10th of Tevet 17th of Tammuz Tisha ...
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439 views

How did Mordechai get *all* the Jews of Shushan to agree to fast for three days?

My question is a bit long-winded so I'll summarize first: How did Mordechai rouse the will of all the Jews of Shushan to agree to fast for three days? And further, why did Esther limit her request ...
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530 views

If you're really thirsty (e.g. breaking a fast), do you make a bracha first on the water or solids?

I know generally speaking, when prioritizing brachos, if you have food and drink, the food goes first; also, shehakols tend to rank low. But what if you're really, really thirsty (e.g. breaking a ...
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146 views

What activities (other than eating and drinking) are forbidden on minor fasts?

On minor fast days we, of course, don't eat and drink. But my experience is that in other regards we can mostly go about our usual activities -- go to work, tend to household chores, etc. What other ...
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232 views

Why does a siyum exempt one from taanit bechorot?

The custom in many communities I have been to is for there to be a siyum on a mesechta on the day of taanit bechorot. All first borns who would otherwise have to fast attend the siyum and are thus ...
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206 views

Is the Fast of Tevet considered a 24 hour fast?

Is the Fast of Tevet considered a 24 hour fast, or does it begin in the morning until early evening?
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Following more lenient opinions for fasting times

Related: Until what time in the morning may you eat on a fast day? There are different opinions about exactly when one must start fasting. For someone planning to wake up to eat, all agree that they ...
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87 views

What is the the amount a person who feels weak on a fast day could eat or drink?

What is the the amount a person who feels weak on a fast day could eat or drink. How many ounces and how often?
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72 views

Fasting on shabbas 10 Teves

One opinion brought in the Beis Yosef (whom we do not hold of) is if the fast of 10 Teves came out on shabbat we would have to fast, but it cannot happen due to the setup of our calendar. How can ...
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Why do all our fast days revolve around the Beis Hamikdash?

We have a few "official" fast days: Tzom Gedalia – The last Jewish administrator killed and the final Jewish community sent into exile 10th of Teves – Siege in the time of the 1st Beis Hamikdash  ...
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Which Beis Hamikdash are we mourning?

As mentioned in another question, we have a few fast days, mostly connected to the destruction of the Beis Hamikdash. Yet, which one? Tzom Gedalya, 10th of Teves are exclusively 1st Beis Hamikdash ...
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You accidentally broke your fast. Now what?

What are you supposed to do if you inadvertently broke your fast*? Do you: keep going; extend it (if so, how long); cancel it (if so, do you make it up a different day)? *This question is for day-...
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Is there a requirement to fast if Ebola is reported in the city?

I remember learning in mesechet Taanis that if there is a plague in the city with a certain number of people and there are people dying daily that the city should declare a fast. Is there any ...
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Why is there no clear Chabad custom regarding Tzom G'dalya s'lichos: early morning or during shacharis?

In the 2005/5765 Kehot edition of סליחות על־פי מנהג חב״ד/Slichos appears part of a letter by the last Lubavitcher rebbe with no date on it. It reads, in part: לא שמעתי הוראה בסדר סליחות ליום זה (...
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May I intentionally generate saliva on Yom Kippur

By swishing my tongue around my mouth, I can trick my glands into exuding saliva. I can then swallow this and trick my body into thinking it has drank. Is this saliva Nolad for the purpose of Shabbos ...
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228 views

I accidentally broke my fast on Yom Kippur, now what?

What are you supposed to do if you inadvertently broke your fast on Yom Kippur? Do you: keep going; extend it (if so, how long); cancel it (if so, do you make it up a different day)? Does it make ...
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359 views

Are minor fasts obligatory?

Are "minor" fasts such as Taanit Esther ("Fast of Esther"; i.e. the day before Purim) or Tzom Gedaliyah ("Fast of Gedaliyah"; i.e. the day after Rosh Hashanah) optional or obligatory? Under what ...
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334 views

Nebulizer on Yom Kippur

Is someone who suffers from asthma and needs to use a nebulizer to make it easier for them to breath (not pekuach nefesh) allowed to use it on Yom Kippur? (In a way of course that it'll be turned on ...
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171 views

When does fasting Erev Rosh Hashanah officially begin and end?

May seem like a simple question considering erev means evening... But does fasting erev Rosh Hashanah which is similar to Erev Yom Kippur katan (aka Erev Rosh Chodesh) officially begin at nightfall ...
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109 views

Fasting on Modern Days of Mourning

I was wondering if some people fast on Yom HaShoah or Yom HaZikaron. After all, these are somber days and hit close to home for many people. Do some people fast on these days? Why or why not?
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When did Yom Kippur Kattan originate?

The day before Rosh Hodesh is considered like a "mini" Yom Kippur. (I understand that there are some months, I think before Tishrei and Nissan that do not have YKK? Correct me if I'm mistaken.) Some ...
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274 views

Eating a Yom Tov meal on Yom Kippur

If someone must eat on Yom Kippur, do they make kiddush on wine and have two challah rolls, plus meat and fish like he would on any other Yom Tov?
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Counting towards a Keriat HaTorah one who accidentally ate

We have Halacha that at least 6 people need to be fasting in order to read the Torah in a fast day. However, let's say there are 10 people and 5 are definitely fasting and one who accidentally ate (...
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663 views

Kiddush on Yom Kippur

If I must eat on Yom Kippur is there a Chiyuv To make Kiddush? If there is not Is there a situation where you do?
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588 views

Is one allowed to smoke on minor fast days?

There are various opinions on whether it is ever permissible to smoke, with rabbinic opinion shifting more toward "no" in recent years, but among those who permit smoking generally, is it permissible ...
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842 views

Headache remedy on a fast day?

Even with proper pre-fast hydration and caffeine reduction, I almost always get a headache starting around hour 20-22 of a fast and growing from there. Taking a nap is sometimes possible and ...
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What are you supposed to do on Tisha baAv?

On Tisha baAv you can't eat wash oneself anoint oneself marital relation wearing leather shoes sit on a chair Torah study greeting people with a blessing conducting business going on a ...
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344 views

Why don't Rabbinic fasts end by Ben Hashmashot?

There's a doubt in the Gemara when the new day starts, at sunset or at three stars (Ok, and there's Rabbi Yossi's opinion). When it comes to Shabbos (or any other biblical time), we have to be strict ...
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Taanis Chalom on shabbos when a fast day is pushed off

If a fast day which normally falls out on shabbos is pushed off, such as the 17th of Tammuz, and a person fasts on that shabbos for another permissible reason, such as a taanis chalom (fast for having ...
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Do the laws of not learning on tisha b'av also apply to Ches Av?

I heard that on Tisha bi'Av the rules of not learning Torah also apply on Ches Av (the eighth of Av). So I have a few questions on Chess Bi'Av. Is there a source for this This question What can ...
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Preparing for a fast by eating/drinking on Shabbos

If the fast of Tisha B'av comes out on Sunday, is it a problem of preparing for after Shabbos on Shabbos to eat or drink more than one normally would on Shabbos? If a fast were on Tuesday, and one ...
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Extended fasting on 10 Av

The Bavli (Taanit 29a) teaches that the Temple was set aflame on the ninth of Av in the afternoon and it burnt until sundown on the tenth of Av. The Yerushalmi (Taanit 4:6) records that because of ...
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Has anyone declared a time of oppression regarding the four Temple fasts?

The Sha'ar haTziyun (OC 550 sk 9) speculates if in his day (~1900 CE) there was enough oppression of the Jews to warrant declaring the fasts of 10 Tevet, 17 Tammuz and 3 Tishrei into full fledged ...
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Can a non-fasting person be a shaliach tzibur, ba'al kri'ah, or receive an aliyah on a fast day if he is the only qualified person to do the job?

I think I read in Shulach Aruch (don't recall exact place) that someone who does not fast with the rest of the tzibbur is considered an "outsider" and cannot participate in any of the fast-specific ...
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Does someone not fasting still try their best?

If someone is exempt from fasting on a minor fast day, with the example that I have in mind being a nursing woman, is there any concept that they should still fast as much as possible, or do we say ...
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362 views

What to do in the case of dropping tefillin?

I heard that in the case of tefillin falling on the floor, this is a serious thing and one must give $25 in tzedaka. I did a little research and found that halacha offers an alternative option of ...
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Do the restrictions start at night or day? [duplicate]

Do the restrictions for the three weeks (music, haircuts, shaving, etc.) begin by sundown before the fast (17 Tammuz), or at the start of the fast (morning of 17 Tammuz)?
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62 views

Good idea to fast on the day of conversion?

Is there any reason someone would refrain from eating on the day of conversion up until it is complete?
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70 views

Personal Taanis on next day — why not ealier then Mincha and not later then Shkia?

As I understand, except for Taanis Cholom, a person can not take on himself a Taanis earlier than Mincha Gdola and not later than Shkia on the day before. What is the reason for that? Why can’t a ...
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49 views

Source for praying and repentance on Fast days?

What is the source for the idea that fast days are not only for fasting and remorse on the past, but also for prayer and repentance for the future?
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Source for Rabbi Jonathan Eybeschutz's explanation of Ta'anis Esther

The three day fast that Esther and Mordecai and the Jew's of Shushan observed during Nissan fell out on (at least) the first day of Passover. I remember hearing an explanation from Rabbi Jonathan ...
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Recompense for taanis chalom on day with double keduasha

A person is permitted to perform a taanis chalom (fast for having a bad dream) on shabbos, but is supposed to fast a second time to compensate for having fasted on shabbos (Shulchan Aruch, Orach ...
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Did Esther eat at the first feast she made for the king and Haman?

Esther 5:1,5:4 says that Esther made the first feast on the third day of the fast. Earlier (4:16), Esther tells Mordechai that she will also fast for three days. Did she eat at the feast, or was ...
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Why is the torah reading for minor fast days different by just one verse from when that reading occurs in the regular cycle?

On minor fast days we read Sh'mot 32:11-14 and 34:1-10. The latter is almost the fifth aliyah of Ki Tisa, which is Sh'mot 34:1-9. I've been taught that aliyah boundaries are thoughtful (not ...
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474 views

What is the source for taanit dibur?

I recall meeting someone on Yom Kippur once who would not respond when I spoke to him. Instead he handed me a piece of paper which said that he was engaged in a taanit dibur, a 'fast' where that which ...