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20
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2answers
646 views

Why are none of the Pharaohs in the Torah identified by name?

Throughout the Torah, the various Egyptian Pharaohs are always referred to as simply "Pharaoh" or "the king of Egypt" (or both), but never with any other parts of their official titulary. By ...
14
votes
2answers
388 views

Goshen, the most immoral part of Mitzrayim

Rashi on Vayikra 18:3 says (as understood by the Mizrachi) that the most immoral part of Mitzrayim was Goshen, where the Jews had settled — indeed, according to B'reshis 45:10, Yosef chose it as ...
11
votes
3answers
3k views

If shepherds are taboo to Egyptians, what do we make of them having sheep themselves?

Yosef tells his family to say they're shepherds because that's taboo to Egypt: you must say, 'We and our fathers have dealt in livestock all our lives'. You will then be able to settle in the ...
11
votes
1answer
243 views

Was Ankhmahor really Yosef?

I was reading an article today on circumcision a news website I frequent. It displayed a picture from the tomb of Ankhmahor, a high ranking Egyptian official that was, apparently, responsible for mass ...
9
votes
4answers
262 views

Did Levi see Moshe and Aaron?

Exodus 6:16 states that Levi lived for 137 years. The Targum Yonatan, (ibid) says: ואלין שמהת בנוי דלוי לייחוסיהון גרשון קהת ומררי ושני חיוי דלוי מאה ותלתין ושבע שנין חייא עד דחמא ית משה וית אהרון ...
8
votes
1answer
704 views

Did the Egyptians use whips on the Hebrew slaves? Why do we assume so?

It seems like every image I've ever seen drawn (or acted) of the Jews' slavery in Egypt involves them being whipped by Egyptians. The Torah says that the Jewish foremen were stricken as their ...
7
votes
2answers
890 views

Ten plagues of Egypt: hail and pestilence

According to Moses, the fifth plague of Egypt killed all livestock except that of Israel. If all were killed, then why did Moses warn the Pharaoh to bring his cattle to shelter before the hail? The ...
7
votes
1answer
337 views

Is there any tradition of any Jews leaving Mitzrayim before the Exodus

Is there any tradition of Israelites leaving Mitzrayim before the Exodus? Moses fled Egypt on his own. Was this a unique occurrence, or is it safe to assume this was a regular thing? If it ever ...
7
votes
2answers
139 views

Do any commentaries explain the charade that Yosef put the brothers through as done with bad intention?

It seems that over the last few hundred years all the commentators that have written on the subject, and all the darshanim I hear talking about it, take for granted that the entire episode concerning ...
7
votes
1answer
78 views

Who are the ווינדין whom the Maharil says are the Mitzrim?

The Maharil, brought in likutei Maharil #95 quotes his rebbi Mahara'sh as saying the nation called ווינדין are the Mitzrim (Egyptians). אמר מהר׳ש שקבלה בידו מאותו אומה שקורין ווינדין הם המצרים, ...
7
votes
3answers
145 views

Why the extra words “who sits on his throne”, “who is behind the millstone”?

In Parshas Bo, 11:5, the Torah says: "Every firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sits on his throne, to the firstborn of the slave-woman who is behind the ...
7
votes
2answers
214 views

Could the destroyer in Egypt discriminate?

In Rashi's comment to Shemos 12:22 we read ואתם לא תצאו וגו': מגיד שמאחר שנתנה רשות למשחית לחבל אינו מבחין בין צדיק לרשע …once permission has been given to the משחית (destroyer) to ...
6
votes
1answer
171 views

Was Pharoah Necho telling the truth about being sent from God?

Did God really tell Pharoah Necho to conquer Assyria? Necho tells Josiah that he was commanded to fight Assyria. Was he: Lying? Mistaken? Truthful? 2 Chronicles (Divrei Hayamim II) 35:20-22 ...
5
votes
3answers
360 views

Return to Egypt: Allowed?

There is an injunction on returning to Egypt. Why was it and is it ignored? For example, how is it that the Rambam an even Rabbi Ovadiah Yosef lived there?
5
votes
4answers
342 views

Why does there seem to be different standards for future sinners?

In Bereshit (21:17) Rashi tells us that the Angels wanted G-d to kill Yishmael, but G-d said that He wouldn't judge him according to his future deeds, but rather according to his present state: In ...
5
votes
1answer
46 views

Paro enslaved Yisrael but they kept the good land — was that normal?

When Yisrael come to Mitzrayim Paro gives them the choice land of Goshen. Later another paro enslaves them but apparently lets them keep the good land, because they're still there during the plagues. ...
5
votes
2answers
164 views

the land from which you brought us out = Egypt?

Dvarim 9:28 reads: פֶּן יֹאמְרוּ הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר הוֹצֵאתָנוּ מִשָּׁם מִבְּלִי יְכֹלֶת יְהֹוָה לַהֲבִיאָם אֶל הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר לָהֶם וּמִשִּׂנְאָתוֹ אוֹתָם הוֹצִיאָם לַהֲמִתָם ...
5
votes
0answers
52 views

Pharaoh or King of Egypt?

In parashat shemot, how come pharoah is sometimes called the "king of Egypt" and sometimes called "Pharaoh"?
4
votes
2answers
369 views

Why does Yosef command the Egyptians to circumcise

Rashi on Bereshis 41:55 says what he tells you, do: Since Joseph had ordered them to circumcise themselves, and when they came to Pharaoh and said, “This is what he said to us,” he (Pharaoh) said ...
4
votes
2answers
702 views

How did 70 souls give birth to millions in a few generations? [duplicate]

For two hundred and ten years, Bnei Yisrael were in Egypt. 70 souls entered, among them only 2 unmarried women (Dina and Serach) and also Yocheved who is said to have been born right at that moment. ...
4
votes
2answers
69 views

What can we learn from the Jews being commanded to put blood on the doorposts of their homes in Egypt?

What can we learn from the Jews being commanded to put blood on the doorposts of their homes in Egypt? The Torah is nitzchis (eternal) but here we have a mitzvah which was specifically given for one ...
4
votes
1answer
135 views

Famine in Egypt

Question: How can there be a famine in egypt? Parshas Miketz and Vayigash discuss a famine in Egypt and the world. Rashi's comments to Eikev 11:10 imply that the Nile's annual flooding was critical ...
4
votes
1answer
30 views

How did Israel's slavery in Mitzrayim begin?

When Yosef is about to die he tells his brothers that God will surely remember them and bring them up out of Mitzrayim (Bereishit 50:24-25). This suggests that they were already not free to leave ...
4
votes
1answer
48 views

Were the tribes allowed to intermarry

More than 200 years passed from the time the sons of Yaakov went to Egypt to the time the Hebrews arrived in Israel. When they arrived, the land was divided for the 12 tribes. This would suggest that ...
4
votes
0answers
54 views

Did Pharaoh attempt to kill Moses during the plagues

Given that Moses was a wanted fugitive (Ex.2:15) and that he was destroying the land of egypt with the plagues, and a general nuisance to Pharaoh were there attempts to kill him by Pharaoh. (by for ...
4
votes
0answers
51 views

Yakkov living in Egypt 17 years - connection to 210 years of servitude

Parshas Vayechi starts off that Yaakov lived in Egypt for 17 years. I was thinking that 17 years x 12 months = 204 months. Usually in 17 years there are 6 leap years which would increase the total ...
3
votes
1answer
666 views

Diaspora of Egypt: has it already happened?

I have read in Ezechiel 29:12-15 that "And I will make the land of Egypt desolate in the midst of the countries that are desolate, and her cities among the cities that are laid waste shall be ...
3
votes
1answer
162 views

How did Paro know that “…that they may serve Me” meant sacrifices and not some other form of service?

During the confrontation with Paro Moshe repeats God's demand several times: let my people go that they may serve Me -- שַׁלַּח עַמִּי וְיַעַבְדֻנִי . During the plague of frogs Paro makes this offer ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

Why do we thank G--d for taking us out of Egypt?

In many Prayers and weekly Torah readings, we thank G--d for taking us out of Egypt. But since G--d was the one that put us there, why are we thanking him for taking us out? I can even make this ...
3
votes
3answers
150 views

Why are the Egyptians more concerned with the Exodus of the Jews than their own defeat?

In the Haggada we read the following verse (Shemos 1:10 from Chabad.org): הָבָה נִתְחַכְּמָה לוֹ פֶּן יִרְבֶּה וְהָיָה כִּי תִקְרֶאנָה מִלְחָמָה וְנוֹסַף גַּם הוּא עַל שׂנְאֵינוּ וְנִלְחַם בָּנוּ ...
3
votes
0answers
68 views

Why didn't the Israelites fight against being enslaved?

In Parashat Shemot, the pasuk says וַיֹּאמֶר, אֶל-עַמּוֹ: הִנֵּה, עַם בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל--רַב וְעָצוּם, מִמֶּנּוּ Pharaoh was, for whatever reason, worried that the Israelites had become more ...
3
votes
0answers
61 views

How old was Pharaoh relative to Moses?

BSD We know Moses was raised in Pharaoh's kingdom. From Exodus 7:7 we know Moshe was around 80 when he lead the Jewish people out of Egypt. But how old was Pharaoh during all of this?
2
votes
3answers
118 views

Why is the return to Egypt on boats?

The Posuk says (Devarim 28:68): וֶהֱשִׁיבְךָ יְ־הֹוָ־ה מִצְרַיִם בָּאֳנִיּוֹת בַּדֶּרֶךְ אֲשֶׁר אָמַרְתִּי לְךָ לֹא תֹסִיף עוֹד לִרְאֹתָהּ And the LORD shall bring thee back into Egypt in ...
2
votes
2answers
150 views

Magicians of Egypt (sometimes referred to as Jannes and Jambres)

Exodus 7:11 ESV Then Pharaoh summoned the wise men and the sorcerers, and they, the magicians of Egypt, also did the same by their secret arts. Exodus 7:11 Hebrew Study Bible (Apostolic / ...
2
votes
3answers
196 views

Why did Pharaoh try to kill Moshe?

Moshe Rabbeinu was raised in Pharaoh's house. Yet when Dasan and Aviram claimed that Moshe killed an Egyptian taskmaster, Pharaoh tried to kill him (Shemot 2:13-15). Why would an all powerful tyrant ...
2
votes
2answers
107 views

How is it possible that Yisrael went out of Egypt after only 210 years due to hard work?

Is it possible to say that the Jews were in Egypt for only 210 years because they were worked so hard? Would Hashem really do that if he already told Avraham that they would be there for 400 years?
2
votes
2answers
298 views

Why did the Egyptian “astrologers” tell Pharaoh that a savior would be born?

רש"י suggests that Pharaoh's astrologers told him that they had a vision that a savior would be born on a certain day (שמות א:כב & שמות א:טז). Assuming the “astrologers” had no real power of ...
2
votes
1answer
206 views

How bad was life in Egypt?

There were 70 Jews that entered Egypt. 430 years later, there were 3 million of them (600 thousand males of warrior age). A few thousand years since then, there are 13 million, only a fourfold ...
2
votes
2answers
111 views

Moshe killing the Egyptian

The Torah says “And it was in those days that Moshe grew up and went out to his brothers and saw their burdens. He saw an Egyptian man strike a Hebrew man, (one) of his brethren. (Moshe) turned this ...
2
votes
1answer
26 views

What does דיבור מצרית refer to?

In the chazzan's repetition of the Shacharis amida for the first morning of Shevuos, there is a supplication which reads: אז בכתב אשורית, ובלשון עברית, ובדיבור מצרית, הנחלת לבת עברית וכו׳. What do ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

The source that the famine ended when Yaakov blessed Pharaoh

I've been looking for the source that the famine actually ended when Yaakov blessed Pharaoh. I found it in the Midrash, but I'm not sure whether it is a purely midrashic source, or whether it is based ...
2
votes
3answers
192 views

Go out to receive the Torah then come back to convert Egypt

I just heard from my uncle a novel idea about the Exodus. Apparently, the original intention was for the Jews to go out of Egypt to receive the Torah, and then come back to convert the Egyptians. ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

Name of Pharaoh that we were enslaved to in Mitzrayim

Do we know what the name of Pharaoh (i.e. king or president) whom we were enslaved to when we were in Mitzrayim was?
2
votes
0answers
26 views

How old were Perez and his sons when they went down to Egypt? Is he the only one of his generation to enter Egypt with progeny? [duplicate]

Joseph was 39 when he met his family again and Judah is roughly 6 or 7 years older than Joseph (if all the brothers are one year apart). So Judah would be roughly 46 when he entered Egypt. ...
2
votes
0answers
120 views

Where is “Nachal Mitzrayim”?

According to Numbers 34:5 the south-western most point of (Biblical) Israel is "Nachal Mitzrayim". My first question is what river is this referring to? The first time I remember reading this I ...
1
vote
1answer
248 views

How can we explain the growth of Israelite population in Egypt?

Jacob and his family went to Egypt numbering (approximately) 70 people. After approximately 200 years, 600,000 men between the ages of 20-60 (if I'm not mistaken). So probably 2 million total got ...
1
vote
2answers
82 views

Why is it repeating something that's already known?

It is stated in Shemos Parshas Beshalach 14:4 the following: "And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and he will pursue them, and I will be glorified through Pharaoh and through his entire army, and the ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

What's the deeper meaning behind Miriam's punishment?

It is classically explained that Miriam received tzaras for what she said about moshe and the reason her punishment was so harsh was being a holy person even a small mistake is magnified to be a ...
1
vote
2answers
125 views

Were Jews enslaved by Egypt or instead corvee labor?

Richard A. Gabriel has a military interpretation of the Exodus. A key part of his analysis is that Avadeem is not the word for slave, it is the word for “worker” or even servant. If this is ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Are the airuv rav compared to tza'ras?

Looking for a source in chazal that compare the airuv rav to tza'ras. I have vague recollection of learning something to this effect once and it would make a killer addition to my Shavuos dvar ...