Questions relating to the Diaspora, as in, outside of the land of Israel.

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3
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1answer
54 views

Giving handouts/alms to the poor: Which halachos and Jewish ideas are relevant?

I am invoking here the important question of whether and how to respond to a request for money by a beggar on the street. I ask this question from the U.S., where, outside of Jewish neighborhoods, it ...
3
votes
2answers
34 views

On the 2nd day of Succot in Diaspora, why don't we read both the 1st & 2nd day Musaph readings?

In Diaspora, on the 1st day of Hol Hamo'ed Succot, which is the 3rd day of Succot, we read the Torah portion pertaining to the Musaph offering given on both the 2nd day as well as the 3rd day of ...
4
votes
2answers
69 views

If you put up a mezuzah before 30 days, can you make a blessing?

I am referring above all to mezuzahs placed on rented spaces in the Diaspora before 30 days have elapsed. In the case of a rented space outside Eretz Yisroel, mezuzah does not become an obligation ...
-1
votes
1answer
45 views

Difference in Torah readings Israel vs. Diaspora and Pesach vs. Succot

This question has a link in one of the comments referring to an article explaining why each day of Pesach has a different Torah reading. During Succot, I notice that the 2nd day of Yom Tov in ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Are Jews who live and died in diaspora non-believers?

Our Sages teach (Ketubot 110b) that someone who lives "in diaspora" is compared to a non-believer (someone who does not have a God, God forbid). However we do find many Jews, rabbis and tzadikim, who ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

What is mandatory for the second seder?

I have tried looking up the answer to this question, I hope someone here can give me an answer! My mother-in-law had heard somewhere that because the second seder outside Israel is of rabbinic ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

Israeli doing melacha on yom tov sheini outside Israel to avoid loss

I know that the Mishna Berura says that it is Assur for a Ben E"Y to do Melacha even in private, however I was wondering if anyone knows of a source to be meikal in a case where it can damage ...
4
votes
2answers
145 views

Why do some synagogues offer kidush and others not?

Some (orthodox) synagogues in the United States offer kidush after Shabas-morning services every week; others do not. Is this division roughly along 'type' of synagogue? For example, do most Young ...
12
votes
1answer
2k views

Joining a synagogue after two generations non-practising

My (Jewish) great-grandparents came to the UK from Poland during the second world war, but due to their experiences of violent anti-semitism, hid their Jewishness from the public in the UK. The result ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Can Jews be rulers of countries other than Israel?

With the current political mayhem in the US, an interesting question regarding whether a Jew is halachically permitted to accept rulership of a country other than that of Eretz Yisrael has arisen. So ...
5
votes
1answer
70 views

Does one really have 30 days to put up a mezuza outside Eretz Israel?

It is broadly known and codified that one has 30 days to put up a mezuza when renting a home outside Eretz Israel. I heard that this dated from the times where Jews might be expelled in their first 30 ...
19
votes
1answer
725 views

When Israel and the diaspora are out of sync on parshiyot, why don't we take the first opportunity to re-align?

This year (5772) the seventh day of Pesach is on a Friday, so the diaspora has an 8th day of chag on Shabbat but Israel does not. The diaspora will thus read Sh'mini on April 21, Tazria-Metzora on ...
7
votes
2answers
100 views

Is West Hempstead in the Techum of Far Rockaway?

Is anyone aware what any of the poskim say regarding techum Shabbos of Far Rockaway in relation to traveling to West Hempstead?
13
votes
2answers
1k views

If the lulav and etrog are biblically mandated, how were people in cold climates able to obtain them before modern times?

The use of the 4 species in the lulav and etrog is biblically mandated. Therefore, when Jews left Israel and moved to cold climates such as northern and eastern Europe, they would have needed to ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Davening Riddle [closed]

With variations in the jewish calendar, how is it possible to daven maariv on nine consecutive nights and every shemoneh esrei is different from the other eight? Example: Thurs nite is a weekday, ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Can Sefardim carry in Monsey, NY?

Monsey, NY has an eiruv that most Ashkenazim that live in the area hold by. I have heard that sefardim cannot hold by the eiruv in Monsey, NY. Is this true and if so why?
4
votes
1answer
92 views

How do we know that non-hechshered food is not kilayim or kilay hakerem?

"Kilayim" and "kilay hakerem" are two classes of prohibitions on eating from "mixed" fields (in which more than one type of crop is planted.) "Kilayim," as I understand it, specifically refers to the ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Is there a Yemenite Taamei Hamikra teacher in Brooklyn?

I was saying shnayim mikra today and bemoaned the fact I don't know how to read it with the trope in the Yemenite tradition. I was wondering if anyone knew where I can learn it from someone locally ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

Jewish communities west of London

My employer has asked me to move to as close as possible to their main office in Bramley, Hampshire (between Basingstoke and Reading). However, I do wish to live in a place with some orthodox Jewish ...
14
votes
1answer
775 views

Praying for rain in the Diaspora

Why on this year (and on other years that precede civil leap years) do we start praying for rain in the Diaspora (by inserting the phrase 'Vetein tal umatar") at maariv of December 5 and not maariv of ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

What is the meaning and significance of Rav Ami in Pesahim 52a?

In response to a question whether or not one can perform melakhah as usual on Yom Tov Sheni Shel Galuyoth, Rav Ami responds (Pesahim 52a): be-yishuv asur, ba-midbar mutar …in the city it is ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

How widespread was the practice of Judaism in pre-WW2 Europe? [closed]

Leading up to World War 2 (1930s etc.), what percentage of European Jews practiced "Orthodox" Judaism?
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Why is there any debate regarding sitting in a Succah on Shmini Atzeret outside Israel? [duplicate]

A 2nd day of Yom Tov is observed outside of Israel because of sfeika d'yoma - (doubt which day Rosh Hodesh was declared, and thus, which day is the 1st day of the holiday.) The Torah states that one ...
4
votes
1answer
53 views

Any books dealing with minhaggim of lita?

Are there any books that discuss the varying litvish (Lithuanian) minhaggim (customs)—or, if not, maybe just the most prevalent ones?
8
votes
1answer
347 views

Why don't those outside of Israel shake Lulav on Shmini Atzeres?

If one holds that Jews living outside of Israel should sit in a sukkah because of Sfeika Dyoma (We aren't sure what day it is), then why shouldn't we shake lulav and esrog? Worst comes to worst we are ...
2
votes
1answer
224 views

What should one do with Shemittah produce?

What should one do with Shemittah produce he owns, outside of Israel?
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Why in diaspora one day Yom Kippur and two days Sukkot/Shmini Azeret [duplicate]

As known two days of Holydays in diaspora set by Holy Rabbis because of sofek, when the corresponding month starts. But somehow, we are sure about the Yom Kippur and back not sure about Sukkot and ...
5
votes
0answers
172 views

Why no 15-minutes-early clause in English rabbis' contracts?

Rabbi Yitzchak Reuven Rubin wrote in 2001: In fact, it wasn't long ago that every rabbi in England was required by contract to "present himself fifteen minutes before the time of Divine worship." ...
9
votes
2answers
144 views

Are there any minhag and customs specific to Czech Jews and have they been documented?

I'm a baal teshuva with Czech Jewish ancestry. I have an interest in the minhag of my ancestors as well as in common cultural practices, and perhaps pass them on where I can. Have they been documented ...
0
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0answers
162 views

Mekubal in New York

I am looking for an authenticated mekubal in New York who is also a Torah scholar and can assist me with a pressing personal issue.
6
votes
3answers
666 views

Why still keep two days of Yom Tov outside of Israel?

Why do we continue to keep two days of Yom Tov outside of Israel? The reason for two days was revelant during the temple era as we needed two witnesses to see the new moon. But today, with no Temple ...
3
votes
1answer
137 views

Why no tfillin on second day of Yom Tov?

The decree of keeping two days of Yom Tov outside of Israel is because Rosh Chodesh used to be determined by Beis Din and its messengers couldn't reach all of exiles in time, thereby requiring people ...
4
votes
0answers
30 views

Why not catch up parshas right away? [duplicate]

This week, the parsha in chutz la'aretz is Parshat Shmini and in Israel, the parsha is Tazria-Mitzora because of the 8th day of Pesach in Chu"l falling on Shabbat. But why do they not read Tazria this ...
10
votes
3answers
598 views

Why do we say Pesach seder brachot both nights?

During the Pesach seder, but not during the rest of Pesach, we say b'rachot for the mitzvot of matzah and maror. (I mean the "asher kidshanu b'mitzvotav" b'rachot.) So it seems that we are only ...
3
votes
1answer
187 views

Secret Ops, The President, and The Blessing On a King

One of the conditions to make the brocha on kings is that they have the power to kill you (see Radvaz 1:296 as well as the Orchot Chaim Brachos 49 that say that this brocha is recited on any monarch ...
3
votes
2answers
116 views

How do we know that commercial fruit is not orlah/neta revai?

According to Judith R. Baskin (Cambridge Dictionary of Judaism and Jewish Culture, 2011, pp. 134-135), "The biblical law of "uncircumcised" fruit (orlah) prohibits consuming fruit picked from a tree ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Which other lands (besides Eretz Israel) have Kedushas Ha'aretz?

I recently read this in a quasi-responsum online: "Kilayim is specific to EY and areas that Hazal determined to have Q'dushas Ha'aretz. Outside of this zone, Kilayim is not applicable." (Source: ...
0
votes
1answer
130 views

Can an Israeli who is in the U.S. on 8th Day Pesach eat a Gentile's chametz kosher food? [duplicate]

Someone has both an Israeli family and a Gentile maid living with a U.S. family in the same house on the 8th Day of Pesach. During the week, the Gentile has been eating her kosher chametz food in the ...
3
votes
1answer
356 views

When did walking from Ner Israel yeshiva to Baltimore no longer require Eruv Techumin?

From what I'm told, several decades ago one who wanted to walk from Ner Israel yeshiva on Mt. Wilson Lane in Pikesville, MD to the greater Baltimore community (e.g. Rabbi Heinemann's shul, the Agudah, ...
5
votes
1answer
92 views

Standard Orthodox Siddur in France

I was in France over the summer. On Shabbat, I decided to go to the nearest schul, Ohel Avraham, a 5-minute walk from where I was staying. I realised there that the siddur they were using was very ...
3
votes
2answers
142 views

Rav Hirsch and Black Slavery

I once saw Rav Hirsch make a passing reference to black slavery in America in his Collected Writings, but no longer remember where. Does anyone know where this might be?
0
votes
1answer
91 views

Heter mechira abroad

If someone lives outside of Israel, is he allowed to use fruits from heter mechira? Heter mechira is a certain kula for the Jewish agriculture in Israel. If I don't live in Israel does the Hetter ...
4
votes
1answer
100 views

Mah inyan Shmita eitzel the price of tea in China?

I saw some red peppers in an American grocery store labelled "Product of Israel". I have never seen that before, and my guess is that since it's a shmitta year, there is less of an Israeli domestic ...
19
votes
2answers
464 views

Are you allowed to recite the Pledge of Allegiance?

Is the US Pledge of Allegiance a form of oath or vow, and if so may one recite it? If one has recited it has one incurred any new halachic obligations?
6
votes
4answers
979 views

Explaining to children why we don't celebrate Halloween

Without delving into the Pagan origins of Halloween (or even discussing it altogether - as it may not be allowed l'halocho), how would you encourage Jewish children who've celebrated Halloween in the ...
-1
votes
1answer
60 views

Should a Jew from outside Israel who is visiting Israel for Sukkot eat in the Sukkah on Shemini Atseret?

Halachipedia writes that Outside Israel, on the eighth day of Sukkot (first day of Shemini Atseret), one should eat in the Sukkah without a Bracha of Leshev BaSukkah. The source for this is ...
6
votes
1answer
216 views

Preparing food for Yom Tov Sheni

Orach Chaim 503 says that one may not prepare from the first day of Yom Tov for the second day of Yom Tov. However, if one is going to eat even one piece of meat on the first day, they may fill up a ...
8
votes
2answers
240 views

Two Days of Yom Tov for Visitors

Assuming the reason for two days Yom Tov is because messengers could not reach those places in time to tell them the days of Rosh Chodesh, why is it that if someone visits Israel, but doesn't plan on ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

What is the last day to shake the lulav in Diaspora?

Do we shake the lulav on shemini atzeret or simhat torah for folks living in diaspora?
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0answers
18 views

Keeping two days of Yom Tov in Israel [duplicate]

What are the sources for a person from chutz la'aretz (the diaspora) to keep two days of Yom Tov when visiting Israel?