Questions relating to the Diaspora, as in, outside of the land of Israel.

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Birchas Kohanim in the Diaspora

Why do we (ashkenazim) not do birchas kohanim in chutz la'aretz (except on yom tov), but in Israel, we do?
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2answers
146 views

Which Shtetlach in pre war Europe had an Eruv?

Were there any Shtetlach in pre war Europe that had an Eruv? Which ones?
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1answer
63 views

Standard Orthodox Siddur in France

I was in France over the summer. On Shabbat, I decided to go to the nearest schul, Ohel Avraham, a 5-minute walk from where I was staying. I realised there that the siddur they were using was very ...
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Greek Ruins — Previous Sites for Pagan Worship

I know that Maimonides states not to enter places of idol worship. That being the case, is it permissible to visit Greek ruins that where once used for a pagan religion?
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58 views

“Secular” studies in the Rhineland academies of the 11th-13th centuries

This is perhaps a fairly specific question, and I don't know if it belongs here or on the History stack exchange, but I would like to know more about the Rhineland academies that were headed by people ...
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1answer
189 views

Historical Kippot

I want to know what kind of kippah would be worn by an "average" Jew in Manhattan in 1860. This is for an historical impression. In "real life," I am Conservative, but I know the movement did not ...
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46 views

Why is the prayer for dreams repeated in Birchas Kohanim? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Who says the Ribbono shel Olam's in Birkas Kohanim? At Birchas Kohanim outside Israel, where it is only said on Yom Tov (Ashkenazim), we say twice a prayer for bad ...
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166 views

Preparing food for Yom Tov Sheni

Orach Chaim 503 says that one may not prepare from the first day of Yom Tov for the second day of Yom Tov. However, if one is going to eat even one piece of meat on the first day, they may fill up a ...
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135 views

Tal UMatar - for whom?

According to the build-up in this question the point of Tal UMatar is to pray for good rains in one's local area. The same seems to be assumed in other questions and especially a couple of different ...
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126 views

Keeping one or two days of Yom Tov in towns outside the biblically stipulated borders of Israel?

If you’re living in Amman, Jordan, I believe that you need to keep two days of Yom Tov. But if you’re in Eilat, you keep one day. Why?
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77 views

Mah inyan Shmita eitzel the price of tea in China?

I saw some red peppers in an American grocery store labelled "Product of Israel". I have never seen that before, and my guess is that since it's a shmitta year, there is less of an Israeli domestic ...
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91 views

Why are certain kosher meat / poultry parts hard to obtain in the U.S.?

Years ago, my parents could easily purchase these meat & poultry parts that I rarely see now: chicken feet cow / calf lungs goose & goose liver When I was in Israel, these animals or parts ...
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134 views

Niagara Falls does it require a Bracha if so which one?

Do you make a bracha when seeing Niagara falls, and, if a bracha is made, which bracha?
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67 views

Reusing the shank bone, second night

Is there any problem with reusing the shank bone that was used on first night Pesach for the seder plate on second night? Since it represents the qorban pesach, I feel like there is good reason not to ...
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60 views

Can an Israeli work in public on second-day yomtov if there are non-observant Jews around?

Shulchan Aruch says an Israeli Jew who is just visiting non-Israel should not work in public on the second day of Yomtov so long as he is in "yishuv" (and commentaries explain "yishuv yisrael") -- a ...
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Is there any place I can rent or borrow a Megillah from?

Specifically in or around Brooklyn, NY: I was wondering if anyone knows of a place that rents or lends out Kosher Megillos for Purim.
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106 views

Rav Hirsch and Black Slavery

I once saw Rav Hirsch make a passing reference to black slavery in America in his Collected Writings, but no longer remember where. Does anyone know where this might be?
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224 views

Israeli making pizza on last day of Pesach in the Diaspora

A Jew who lives in the U.S. own a pizza store. He wants to be sure that he has plenty of fresh pizzas ready to sell as soon as Pesach is over. So, before Pesach, he sells his chametz to his Israeli ...
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109 views

Chanukiyot inside or out?

Shabbat 22a says that the halacha is that we should place the chanukiyah outside, within a hand-breadth of the door, to the left. In Israel I've seen people do this, placing the chanukiyah in a glass ...
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196 views

Yom Tov Sheni - Seeking All Relevant Sources

There is an article on Wikipedia about Passover that gives a very non-traditional (if not anti-traditional) explanation - rather, a series of explanations - for the origin of Y"T Sheni Shel Galuyoth. ...
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114 views

Why do some synagogues offer kidush and others not?

Some (orthodox) synagogues in the United States offer kidush after Shabas-morning services every week; others do not. Is this division roughly along 'type' of synagogue? For example, do most Young ...
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101 views

decree of two days of Yom Tov

The decree of keeping two days of Yom Tov outside of Israel is because Rosh Chodesh used to be determined by Beis Din and its messengers couldn't reach all of exiles in time, thereby requiring people ...
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103 views

Cooking on Yom Tov, for Yom Tov

Why can't one cook for the second day of Yom Tov on the first day? Why won't something along the lines of Eiruv Tavshilin help in this case as well?
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Kilayim in Chutz la'eretz

What is the din with regards to kilei hayerek in chutz la'eretz? I see that many people have gardens in their backyards with vegetables right next to each other of different types.
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Contact numbers for historic shuls in Upstate NY

There are several shuls in upstate NY, esp. in the Catskills region, that are on the Historical registry. When I visited some of these last summer, they were closed, and I could not locate any phone ...
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476 views

Did most Hasidic men wear the shtreimel and kapote in Eastern Europe?

I have heard that the shtreimel and kapote (and variations) were mostly worn only by the Rebbes, while most followers were too poor for a beaver-skin hat; most hassidim wore the ordinary clothes of ...
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60 views

How do we know that commercial fruit is not orlah/neta revai?

According to Judith R. Baskin (Cambridge Dictionary of Judaism and Jewish Culture, 2011, pp. 134-135), "The biblical law of "uncircumcised" fruit (orlah) prohibits consuming fruit picked from a tree ...
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How do we know that non-hechshered food is not kilayim or kilay hakerem?

"Kilayim" and "kilay hakerem" are two classes of prohibitions on eating from "mixed" fields (in which more than one type of crop is planted.) "Kilayim," as I understand it, specifically refers to the ...
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76 views

Making the Brocha on the President of the United States

One of the conditions to make the brocha on kings is that they have the power to kill you (see Radvaz 1:296 as well as the Orchot Chaim Brachos 49 that say that this brocha is recited on any monarch ...
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74 views

Why don't Ramaniote Jews use the hei in names?

I am named after my grandfather and great grandfather on my mother's side, both of whom were Ramaniote. My name, therefore, is "Avram Mosh" (אברם מוש) instead of "Avraham Moshe" (אברהם משה). I've been ...
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102 views

Selling land to Gentile to build Church

In YD Siman 151 it discusses the things that one is allowed and not allowed to sell to a gentile (for reasons that they might be used for Avodah Zara -- idol worship). I didn't see the following ...
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Why do people outside Eretz Yisroel keep 2 days Yom Tov for Shavuos? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Second day of Shavous Shavuos is one Yom Tov that has nothing to do with the day of the month. It is 50 days after the first day of Pesach. Even in the times of making ...
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58 views

Said “משיב הרוח”: continue “ומוריד הטל”?

Some, during the summer, say in the amida (sh'mone esre) ‏… מחיה מתים אתה רב להושיע מכלכל חיים בחסד…‏‎  (1) with nothing between "להושיע" and "מכלכל". ...
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264 views

Must I take maaser from my income nowadays?

I heard that we don't have to give maaser from our income nowadays because we are outside of Israel and without the Beit Hamikdash. Is this true?
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107 views

Non-Israeli pulpit rabbis who actively promote moving to Israel

Are there any rabbis who have pulpits outside of Israel and who have no plans to move to Israel themselves, but who actively and sincerely try to get their congregants to move to Israel? I don't ...
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1answer
144 views

What should one do with Shemittah produce?

What should one do with Shemittah produce he owns, outside of Israel?
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1answer
162 views

When did walking from Ner Israel yeshiva to Baltimore no longer require Eruv Techumin?

From what I'm told, several decades ago one who wanted to walk from Ner Israel yeshiva on Mt. Wilson Lane in Pikesville, MD to the greater Baltimore community (e.g. Rabbi Heinemann's shul, the Agudah, ...
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88 views

When was the first Mikva built in the USA?

When was the first Mikva built in the USA?
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1answer
44 views

Which other lands (besides Eretz Israel) have Kedushas Ha'aretz?

I recently read this in a quasi-responsum online: "Kilayim is specific to EY and areas that Hazal determined to have Q'dushas Ha'aretz. Outside of this zone, Kilayim is not applicable." (Source: ...
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2answers
203 views

How to calculate 60 days from tekufat tishri for any given year?

I'm trying to pin down an algorithm for calculating when to start saying ותן טל ומטר in diaspora. (In Israel it begins 7 Cheshvan.) I've gotten that we need to know how many centuries passed since ...
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1answer
58 views

When did daily birkas kohanim stop?

The original practice, from what I understand, was that kohanim would bless the congregation every day during the amida of shacharis (and of musaf and n'ila when they were said, and of mincha on a ...
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1answer
182 views

V'Sain Tal U'Matar for someone from Eretz Yisrael in Chutz L'Aretz (and vice versa)

In Eretz Yisrael we start saying V'Sain Tal U'Matar on the 7th of Cheshvan. If someone from Eretz Yisrael will be in America on the 7th of Cheshvan and will be flying back to Eretz Yisrael a few days ...
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1answer
75 views

Did they daven after the destruction of the first temple?

I learned that tefilla was established in place of the korbanos after the destruction of the second temple. Did any sort of similar thing, meaning standardized prayer service, become instituted after ...
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61 views

July 4th celebrations in Halacha

Halachic issues around a secular holiday have been discussed here in relation to Thanksgiving, but what about July 4th (Independence Day in the United States)? Are there any issues with performing ...
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Why no 15-minutes-early clause in English rabbis' contracts?

Rabbi Yitzchak Reuven Rubin wrote in 2001: In fact, it wasn't long ago that every rabbi in England was required by contract to "present himself fifteen minutes before the time of Divine worship." ...
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115 views

What tribe are the Bene Israel in India descended from?

What tribe(s) are the Bene Israel of India descended from?
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115 views

Should a man remove his head covering during the national anthem?

The custom in the United States is to remove head coverings (and place them over the heart) during the recitation of the national anthem. Is there any Jewish reason for a man to, or not to, follow ...
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82 views

Could the gathering of the Jews in Israel be metaphorical?

I have heard that a person is born every generation that has the potential to be the Mashiach, and Rambam said that the Mashiach will gather the dispersed of Israel. However, it is possible that not ...
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121 views

In Eretz Yisroel Kosher In Chutz Laretz Posul [closed]

How is it possible you make a Sukkah with the same conditions and outside Israel it is not Kosher and inside Israel it is?
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115 views

How often does chanukah start before v'tain tal?

Outside of Israel, we start saying "v'tain tal oomatar livrachah" ("and provide dew and rain for a blessing") in the amida on the evening of December 4th or 5th (depending on the year). Chanukah ...