Questions relating to the Diaspora, as in, outside of the land of Israel.

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Why in diaspora one day Yom Kippur and two days Sukkot/Shmini Azeret [duplicate]

As known two days of Holydays in diaspora set by Holy Rabbis because of sofek, when the corresponding month starts. But somehow, we are sure about the Yom Kippur and back not sure about Sukkot and ...
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0answers
158 views

Why no 15-minutes-early clause in English rabbis' contracts?

Rabbi Yitzchak Reuven Rubin wrote in 2001: In fact, it wasn't long ago that every rabbi in England was required by contract to "present himself fifteen minutes before the time of Divine worship." ...
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1answer
562 views

When Israel and the diaspora are out of sync on parshiyot, why don't we take the first opportunity to re-align?

This year (5772) the seventh day of Pesach is on a Friday, so the diaspora has an 8th day of chag on Shabbat but Israel does not. The diaspora will thus read Sh'mini on April 21, Tazria-Metzora on ...
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2answers
123 views

Are there any minhag and customs specific to Czech Jews and have they been documented?

I'm a baal teshuva with Czech Jewish ancestry. I have an interest in the minhag of my ancestors as well as in common cultural practices, and perhaps pass them on where I can. Have they been documented ...
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1answer
61 views

How do we know that non-hechshered food is not kilayim or kilay hakerem?

"Kilayim" and "kilay hakerem" are two classes of prohibitions on eating from "mixed" fields (in which more than one type of crop is planted.) "Kilayim," as I understand it, specifically refers to the ...
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131 views

Mekubal in New York

I am looking for an authenticated mekubal in New York who is also a Torah scholar and can assist me with a pressing personal issue.
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3answers
623 views

Why still keep two days of Yom Tov outside of Israel?

Why do we continue to keep two days of Yom Tov outside of Israel? The reason for two days was revelant during the temple era as we needed two witnesses to see the new moon. But today, with no Temple ...
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1answer
122 views

Why no tfillin on second day of Yom Tov?

The decree of keeping two days of Yom Tov outside of Israel is because Rosh Chodesh used to be determined by Beis Din and its messengers couldn't reach all of exiles in time, thereby requiring people ...
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27 views

Why not catch up parshas right away? [duplicate]

This week, the parsha in chutz la'aretz is Parshat Shmini and in Israel, the parsha is Tazria-Mitzora because of the 8th day of Pesach in Chu"l falling on Shabbat. But why do they not read Tazria this ...
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3answers
497 views

Why do we say Pesach seder brachot both nights?

During the Pesach seder, but not during the rest of Pesach, we say b'rachot for the mitzvot of matzah and maror. (I mean the "asher kidshanu b'mitzvotav" b'rachot.) So it seems that we are only ...
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1answer
154 views

Secret Ops, The President, and The Blessing On a King

One of the conditions to make the brocha on kings is that they have the power to kill you (see Radvaz 1:296 as well as the Orchot Chaim Brachos 49 that say that this brocha is recited on any monarch ...
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2answers
87 views

How do we know that commercial fruit is not orlah/neta revai?

According to Judith R. Baskin (Cambridge Dictionary of Judaism and Jewish Culture, 2011, pp. 134-135), "The biblical law of "uncircumcised" fruit (orlah) prohibits consuming fruit picked from a tree ...
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1answer
52 views

Which other lands (besides Eretz Israel) have Kedushas Ha'aretz?

I recently read this in a quasi-responsum online: "Kilayim is specific to EY and areas that Hazal determined to have Q'dushas Ha'aretz. Outside of this zone, Kilayim is not applicable." (Source: ...
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1answer
103 views

Can an Israeli who is in the U.S. on 8th Day Pesach eat a Gentile's chametz kosher food? [duplicate]

Someone has both an Israeli family and a Gentile maid living with a U.S. family in the same house on the 8th Day of Pesach. During the week, the Gentile has been eating her kosher chametz food in the ...
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1answer
254 views

When did walking from Ner Israel yeshiva to Baltimore no longer require Eruv Techumin?

From what I'm told, several decades ago one who wanted to walk from Ner Israel yeshiva on Mt. Wilson Lane in Pikesville, MD to the greater Baltimore community (e.g. Rabbi Heinemann's shul, the Agudah, ...
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1answer
75 views

Standard Orthodox Siddur in France

I was in France over the summer. On Shabbat, I decided to go to the nearest schul, Ohel Avraham, a 5-minute walk from where I was staying. I realised there that the siddur they were using was very ...
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2answers
124 views

Rav Hirsch and Black Slavery

I once saw Rav Hirsch make a passing reference to black slavery in America in his Collected Writings, but no longer remember where. Does anyone know where this might be?
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1answer
185 views

What should one do with Shemittah produce?

What should one do with Shemittah produce he owns, outside of Israel?
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1answer
81 views

Heter mechira abroad

If someone lives outside of Israel, is he allowed to use fruits from heter mechira? Heter mechira is a certain kula for the Jewish agriculture in Israel. If I don't live in Israel does the Hetter ...
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1answer
92 views

Mah inyan Shmita eitzel the price of tea in China?

I saw some red peppers in an American grocery store labelled "Product of Israel". I have never seen that before, and my guess is that since it's a shmitta year, there is less of an Israeli domestic ...
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2answers
403 views

Are you allowed to recite the Pledge of Allegiance?

Is the US Pledge of Allegiance a form of oath or vow, and if so may one recite it? If one has recited it has one incurred any new halachic obligations?
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4answers
746 views

Explaining to children why we don't celebrate Halloween

Without delving into the Pagan origins of Halloween (or even discussing it altogether - as it may not be allowed l'halocho), how would you encourage Jewish children who've celebrated Halloween in the ...
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1answer
47 views

Should a Jew from outside Israel who is visiting Israel for Sukkot eat in the Sukkah on Shemini Atseret?

Halachipedia writes that Outside Israel, on the eighth day of Sukkot (first day of Shemini Atseret), one should eat in the Sukkah without a Bracha of Leshev BaSukkah. The source for this is ...
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1answer
188 views

Preparing food for Yom Tov Sheni

Orach Chaim 503 says that one may not prepare from the first day of Yom Tov for the second day of Yom Tov. However, if one is going to eat even one piece of meat on the first day, they may fill up a ...
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2answers
228 views

Two Days of Yom Tov for Visitors

Assuming the reason for two days Yom Tov is because messengers could not reach those places in time to tell them the days of Rosh Chodesh, why is it that if someone visits Israel, but doesn't plan on ...
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1answer
37 views

What is the last day to shake the lulav in Diaspora?

Do we shake the lulav on shemini atzeret or simhat torah for folks living in diaspora?
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18 views

Keeping two days of Yom Tov in Israel [duplicate]

What are the sources for a person from chutz la'aretz (the diaspora) to keep two days of Yom Tov when visiting Israel?
12
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1answer
695 views

Praying for rain in the Diaspora

Why on this year (and on other years that precede civil leap years) do we start praying for rain in the Diaspora (by inserting the phrase 'Vetein tal umatar") at maariv of December 5 and not maariv of ...
6
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1answer
135 views

Modern Maaser and Terumah

Why is it that in modern times, we tithe maaser on non-agricultural income, but not terumah? Does it have anything to do with living outside of the Land of Israel?
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2answers
117 views

Why are certain kosher meat / poultry parts hard to obtain in the U.S.?

Years ago, my parents could easily purchase these meat & poultry parts that I rarely see now: chicken feet cow / calf lungs goose & goose liver When I was in Israel, these animals or parts ...
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1answer
265 views

Does Orthodox Judaism have a generally held position on American politics? [closed]

The Pew Research Study on Jewish Americans says in part: On these measures (partisanship and ideology), the only other U.S. religious groups that are as conservative and Republican as Orthodox ...
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68 views

What is the best way to avoid problems with buying shmittah produce outside of Israel?

Chabad.org writes: (edited for the question) Those who dwell outside the Land of Israel are impacted by the agricultural laws of Shemitah: Shemitah produce may not be exported out of ...
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2answers
61 views

Said “משיב הרוח”: continue “ומוריד הטל”?

Some, during the summer, say in the amida (sh'mone esre) ‏… מחיה מתים אתה רב להושיע מכלכל חיים בחסד…‏‎  (1) with nothing between "להושיע" and "מכלכל". ...
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1answer
30 views

Contact numbers for historic shuls in Upstate NY

There are several shuls in upstate NY, esp. in the Catskills region, that are on the Historical registry. When I visited some of these last summer, they were closed, and I could not locate any phone ...
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1answer
78 views

Did they daven after the destruction of the first temple?

I learned that tefilla was established in place of the korbanos after the destruction of the second temple. Did any sort of similar thing, meaning standardized prayer service, become instituted after ...
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0answers
69 views

July 4th celebrations in Halacha

Halachic issues around a secular holiday have been discussed here in relation to Thanksgiving, but what about July 4th (Independence Day in the United States)? Are there any issues with performing ...
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1answer
106 views

Kilayim in Chutz la'eretz

What is the din with regards to kilei hayerek in chutz la'eretz? I see that many people have gardens in their backyards with vegetables right next to each other of different types.
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105 views

Greek Ruins — Previous Sites for Pagan Worship

I know that Maimonides states not to enter places of idol worship. That being the case, is it permissible to visit Greek ruins that where once used for a pagan religion?
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2answers
398 views

What is the appropriate response of someone outside Israel during a war?

During a war or large scale military operation what are some of the best things for a person living in chutz l'arertz to do? Is saying tehillim and doing extra chesed enough? Should a person run to ...
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2answers
199 views

Was the Reish Galuta considered the presumptive candidate for the Melech haMoshiach?

The Reish Galuta, or Exilarch, was, from the time of Zerubavel until the abolition of the office ca. 1000 C.E. (with interregna), a Jewish political leader descended from malchut beit David. In some ...
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1answer
235 views

Is there a U.S. or Canadian yeshiva that offers a Smicha program where the Rosh Kollel can accommodate the deaf?

My son is deaf. I am looking for a Smicha program for him where the Rosh Yeshiva has experience dealing with and accommodating the deaf. My son has a cochlear implant and has SOME hearing, so he does ...
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1answer
2k views

Does a Jewish wedding involve bridesmaids or groomsmen?

Are there such roles? If so, what purpose do they serve? If creating bridesmaids or groomsmen is a distinctly American (or Christian) cultural practice, then what are some reasons for or against ...
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3answers
157 views

Counting the omer with doubt before the fixed calendar

Currently, according to a previous question on this site, we count the omer without doubt: "Today is the Xth day of the omer" because we have a fixed calendar, and because counting with doubt is ...
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3answers
242 views

Sefira Counting in Diaspora

Why don't we count two nights each night, if there was always a Safek (doubt) what the date is. In other words: if we are not sure when the second night of Pesach is, why don't we carry that doubt ...
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3answers
596 views

The Fanatic Badge

Here on Mi Yodeya, one can earn the "Fanatic" badge for visiting the site for 100 consecutive days. Is it halachically possible to earn the fanatic badge in the Diaspora?
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2answers
85 views

Reusing the shank bone, second night

Is there any problem with reusing the shank bone that was used on first night Pesach for the seder plate on second night? Since it represents the qorban pesach, I feel like there is good reason not to ...
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3answers
266 views

Israeli making pizza on last day of Pesach in the Diaspora

A Jew who lives in the U.S. own a pizza store. He wants to be sure that he has plenty of fresh pizzas ready to sell as soon as Pesach is over. So, before Pesach, he sells his chametz to his Israeli ...
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0answers
49 views

Why is the prayer for dreams repeated in Birchas Kohanim? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Who says the Ribbono shel Olam's in Birkas Kohanim? At Birchas Kohanim outside Israel, where it is only said on Yom Tov (Ashkenazim), we say twice a prayer for bad ...
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1answer
71 views

When did daily birkas kohanim stop?

The original practice, from what I understand, was that kohanim would bless the congregation every day during the amida of shacharis (and of musaf and n'ila when they were said, and of mincha on a ...
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2answers
120 views

How often does chanukah start before v'tain tal?

Outside of Israel, we start saying "v'tain tal oomatar livrachah" ("and provide dew and rain for a blessing") in the amida on the evening of December 4th or 5th (depending on the year). Chanukah ...