Questions about the Jewish Code of monetary and civil law.

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11
votes
2answers
229 views

Receiving Too Much Change

Do I have an obligation to give back extra change I receive? Would it matter if the store owner or person giving it to me was a Jew?
9
votes
2answers
234 views

Saving Parking Spots

Reuven calls Shimon to ask if Shimon may stand inside a parking spot and reserve it until Reuven gets there in five minutes. While standing there, Levi pulls up and directs Shimon to vacate the spot ...
6
votes
2answers
122 views

Check that did not clear

If I give a check in payment of an obligation or purchase and the check never cleared. The recipient never called me to say he lost it or misplaced it. Do I have to call the recipient and give him ...
6
votes
1answer
305 views

Following 'the spirit of the law' vs 'the letter of the law'

My question has several parts, and I'd love to hear your thoughts for all parts: What are the responsibilities of a Jew regarding the following of laws in general? Is it permissable to follow the ...
6
votes
2answers
287 views

Who asked Rav Moshe about capital punishment?

There is an interesting t'shuva in Igros Moshe Choshen Mishpat vol.2 #68 (pt. 1 pt. 2) in which he explains the extreme rarity of capital punishment in Jewish law, especially in modern times. It is ...
9
votes
3answers
219 views

Stealing from a thief

If someone steals a previously stolen item from the thief is he guilty? Would it matter if he was stealing it only to return it to its original owner, or if the second thief was the original owner?
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Bittul and then Sale?

How is it that after we do Bedikah (checking for Chametz) and we are Mevatel (Making the Chometz Null and Void) the Chometz the Rav then goes and sells the Chometz to the Gentile we have alredy said ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Chometz Gezel Akum

The Gemara in Pesachim (ה:‏) says if you are holding Chometz for a gentile and Pesach comes you have to burn it. How is it possible to say that: it is Gezel Akum and even if you pay him back you ...
6
votes
3answers
272 views

Investing in Halacha

Does anyone know some halachik sources that discuss investing in stocks? There are many potential issues. For example, do you need to worry (about ribbis) if your money is used to lend with interest? ...
3
votes
2answers
107 views

Non responsibility for Damages on Purim

Why is one not required to pay if one causes damage on Purim? Does it apply in all situations?
10
votes
4answers
378 views

what are the limits of “mesira”?

It seems that most people have an idea that you cannot report a Jew to the non-Jewish authorities (police, government, etc) except for extreme circumstances (imminent danger, abuse, etc). However, ...
7
votes
2answers
129 views

Attaching Conditions to a Sale

If I sell someone an item (e.g. an orange), and I attach a condition (e.g. "you may not make orange juice"), is it successfully binding? What happens if that someone does violate the condition (e.g. ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Yosef Mokir Shabbos

There is a story in the Gemarah I wont get into the Detail but here is the relevant part of the story. The wife buys a fish and finds a diamond inside are they not responsible to return it to the Fish ...
4
votes
1answer
104 views

Would the rabbis who prohibit all gambling and lotteries prohibit a no-lose lottery?

In a no-lose lottery, lots of people put money in a bank; all of them will get their money back whenever they want. Additionally, the bank takes the proceeds from investing their money and ...
6
votes
3answers
140 views

Is Dreidel gezeilah?

The Beit Yosef (Shuchan Aruch Choshen Mishpat 370:2) forbids gabling as gezeilah derabanan. (The Rema permits gambling under certain circumstances.) With this in mind, is it permissible for Sepharadim ...
1
vote
2answers
110 views

Overcharging or Undercharging (Ona'a)

The Halacha of Ona'a is that if an item was sold for more than 1/6 difference in real value the buyer and or seller can cancel the sale. How is Ona'a figured on for example fresh salmon? There are ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

Byomo Titein Schoro - paying workers on time

You have a plumber, electrician, babysitter, etc. doing a job for you. There is a Mitzva of "Byomo Titein Schoro" paying in the same day. If you pay by check is it considered "Byomo Titein Schoro"?
3
votes
2answers
155 views

Card Counting Permissibility

For what it is (if you haven't heard of it), see Card Counting (wikipedia) Also assuming Gambling is not a problem in that scenario. It's perfectly legal in the U.S. So would it be a problem in ...
5
votes
2answers
129 views

Recording music from radio

When I was a kid, I used to enjoy recording music from Jewish radio programs onto cassette tapes (remember those?). Nowadays the process is much easier, as many portable music players include an FM ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

Settling debt with a credit card company

Is it Halachically sound to settle debt for less than owed with a credit card company?
11
votes
3answers
175 views

In the Bible, why did robbers bother tunneling into houses to rob them?

Exodus 22:1 speaks about the robber who was found "tunnelling in" to someone's house (vis-a-vis self-defense). Is that just a figure of speech, or did they actually go to that much trouble? (What ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

What is the role of government punishment in the teshuva (repentance) process?

If I understand it, according to Halacha, if Reuven steals $100 from Shimon, he has to first return the money (possibly plus another $100), apologize; then regret, confess, resolve, and abstain. If ...
9
votes
3answers
109 views

Do our sources address the question of intellectual property vs the public good?

The NYTimes recently ran a piece about a malnourishment treatment that could save lives in Africa, but one company owns the recipe and controls it tightly. (See the article, I apologize if I'm not ...
6
votes
2answers
92 views

Does a discount to a poor person count as tzedakah?

If someone performs a service for a poor person and gives a discount in order to help him out, does the difference count as tzedakah? If so, can the full amount be counted towards maaser, or do we say ...
8
votes
4answers
128 views

Riddle: How do dayyanim split wages between partners? [closed]

This is a riddle that was put to us in my kollel dayyanim. Two men set out on a journey together. One brings three loaves of bread, the other two. When they are getting ready for their meal, ...
8
votes
1answer
266 views

Neighbors inappropriate mail

If I see a neighbors inappropriate mail, am I allowed to throw it out?
7
votes
4answers
354 views

Patents in Halacha?

If someone invents something new (and unique), does Judaism recognize that he has ownership over the invention [for x years]?
2
votes
5answers
106 views

Mi.ShAino.Yodeya [closed]

Which halachah [hint:Choshen Mishpat] applies to "mi sh'aino yodeya"? (I ran across this last night researching another question)
4
votes
2answers
209 views

Is Telemarketing Prohibited by Jewish Law?

I understand that it may be prohibited due to the laws of "Dina D'malchusa Dina," (when and if) American law prohibits it. However, that reason aside, is there any Judaism based reason to prohibit it? ...
6
votes
5answers
401 views

Is it Gezel Sheinah for a teacher to wake up a student in class?

Yes, it's a little tongue-in-cheek, but it occurred to me while reading the question on stealing a parents tuition by skipping, and I think that there is a real benefit in the question. Is it Gezel ...
5
votes
4answers
153 views

Ditch school: stealing?

If your parents pay for you to go to school and you ditch, is that stealing?
35
votes
7answers
1k views

May I use my neighbor's Wi-Fi without asking permission?

My neighbor has never set up password protection on his wireless router. If I wanted, I could wirelessly connect to his high-speed Internet service. May I use his Internet service without asking him ...