Questions about the Jewish Code of monetary and civil law.

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7
votes
2answers
182 views

Are late or overdue fees Ribbis?

If I take out a library book, and they charge me $.10 per each additional day extra. Or if I owe money on a bill, and they charge me a $10 late fee for being overdue. Are these a case of Ribbis? Or ...
10
votes
4answers
364 views

“Is the market-based distribution of income fair or unfair?”

This post, by a leading economist, lists the main differences on economic policy between the right and left-leaning economists. On many economic issues, Judaism does not necessarily take a clear ...
12
votes
2answers
114 views

Are Jewish Court Rulings subject to Appeal?

Is there such a thing as an appeal in Jewish law, or are rulings issued by Jewish courts absolutely final?
9
votes
1answer
202 views

What Halachot apply to serving on jury duty?

Halachically, what are the responsibilities of one who is called to jury duty? What if one of the litigants is Jewish, and the halacha would find differently than civil law does in the case, are you ...
4
votes
1answer
99 views

Would the rabbis who prohibit all gambling and lotteries prohibit a no-lose lottery?

In a no-lose lottery, lots of people put money in a bank; all of them will get their money back whenever they want. Additionally, the bank takes the proceeds from investing their money and ...
5
votes
1answer
127 views

Responsibility for Incoming Call / Text Message Charges in Halacha

In many places (or at least in the USA), users are charged for incoming calls and text messages. If someone explicitly tells someone else to stop calling or texting their number, does that person ...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

Compromising a Doubtful Loan and Ribbis

First let's get the case: Reuven lends $100 to Shimon to be paid back in a year. There is no record of the amount of the loan. And then, one month later, one of the following happen: Shimon ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Chometz Gezel Akum

The Gemara in Pesachim (ה:‏) says if you are holding Chometz for a gentile and Pesach comes you have to burn it. How is it possible to say that: it is Gezel Akum and even if you pay him back you ...
6
votes
5answers
384 views

Is it Gezel Sheinah for a teacher to wake up a student in class?

Yes, it's a little tongue-in-cheek, but it occurred to me while reading the question on stealing a parents tuition by skipping, and I think that there is a real benefit in the question. Is it Gezel ...
11
votes
3answers
160 views

In the Bible, why did robbers bother tunneling into houses to rob them?

Exodus 22:1 speaks about the robber who was found "tunnelling in" to someone's house (vis-a-vis self-defense). Is that just a figure of speech, or did they actually go to that much trouble? (What ...
6
votes
2answers
269 views

Who asked Rav Moshe about capital punishment?

There is an interesting t'shuva in Igros Moshe Choshen Mishpat vol.2 #68 (pt. 1 pt. 2) in which he explains the extreme rarity of capital punishment in Jewish law, especially in modern times. It is ...
6
votes
2answers
90 views

Does a discount to a poor person count as tzedakah?

If someone performs a service for a poor person and gives a discount in order to help him out, does the difference count as tzedakah? If so, can the full amount be counted towards maaser, or do we say ...
1
vote
2answers
106 views

Overcharging or Undercharging (Ona'a)

The Halacha of Ona'a is that if an item was sold for more than 1/6 difference in real value the buyer and or seller can cancel the sale. How is Ona'a figured on for example fresh salmon? There are ...
4
votes
1answer
242 views

Following 'the spirit of the law' vs 'the letter of the law'

My question has several parts, and I'd love to hear your thoughts for all parts: What are the responsibilities of a Jew regarding the following of laws in general? Is it permissable to follow the ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Bittul and then Sale?

How is it that after we do Bedikah (checking for Chametz) and we are Mevatel (Making the Chometz Null and Void) the Chometz the Rav then goes and sells the Chometz to the Gentile we have alredy said ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Yosef Mokir Shabbos

There is a story in the Gemarah I wont get into the Detail but here is the relevant part of the story. The wife buys a fish and finds a diamond inside are they not responsible to return it to the Fish ...
6
votes
3answers
138 views

Is Dreidel gezeilah?

The Beit Yosef (Shuchan Aruch Choshen Mishpat 370:2) forbids gabling as gezeilah derabanan. (The Rema permits gambling under certain circumstances.) With this in mind, is it permissible for Sepharadim ...
4
votes
2answers
205 views

Is Telemarketing Prohibited by Jewish Law?

I understand that it may be prohibited due to the laws of "Dina D'malchusa Dina," (when and if) American law prohibits it. However, that reason aside, is there any Judaism based reason to prohibit it? ...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

Settling debt with a credit card company

Is it Halachically sound to settle debt for less than owed with a credit card company?
2
votes
1answer
112 views

Byomo Titein Schoro - paying workers on time

You have a plumber, electrician, babysitter, etc. doing a job for you. There is a Mitzva of "Byomo Titein Schoro" paying in the same day. If you pay by check is it considered "Byomo Titein Schoro"?
2
votes
5answers
104 views

Mi.ShAino.Yodeya [closed]

Which halachah [hint:Choshen Mishpat] applies to "mi sh'aino yodeya"? (I ran across this last night researching another question)
3
votes
1answer
67 views

What is the role of government punishment in the teshuva (repentance) process?

If I understand it, according to Halacha, if Reuven steals $100 from Shimon, he has to first return the money (possibly plus another $100), apologize; then regret, confess, resolve, and abstain. If ...
8
votes
4answers
125 views

Riddle: How do dayyanim split wages between partners? [closed]

This is a riddle that was put to us in my kollel dayyanim. Two men set out on a journey together. One brings three loaves of bread, the other two. When they are getting ready for their meal, ...