A rabbinically instituted ban whose transgressors are under a form of ostracism. The most famous public charamot are those by Rabbeinu Gershom.

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Understanding the cherem to tell Yaakov that Yosef was alive

In Bereshis 37:33 Rashi cites the midrash that the brothers pronounced an excommunication and curse on anyone who would reveal what they did. This is why God, as well as Yitzhak didn't tell Yaakov. I ...
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1answer
68 views

Excommunication in Judaism

What is the process for excommunication in Judaism? I'm familiar with excommunication in the Catholic Church and was told that the process is different in Judaism.
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21 views

Were there specific formulaic rules for declaring someone “cherem”?

Wikipedia article on cherem lists the Talmudic rules on what offenses qualified for niddui. However, it doesn't seem to actually list anything specific (aside from monetary issues that caused ...
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69 views

How can private letters be published?

Rabbeinu Gershom issued a Cherem (ban) on unauthorized reading of private letters. I would like to know how books which contain private correspondence or sh'elos us'shuvos between Rabbis and ...
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1answer
55 views

Where did Rav Menashe Me'Iliah argue on Rashi?

On the Wikipedia page of מנשה מאיליה it says: לפעמים סבל מקנאים שלא ירדו לסוף דעתו. היו שהסתייגו ממנו בגלוי כגון הרב יעקב'קע לנדא (בנו של הרב יחזקאל לנדא, בעל הנודע ביהודה), שעורר קפידא בגלל שהשיג ...
6
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0answers
147 views

Is it forbidden for a Jew to read the writings of Baruch Spinoza?

The cherem against Spinoza says the following: The Lords of the ma'amad, having long known of the evil opinions and acts of Baruch de Espinoza... We order that no one should communicate with him ...
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133 views

Nature of Prohibition on Banned Jewish/Torah Books

In the last decade there have been quite a few bans (cherem) on books published for the Orthodox Jew. Usually these bans are put in place by Israeli Charedi Rabbis. To my knowledge most of these bans ...
5
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1answer
195 views

why was R. Eliezer ben Hyrcanus excommunicated?

Bava Metzia 59b says that at the end of the episode of the Oven of Akhnai, Rabbi Eliezer ben Hyrcanus was excommunicated. (Apparently there's a makhloket about whether this was nidui or cherem.) The ...
3
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1answer
95 views

What does being put in cheirem mean for you and your descendants?

A (not-so-observant) friend of mine recently told me that his great-grandfather was put into cheirem and, not being able to have children while in cheirem, his descendants (including my friend) are ...
4
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2answers
332 views

Has the Ban of Rabbenu Gershom expired?

I have heard that the ban or cherem of Rabbenu Gershom has expired. Is this the case? If so, what are the ramifications visa vi his enactments?
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1answer
306 views

Embarrassing a Baal Teshuva

Be'er Hagolah at the end of Yoreh Deah 334 says that one of the things that are considered Cherem D'Rabeinu Gersom is not to embarrass a Baal Teshuva regarding his previous lifestyle. Yet when you ...
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2answers
184 views

What are the 3 things Rabeinu Gershom banned?

I've heard that Rabeinu Gershom (a 10th-11th century scholar) banned 3 things, and I know one of them is polygamy. Does anyone know what the other two are?
4
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73 views

May I publish correspendence received from a corporation?

I understand that there are ethical and possibly halachic issues with publishing a letter or piece of email that I receive from another person without explicit permission. What are the considerations ...
6
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2answers
228 views

Does the cherem that the Vilna Gaon put on certain sectors of Chassidus still apply?

It is known that the Vilna Gaon put 2 sectors of Chassidus in Cherem. I am wondering who has permitted them now seeing as we non-Chassidim don't make borders between them and ourselves.
4
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138 views

Gezeira of Rabbeinu Gershom History

Has the original text of the Gazeira of Rabbeinu Gershom been lost. If so when? Who are the earliest sources stating such?
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678 views

Gezeira of Rabbeinu Gershom text

Does anyone know where I can find the actual text of the Gezeira of Rabbeinu Gershom? It keeps popping up in my learning, but only as being referenced, I would like to read that actual text.