Questions about the person who leads Jewish prayers when a minyan is present.

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6
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1answer
43 views

If a chazzan has to repeat Shmoneh Esrei, can he use the chazarat hashatz for that?

Let's say a chazzan makes a mistake in his personal Shmoneh Esrei that he would have to repeat it for (e.g. missed yaaleh vyavoh). Can he use the chazarat hashatz as his required repetition, or must ...
4
votes
1answer
122 views

Shaliach Tzibbur and passing gas

The Shulchan Aruch 103:2 writes one praying who needs to pass gas should thereafter wait until the smell leaves and then continue praying. If one smells a bad smell should also wait until the smell ...
4
votes
1answer
263 views

Which is the height considered 3 tefachim for not “praying in height”? (30cm?)

Recently we had to make a synagogue for one day at a hall, and we used a scaffold for the Shaliach tzibbur to be well heard by all the public. The Scaffold was 1m x 1.5m, and I don't remember the ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

A Less-Observant Jew Leading Prayers

Can a Jew who does not observe Shabbat act as a shaliach tzibur (to lead prayers on behalf the congregation)? I know that many are lenient and find reasons to count a mechalel shabbat for a minyan, ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

If we repeat amida to help those who cannot otherwise pray, what of maariv?

As discussed in answers to this related question, we repeat the amida of shacharis and mincha to aid those who do not have a siddur, have not memorized the brachot, or who cannot read, but we don't do ...
4
votes
1answer
326 views

What purpose does the repetition of the Shemoneh Esrei (Amidah) serve?

Does the repetition serve to ensure that everyone present has fulfilled the mitzvah of tefila? If so, does saying "amen" to all of the blessings work in substitution of the silent Shemoneh Esrei, in a ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Why does the chazzan or gabbai recite the “El malei rachamim” prayer?

Wikipedia states "El malei rachamim" is a funeral prayer used by the Ashkenazi Jewish community. The chazzan recites it, for the ascension of the souls of the dead, during the funeral, going ...
4
votes
3answers
293 views

Why is a prayer leader still removed for omitting V'lamalshinim?

TL;DR The Ashkenazi nusach of V'lamalshinim omits explicit mention of heretics. Therefore, recitation or omission of this blessing by the prayer leader seems to no longer serve as a signal for ...
5
votes
1answer
51 views

Using a different text of Birkat Minim

It is known that we remove a sha"tz for omitting Birkat Minim. However, there are multiple texts that I know of, including: Vilmalshinim, Laminim, and Vilam'shumadim. There are also small variants in ...
3
votes
0answers
24 views

Origin of custom to switch Shli'ach Tzibur in Shacharit

In a number of shuls, it has become a minhag to switch Shat"z during the weekday Shacharit at these locations. I am assuming Nusach Ashkenaz in my examples: One person says only Birkot Hashachar -> ...
4
votes
1answer
42 views

How to start שחרית at the עמוד if one's already said ישתבח

Seemingly, if one is ahead of the congregation and reaches "Yishtabach", he should recite it. Now, suppose he does so, and then the fellow in charge of getting people to lead the services comes over ...
17
votes
13answers
1k views

What are the oldest Jewish songs (tune plus words) that are still popular today?

When I say "song", I mean the combination of tune and words; and yes I'm probably thinking Ashkenazically here. It seems like any European old-timer I've met knows the "good old fashioned" tune for ...
6
votes
1answer
231 views

Why no repetition of the Shema in shul?

We repeat the amida in shul for the sake of those who do not know the amida. We read the birkat hamzaon aloud for the sake of those who do not know the blessings. In both cases, we assume that many ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Why does the leader wear a talis on the first night of s'lichos in a Chabad synagogue?

In Chabad-Lubavitch synagogues, it is customary that anyone who would not wear a talis normally does not do so just because he's leading/representing the congregation. The only exception of which I'm ...
7
votes
3answers
195 views

Is it permitted to have a boy under barmitzvah age sing Anim Zemiros?

Is it permitted to have a boy under barmitzvah age sing the Shir Hakavod (or Anim Zemiros)? Why is it not like any other part of davenning where we use someone over barmitzvah?
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Yehi Ratzon's after Hagba on Monday & Thursday

On Monday and Thursday after Hagba on days that Tachnun is said, the Chazan says aloud a few Yehi Ratzon's immediately after Hagba was done while Gelila is still being done. Suppose the Chazan had ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Can a Ba'al Qeri act as Shaliahh Tzibbur?

The question arises in the Halakhah (Qitzur Shulhhan Arukh, Yalqut Yosef, Orahh Hayim 88:1) as to whether a Ba'al Qeri (one who has recently released his seed) is permitted to read Qeri'at Shema' and ...
5
votes
1answer
78 views

Can a Chazzan say the Mourner's Kaddish despite not being a mourner?

If someone needs to say Kaddish for a parent but is intimidated to be the only one in shul saying it, is it permissible for the Chazzan to say the Mourner's Kaddish and the Rabbi's Kaddish at the same ...
9
votes
0answers
80 views

What's wrong with singing together? [duplicate]

I once saw a sign in a synagogue which announced a change in their custom. Originally, everyone would sing Kel Adon on Shabbat shacharit together. Now, each stanza is quietly recited by the ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Mi-Shebeirach for Shabbat musaf starting point

I have noticed in many kehillot, that the sha"tz will begin the Mi-Shebeirach before musaf (Hu y'varech et kol hakahal) at "(U)Mi she-oskim". At first, I thought that this was probably an oversight ...
13
votes
2answers
285 views

why does the chazzan stand for the entire davening?

From what I have seen, other than tachanun (nefilat apayim) the chazzan stands for the entire davening. Why is this so? Why not sit for things like krias shema?
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Should the Chazan bow when reciting Kaddish (even before “Oseh Shalom…”)? If so, when? [duplicate]

The Chazan bows 3 times when reciting "Oseh Shalom..." At the beginning of Kaddish should he bow as well? And if so, when? Occasionally I've seen a Chazan or two bow, but the vast majority don't.
5
votes
2answers
76 views

Why no Chazaras HaShatz at Maariv

Why do we do Chazaras HaShatz for Shacharit and Mincha, but not for Maariv? (It would be appreciated if you can find a source/support)
0
votes
1answer
66 views

In contemporary minyanim, can the shaliach tzibur fulfill the mitzvah of tefilah for someone who is listening?

Whereas one person commonly fulfills the kiddush obligation for the entire table on shabbat and yom tov, I never see anyone fulfill the mitzvah of tefilah by listening to the shaliach tzibur, and ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

The Chazon Ish pronunciation

The Chazon Ish would tell the Shatz to be careful pronouncing בַּֽעַל גְּבוּרוֹת so it didn't come out as בַּֽל. What is a source that the Chazon Ish would do this?
4
votes
1answer
28 views

Which is the 'real' amida for the shliach tzibur?

The shliach tzibur (shatz) davens 2 shemona esrei's. 1-Which is the one that he davens for himself personally? 2-Are both of the 'real' so to speak? If so, how does this work?
1
vote
1answer
58 views

How does the chazzan say “omein” in the kaddish before the Amida in Mincha and Maariv

I asked in How to say go-al Yisroel before Shacharis Amida “When the leader gets to just before the Shacharis Amida, how should he say the blessing go-al Yisroel: aloud or saying the word ...
6
votes
2answers
53 views

What if, when the Kohanim washing their hands, less than ten remain?

Before Birkas Kohanim, the Levi'im wash the Kohanim's hands. In many communities, this occurs during the chazzan's repitition of Shemoneh Esrei, and in a room outside the main shul. Normally, there ...
4
votes
2answers
67 views

Learning while the Chazzan recites piyutim

During the Chazzan's repetition of the Shemoneh Esrei, one is generally required to pay absolute attention and avoid learning etc. What about when the Chazzan is reciting piyutim during his ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Aseres Yemai Teshuva passages in the Chazzan's repetition

From Rosh Hashanah to Yom Kippur, four passages are added to Shemoneh Esrei. In many congregations, during the Chazzan's repetition, each passage is first recited by the congregation, then the ...
25
votes
6answers
665 views

How can we get people to stop talking (much, loudly) during minyan?

I know that lots of minyanim have the talking problem; has anybody solved it? I daven with a weekday shacharit minyan that has a noise problem. A couple of people are the main sources of the problem ...
3
votes
1answer
111 views

Why does Chazan (“seer”) mean prayer leader?

The leader of the Tefillah is referred to as a חַזַּן. The word חַזַּן, although translated as a cantor, actually comes from the word חֲזוֹן which means vision. Is there a source for this?
0
votes
1answer
82 views

Wearing Tallis/Tzitzit at night

I have read in Rabbi Hertzel Hillel Yitzchak's book Tzel Heharim: Tzitzit that it is permissable for a chazzan to wear a tallis at night (see page 60 of that book) provided that he does not have an ...
3
votes
1answer
27 views

Recordings of Baer and Lewandowski

Chazzanim Avraham Baer z"l and Louis Lewandowski a"h created some of the most important books of chazzanut of the 19th century. בעל תפלה oder Der Praktische Vorbeter and Kol Rinnah U'Tefillah recorded ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Can a Chazan silently or aloud say Yom Kippur piyutim in English?

Some shuls (such as mine) do many sections of most piyutim silently. Is the Shat"z allowed to do the silent portions in English and just say the ending of the piyut aloud in Hebrew? Related - many of ...
7
votes
1answer
75 views

At what point does a chazzan take three steps back after chazaras hashatz?

Just a question I've never been able to find a concrete answer to. At what point does a chazzan take his three steps back at the end of chazaras hashatz? Would it be while/after saying "Yihyu ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

Guitar during public weekday prayers

Is anyone aware of any halakhic opinion regarding the playing of musical instruments, guitar for example, in shul on a weekday, not shabbo. Does it have the same religious stigma and opposition as ...
5
votes
2answers
306 views

Is there any basis for Chabad minhagim regarding tallit gadol?

I often daven at Chabad shuls and I have noticed that they have some particulars regarding tallit usage inconsistent with the rest of Ashkenazi Jewry, including: not wearing when receiving an aliyah ...
3
votes
0answers
53 views

Shliach tzibur not following the shul nusach

In my shul the official nusach is Chabad. The rabbi is Chabad too. Most of the congregants are not Chassidic and they are used to daven nusach Sfard or Ashkenaz. My question is: is the shliach tzibur ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Chazzanish Recordings

Are there any recordings of any of the old, German chazzanim singing their nusach? I know that KAYJ.net includes a nusach page, however, the recordings are somewhat lackluster (although they are an ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Making kabbalistic declarations aloud

Many siddurim include sections before tefillot and mitzvot (such as Baruch She'amar, tzitzit/tallit, and tefillin) kabbalistic declarations of intent, typically beginning with the words hareini or ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

V'kara zeh el zeh v'amar - When does who bow left then right here?

At the beginning of Kedusha, the Chazzan says v'kara zeh el zeh v'amar. I've seen three types of chazzanim with regard to bowing left at the first zeh and right at the second: bow left and right at ...
5
votes
2answers
106 views

Shliach Tzibbur and Tashlumim for missed tefillah

The M"B in Siman 108 Sif-Katan 4 brings that someone who missed a tefillah and is now the shliach tzibbur may use the chazaras ha'shatz for his tashlumim. (Makor in Radbaz Siman 361.) The Radbaz ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Answer after “Morid haTal” in the Amida

In my shul, people answer something after "Morid hatal" in the Hazara of the Amida. It sounds like "Livraha". Do you know what word it is exactly and what it means? Thank you
-1
votes
1answer
54 views

Answering Amein

One may not answer אמן to a ברכה until the ברכה is totally finished. Too often the חזן lengthens out the last word of the ,ברכה particularly on ראש חודש or יום טוב and the מתפללים answer before the ...
1
vote
2answers
98 views

What is the rule for a girl under Bat Mitzva to sing Shir Hakavod (a.k.a. Anym Zemirot)?

As pointed out here, it is not required and widely common for a boy under Bar Mitzva to lead the congregation in the singing of Shir Hakavd. My question: is it acceptable for a girl under Bat Mitzva ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views
7
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2answers
52 views

When the חזן has finished and a mourner is saying קדיש, at what point is it correct for the חזן to leave the עמוד?

When the חזן has finished the prayers and a mourner is saying קדיש, at what point is it correct for him to remove his טלית (if he is wearing one) and leave the עמוד? On the one hand it seems ...
6
votes
4answers
320 views

How can people who dress in “only” black lead tefillah, the Mishna warns us against those “machmir” about colors?

We learn in Mishnah Megillah 4:8 that if someone insists on wearing only one color when they pray we do not let them be the "shliach tzibor" (prayer leader). This is because we suspect he is involved ...
12
votes
4answers
251 views

How do we know what the Chazzan should say aloud?

In many siddurim, the text indicates a position, toward the end of each normal paragraph of prayer, where the Chazzan is supposed to start reading aloud, so that everyone knows when it's time to go on ...