Questions about the person who leads Jewish prayers when a minyan is present.

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3
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1answer
79 views
7
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2answers
52 views

When the חזן has finished and a mourner is saying קדיש, at what point is it correct for the חזן to leave the עמוד?

When the חזן has finished the prayers and a mourner is saying קדיש, at what point is it correct for him to remove his טלית (if he is wearing one) and leave the עמוד? On the one hand it seems ...
6
votes
4answers
324 views

How can people who dress in “only” black lead tefillah, the Mishna warns us against those “machmir” about colors?

We learn in Mishnah Megillah 4:8 that if someone insists on wearing only one color when they pray we do not let them be the "shliach tzibor" (prayer leader). This is because we suspect he is involved ...
12
votes
4answers
256 views

How do we know what the Chazzan should say aloud?

In many siddurim, the text indicates a position, toward the end of each normal paragraph of prayer, where the Chazzan is supposed to start reading aloud, so that everyone knows when it's time to go on ...
3
votes
3answers
122 views

Should a chazan who missed a day count the omer with a b'racha?

In general, someone who misses a complete day's counting the omer continues to count without preceding his count with the b'racha (benediction) normally recited for the mitzva of counting. (In fact ...
8
votes
2answers
203 views

Why does the Chazzan bow when saying “Gadlu” holding the Torah?

There's a widespread custom for the Chazzan to bow, facing the ark, when reciting "Gadlu" with the Torah before carrying it away. The Aruch Hashulach (282:1) says that one should do this, but doesn't ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

Hefsek during kaddish and shemonah Esrei

Here's the case: In the shul I daven mincha in during the week, the chazzan is stopped nearly daily by the rav, either in the middle of the kaddish recited after ashrei or in the middle of Shemonah ...
4
votes
2answers
60 views

What does the shaliach tzibbur do if he is stuck by someone behind him still davening?

One is not supposed to take 3 steps back at the end of Tefillah if there is someone davening behind them within 4 amos. (See here for more.) What if the Shaliach Tzibbur is finished davening, and ...
2
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1answer
73 views

Can a deaf person be a shaliach tzibbur?

I recall reading (Mishnah Brurah - don't recall location) that the shali'ach tzibbur must wait until everyone answers "amen" before proceeding to thE next bracha. If a deaf person were prompted by ...
2
votes
0answers
115 views

What is a typical amount that a chazzan for a large shul be paid for leading the high holiday services?

I have heard anecdotally that a world class chazzan can make nearly $100,000 for leading the services on Rosh Hashanna and Yom Kippur. I don't know exactly how to confirm this but I am trying to find ...
5
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0answers
59 views

What book would be a good reference for prayer melodies?

When davening at different synagogues, I notice that some use different melodies for songs (eg: El Adon, Hallel, L'kha Dodi) as well as different nusach (in the sense of melodies for brachot used for ...
2
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0answers
51 views

Where exactly should the amud be placed?

In some synagogues I have seen the amud (lectern) from where the chazan (prayer leader) stands to say the prayers, placed a few feet in front of the aron (cabinet) where the torah is kept or between ...
4
votes
2answers
669 views

When exactly should an avel (mourner) not be davening before the amud?

An avel (mourner) if possible should also daven before the amud (be the chazan) on weekdays. But certain times of the year especially when tachanun is not said (but not every time) he should not be ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Kedusha after Tefila

Today, in our Shul (in Shaharit) a man walked in a little late and I guess he didn't have enough time to catch up to our Minyan. After Tefila, he asked the Gabbai if he could say his own Shemona Esre, ...
8
votes
2answers
129 views

Why does the congregation recite something different during the repetition of the hoda'ah — but nowhere else?

During the repetition of the amidah, during the hoda'ah (modim) the congregation recites a different text while the shaliach tzibbur recites the text we all did during the silent amidah. (1) Why do ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

Bowing during kedusha

Today at Mincha, the Shaliach tzibbur bowed for each word of Kadosh Kadosh Kadosh, to the left, right, and then center, as we do at the end of Shemoneh Esrei. I have never seen that before. Is there ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Ritual immersion for the cantor

I pray with Chassidim. Before someone begins to lead the prayer, they ask if he underwent ritual immersion that morning. Is there a (and if so, what is the) source for this requiring the cantor to ...
3
votes
2answers
89 views

Is the chazzan allowed to wait to say kaddish?

Sometimes in my ashkenazik morning minyan (prayer service) we don't have a minyan (quorum of 10 men) when the shaliach tzibor (leader of the service) reaches the point of saying kaddish in pisukei ...
7
votes
2answers
172 views

Why are different kaddishes said by different people?

The "Mourners' Kaddish" and the "Rabbis' Kaddish" are said by mourners: either all instances are said by all mourners in the synagogue simultaneously, or each mourner gets a turn at one kaddish, or ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Is it right to point out that the Chazzan omitted a brocho in his repetition of the amida?

In this question we learnt that if the Chazzan left out a brocho in his repetition of the amida he would have to repeat the repetition. Is it right to point out that the Chazzan omitted a brocho? ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Shaliach Tzibbur missed out one or more blessings in the repetition of the amidah. What to do later?

What should one do if the Shaliach Tzibbur missed out one or more blessings in the repetition of the amidah and it was only pointed out to him after he had finished? Does he have to repeat the amidah ...
0
votes
1answer
204 views

any source for the idea that the Baal Koreh represents Moshe Rabbainu?

I have heard that the Baal Koreh represents Moshe Rabbeinu like at matan torah. Does anybody have a source for that idea?
6
votes
2answers
169 views

What can a Gabbai do if no one wants to Daven from the Amud?

As a Gabbai Sheni I have noticed that often the Gabbai has a difficult time getting someone to daven from the Amud. Some Shuls have paid Chazonim, yet others can not afford that. What can a Gabbai do ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Shliah Tzibbur's Repetition of Lines of Kedushah

In kedushah, in hazarat ha-shatz, when the congregation has finished saying 'Kadosh kadosh kadosh...' and it's time for the shliah tzibbur to repeat the line out loud, it seems like the practice is ...
8
votes
1answer
81 views

Best practices for well-circulating Hoshanot

What can a congregation or an individual chazzan do to make the Hoshanot work as well as possible, logistically? I've been to many Sukkot services, especially on Hoshana Raba (HR), in which the ...
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0answers
34 views

“He'amur” rather than “ha'amur” in K'dusha introduction?

A shali'ach tzibur I heard recently, in the introductory paragraph of K'dusha on shabas morning read the line "kadavar he'amur al yad n'vi'echa". A fellow audience member said that he does this ...
6
votes
2answers
168 views

Shochen Ad, HaKail, HaMelech - why?

Why does the Shaliach Tzibbur start Shacharis on Shabbos from Shochein Ad, on Yom Tov from HaKeil, and on Rosh HaShana/Yom Kippur from HaMelech?
4
votes
1answer
125 views

Shaliach tzibur who publically transgresses a Biblical commandment

Can one lechatchila appoint a shaliach tzibur who is known to publicly transgress a biblical prohibition? What if there is/isn't another person who can lead the prayers instead? Sources please.
2
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0answers
66 views

Davening together with the shliach tzibbur on Rosh HaShanah

On Rosh HaShanah one was not able to daven the quiet Shemoneh Esrei with the tzibbur. Now he wants to daven together with the Shliach Tzibbur (in order that it should be considered "tefillah ...
2
votes
1answer
192 views

Following minhagim when praying in a different community?

Say you go to a minyan of a different community than your own, how should you behave? When being hazan do you use their pronunciation or yours? Do you pray your nusach or theirs? Do you put on talit ...
4
votes
1answer
72 views

Sources and reasoning for variant chazzan timings in Kedusha

In various siddurim, I have seen two different instructions for when the chazzan should say the central lines of Kedusha ("Kadosh ...," "Baruch ...," and "Yimloch ..."): Along with the congregation ...
6
votes
0answers
73 views

Chazzan finishing last phrase of paragraph [duplicate]

Who decided where to put that indicator in printed siddurim that you see in every paragraph of davening that indicates to the chazzan where to start to read out loud to finish the paragraph, and why ...
4
votes
1answer
129 views

To say the 13 midos in “tachanun” weekday mincha, should the Sha"tz wear a tallis?

I asked the question "The Gemoro in Rosh Hashono 17b says that HKB”H put on a talis like a shaliach tzibbur and taught Moshe the 13 middos and said whenever Israel sins they should perform before Me ...
6
votes
1answer
212 views

May the prayer leader drink water (to lubricate his voice) during the weekday prayers?

I have seen the person leading the prayers taking a drink of water (to lubricate his voice) during the weekday prayers. Assuming he made a blessing (for the water, as usual before eating or drinking ...
11
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3answers
269 views

Can you learn during chazarat hashatz?

Are you allowed to learn Torah silently during the chazzan's repetition of Shmonah Esrei? (This is a case where you are davening with that minyan.)
8
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0answers
217 views

Any good sources for Ashkenazi prayer modes and melodies for the whole year?

Anyone know of any good sources for Ashkenazi prayer modes and melodies for the whole year? I'm looking for traditional Ashkenazi nusach, but perhaps not embellished like concert chazzanut. A good ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Adapting melodies from pop culture to liturgy

On JM in the AM, once, I heard a leading chazzan -- sorry I don't recall the name, but he was a leader in an organization for chazans -- make the argument that it is assur to adapt melodies from pop ...
14
votes
4answers
226 views

How to say go-al Yisroel before Shacharis Amida

When the leader gets to just before the Shacharis Amida, how should he say the blessing go-al Yisroel: aloud or saying the word Yisroel so the end of it cannot be heard?
5
votes
3answers
130 views

Does attending a regular shiur take precedence over leading the prayers on a Yahrzeit?

It is a widespread custom to lead the prayers (daven from the amud) on the anniversary of a parent’s death (yahrzeit). Suppose that if I do this for a service on the yahrzeit of a parent it will ...
5
votes
1answer
176 views

Should the Shliach Tzibur say end-verses quietly to himself before saying them out loud?

The Shliach Tzibur reads most prayers quietly until (about) the last verse, and then reads the last verse out loud (either for the congregation to follow along, or for them to answer Amen). Should the ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

Can one switch chazzanim at non-traditional places in the service to accommodate a mourner who came late?

Can one switch chazzanim at non-traditional places in the service to accomodate a mourner who came late? For example, Reuven is asked to lead the prayers (say mincha). He says “Ashrei”, “Kaddish” and ...
7
votes
0answers
114 views

Minhag of bothering the chazzan on Simchas Torah

I have seen the custom of bothering the chazzan during the musaf service on Simchas Torah. I have seen people tie the chazzan's gartel to a chair, or try to move the chazzan to a diffrent place. I ...
7
votes
2answers
342 views

Refusing to Daven from the Amud

According to Bruchos 34a, one should initially refuse to Daven for the Amud, so as to feel unworthy of the duty and to not look too eager to do it. The first time one is asked he should refuse, the ...
3
votes
2answers
105 views

Shliach Tzibbur that says “HaKel HaKodesh” instead of “HaMelech”

What should be done in a case where the shliach tzibbur when davening chazaras ha'shatz makes a mistake and instead of saying "HaMelech HaKodesh" during Eseres Yamei Teshuva he says "HaKel HaKodesh". ...
5
votes
2answers
167 views

Online resources for traditional Ashkenazi Rosh Hashana melodies?

I received a request for help this afternoon and it's already Shabbat in the requester's time zone, so I'm asking on her behalf. A small community has just lost their Rosh Hashana sh'liach tzibbur ...
4
votes
1answer
121 views

Making mistakes in shemone esri

I would assume at some point, too many uncorrected mistakes during the shemone esri (not talking about the things that would make it avodah zara here) would make it invalid/useless as it simply loses ...
0
votes
5answers
217 views

What is the benefit to praying with a Minyan?

What is the benefit(s) of Praying with a Minyan? Besides for all the additional things you can now do with a Minyan (Kaddish, Kriah etc). By prayer, I mean the Shmoneh Esreh. What is different in ...
6
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0answers
58 views

What is the reason for the lights lit on the desk of the prayer leader?

What is the reason for the candles or lights lit on the desk of the chazzan (prayer leader)? In a shul today I saw candles lit on a table at least 6 feet from the reader. Does that fulfill the ...
9
votes
2answers
168 views

When there are four aveilim (mourners), Is it better to have one minyan of 40 people or 4 minyonim of ten each?

Today I was in a shul where there were four parallel mincha services because four mourners wanted to lead the services. I thought there was a principle of ברב עם הדרת מלך? What sources are there that ...
8
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0answers
82 views

“Oyoyoy” a hefsek? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Humming during shmoneh esre Is saying "oyoyoy" in places where you're not allowed to speak (e.g. Shemoneh Esreh) a hefsek (interruption)? Does it make a difference that ...