Questions about the person who leads Jewish prayers when a minyan is present.

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4
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32 views

What book would be a good reference for prayer melodies?

When davening at different synagogues, I notice that some use different melodies for songs (eg: El Adon, Hallel, L'kha Dodi) as well as different nusach (in the sense of melodies for brachot used for ...
2
votes
0answers
99 views

What is a typical amount that a chazzan for a large shul be paid for leading the high holiday services?

I have heard anecdotally that a world class chazzan can make nearly $100,000 for leading the services on Rosh Hashanna and Yom Kippur. I don't know exactly how to confirm this but I am trying to find ...
2
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0answers
32 views

Where exactly should the amud be placed?

In some synagogues I have seen the amud (lectern) from where the chazan (prayer leader) stands to say the prayers, placed a few feet in front of the aron (cabinet) where the torah is kept or between ...
3
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0answers
40 views

Hefsek during kaddish and shemonah Esrei

Here's the case: In the shul I daven mincha in during the week, the chazzan is stopped nearly daily by the rav, either in the middle of the kaddish recited after ashrei or in the middle of Shemonah ...
1
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0answers
40 views

Should the Chazan bow when reciting Kaddish (even before “Oseh Shalom…”)? If so, when? [duplicate]

The Chazan bows 3 times when reciting "Oseh Shalom..." At the beginning of Kaddish should he bow as well? And if so, when? Occasionally I've seen a Chazan or two bow, but the vast majority don't.
6
votes
1answer
40 views

When the חזן has finished and a mourner is saying קדיש, at what point is it correct for the חזן to leave the עמוד?

When the חזן has finished the prayers and a mourner is saying קדיש, at what point is it correct for him to remove his טלית (if he is wearing one) and leave the עמוד? On the one hand it seems ...
4
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0answers
111 views

Is there any basis for Chabad minhagim regarding tallit gadol?

I often daven at Chabad shuls and I have noticed that they have some particulars regarding tallit usage inconsistent with the rest of Ashkenazi Jewry, including: not wearing when receiving an aliyah ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

Bowing during kedusha

Today at Mincha, the Shaliach tzibbur bowed for each word of Kadosh Kadosh Kadosh, to the left, right, and then center, as we do at the end of Shemoneh Esrei. I have never seen that before. Is there ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Ritual immersion for the cantor

I pray with Chassidim. Before someone begins to lead the prayer, they ask if he underwent ritual immersion that morning. Is there a (and if so, what is the) source for this requiring the cantor to ...
3
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2answers
62 views

Is the chazzan allowed to wait to say kaddish?

Sometimes in my ashkenazik morning minyan (prayer service) we don't have a minyan (quorum of 10 men) when the shaliach tzibor (leader of the service) reaches the point of saying kaddish in pisukei ...
1
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1answer
48 views

Is it right to point out that the Chazzan omitted a brocho in his repetition of the amida?

In this question we learnt that if the Chazzan left out a brocho in his repetition of the amida he would have to repeat the repetition. Is it right to point out that the Chazzan omitted a brocho? ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Shaliach Tzibbur missed out one or more blessings in the repetition of the amidah. What to do later?

What should one do if the Shaliach Tzibbur missed out one or more blessings in the repetition of the amidah and it was only pointed out to him after he had finished? Does he have to repeat the amidah ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Shliah Tzibbur's Repetition of Lines of Kedushah

In kedushah, in hazarat ha-shatz, when the congregation has finished saying 'Kadosh kadosh kadosh...' and it's time for the shliah tzibbur to repeat the line out loud, it seems like the practice is ...
7
votes
1answer
68 views

Best practices for well-circulating Hoshanot

What can a congregation or an individual chazzan do to make the Hoshanot work as well as possible, logistically? I've been to many Sukkot services, especially on Hoshana Raba (HR), in which the ...
1
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0answers
26 views

“He'amur” rather than “ha'amur” in K'dusha introduction?

A shali'ach tzibur I heard recently, in the introductory paragraph of K'dusha on shabas morning read the line "kadavar he'amur al yad n'vi'echa". A fellow audience member said that he does this ...
4
votes
2answers
172 views

When exactly should an avel (mourner) not be davening before the amud?

An avel (mourner) if possible should also daven before the amud (be the chazan) on weekdays. But certain times of the year especially when tachanun is not said (but not every time) he should not be ...
3
votes
2answers
200 views

Why is a prayer leader still removed for omitting V'lamalshinim?

TL;DR The Ashkenazi nusach of V'lamalshinim omits explicit mention of heretics. Therefore, recitation or omission of this blessing by the prayer leader seems to no longer serve as a signal for ...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

Shaliach tzibur who publically transgresses a Biblical commandment

Can one lechatchila appoint a shaliach tzibur who is known to publicly transgress a biblical prohibition? What if there is/isn't another person who can lead the prayers instead? Sources please.
2
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0answers
59 views

Davening together with the shliach tzibbur on Rosh HaShanah

On Rosh HaShanah one was not able to daven the quiet Shemoneh Esrei with the tzibbur. Now he wants to daven together with the Shliach Tzibbur (in order that it should be considered "tefillah ...
2
votes
1answer
156 views

Following minhagim when praying in a different community?

Say you go to a minyan of a different community than your own, how should you behave? When being hazan do you use their pronunciation or yours? Do you pray your nusach or theirs? Do you put on talit ...
4
votes
1answer
56 views

Sources and reasoning for variant chazzan timings in Kedusha

In various siddurim, I have seen two different instructions for when the chazzan should say the central lines of Kedusha ("Kadosh ...," "Baruch ...," and "Yimloch ..."): Along with the congregation ...
6
votes
0answers
70 views

Chazzan finishing last phrase of paragraph [duplicate]

Who decided where to put that indicator in printed siddurim that you see in every paragraph of davening that indicates to the chazzan where to start to read out loud to finish the paragraph, and why ...
8
votes
1answer
210 views

why does the chazzan stand for the entire davening?

From what I have seen, other than tachanun (nefilat apayim) the chazzan stands for the entire davening. Why is this so? Why not sit for things like krias shema?
2
votes
1answer
134 views

Which is the height considered 3 tefachim for not “praying in height”? (30cm?)

Recently we had to make a synagogue for one day at a hall, and we used a scaffold for the Shaliach tzibbur to be well heard by all the public. The Scaffold was 1m x 1.5m, and I don't remember the ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

Kedusha after Tefila

Today, in our Shul (in Shaharit) a man walked in a little late and I guess he didn't have enough time to catch up to our Minyan. After Tefila, he asked the Gabbai if he could say his own Shemona Esre, ...
0
votes
1answer
149 views

any source for the idea that the Baal Koreh represents Moshe Rabbainu?

I have heard that the Baal Koreh represents Moshe Rabbeinu like at matan torah. Does anybody have a source for that idea?
7
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0answers
121 views

Any good sources for Ashkenazi prayer modes and melodies for the whole year?

Anyone know of any good sources for Ashkenazi prayer modes and melodies for the whole year? I'm looking for traditional Ashkenazi nusach, but perhaps not embellished like concert chazzanut. A good ...
3
votes
0answers
40 views

Shliach Tzibbur and Tashlumim for missed tefillah

The M"B in Siman 108 Sif-Katan 4 brings that someone who missed a tefillah and is now the shliach tzibbur may use the chazaras ha'shatz for his tashlumim. (Makor in Radbaz Siman 361.) The Radbaz ...
6
votes
1answer
182 views

May the prayer leader drink water (to lubricate his voice) during the weekday prayers?

I have seen the person leading the prayers taking a drink of water (to lubricate his voice) during the weekday prayers. Assuming he made a blessing (for the water, as usual before eating or drinking ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Adapting melodies from pop culture to liturgy

On JM in the AM, once, I heard a leading chazzan -- sorry I don't recall the name, but he was a leader in an organization for chazans -- make the argument that it is assur to adapt melodies from pop ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Can one switch chazzanim at non-traditional places in the service to accommodate a mourner who came late?

Can one switch chazzanim at non-traditional places in the service to accomodate a mourner who came late? For example, Reuven is asked to lead the prayers (say mincha). He says “Ashrei”, “Kaddish” and ...
5
votes
0answers
77 views

Minhag of bothering the chazzan on Simchas Torah

I have seen the custom of bothering the chazzan during the musaf service on Simchas Torah. I have seen people tie the chazzan's gartel to a chair, or try to move the chazzan to a diffrent place. I ...
8
votes
2answers
111 views

Why does the congregation recite something different during the repetition of the hoda'ah — but nowhere else?

During the repetition of the amidah, during the hoda'ah (modim) the congregation recites a different text while the shaliach tzibbur recites the text we all did during the silent amidah. (1) Why do ...
2
votes
2answers
93 views

Shliach Tzibbur that says “HaKel HaKodesh” instead of “HaMelech”

What should be done in a case where the shliach tzibbur when davening chazaras ha'shatz makes a mistake and instead of saying "HaMelech HaKodesh" during Eseres Yamei Teshuva he says "HaKel HaKodesh". ...
5
votes
2answers
146 views

Online resources for traditional Ashkenazi Rosh Hashana melodies?

I received a request for help this afternoon and it's already Shabbat in the requester's time zone, so I'm asking on her behalf. A small community has just lost their Rosh Hashana sh'liach tzibbur ...
0
votes
5answers
161 views

What is the benefit to praying with a Minyan?

What is the benefit(s) of Praying with a Minyan? Besides for all the additional things you can now do with a Minyan (Kaddish, Kriah etc). By prayer, I mean the Shmoneh Esreh. What is different in ...
4
votes
1answer
110 views

Making mistakes in shemone esri

I would assume at some point, too many uncorrected mistakes during the shemone esri (not talking about the things that would make it avodah zara here) would make it invalid/useless as it simply loses ...
4
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0answers
39 views

What is the reason for the lights lit on the desk of the prayer leader?

What is the reason for the candles or lights lit on the desk of the chazzan (prayer leader)? In a shul today I saw candles lit on a table at least 6 feet from the reader. Does that fulfill the ...
6
votes
2answers
156 views

What can a Gabbai do if no one wants to Daven from the Amud?

As a Gabbai Sheni I have noticed that often the Gabbai has a difficult time getting someone to daven from the Amud. Some Shuls have paid Chazonim, yet others can not afford that. What can a Gabbai do ...
5
votes
1answer
166 views

Should the Shliach Tzibur say end-verses quietly to himself before saying them out loud?

The Shliach Tzibur reads most prayers quietly until (about) the last verse, and then reads the last verse out loud (either for the congregation to follow along, or for them to answer Amen). Should the ...
7
votes
2answers
264 views

Refusing to Daven from the Amud

According to Bruchos 34a, one should initially refuse to Daven for the Amud, so as to feel unworthy of the duty and to not look too eager to do it. The first time one is asked he should refuse, the ...
6
votes
2answers
148 views

Why are different kaddishes said by different people?

The "Mourners' Kaddish" and the "Rabbis' Kaddish" are said by mourners: either all instances are said by all mourners in the synagogue simultaneously, or each mourner gets a turn at one kaddish, or ...
8
votes
0answers
79 views

“Oyoyoy” a hefsek? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Humming during shmoneh esre Is saying "oyoyoy" in places where you're not allowed to speak (e.g. Shemoneh Esreh) a hefsek (interruption)? Does it make a difference that ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

Splitting up Shacharis between two Chiyuvim

I have Davened in a few Shuls where they have split up Shacharis between two Chiyuvim. (One Davens until Ashrei after Tachanun / One davens from Ashrei until the end.) What is the source for doing so? ...
5
votes
3answers
114 views

Does attending a regular shiur take precedence over leading the prayers on a Yahrzeit?

It is a widespread custom to lead the prayers (daven from the amud) on the anniversary of a parent’s death (yahrzeit). Suppose that if I do this for a service on the yahrzeit of a parent it will ...
5
votes
1answer
117 views

Davening Chazaras Hashatz after minyan

I have seen people daven chazaras hashatz after a minyan has just ended out loud,and they expect everyone to answer their kedusha and then they continue the rest of their shmoneh esri quietly. Is ...
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2answers
314 views

Hechi Kedushah anytime?

May a חזן decide on his own to do a Hechi Kedushah, or are there rules for when it is appropriate/mandated?
14
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5answers
376 views

Why do we still do chazarat hashatz?

This question assumes that the purpose of chazarat hashatz is to allow for those who were unable to say their own shmoneah esrei (assumedly due to Hebrew illiteracy) to fulfill their obligation to ...
5
votes
2answers
201 views

How can people who dress in “only” black lead tefillah, the Mishna warns us against those “machmir” about colors?

We learn in Mishnah Megillah 4:8 that if someone insists on wearing only one color when they pray we do not let them be the "shliach tzibor" (prayer leader). This is because we suspect he is involved ...
3
votes
2answers
101 views

What if there's a Minyan of Aveilim?

It is my understanding that when one is in the year of mourning following the death of certain relatives, he is not allowed to lead ["daven from the amud"] certain prayers (such as those on Shabbos, ...