Questions about the person who leads Jewish prayers when a minyan is present.

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Answering the Chazzan from outside a Shul

If one is neither part of a certain Minyan nor Davening at all rather in a different room, but can hear the Chazzan, may he answer to Amen,Kaddish,etc. ?
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34 views

“Chiyuv” to be chazan vs. congregational approval and refusal

Follow-up to this M.Y. answer about a "chiyuv" to daven from the amud. The answer states that a mourner for a parent should try to be shaliach tzibbur. I question whether this rule contradicts some ...
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2answers
57 views

What does it mean for a mourner to “have a chiuv”?

I have noticed that in many synagogues, before davening, the gabbai customarily asks if anybody "has a chiuv". If there is anybody with a chiuv, he is asked to daven from the amud. The people who ...
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1answer
32 views

Chazan's position and path when taking out the Torah?

When taking out the Torah from the ark, what is the proper procedure in these areas? On Shabbat, the Chazan faces the cong. (back to the ark) when saying Shema and Echad Elokeinu. Then he turns to ...
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2answers
42 views

Is Selichos recited in the house of a mourner during shiva on Asara B'Tevet?

Is Selichot said in the house of an avel during shiva on the 10th of Tevet? Does the mourner lead the Selichos?
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1answer
40 views

Steps after chazaras hashatz, if the chazan doesn't continue past Ashre

As user6591 notes, the Shulchan Aruch (OC 123:5) says that the prayer leader does not need to take three steps backward after his repetition of the amida, and the Mishna B'rura (:18) gives the reason: ...
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43 views

Not taking three steps forward for the Chazzan's repetition

Last Shabbat we had a guy fill in for Minchah as Chazzan. He did a great job. I'm sure he was just nervous and didn't want to err. But I noticed he didn't take the 3 steps forward for the repetition. ...
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1answer
51 views

Bowing at borechu with the shaliach tzibbur

I've seen some people bowing at the same time as the shaliach tzibbur while he's saying "borechu" and then bowing again after for boruch hashem etc. What is the source of the practice for this first ...
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42 views

Why does congregational prayer require a chazan / shaliach tzibbur (cantor)?

Talmud Brachot mentions some of the duties of the shali'ach tzibur in terms of some of his halachic responsibilities during prayer. But, I haven't been able to locate anything in the Talmud that ...
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36 views

Why, in Yom Kippour and RH davening, when we say Tefilas responsively, does sometimes the baal Tefila go first, sometimes the congregation?

Why, in Yom Kippour and RH davening, when we say Tefilas responsively, does sometimes the baal Tefila go first, sometimes the congregation? For example, Shema Koilanu, aveenu Malkainu, the Baal tefila ...
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50 views

Praying directly before an aron

It is very common to have a pictorially adorned curtain on an aron kodesh (cabinet that hold the Torah scrolls in a synagogue). It is also very common to have the shatz (prayer leader) stand before ...
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68 views

Why is the Hineni prayer said before the silent Amida?

The Hineni prayer is said by the Chazan before the silent Amida on the high holidays. In it, the Chazan admits his personal flaws but asks still to be allowed to be a righteous and competent ...
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25 views

Seeking downloadable practice files for High Holiday Shacharit practice

IY"H, I shall be the Shaliach Tzibbur for 2nd day Rosh Hashanna Shacharit and Yom Kippur. I feel that I know the nuscah well, as I have been doing this for many years. However, I could use some tunes ...
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33 views

Anenu if planning to break the fast

I have two related questions about the fast day addition to the Amida "Anenu b'yom tzom taaniteinu": If an individual is fasting when he says mincha, but he plans to break the fast after mincha, ...
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62 views

Origin of custom of cantor walking for “Hineni”

Prior to the Musaph service on the High Holidays, the cantor recites a prayer called Hineni, named after the first word of the prayer meaning "Behold, I am...". The prayer's contents is mainly the ...
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18 views

Can a Shaliach Tzibur recite the High Holiday piyutim in English?

Some shuls (this seems common in non-Orthodox shuls) have a lot of English responsive reading during the High Holiday services. Usually the "larger" piyutim, i.e., those that are recited while the ...
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30 views

May the repetition of the Amida be said with only 6 people answering Omein but a Minyan is present? [duplicate]

My shul would often only have 10 people present but some would daven Shemono Esrei longer and so Chazoras Hashatz would be started once there were 6 people to answer Omein. Is this correct and if so ...
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1answer
110 views

If the prayer leader does not distinguish between Gimmel and Ghimmel for Amida he can't be yotzi for others

I was at a Shabbat table and someone told me that, according to Hacham Ovadia Yosef, the one leading the prayers cannot motzi others (i.e. cannot relieve others' prayer obligations) if he does not ...
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9 views

Removal of Tallis after Tefillin [duplicate]

Is there a reason for why the טלית is removed after the תפילין? Does that reason apply to: An unmarried man who is the ש"ץ until the end of davening?[Should he remove his תפילין first like anyone ...
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Origin for different styles for congregational singing in El Adon and Lecha Dodi [duplicate]

In most Nusach Ashkenaz shuls that I have attended, the congregation and chazzan sing Lecha Dodi and Kel Adon together. In most Hassidic minyanim (they are Nusach Sefard. I say "Hassidic" since the ...
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79 views

What is considered a picture for not davening in front of it

I heard that you can't daven in front of a picture What does this included? A mogen Dovid? A flag of israel? A lion? What if it is part of the paroiches or Aron kodesh .... Similar Davening in ...
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1answer
106 views

gedolim on “The Jazz Singer”

The film The Jazz Singer is about a Jewish boy who goes off the derech and portrays him positively. What was the contemporary (1927) rabbinic response to the film and did cantor Yosselle Rosenblatt ...
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42 views

Is it permissible to switch the chazzan in the middle of shacharit on a weekday?

In Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 55:3, the Rama states that if there was a minyan for the beginning of Shmoneh Esrei and some left, the chazzan can say up to (and including) Kaddish Shalem (after Uva ...
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59 views

If a chazzan has to repeat Shmoneh Esrei, can he use the chazarat hashatz for that?

Let's say a chazzan makes a mistake in his personal Shmoneh Esrei that he would have to repeat it for (e.g. missed yaaleh vyavoh). Can he use the chazarat hashatz as his required repetition, or must ...
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1answer
99 views

A Less-Observant Jew Leading Prayers

Can a Jew who does not observe Shabbat act as a shaliach tzibur (to lead prayers on behalf the congregation)? I know that many are lenient and find reasons to count a mechalel shabbat for a minyan, ...
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1answer
96 views

If we repeat amida to help those who cannot otherwise pray, what of maariv?

As discussed in answers to this related question, we repeat the amida of shacharis and mincha to aid those who do not have a siddur, have not memorized the brachot, or who cannot read, but we don't do ...
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1answer
272 views

Why does the chazzan or gabbai recite the “El malei rachamim” prayer?

Wikipedia states "El malei rachamim" is a funeral prayer used by the Ashkenazi Jewish community. The chazzan recites it, for the ascension of the souls of the dead, during the funeral, going ...
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1answer
65 views

Using a different text of Birkat Minim

It is known that we remove a sha"tz for omitting Birkat Minim. However, there are multiple texts that I know of, including: Vilmalshinim, Laminim, and Vilam'shumadim. There are also small variants in ...
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Origin of custom to switch Shli'ach Tzibur in Shacharit

In a number of shuls, it has become a minhag to switch Shat"z during the weekday Shacharit at these locations. I am assuming Nusach Ashkenaz in my examples: One person says only Birkot Hashachar -> ...
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1answer
54 views

How to start שחרית at the עמוד if one's already said ישתבח

Seemingly, if one is ahead of the congregation and reaches "Yishtabach", he should recite it. Now, suppose he does so, and then the fellow in charge of getting people to lead the services comes over ...
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1answer
254 views

Why no repetition of the Shema in shul?

We repeat the amida in shul for the sake of those who do not know the amida. We read the birkat hamzaon aloud for the sake of those who do not know the blessings. In both cases, we assume that many ...
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1answer
55 views

Why does the leader wear a talis on the first night of s'lichos in a Chabad synagogue?

In Chabad-Lubavitch synagogues, it is customary that anyone who would not wear a talis normally does not do so just because he's leading/representing the congregation. The only exception of which I'm ...
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51 views

Yehi Ratzon's after Hagba on Monday & Thursday

On Monday and Thursday after Hagba on days that Tachnun is said, the Chazan says aloud a few Yehi Ratzon's immediately after Hagba was done while Gelila is still being done. Suppose the Chazan had ...
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172 views

Shaliach Tzibbur and passing gas

The Shulchan Aruch 103:2 writes one praying who needs to pass gas should thereafter wait until the smell leaves and then continue praying. If one smells a bad smell should also wait until the smell ...
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What's wrong with singing together? [duplicate]

I once saw a sign in a synagogue which announced a change in their custom. Originally, everyone would sing Kel Adon on Shabbat shacharit together. Now, each stanza is quietly recited by the ...
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77 views

Mi-Shebeirach for Shabbat musaf starting point

I have noticed in many kehillot, that the sha"tz will begin the Mi-Shebeirach before musaf (Hu y'varech et kol hakahal) at "(U)Mi she-oskim". At first, I thought that this was probably an oversight ...
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2answers
119 views

Why no Chazaras HaShatz at Maariv

Why do we do Chazaras HaShatz for Shacharit and Mincha, but not for Maariv? (It would be appreciated if you can find a source/support)
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77 views

In contemporary minyanim, can the shaliach tzibur fulfill the mitzvah of tefilah for someone who is listening?

Whereas one person commonly fulfills the kiddush obligation for the entire table on shabbat and yom tov, I never see anyone fulfill the mitzvah of tefilah by listening to the shaliach tzibur, and ...
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1answer
37 views

Which is the 'real' amida for the shliach tzibur?

The shliach tzibur (shatz) davens 2 shemona esrei's. 1-Which is the one that he davens for himself personally? 2-Are both of the 'real' so to speak? If so, how does this work?
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118 views

How does the chazzan say “omein” in the kaddish before the Amida in Mincha and Maariv

I asked in How to say go-al Yisroel before Shacharis Amida “When the leader gets to just before the Shacharis Amida, how should he say the blessing go-al Yisroel: aloud or saying the word ...
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What if, when the Kohanim washing their hands, less than ten remain?

Before Birkas Kohanim, the Levi'im wash the Kohanim's hands. In many communities, this occurs during the chazzan's repitition of Shemoneh Esrei, and in a room outside the main shul. Normally, there ...
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76 views

Learning while the Chazzan recites piyutim

During the Chazzan's repetition of the Shemoneh Esrei, one is generally required to pay absolute attention and avoid learning etc. What about when the Chazzan is reciting piyutim during his ...
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1answer
32 views

Aseres Yemai Teshuva passages in the Chazzan's repetition

From Rosh Hashanah to Yom Kippur, four passages are added to Shemoneh Esrei. In many congregations, during the Chazzan's repetition, each passage is first recited by the congregation, then the ...
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1answer
119 views

Can a Ba'al Qeri act as Shaliahh Tzibbur?

The question arises in the Halakhah (Qitzur Shulhhan Arukh, Yalqut Yosef, Orahh Hayim 88:1) as to whether a Ba'al Qeri (one who has recently released his seed) is permitted to read Qeri'at Shema' and ...
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88 views

Can a Chazan silently say Yom Kippur piyutim in English?

Some shuls (such as mine) do many sections of most piyutim silently. Is the Shat"z allowed to do the silent portions in English and just say the ending of the piyut aloud in Hebrew?
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116 views

Wearing Tallis/Tzitzit at night

I have read in Rabbi Hertzel Hillel Yitzchak's book Tzel Heharim: Tzitzit that it is permissable for a chazzan to wear a tallis at night (see page 60 of that book) provided that he does not have an ...
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88 views

At what point does a chazzan take three steps back after chazaras hashatz?

Just a question I've never been able to find a concrete answer to. At what point does a chazzan take his three steps back at the end of chazaras hashatz? Would it be while/after saying "Yihyu ...
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1answer
184 views

Guitar during public weekday prayers

Is anyone aware of any halakhic opinion regarding the playing of musical instruments, guitar for example, in shul on a weekday, not shabbo. Does it have the same religious stigma and opposition as ...
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1answer
31 views

Recordings of Baer and Lewandowski

Chazzanim Avraham Baer z"l and Louis Lewandowski a"h created some of the most important books of chazzanut of the 19th century. בעל תפלה oder Der Praktische Vorbeter and Kol Rinnah U'Tefillah recorded ...
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110 views

Can a Chazzan say the Mourner's Kaddish despite not being a mourner?

If someone needs to say Kaddish for a parent but is intimidated to be the only one in shul saying it, is it permissible for the Chazzan to say the Mourner's Kaddish and the Rabbi's Kaddish at the same ...