Questions about calendars. The Jewish calendar is a lunisolar calendar that determines the dates of Jewish festivals.

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When do we switch from Morid Hatal to Morid Hageshem and vice versa?

According to Shulchan Aruch, (please cite Saeef and Siman so I can read further): When do we switch from Morid Hatal to Morid Hageshem and vice versa? What about Barechenu and Barech Alenu? What ...
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1answer
73 views

What date was Kibrot Hattaavah?

Are there any sources that give the date for the incident in Kibroth Hattaavah recorded in B'Midbar Chapter 11? I am trying to figure out if it happened on a particular mo'ed or any significant date.
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52 views

Not making a wedding on the first 3 days of a month

I've heard there is a custom (practiced in various kehillas, I heard Belz is one of them) to not make a wedding on the first 3 days of a month (meaning alef, beis, or gimmel of a particular month.) ...
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2answers
125 views

Why do Israelis keep one day of Yom Tov?

From what I understand, we outside of Eretz Yisrael we keep two days of Yom Tov as a continuation of the minhag that evolved from the time of the Bais Hamikdash when we would not necessarily know when ...
4
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1answer
145 views

Why is Shavuos all alone?

Why is it that, out of the 16 days of non-High Holiday biblical festivals (7 days of Pesach + 1 day of Shavuos + 7 days of Sukkos + 1 day of Shemini Atzeres), only the single day of Shavuos is without ...
3
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1answer
168 views

What are the 14 types of Jewish Years?

As a way of explanation, I'm working on Objective-C code that calculates parashat hashavua. Initially, I ported the Javascript offered by YYDL as an answer to this question. I've found that my port ...
2
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2answers
108 views

Holocaust Rembrance Day(s)?

What is with the different Holocaust Remembrance Days? When I was a kid, my entire community observed Yom HaShoah. This came about approximately one week after Pesaḥ. Although I'm not totally sure, I ...
7
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1answer
144 views

Why celebrate Lag Ba'Omer on the 33rd according to the MaHaRIL?

There are several different opinions about when the students of Rabbi Akiva died, and which days we mourn for them. Sefer HaToda'ah quotes the Maharil, who says that the students of Rabbi Akiva died ...
2
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1answer
63 views

Eating new grains on the 17th vs the 18th of Nisan

The Shulhan 'Aruch (OC 489:10) states: אסור לאכול חדש אף בזמן הזה בין לחם בין קלי בין כרמל עד תחלת ליל יח בניסן ובארץ ישראל עד תחלת ליל יז בניסן "It is forbidden to eat new (grains) even ...
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2answers
103 views

Why do we do anything for Pesach Sheini?

According to my handy Luach, on Pesach Sheini, some people omit tachanun (I haven't looked into any source texts to see who does) and according to the Wikipedia page, some eat matzah but I'm wondering ...
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204 views

Lag Baomer - why not Laomer?

Nusach Askenaz says Baomer, Nusach Sefard and Sefardim say Laomer - Why does everyone call it Lag Baomer - why not call it Lag Laomer?
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1answer
85 views

Why do Cheshvan and Kislev vary in length?

In general, Jewish-calendar months alternate in length: odd-numbered months have thirty days each and even-numbered months have twenty-nine. However, it is sometimes necessary for a year to have one ...
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0answers
24 views

Learn how to keep the feasts of Israel. [duplicate]

In preparation for celebrating my first Passover Seder I purchased a Hagadah and began researching online. I found an article saying there is a 13th lunar month this year because the barley wasn't ...
6
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1answer
155 views

Late Yom Hatzmaut

What is the rule: when is Yom Hatzmaut moved from the fifth of Iyar to an earlier or later date?
6
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1answer
119 views

Why don't islands read the m'gila two days?

Bavli, M'gila 5 amud 2, cites a doubt as to when the m'gila is read in T'verya: on the fourteenth of Adar, as in most places, or on the fifteenth, as in a city walled since the time of Y'hoshua. The ...
9
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1answer
147 views

A year with eight Sh'minis is plenteous?

I've heard an idea that a year (like 5772) in which parashas Sh'mini is read eight times[1] is a particularly auspicious one: the wording of the maxim is something like "sh'mona Sh'mini sh'mena" ([a ...
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2answers
120 views

Number of Yamim Tovim that fall on Shabbos

In a given year, a certain number of Yamim Tovim days fall on Shabbos, and a certain number not. What are the minimum and maximum count of Yamim Tovim days that can fall on Shabbos in a single year ...
4
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1answer
34 views

Southern Birkas Ha'ilanos

I've seen Saying Mashiv HaRuach in the Southern Hemisphere. Similarly, is Birkas Ha'ilanos (ברכת האילנות) said in Tishrei in the southern hemisphere? That's when the trees bloom.
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0answers
43 views

Mishenichnas Adar marbin b'simcha [duplicate]

The Gemorah says in Taanis 29a משנכנס אדר מרבין בשמחה When Adar comes in one should increase in Simcha (Joy). What does this mean exactly? What should one do to "increase" ("marbin") in ...
2
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2answers
168 views

Correspondence between 365 negative commandments and days of the year?

There are 365 negative commandments which correspond to the days of the (solar) year (see Makos 23b; Tanchuma Ki Seitzeh 2). Apparently the prohibition of Gid HaNasheh (sciatic nerve) corresponds to ...
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2answers
306 views

Is it heresy to follow secular dating on the destruction of the first Temple?

There is a discrepancy between rabbinic and secular sources regarding when the first Temple was destroyed -- a difference of some 165 years or so, which are called the "Missing Years." My question is ...
2
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1answer
84 views

What sources are there for the meaning of Yom HaMeyuchos (2nd Sivan)?

Ohr Sameach gives the chronology according to Rashi of the giving of the Torah. Early the following morning, the 2nd of Sivan, Moshe goes up Mt. Sinai for the first time. He is instructed to ...
3
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1answer
245 views

New Moon Based on Sighting Outside of the Land of Israel

I would appreciate someone directing me to a source that states/indicates/suggests whether the visibility of the new moon outside the Land of Israel may be used to begin the Jewish month in that ...
2
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1answer
80 views

What is the Sod HaIbbur?

What is the Sod HaIbbur (secret of impregnation)? I have seen it discussed in many places including the Pirkeu D'Rebbi Eliezer (8th chapter?) in reference to the intercalation for the lunar months of ...
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2answers
1k views

When did we start counting the Year since Creation?

This year is 5772 / תשעב (Taf-Shin-Ayin-Bet) on the Hebrew Calendar. What is the earliest reference to the Year counting from the Creation of the world?
5
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1answer
257 views

Rambam's method for calculating the conjunction of the moon (and sun)

I think I'm missing something basic here... The Rambam, in Hilchot Kiddush Hachodesh (6:3) says that the interval between one conjunction to the next is is 29 full days, 12 hours of the 30th day, and ...
3
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1answer
95 views

Minimum number of days in the first week of the Hebrew calendar?

Does the first week of Nissan have a minimum number of days? Or does it range from 1-7? If it does have a minimum (greater than 1 ..obviously), why?
4
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1answer
132 views

An improved Jewish calendar after this one expires?

Conventional wisdom has it that about 1600 years ago, the latter Hillel utilized his Sanhedrin to sanctify the Hebrew calendar as we know it today until the year 6000. (Presumably by that point we'll ...
1
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1answer
129 views

What was the first Hebrew date of the first Molad?

If one were to represent the Molad Tohu as a date, comprised of a month, day, year, hours, minutes, seconds, and chalakim, what date would that be?
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0answers
50 views

The connection between Tishrei and Tevet

Can anyone steer me towards resources which explore a connection or relationship between Tishrei and Tevet (I assume, on a mystical level). Both months have a fast day on the 10th day and the full ...
3
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0answers
53 views

Why do we use the Babylonian month names? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why use Babylonian calendar instead of our own? The Torah refers to the months of the near numerically, the names we employ for things like contracts, birkat hachodesh ...
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1answer
1k views

How did they use to count years in the time of Abraham? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Rationalist Position on Bible Ancients' Long Lives The bible states that Abraham has lived for 175 years, Yishmael lived for 137 years, and so on and so forth. Now, ...
2
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1answer
78 views

When is the end of the Tishrei holiday “season”?

(Inspired by this question) I'm curious if there is any discussion on when the Tishrei holiday "season" officially ends. Just off the top of my head, I'm curious if anyone recommends refraining from ...
5
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1answer
146 views

When do we change back the ark-cover etc from white to the rest-of-the-year colour?

When do we change back the proches (ark-cover) etc from white to the rest-of-the-year colour? I would have thought right after Simchas Torah or possibly Isru Chag?
1
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1answer
148 views

Was there a song about the year 5773 being special?

I recall as a kid hearing a tape with some song that went, "in the year tav-shin-ayin-gimel..." [5773], does that ring any bells? What was supposed to be special about that year?
7
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1answer
208 views

Rosh Hashana can't currently land on a Friday, but the first one did

The current fixed calendar works in such a way so that the first day of Rosh Hashana can never fall out on a Friday, but this is the very day on which the first Rosh Hashana fell! What gives?
3
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0answers
27 views

Shemonei Esrei regarding the seasons in Divine Might

Every time I pray the Amidah, I get very hesitant regarding what season is appropriate for me to pray. I live in the southern hemisphere in a tropical climate. Therefore, we have one season dry and ...
1
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4answers
62 views

Anyone know of an online prayer calendar?

I'm looking for an online calendar that gives daily basic prayer information. This calendar would be geared towards someone who needs to know when the prayers are out of the ordinary, or letting them ...
3
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1answer
105 views

Selichos start: Ashkinazim vs. Sefardim

Why do Sefardim start saying Sleichos earlier than Ashkinazim?
4
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1answer
76 views

Why do the Ashkenazim say Selichos for a minimum of 4 days before Rosh HaShana?

The Ashkenazim start saying Selichos a minimum of 4 days before Rosh HaShana? What is the reason of a minimum of 4 days?
3
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0answers
58 views

Why is 1 Elul / 1 Tishrei the New Year for livestock?

The first Mishna in Rosh Hashanah says that 1 Elul is the new year for livestock, i.e. I can only tithe one year's "crop" of livestock at a time, so 1 Elul delineates the herds. (Update: we follow the ...
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4answers
530 views

Why do we count years from the date of Creation?

Why do we count years from the date of Creation? I intend two sub-questions here, of which the second is far more interesting, so please answer it: Whence did this tradition originate? Why do we ...
5
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1answer
114 views

why 3 of punishment, 7 of consolation, 2 of repentance

As is well known (e.g. from Tosafos to M'gila 31:2 or from Shulchan Aruch Orach Chayim 428:8), we have three haftaros of punishment, followed by seven of consolation and then two of return ...
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3answers
254 views

9 Days of Chanukah?

All Yomim Tovim we celebrate in Chutz Laretz an extra day because of A safek, why do we not do the same for Chanukah?
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2answers
98 views

Haftarah for yahrtzeit

If one's yahrtzeit falls on a day when there is a haftarah, there is a discussion about whether it's a bigger merit for the deceased to recite the haftarah on that day or before the day of the ...
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1answer
2k views

Why does the Jewish calendar HAVE to end?

It seems to be common knowledge that on or around the year 6,000 of the Jewish calendar "everything" (left intentionally vague) will come to an end and there will be a 1,000 year 'Shabbos'. I'm ...
8
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1answer
253 views

20 Sivan and the inappropriateness of new days of commemoration

The kina (elegy) "Mi yiten roshi mayim" recited on 9 Av was composed in commemoration of the events of the First Crusade as it passed through the Rhineland. It includes the following lines (freely ...
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4answers
425 views

Eclipse of the moon, bad sign for the Jews

Tonight, December 20, 2010, there will be a full lunar eclipse visible from North America and many other areas. I recall there is a Gemara that says that a lunar eclipse is a bad omen for the Jews as ...
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2answers
144 views

What parsha is the most commonly read parsha?

Which Parsha has the most Kriyos Hatorah from it?
5
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0answers
132 views

Late sunset times and Jewish observance

This question is distinct from other questions which ask how and when to begin Shabbat, etc. when there is no sunset. I am asking about places in which sunset occurs very late during certain times of ...